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Publication numberCN1446147 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 01813912
PCT numberPCT/US2001/018678
Publication date1 Oct 2003
Filing date8 Jun 2001
Priority date9 Jun 2000
Also published asCA2412440A1, CA2412440C, CA2705448A1, CA2705448C, CN1176801C, DE60114826D1, DE60114826T2, EP1296814A2, EP1296814B1, US6676589, US7125375, US7850589, US8177701, US8999490, US20020091053, US20040127341, US20070123405, US20090023570, US20110045217, US20110230326, WO2001094107A2, WO2001094107A3, WO2001094107B1
Publication number01813912.4, CN 01813912, CN 1446147 A, CN 1446147A, CN-A-1446147, CN01813912, CN01813912.4, CN1446147 A, CN1446147A, PCT/2001/18678, PCT/US/1/018678, PCT/US/1/18678, PCT/US/2001/018678, PCT/US/2001/18678, PCT/US1/018678, PCT/US1/18678, PCT/US1018678, PCT/US118678, PCT/US2001/018678, PCT/US2001/18678, PCT/US2001018678, PCT/US200118678
InventorsK昆, D施瓦茨, D科普斯
Applicant兰帕克公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Nunnage conversion machine with translating crippers, and method and product
CN 1446147 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种用于将片材转变成垫料产品的垫料转变机,其包括成型组件以及拉拔组件。 A method for converting sheet material into a dunnage product dunnage transition machine comprising a shaping unit and the drawing assembly. 拉拔组件包括至少两个夹具,该夹具可以相对的关系一起移动通过传送区并且共同协作以将垫料带夹在其间,从而使垫料带前进通过传送区,至少一个夹具包括孔,该孔用于在夹具移动通过传送区时收集和横向捕捉其中的垫料带。 Drawing assembly comprising at least two fixture which can be moved together in opposing relation by a transfer zone and to work together with a gasket interposed therebetween, so that the strip of dunnage advances through the transfer zone, at least one holder includes a bore for collecting and capturing one of the litter with a lateral transfer area when moving through the fixture. 涉及一种切断组件,该切断组件包括可移动的刀片和通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连的往复致动器,运动传递组件在致动器沿着任何一个方向移动的行程中使刀片移动通过一个全切断循环。 Relates to a cutting assembly, the cutting assembly includes a movable blade and a reciprocating actuator through the movement transmission component connected with the movable blade, the motion transmitting assembly moves the actuator in either direction along the stroke caused by manipulation blade moves cut through a whole cycle. 还涉及充填空隙的垫料产品,其包括截面为圆形的三维起皱带,并且三维起皱带包括至少一层片材,片材的截面具有起皱的多个突起的波纹状主体,其突起纵向延伸并且以不规则的图案分布。 Also relates to filling the voids of a dunnage product, comprising a circular cross section with a three-dimensional wrinkling, and creping belt comprising at least one three-dimensional sheet material, the sheet having a cross-section of a plurality of projections corrugated body wrinkling, which protrusion extends longitudinally and distributed in irregular pattern.
Claims(64)  translated from Chinese
1.一种用于将片材转变成垫料产品的垫料转变机,其包括:成型组件,用于将片材成成形为包括三维形状的垫料的连续带;以及拉拔组件,其定位于成型组件的下游用于使片材前进通过所述成型组件;所述拉拔组件包括至少两个夹具,所述至少两个夹具可以相互相对的形式一起移动通过传送区并且共同协作以将垫料带夹置在其间,用于使垫料带前进通过传送区,至少一个夹具包括孔,所述孔用于在夹具移动通过传送区时收集和侧向上捕捉其中的垫料带。 1. A method for converting sheet material into a dunnage product dunnage transition machine, comprising: forming means for converting the sheet into a three-dimensional shape formed to include a continuous strip of dunnage; and a drawing assembly positioned downstream of the forming assembly for advancing the sheet through the forming assembly; said drawing assembly comprises at least two clamps, the at least two mutually opposite clamp can be moved through the transfer region together with the form and work together to gasket tape interposed therebetween, so that strip of dunnage for advancing through the transfer zone, at least one holder includes a bore for collecting and laterally through the transfer zone in which the jig motion capture strip of dunnage.
2.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述孔在宽度上从夹具的外端到内端逐渐减小。 Transition gasket 2. The machine according to claim, characterized in that said hole gradually decreases from the outer end to the inner end of the jig in the width.
3.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述孔为V字形。 Dunnage transition machine according to claim, characterized in that said aperture is V-shaped.
4.如权利要求3所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述V形孔具有倒圆的底部。 The dunnage transition machine according to claim 3, characterized in that the V-shaped aperture has a rounded bottom.
5.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述相对的夹具具有用于使垫料带的相对侧变形的接触区域以将垫料带夹在相对的夹具之间。 5. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the opposing clamp has a contact area for the opposing side of the gasket with the deformed gasket to the tape sandwiched between the opposing clamp.
6.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,夹具以纵向偏置且成对的关系移动通过传送区以夹持垫料带和使垫料带前进。 6. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the jig and the pair of moving longitudinally offset relationship through the transfer zone so as to sandwich the strip of dunnage and a strip of dunnage advances.
7.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述相对的夹具在使垫料带前进的同时横向重叠。 7. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, characterized in that said opposing jig in advance so that the gasket simultaneously with the transverse overlap.
8.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述夹具布置在于设置在传送区的相对横向侧边上的横向相对的夹具组中。 8. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the clamp is arranged in that disposed on opposite lateral sides of the transfer area laterally opposite clamp group.
9.如权利要求8所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,相对的夹具组在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动,且在传送区的下游端彼此相互逐渐离开。 9. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 8, characterized in that the opposing clamp group at the upstream end of the transfer region is gradually moved towards each other, and at the downstream end of the transfer zone gradually away from each other to each other.
10.如权利要求9所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,每一夹具组围绕共同轴线在周向上间隔开并且结合在一起以围绕共同轴线转动。 10. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 9, characterized in that each clamp set around a common axis and spaced apart in the circumferential direction together with about a common axis.
11.如权利要求10所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,每一夹具组从相对的共同轴线垂直延伸。 11. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 10, characterized in that each clamp set common axis extending from opposite vertical.
12.如权利要求9所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,拉拔组件还包括一组传送组件,所述传送组件具有与其相连的相应的夹具组,传送组件用于使相应的夹具组在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动以横向接合垫料带并且在传送区的下游端彼此逐渐离开以释放垫料带。 12. 9, wherein the dunnage transition machine as claimed in claim wherein the assembly further comprises a set of drawing transfer assembly, the transfer assembly having a respective set of clamp connected thereto, transport assembly jig for the corresponding group at the upstream end of the transfer region is gradually moved toward one another to engage the transverse strip of dunnage transfer region and the downstream end is gradually away from each other to release the strip of dunnage.
13.如权利要求12所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,每一夹具组以彼此相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动,并且当夹具以相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动时,每一夹具组被顺序地操作以在垫料带的相对侧上将垫料带横向地接合在其间以使垫料带随之前进。 13. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 12, characterized in that each clamp set relationship opposite to each other along a non-circular path, and when the fixture in an opposed relation along a non-circular path When moving, each clamp set is operated sequentially with the strip of dunnage on opposite sides of the gasket will engage with transversely therebetween so that the strip of dunnage along forward.
14.如权利要求13所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具横向地接合垫料带。 14. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 13, wherein, when the relative clamp is moved along a non-circular path, or after, the release of the gasket along the opposite order of the jig downstream of the non-circular path of movement to tape, a non-circular path along the upstream moving laterally relative to the clamp engaging strip of dunnage.
15.如权利要求13所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具使垫料带前进。 15. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 13, wherein, when the relative clamp is moved along a non-circular path, or after, the release of the gasket along the opposite order of the jig downstream of the non-circular path of movement to belt, along the upper reaches of the relative movement of the fixture so that the non-circular path forward with litter.
16.如权利要求13所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,每一传送组件包括挠性传送元件和一对安装在相应的纵向间隔开的轮轴上的轮,挠性传送元件具有设置在该对轮上的部分,并且所述相对夹具组的夹具固定在所述相应的挠性传送元件上并且从相应的挠性传送元件延伸以便当相应的夹具组沿着非圆形路径移动时使每一所述相对夹具组的至少一个夹具与垫料带接合。 16. The machine 13 of the dunnage transition claim, wherein each transfer assembly includes a flexible transfer element and a pair of wheels, the flexible transfer element mounted on respective longitudinally spaced axles having disposed The partial wheel, and the jig is fixed relative to the clip set on the respective flexible transfer element and extending from the respective flexible transfer elements such that when the corresponding jig group moves along a circular path so that the non- each of said at least one set of opposing clamp jig engagement with strip of dunnage.
17.如权利要求16所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,每一夹具组的夹具从相应的挠性传送元件垂直延伸。 17. The machine 16 of the dunnage transition claim, characterized in that each jig fixture group extending from a respective flexible transfer element vertically.
18.如权利要求16所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,在该对轮转动后,每一所述相对夹具组的至少一个夹具纵向偏置以在它们会聚后在其间提供一定的间隙。 18. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 16, characterized in that, after the pair of wheel rotation, each of said at least one set of opposing clamp fixture longitudinally biased after they have converged to provide a gap therebetween .
19.如权利要求16所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述传送组件的挠性传送元件包括铰接链条。 19. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 16, characterized in that the flexible transfer elements of the transfer assemblies comprise articulating chains.
20.如权利要求16所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述传送组件的挠性传送元件包括挠性带。 20. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 16, wherein said flexible conveying element conveying assembly comprises a flexible tape.
21.如权利要求16所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,挠性传送元件的移动是同步的。 21. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 16, characterized in that the movement of the flexible transfer elements is synchronized.
22.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述成型组件包括压缩元件,所述片材通过所述压缩元件被拉拔以使其起皱并且形成垫料带。 22. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaping unit comprises a compression element, the sheet passes through the compression element is drawn so as to wrinkle and form strip of dunnage.
23.如权利要求22所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述压缩元件是环。 23. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 22, wherein said compression member is a ring.
24.如权利要求22所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述环是椭圆形的并且在其底端具有倒圆的边缘。 24. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 22, wherein the ring is oval and has rounded edges at its bottom end.
25.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述成型组件包括在其上游端的压缩元件,所述压缩元件压缩和引导从成型组件的下游端到在相对夹具之间的接合区域的垫料带。 25. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 1, wherein said forming assembly includes at its upstream end of the compression element, the compression element and the guide from the downstream end of the molding assembly between the opposing clamp engagement with the gasket area.
26.如权利要求25所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述压缩元件限定一个椭圆形孔,垫料带通过该椭圆形孔周向上被压缩,孔的宽度小于片材的宽度。 26. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 25, wherein said compression member defines an oval hole, through which the gasket with the oblong holes in the circumferential direction is compressed, the width of the hole is smaller than the width of the sheet.
27.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,夹具设置在横向相对的第一夹具组和第二夹具组,第一夹具组和第二夹具组与设置在传送区的相对横向侧边边上的相应的第一夹具载体和第二夹具载体相连;第一夹具载体操作使第一夹具组沿着第一非圆形路径纵向移动,第二夹具载体操作使第二夹具组以与第一夹具组同步的方式沿着第二非圆形路径纵向移动,第一路径和第二路径的各部分是并列的以在它们之间限定传送区,第一夹具组的至少一个夹具和第二夹具组的至少一个夹具操作在其相对侧边接合垫料带以使垫料带前进通过传送区。 27. As a relative shift of the dunnage machine according to claim, characterized in that the clamp provided at laterally opposing first and second clamp fixture group, the first group and the second clamp fixture set provided in the transfer region respective first and second clamp jig carrier lateral side edge of the carrier is connected; a first operation of the first clamp fixture carrier to move longitudinally along the first set of non-circular path, the second operation of the second clamp fixture carrier group in a synchronized manner with the first set of longitudinal movement of the clamp along the second non-circular path, respective portions of the first and second paths are juxtaposed to define therebetween the transfer region, at least one group of the first clamp fixture and at least one second clamp fixture groups operating in the opposite side of the engagement with the litter so that litter with advancing through the transfer zone.
28.如权利要求27所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述传送区包括接合区、前进区和释放区,在接合区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径朝向彼此会聚,在前进区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径基本上相互平行,在释放区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径相互分离。 28. The transition 27 of the dunnage machine according to claim, characterized in that said transfer region comprises an engagement region, the forward region and release zone, in the joining region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular path toward the converge to each other, in the forward region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular path substantially parallel to one another, in the release area, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular paths separated from each other.
29.如权利要求1所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述拉拔组件包括第一传送元件和第二传送元件以及第一轮系和第二轮系,其中,第一传送元件和第二传送元件设置在相应的第一轮系和第二轮系上并且包括从其延伸的一个或者多个夹具,第一轮系和第二轮系沿着相反的方向转动并且第一传送元件和第二传送元件是相对的以在它们之间限定传送区,从而使相应的第一传送元件和第二传送元件的夹具逐渐进入相对的关系和传送通过传送区的垫料带。 29. The dunnage transition machine 1, wherein the first transmission element as claimed in claim wherein said drawing assembly comprises a first transfer member and second transfer elements and first gear train and the second gear train, and second transfer elements disposed on the respective first gear train and the second gear train comprises one or more clamps and extending therefrom, a first gear train and the second train wheel rotation in the opposite direction and the first transmission element and second transfer elements are opposed to define the transfer region therebetween, so that the respective first and second transfer member conveying jig member gradually into opposing relationship and transmitted through the strip of dunnage transfer area.
30.如权利要求29所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,当第一轮系和第二轮系转动时,相应的第一传送元件和第二传送元件的夹具在垫料传输机构的上游端朝向彼此会聚以接合垫料带的相对侧边,传输垫料带通过传送区,以及接着在垫料传输机构的下游端相互分离以释放垫料带。 30. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 29, wherein, when the first gear train and the second gear train is rotated, the respective clamp element and the first transfer in the second transfer elements of the transmission mechanism of the gasket upstream end to opposite sides converging towards each other, transmission strip of dunnage through the bonding strip of dunnage transfer region, and then at the downstream end of the dunnage transfer mechanism separated from each other to release the strip of dunnage.
31.一种用于将片材转变成垫料产品的方法,其包括下列步骤:使用成型组件,用于将片材成成形为包括三维形状的垫料的连续带;以及使用拉拔组件,其定位于成型组件的下游以使片材前进通过成型组件;其中,使片材前进的步骤包括使夹具以彼此相对的形式一起移动通过传送区以共同协作以将垫料带夹在其中,从而使垫料带前进通过传送区,而至少一个夹具中的孔在夹具移动通过传送区时收集和侧向上捕捉其中的垫料带。 31. A method of converting sheet material into a dunnage product method, comprising the steps of: using the forming assembly for shaping the sheet material into a continuous strip of dunnage including a three-dimensional shape; and using a pulling assembly, positioned downstream of the forming assembly to advance the sheet through the forming assembly; wherein, the step of advancing the sheet comprises opposite to each other in the form of the clamp together to move through the transfer region in order to work together with a folder in which the gasket, thereby so that strip of dunnage through the transfer region forward, and at least one jig hole in the jig was collected and moved through the transfer area on the side where the strip of dunnage to capture.
32.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,在相对夹具之间捕捉垫料带的步骤包括使垫料带的相对侧边变形。 31 32. The method according to claim, characterized in that the step of gasket tape comprising opposite sides of the strip of dunnage between the opposing clamp deformation capture.
33.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,使夹具一起移动的步骤包括使夹具以纵向偏置且成对的关系移动通过传送区以夹持垫料带和使垫料带前进。 31 33. The method according to claim, wherein the step of moving the jig comprises jig together longitudinally offset relationship, and the pair of moving through the transfer zone so as to sandwich the strip of dunnage and a strip of dunnage advances.
34.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,所述相对的夹具在使垫料带前进的同时横向重叠。 31 34. The method according to claim, characterized in that said opposing jig in advance so that the gasket simultaneously with the transverse overlap.
35.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,所述夹具布置在与设置在传送区的相对横向侧边上的横向相对的夹具组中,并且移动夹具的步骤包括使夹具在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动并且在传送区的下游端逐渐彼此移离。 35. The method according to claim 31, characterized in that, with the clamp disposed on opposite lateral sides of the transfer area laterally opposite clamp group setting, and the step of moving the clamp includes a clamp in the transfer zone The upstream end is gradually moved towards each other at the downstream end of the transfer region and progressively move away from each other.
36.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,拉拔组件还包括一组传送组件,其具有与其相连的相应的夹具组,并且移动夹具的步骤包括利用传送组件使夹具在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动以横向接合垫料带并且在传送区的下游端逐渐彼此移离以释放垫料带。 36. The method according to claim 31, characterized in that the pulling assembly further includes a set of transfer assemblies having connected thereto the respective groups of the jig, and the jig comprises the step of moving the holder with the transport assembly in the transfer zone upstream end gradually moved towards each other to laterally engage with the gasket and the downstream end of the transfer zone is gradually moved away from each other to release the strip of dunnage.
37.如权利要求36所述的方法,其特征在于,移动夹具的步骤包括使夹具以相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动,并且当夹具以相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动时,夹具顺序地在其相对侧横向地在其间接合垫料带以使垫料带随之前进。 37. The method of claim 36, wherein the step of moving the clamp comprises opposed relation to the clamp moves along a non-circular path, and when the jig is moved along an opposed relation to the path of a non-circular When, jig sequentially transversely opposite sides thereof with a gasket therebetween so that the engagement with the gasket along forward.
38.如权利要求37所述的方法,其特征在于,在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具横向地接合垫料带。 38. The method of claim 37, wherein, when the relative clamp is moved along a non-circular path, or after, the release strip of dunnage along opposite clamp sequence moving downstream to the non-circular path, along the non-circular path relative to the upstream movement of the clamp laterally engaging strip of dunnage.
39.如权利要求37所述的方法,其特征在于,在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具使垫料带前进。 39. The method of claim 37, wherein, when the relative clamp is moved along a non-circular path, or after, the release strip of dunnage along opposite clamp sequence moving downstream to the non-circular path, along the non-circular path relative to the fixture with the upstream moving forward to make the litter.
40.如权利要求36所述的方法,其特征在于,挠性传送组件的移动是同步的。 40. The method according to claim 36, characterized in that the movement of the flexible transfer assemblies is synchronized.
41.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,所述使用成型组件的步骤包括引导垫料带通过在其上游端的压缩元件,从而压缩和引导从成型组件的下游端到在相对夹具组之间的接合区域的垫料带。 41. The method of claim 31, wherein said step of using the forming assembly includes guiding the strip of dunnage through its upstream end of the compression member, thereby compressing the molding member and the guide from the downstream end to the opposite clamp group engagement between the band area of the gasket.
42.如权利要求31所述的方法,其特征在于,夹具设置在横向相对的第一夹具组和第二夹具组,第一夹具组和第二夹具组与设置在传送区的相对横向侧边上的相应的第一夹具载体和第二夹具载体相连;以及所述使片材前进的步骤包括使第一夹具组沿着第一非圆形路径纵向移动,以及使第二夹具组以与第一夹具组同步的方式沿着第二非圆形路径纵向移动;以及第一路径和第二路径的各部分是并列的以在它们之间限定传送区,用于使片材先前的步骤包括在第一夹具组的至少一个夹具和第二夹具组的至少一个夹具之间横向在其相对侧边上接合垫料带,用于使垫料带前进通过传送区。 42. The method according to claim 31, characterized in that the clamp provided at laterally opposing first and second clamp fixture groups, the first group and the second clamp fixture group disposed at opposite lateral sides of the transfer region respective first and second clamp carrier on the support jig is connected; and the step of advancing the sheet comprises a first set of longitudinal movement of the clamp along the first non-circular path, and the second group to the first clamp A fixture set in a synchronized manner to move longitudinally along the second non-circular path; and the parts of the first and second paths are juxtaposed to define therebetween the transfer region, for the sheet in the previous step includes between the first set of at least one jig at least one clamp fixture and a second fixture groups on opposite lateral sides engage strip of dunnage for advancing through the transfer belt so that the gasket area.
43.如权利要求42所述的方法,其特征在于,所述传送区包括接合区、前进区和释放区,在接合区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径朝向彼此会聚,在前进区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径基本上相互平行,在释放区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径相互分离。 43. The method of claim 42, wherein the transfer region comprises an engagement region, the forward region and release zone, in the joining region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular paths converge toward one another, In the forward region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular path substantially parallel to one another, in the release area, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular paths separated from each other.
44.一种用于垫料转变机的切断组件,所述切断组件用于将片材,诸如具有至少一层的纸,转变成垫料的切断部分,所述垫料转变机包括转变组件,用于将片材转变成垫料的连续带,切断组件相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,切断组件包括:可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,其通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连,所述往复致动器将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置,并且在往复致动器沿着任何一个方向完成一个行程后返回所述准备切断位置。 44. A cutting assembly for dunnage transition machine, the cutting assembly for the sheet, such as those having at least one layer of paper, cut into portions of the gasket, the gasket includes a shift change machine components, for converting sheet material into a continuous strip of dunnage, the cutting unit with respect to the transition assembly positioned to a continuous strip of dunnage section cut to the desired length of cut, cutting assembly comprising: a movable blade; and a reciprocating actuator , which is connected through motion transmitting assembly and the movable blade, said reciprocating actuator to the movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position, and after the completion of the reciprocating actuator in either direction along a stroke ready to return to the off position.
45.如权利要求44所述的切断组件,其特征在于,所述切断组件还包括固定刀片,当可移动的刀片移动到切断位置时,所述固定刀片与可移动的刀片共同协作。 45. The cutting assembly according to claim 44, characterized in that said cutting assembly further comprises a fixed blade when the movable blade is moved to the cutting position, the fixed blade and the movable blade to work together.
46.如权利要求44所述的切断组件,其特征在于,所述可移动的刀片以剪断的方式与固定刀片共同协作。 46. The cutting assembly 44 according to claim, characterized in that said movable blade to cut both ways to work together with the fixed blade.
47.一种垫料转变机,所述垫料转变机用于将片材,诸如具有至少一层的纸,转变成垫料的切断部分,所述垫料转变机包括:转变组件,用于将片材转变成垫料连续带;切断组件,其相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,切断组件包括:可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,其通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连,所述往复致动器将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置,并且在往复致动器沿着任何一个方向完成一个行程后返回所述准备切断位置。 47. A dunnage change machine, the machine is used for transformation gasket sheet, such as those having at least one layer of paper, cut into a gasket portion, said gasket transition machine comprising: a shift component, for converting the sheet material into a continuous strip of dunnage; cutting assembly positioned relative to the translating component of the continuous strip cut to the desired cut gasket portion length, cutting assembly comprising: a movable blade; and a reciprocating actuator, which is connected through motion transmitting assembly and the movable blade, said reciprocating actuator moves the movable blade from a ready-cut position is moved to a cutting position, and after the completion of the reciprocating actuator in either direction along a return stroke The ready cut position.
48.如权利要求47所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,其还包括端板,所述端板具有一个上游侧和一个下游侧,所述转变组件定位于端板的上游侧,所述端板具有垫料出口,垫料带通过垫料出口排出,切断组件在一段垫料带已经通过出口后操作切断垫料的连续带。 48. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 47, characterized in that it further comprises an end plate, said end plate having an upstream side and a downstream side, the shift of the end plate assembly is located at the upstream side, the said end plate having a litter of export, with litter by litter outlet, cut components have been cut with some litter after litter of export operations through continuous band.
49.如权利要求48所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述可移动的刀片安装在端板的下游侧并且与运动传递组件相连,可移动的刀片在由出口限定的平面平行的平面内移动,并且当可移动的刀片在准备切断位置和切断位置之间移动时穿过所述开口。 49. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 48, characterized in that said movable blade mounted on the downstream side of the end plate and is connected with the motion transmitting assembly, the movable blade at the outlet defined by the plane parallel to move in a plane, and when the movable cutting blade moves between the ready position and a cutting position through the opening.
50.如权利要求48所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述运动传递组件包括至少一个与可移动的刀片枢接的联接元件。 50. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 48, characterized in that said motion transmission means comprises at least one movable blade pivoting of the coupling element.
51.如权利要求50所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,导板在出口附近被安装在端板上,所述可移动的刀片可滑动地保持在导板内,从而当往复致动器在一个前进行程或者一个返回行程中移动时,联接元件的位置将改变为使可移动的刀片从准备切断位置枢转到切断位置并且返回准备切断位置。 51. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 50, characterized in that the guide plate is mounted in the vicinity of the outlet end plate, the movable blade is slidably retained within the guide plate, so that when the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke or a return stroke movement, the position of the coupling elements will change as the movable cutting blade from the ready position pivoted cutting position and returned ready cut position.
52.如权利要求50所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述可移动的刀片的一端在枢转点枢转地安装在端板上,从而当往复致动器在一个前进行程或者一个返回行程中移动时,联接元件的位置将改变为以使可移动的刀片从准备切断位置枢转到切断位置并且返回准备切断位置。 52. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 50, characterized in that one end of the movable blade at pivot point pivotally mounted to the end plate, so that when the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke or a return stroke movement, the position of the coupling element is changed so that the movable blade from a ready position pivoted cutting the cutting position and the cutting position returns prepared.
53.如权利要求48所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述切断组件包括安装在端板的上游侧上的扩张的引导元件以将垫料的连续带引导到垫料出口中。 53. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 48, wherein said cutting assembly includes a mounting plate on the upstream side end of the expansion of the guide element to guide the continuous strip of dunnage into the dunnage outlet.
54.如权利要求47所述的垫料转变机,其特征在于,所述转变组件包括:成型组件,其将片材成形为垫料的连续带;原料供给组件,其将片材供给到成型组件;以及拉拔组件,其拉拔来自于原料供给组件的片材并且使片材通过成型组件以形成垫料带。 54. The dunnage transition machine according to claim 47, wherein said transition assembly comprising: a forming assembly for shaping the sheet with a continuous gasket; raw material supply assembly, which is supplied to the sheet forming assembly; and a drawing assembly drawing from the sheet feed assembly and feeding the sheet through the molding member to form a strip of dunnage.
55.一种用于将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分的方法,其包括下列步骤:使用转变组件,用于将片材,诸如具有至少一层的纸,转变成垫料连续带;以及使用切断组件,其相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,其中切断组件包括:可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,所述往复致动器通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连,其中,使用切断组件的步骤包括使所述往复致动器移动一个行程,从而使运动传递组件将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回所述准备切断位置。 55. An apparatus for the method of cutting a continuous strip of dunnage portion cut into the desired length, comprising the steps of: using the transformation means for converting a sheet, such as those having at least one layer of paper, into a gasket continuous belt; and using cutting assembly positioned relative to the translating component of the continuous strip cut to the desired cut gasket portion length, wherein the cutting assembly comprises: a movable blade; and a reciprocating actuator, said shuttle induced an actuator connected through motion transmission means with the movable blade, wherein the step of using the cutting assembly includes moving the reciprocating actuator a stroke, so that the motion transmitting assembly movable blade from a ready position to a cutting off position and ready to return to the off position.
56.如权利要求55所述的方法,其特征在于,移动往复致动器的步骤包括使往复致动器在前进行程中延伸以使可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回所述准备切断位置。 56. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of moving the reciprocating actuator includes extending the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke so that the movable blade from a cutting position to a cutting position ready to move and ready to return to the off position.
57.如权利要求55所述的方法,其特征在于,移动往复致动器的步骤包括使往复致动器在返回行程中缩回以使可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回所述准备切断位置。 57. The method of claim 55, wherein the step of moving the reciprocating actuator includes retracting the reciprocating actuator in a return stroke to the movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position and returning to the ready cut position.
58.一种充填空隙的垫料产品,其包括:截面为圆形的三维起皱带,并且所述三维起皱带包括至少一层片材,片材的截面具有起皱的多个突起的波纹状主体,其突起纵向延伸并且以不规则的图案分布。 58. A void fill dunnage product comprising: a three-dimensional cross-section is circular creping belt, and the belt comprising at least one three-dimensional corrugated sheet, the sheet having a cross-section of a plurality of corrugated protrusions corrugated body, which protrusion extends longitudinally and distributed in irregular pattern.
59.如权利要求58所述的垫料产品,其特征在于,其还包括在垫料带的相对横向侧边上的至少一个横向褶皱,所述褶皱相互之间纵向偏置。 59. The dunnage product according to claim 58, characterized in that it further comprises a gasket on opposite lateral sides with at least one transverse fold, the fold longitudinally offset from each other.
60.如权利要求58所述的垫料产品,其特征在于,所述垫料带的间隔开的部分的一个或者多个截面被变形。 60. The dunnage product according to claim 58, wherein a portion of said gasket strip or a plurality of spaced apart cross section is deformed.
61.一种用于生产垫料产品的方法,所述方法包括下列步骤:供给具有至少一层的片材;使片材的至少一层的侧向的边缘向内折叠,从而形成截面为圆形的三维起皱垫料带,片材的至少一层的截面形成起皱的多个突起的波纹状主体,其突起纵向延伸并且以不规则的图案分布。 61. A method for producing a dunnage product, said method comprising the steps of: supplying a sheet having at least one layer; the edges of the sheet of at least one layer is folded laterally inward to form a circular cross section shaped three-dimensional strip of dunnage wrinkling, at least one cross section of the sheet form a gathered corrugated body of a plurality of projections, the projections extending longitudinally thereof and an irregular distribution of the pattern.
62.如权利要求61所述的方法,其特征在于,其还包括使垫料带在相对侧边规则地横向起皱的步骤,在一侧上的褶皱与在其相对一侧上的褶皱纵向偏置。 62. The method according to claim 61, characterized in that it further comprises the strip of dunnage on opposite sides of the step of regularly transversely wrinkled, wrinkles and folds on one side on its opposite longitudinal side bias.
63.如权利要求61所述的方法,其特征在于,向内折叠的步骤包括使用拉拔组件以将垫料带拉过压缩元件,从而通过其三维褶皱使垫料带变窄并且将垫料带引导到拉拔组件。 63. The method according to claim 61, characterized in that the inwardly folding step includes using a pulling assembly to be pulled through the compression element with the gasket, so that the strip of dunnage is narrowed by its three-dimensional fold and the gasket with a guide to drawing components.
64.如权利要求61所述的方法,其特征在于,其还包括使述垫料带的间隔开的部分的一个或者多个截面变形的步骤。 61 64. The method according to claim, characterized in that it further comprises the step of said spaced apart with one or more of dunnage section portion of the deformable.
Description  translated from Chinese
带有转变夹具的垫料转变机、方法和产品 Dunnage machine with a shift change jig, methods and products

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种具有平移夹具的垫料转变机、一种利用平移夹具将片材转变成垫料产品的方法以及一种垫料产品。 The present invention relates to a method of having a dunnage transition machine translation jig, a jig utilizing translation converting the sheet into a dunnage product and a dunnage product.

背景技术 BACKGROUND

迄今已经使用各种转变机将包括一层或者多层片材的片状原料转变成垫料产品。 Hitherto been transformed using various transition machine comprising a sheet feed one or more layers of the sheet into a dunnage product. 一些机器仅用于生产充填空隙垫料产品,主要用于充填在包装容器中的空隙以防止其中的内容物在运输过程中移动。 Only some machines for the production of filling voids dunnage products, mainly for filling voids in a packaging container to prevent the contents of which move during transport. 在这些机器的设计中的一个目的是快速生产充填空隙垫料产品。 It is an object in the design of these machines is the rapid production of filling voids dunnage product. 因此,这些机器被设计成以较高的速度操作的形式。 Thus, these machines are designed to form a higher speed operation.

其他机器用于生产一种具有减震特征的垫料产品,减震特征例如能够使垫料产品对容器中的物品进行减震和固定,如果容器中不使用充填空隙垫料产品,那么容器中的物品可能会受损。 Other machines are used to produce a dunnage product having cushioning characteristics, for example, enables the damping characteristics of the dunnage product for the container of items that were fixed damping and, if the container is not used in filling voids dunnage product, the container The items may be damaged. 这样的机器通常以低于充填空隙生产转变机的速度生产垫料产品以使片材变形或者成形,例如将适合的空隙度施加在所得到的垫料产品中。 Such machines are usually filled in the interstices below the production speed of the production machine transition dunnage products to the sheet is deformed or molded, for example, applying a suitable porosity in the resultant dunnage product. 这样,对于这些机器,速度通常足以实现特征在于较大减震性能的垫料产品。 Thus, for these machines, speed is usually sufficient to achieve a greater shock absorption properties characterized by litter products. 与充填空隙垫料产品相比,折衷选择是减震垫料产品的生产率较低。 Fill dunnage product as compared to the gap, a trade off is a lower productivity cushioning dunnage product.

但是,目前还没有一种能够以较高的速度生产充填空隙垫料产品同时仍然保持适合的充填空隙和/或减震性能的垫料转变机。 However, at present there is not a high speed production capable of filling voids dunnage products while still maintaining a suitable gap filling and / or cushioning properties of the dunnage transition machine. 这样,一些传统的垫料转变机不能将足够的空隙度或适合的底密度施加到被转变的片材上,使垫料产品具有不需要的扁平度,特别是二维形状,而不是更希望的三维充填空隙形状。 Thus, some of the conventional machine can not change dunnage sufficient porosity or density suitable substrate to be transformed is applied to the sheet, so that dunnage products having a flatness not required, in particular two-dimensional shape, rather than the more desirable The three-dimensional shape of filling the gap. 在这种情况下,通常使用人工劳动对垫料产品进行进一步转变,例如起皱以使其具有更希望的充填空隙性能。 In this case, the use of manual labor is usually further converted to a dunnage product, e.g., wrinkled to have a more desirable void fill capability. 螺纹,本发明的发明人已经发现,在一些垫料转变机中,供给装置可与片状原材料的集中部分接合和/或太突然地接合,使片材中的张力突然增大,使片材被撕裂和/或堵塞机器,或者对垫料产品的减震性能产生不良影响,或者对适当地保护被保护的物品受损或者被破坏的能力产生不良影响。 Thread, the present inventors have found that in some dunnage transition machine, the supply means may engage and / or too abruptly engaged with concentrated portion of the sheet material, the sheet tension suddenly increases, the sheet torn and / or blockage of the machine, or adversely affect the damping performance dunnage product, or to adequately protect the ability to protect the items damaged or destroyed adverse effects.

这样,需要提供一种适于生产具有适合的充填空隙能力以及减震性能(如果需要的话)(例如,重量轻、低密度、而且稳定)的充填空隙材料的更有效和实用的转变机和转变方法,使其适于充填被包装的物品周围的空间并且在储放和运输过程中至少最低限度地使物品减震以及使其免受损坏。 Thus, a need to provide a material suitable for producing a filler having a suitable void filling capability as well as cushioning properties of the void (if needed) (e.g., light weight, low density, and stability) of more effective and practical transition machine and transformation method, making it suitable for filling the packaged goods space around and in store and transport at least minimally damping and the article from damage. 特别是,需要提高垫料转变机的操作速度,以及提高其生产率,同时达到提供一种具有至少最低限度的减震特性的充填空隙产品。 In particular, the need to increase the operating speed of the machine change the litter, and increase their productivity, while achieving at least to provide a minimum damping characteristic of filling voids product.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供一种特别适用于生产一种充填空隙垫料产品的垫料转变机。 The present invention provides a particularly suitable for the production of a void fill dunnage product dunnage transition machine. 根据本发明的一个基本方面,包括孔的相对夹具移动通过一个传送区并且侧向捕捉起皱的垫料带以使垫料带前进通过转变机。 According to one aspect of the present invention substantially, relative to the clip comprises a hole through a movement transfer region and laterally capture the strip of dunnage so wrinkled strip of dunnage advances by changing machine. 根据本发明的另一个基本方面,一种切断部件(诸如刀片)通过运动传递组件与往复致动器相连,运动传递组件在致动器沿着任何一个方向移动的行程中使切断组件移动通过一个全切断循环。 According to another basic aspect of the present invention, a cutting member (such as a blade) is connected to the actuator through the motion transfer assembly and the reciprocating, motion transmitting assembly moves the actuator in either direction along the stroke caused by manipulation assembly moves through a cutting full cut off circulation. 根据本发明的另一基本方面,一种充填空隙的垫料产品包括为圆形的三维起皱带,并且三维起皱带包括至少一层片材,片材的截面形成多个纵向延伸的以不规则的图案分布的起皱突起。 According to another basic aspect of the invention, a void fill dunnage product includes a three-dimensional circular creping belt, and the belt comprising at least one three-dimensional corrugated sheet, the sheet cross-section is formed with a plurality of longitudinally extending wrinkle irregular pattern of distribution of the projections.

该充填空隙产品最好具有最高可能性的体积和稳定性,同时使用可能最少的原材料量。 The void filling product preferably has the highest probability of volume and stability, while using the least possible amount of raw material. 根据本发明可生产这样的圆柱形产品,通过形成相同的曲线和/或使产品的选择性间隔开的部分的横截面永久变形可使其稳定性被进一步提高。 According to the present invention is to produce such a cylindrical product, by forming the same curve and / or the product selectivity spaced cross-section part of the permanent deformation can be further improved so that stability.

特别是,根据本发明的一个方面,提供一种用于将片材转变成垫料产品的垫料转变机和转变方法,垫料转变机包括成型组件,该成型组件用于将片材成形为具有三维形状的垫料的连续带;以及拉拔组件,该拉拔组件定位于成型组件的下游以使片材前进通过成型组件。 In particular, according to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for converting sheet material into a dunnage product and the dunnage conversion method of transformation machines, change machines include molding the gasket assembly, the molded component is used as the sheet-formed a continuous strip of dunnage having a three-dimensional shape; and a drawing assembly, the drawing assembly is positioned downstream of the molding assembly so that the sheet is advanced through the molding member. 该拉拔组件包括至少两个夹具,该至少两个夹具可以彼此相对一起横向移动通过传送区并且共同协作以将垫料带夹在其间,从而使垫料带前进通过传送区。 The drawing assembly comprises at least two clamps, the at least two clamps can move relative to each other along transversely through the transfer zone and to collaborate with the gasket interposed therebetween, so that the strip of dunnage through the transfer region forward. 至少一个夹具包括孔,该孔用于在夹具移动通过传送区时操作收集和侧向捕捉其中的垫料带。 At least one holder includes a bore in the fixture for the collection and lateral movement operation in which the strip of dunnage to capture the time transfer zone through.

在一个实施例中,孔在宽度上从夹具的外端到内端逐渐减小。 In one embodiment, the hole gradually decreases in width from the outer end to the inner end of the clamp. 每一夹具的孔最好为V字形并且可具有倒圆的底部。 Each jig hole is preferably V-shaped and may have a rounded bottom. 相对的夹具具有用于使垫料带的相对侧变形的接触区域以将垫料带夹在相对的夹具之间。 Opposing jig having contact areas for making strip of dunnage on opposite sides of the deformation in the belt clip to the gasket between the opposing clamp.

在一个实施例中,夹具以纵向偏置且成对的关系移动通过传送区以夹持垫料带和使垫料带前进。 In one embodiment, the jig and a pair of longitudinally offset relationship by moving the transfer zone so as to sandwich the strip of dunnage and a strip of dunnage advances. 相对的夹具在使垫料带前进的同时横向重叠。 Relative fixture in advance while making litter with a lateral overlap.

在另一实施例中,夹具布置在设置于传送区的相对横向侧边上的横向相对的夹具组中。 In another embodiment, the jig is arranged on the conveying zone disposed opposite lateral sides of the laterally opposite clamp group. 相对的夹具组在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动且在传送区的下游端逐渐彼此相互移离。 Opposing clamp group at the upstream end of the transfer region and progressively move towards each other at the downstream end of the transition zone gradually move away from each other. 在一个实施例中,每一夹具组围绕共同轴线在周向上间隔可并且结合在一起以围绕共同轴线转动。 In one embodiment, each of the clamp set in the circumferential direction about a common axis and can be joined together to spaced around a common axis. 每一夹具组相对相应的共同轴线垂直或以不同的角度延伸。 Each clamp set of opposed respective common axis perpendicular or at different angles extend.

在另一实施例中,拉拔组件还包括一组传送组件,传送组件具有与其相连的相应的夹具组。 In another embodiment, the drawing assembly further comprising a set of conveyor assembly, the conveyor assembly having a respective clamp group connected thereto. 传送组件用于使相应的夹具组在传送区的上游端逐渐朝向彼此移动以横向接合垫料带并且在传送区的下游端逐渐彼此相互移离以释放垫料带。 Transport assembly jig for the corresponding group in the upstream end of the transition zone gradually moved toward one another to engage the transverse strip of dunnage transfer region and the downstream end of the gradually move away from each other to release the strip of dunnage. 每一夹具组以相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动,并且当夹具以相对的关系沿着一个非圆形路径移动时,每一夹具组被顺序地操作以将垫料带在其相对侧上横向地接合在其间以使垫料带随之前进。 Each clamp set along a non-circular path in opposing relation, and when the jig is moved along an opposed relation to one non-circular path, each group of clamps is operated sequentially with the strip of dunnage on opposite laterally engaged therebetween such that the upper side of the gasket with consequent advance. 在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具横向地接合垫料带。 When the relative movement along a non-circular path jig or after release strip of dunnage along opposite clamp sequence moving downstream to the non-circular path, transversely engage the clamp upstream relative movement along a non-circular path pad strip. 在相对的夹具沿着非圆形路径移动时或者之后,沿着非圆形路径的下游移动的相对夹具顺序地释放垫料带,沿着非圆形路径的上游移动的相对夹具使垫料带前进。 When the relative movement along a non-circular path jig or after release strip of dunnage along opposite clamp sequence moving downstream to the non-circular path, upstream of the clamp relative movement along a non-circular path so that strip of dunnage go ahead.

在一个实施例中,每一传送组件包括挠性传送元件和一对安装在相应的纵向间隔可的轮轴上的轮,挠性传送元件具有设置在这对轮上的部分,并且所述相应的相对的夹具组的夹具固定在所述相应的挠性传送元件上并且从所述相应的挠性传送元件延伸以便当相应的夹具组沿着非圆形路径移动时使每一所述相对夹具组的至少一个夹具与垫料带接合。 In one embodiment, each transport assembly includes a flexible transfer element and a pair of wheels, the flexible transmission element is mounted on a respective longitudinally spaced axles may have a portion disposed on the pair of wheels, and the corresponding Grips group opposite the respective fixed on the flexible conveying element and extending from said respective flexible transfer elements to allow each of said opposite clamp set when the corresponding jig group moves along a non-circular path at least one clamp band with the gasket engages. 每一夹具组的夹具从相应的挠性传送元件垂直或以不同的角度延伸。 Each clamp fixture of the respective group of vertical or flexible transmission element extending from different angles. 最好在这对轮转动后,每一所述相对夹具组的至少一个夹具纵向偏置以在它们会聚后在它们之间提供一定的间隙。 Preferably after this wheel rotation, each of said at least one set of opposing clamp fixture longitudinally biased after they have converged to provide a gap therebetween. 传送组件的挠性传送元件包括铰接链条、挠性带或者其他任何能够传输转动的装置。 The flexible transfer elements, the hinge assembly includes a chain, the flexible belt or any other device capable of transmitting rotation. 挠性传送元件的移动是同步的。 Movement of the flexible transfer elements is synchronized.

本发明所述成型组件包括压缩元件,片材通过压缩元件被拉拔以使其起皱并且形成垫料带。 The present invention is the forming assembly includes a compression member, by compressing the sheet member is pulled so as to wrinkle and form strip of dunnage. 压缩元件是环。 Compression element is a ring. 该环例如是椭圆形的并且在其底端具有倒圆的边缘。 The ring, for example, oval and has rounded edges at its bottom end. 压缩元件最好包括在成形组件的上游端,压缩元件压缩和引导从成型组件的下游端到在相对的夹具之间的接合区域的垫料带。 Compression element preferably includes at the upstream end of the forming assembly, compression element and the molding member guide from the downstream end to the strip of dunnage on opposite engagement area between the clamps. 压缩元件限定一个椭圆或圆形孔,垫料带通过该孔被周向压缩,孔的宽度小于片材的宽度。 Compression element defining an oval or circular holes, through which the strip of dunnage is compressed to weeks, the width of the hole is smaller than the width of the sheet.

在另一实施例中,夹具设置在横向相对的第一夹具组和第二夹具组,该第一夹具组和第二夹具组与设置在传送区的相对横向侧边上的相应的第一夹具载体和第二夹具载体相连。 In another embodiment, the clamp disposed transversely opposed first and second clamp fixture set, the first clamp and second clamp group and disposed on opposite lateral sides of the respective transfer area of the first jig carrier and the carrier is connected to the second fixture. 第一夹具载体操作使第一夹具组沿着第一非圆形路径纵向移动,第二夹具载体操作使第二夹具组以与第一夹具组同步的方式沿着第二非圆形路径纵向移动,第一路径和第二路径的一部分是并列的以在它们之间限定传送区,第一夹具组的至少一个夹具和第二夹具组的至少一个夹具用于横向接合垫料带在其相对侧边上以使垫料带前进通过传送区。 The first fixture carrier operating the first fixture set longitudinal movement along the first non-circular path, the second fixture carrier operating the second clamp set to synchronize with the first fixture set way to move longitudinally along the second non-circular path , part of the first path and a second parallel path to define therebetween the transfer region, a first set of at least one clamp fixture and a second group of at least one clamp jig for laterally engaging at its opposite sides with gasket edge to make the litter with a forward by transfer area. 传送区包括接合区、前进区和释放区,在接合区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径朝向彼此会聚,在前进区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径基本上相互平行,在释放区,第一非圆形路径和第二非圆形路径彼此相互分离。 Transfer region comprises an engagement region, the forward region and release zone, in the joining region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular paths converge toward each other, in the forward region, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular path substantially parallel to each other, in the release area, the first non-circular path and the second non-circular paths are separated from each other.

在一个实施例中,拉拔组件包括第一传送元件和第二传送元件以及第一轮系和第二轮系,第一传送元件和第二传送元件设置在相应的第一轮系和第二轮系上并且包括从其中延伸的一个或者多个夹具,第一轮系和第二轮系沿着相反的方向转动并且第一传送元件和第二传送元件是相对的以在它们之间限定传送区,从而使相应的第一传送元件和第二传送元件的夹具逐渐进入相对关系接合和传输通过传送区的垫料带。 In one embodiment, the drawing assembly comprises a first transfer member and second transfer elements and first gear train and the second gear train, the first transfer member and second transfer elements disposed in the respective first and second gear train the train wheels and include one or more clamps extending therethrough, a first gear train and the second train wheel rotation in the opposite direction and the first conveying member and second transfer elements are opposed to define the transfer between them area, so that the respective first transfer element and the second clamp member is gradually transferred into the relative relationship between engagement and transmission through the strip of dunnage transfer region. 当第一轮系和第二轮系转动时,相应的第一传送元件和第二传送元件的夹具在垫料传输机构的上游端朝向彼此会聚以接合垫料带的相对的侧边,传输垫料带通过传送区,以及接着在垫料传输机构的下游端相互分离以释放垫料带。 When the rotation of the first gear train and the second gear train, the corresponding first transfer elements jig and second transfer elements at an upstream end of the dunnage transfer mechanism converge towards each other to engage with opposite sides of the gasket, transmission pad strip by passing zone, and then at the downstream end of the transport mechanism litter separated from each other to release the litter belt.

根据本发明的另一个方面,提供一种用于垫料转变机的切断组件。 According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a cutting assembly for dunnage transition machine. 切断组件用于将垫料带切割成垫料的切断部分,该垫料转变机包括转变组件,该转变组件用于将片材转变成垫料的连续带,切断组件相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,切断组件包括可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,该往复致动器通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连,该往复致动器将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置,并且在往复致动器沿着任何一个方向完成一个行程后返回该准备切断位置。 Cutting assembly for cutting the strip of dunnage cut portion of the gasket, the gasket includes a shift change machine components, the transition assembly for converting sheet material into a continuous strip of dunnage, the cutting unit with respect to the transition assembly positioned to a continuous strip of dunnage section cut to the desired length of cut, cutting assembly includes a movable blade; and a reciprocating actuator, the reciprocating actuator connected to the transmission means by movement of the movable blade, the reciprocating actuator will a movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position, and after the completion of the reciprocating actuator in either direction along a return stroke of the cutting position ready. 该切断组件还包括固定刀片,当可移动的刀片移动到切断位置时,该固定刀片与可移动的刀片共同协作。 The cutting assembly further includes a fixed blade when the movable blade moves to the cutting position when the fixed blade and the movable blade to work together. 该可移动的刀片以剪断的方式与可移动的刀片共同协作。 The movable blade to cut both ways with the movable blade to work together.

根据本发明的又一方面,提供一种垫料转变机,该垫料转变机用于将片材,诸如具有至少一层的纸,转变成垫料的切断部分。 According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dunnage change machine, the machine is used for changing the gasket sheet material, such as those having at least one layer of paper, cut into a gasket part. 该垫料转变机包括:转变组件,该转变组件用于将片材转变成垫料连续带,切断组件,该切断组件相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,切断组件包括可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,该往复致动器通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连,该往复致动器将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置,并且在往复致动器沿着任何一个方向完成一个行程后返回该准备切断位置。 The gasket transition machine comprising: a transition component, the transition component for converting the sheet into a continuous band of the gasket, cutting assembly, the cutting assembly positioned relative to the translating component of the continuous strip cut to the desired length of the gasket is cut section, comprising a movable cutting blade assembly; and a reciprocating actuator connected to the reciprocating actuator and the movable blade through the motion transmitting assembly, the reciprocating actuator to the movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position, and after the completion of the reciprocating actuator in either direction along a return stroke of the cutting position ready.

在一个实施例中,垫料转变机还包括端板,该端板具有一个上游侧和一个下游侧,该转变组件定位于端板的上游侧,该端板具有垫料出口,垫料带通过垫料出口排出。 In one embodiment, the transformation unit further comprises a gasket end plate, said end plate having an upstream side and a downstream side, the transition assembly is positioned on the upstream side end plate, the end plate having a dunnage outlet, strip of dunnage through litter outlet. 切断组件在一段垫料带已经通过出口后操作切断垫料的连续带。 Cutting unit has been cut off in some litter with a continuous strip of dunnage through after export operations. 如优选的,该可移动的刀片安装在端板的下游侧并且与运动传递组件相连,可移动的刀片在与由出口限定的平面平行的平面内移动,并且当可移动的刀片在准备切断位置和切断位置之间移动时穿过该开口。 As preferred, the movable blade mounted on the downstream side of the end plate and connected to the movement transmission components, the movable blade is moved by the outlet in a plane parallel to the plane defined, and when the movable cutting blade in ready position When passing through the opening and moving between a cutting position.

在另一实施例中,运动传递组件包括至少一个与可移动的刀片枢接的联接元件。 Embodiment, the motion transmission means comprises at least one movable blade pivoting of the coupling element in another embodiment. 导板在出口附近安装在端板上,该可移动的刀片滑动地保持在导板内,从而当往复致动器在一个前进行程或者一个返回行程中移动时,联接元件的位置将改变为使可移动的刀片从准备切断位置枢转到切断位置并且返回准备切断位置。 The guide plate in the vicinity of the outlet mounted on the end plate, the movable blade is slidably retained within the guide plate, so that when the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke or a return stroke while moving position of the coupling elements will be changed so that the movable Prepare cutting blade from the position pivoted to the cutoff position and return preparation cutting position. 在又一实施例中,该可移动的刀片的一端在枢转点枢转地安装在端板上,从而当往复致动器在一个前进行程或者一个返回行程中移动时,联接元件的位置将改变为使可移动的刀片从准备切断位置枢转到切断位置并且返回准备切断位置。 In yet another embodiment, one end of the movable blade at pivot point pivotally mounted to the end plate, so that when the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke or a return stroke movement, will change the position of the coupling element To the movable cutting blade from the ready position to pivot the cutting position and the cutting position returns prepared.

在又一实施例中,该切断组件包括安装在端板的上游侧上的扩张的引导元件以将垫料的连续带引导到垫料出口中。 In yet another embodiment, the cutting assembly includes a guide member mounted on the expansion of the upstream-side end plate to guide the continuous strip of dunnage into the dunnage outlet.

在又一实施例中,该转变组件包括:成型组件,该成型组件将片材成形成垫料的连续带;原料供给组件,该原料供给组件将片材供给到成型组件;以及拉拔组件,该拉拔组件拉拔来自于原料供给组件的片材并且使片材通过成型组件以形成垫料带。 In yet another embodiment, the transition assembly comprising: a molded component, the molded component into the sheet to form a continuous strip of dunnage; raw material supply assembly, the supply of raw materials supplied to the sheet component molding assembly; and a drawing assembly, The drawing assembly drawing from the sheet feed assembly and feeding the sheet through the molding member to form a strip of dunnage.

根据本发明的又一方面,提供一种用于将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分的方法包括下列步骤:使用转变组件,该转变组件用于将片材,诸如具有至少一层的纸,转变成垫料连续带,以及使用切断组件,该切断组件相对于转变组件定位成将垫料的连续带切割成所需长度的切断部分,其中切断组件包括:可移动的刀片;以及往复致动器,该往复致动器通过运动传递组件与可移动的刀片相连。 A method for the continuous strip of dunnage cut to the desired length of the cutting portion comprising the steps according to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided: the use of transition component, the component is used to change the sheets, such as having at least one paper layer, into a continuous strip gasket, and the use of cutting assembly, the cutting assembly with respect to transition assembly positioned to a continuous strip of dunnage section cut to the desired length of cut, wherein the cutting unit comprises: a movable blade; and a reciprocating actuator, the reciprocating actuator connected to the transmission means by movement of the movable blade. 使用切断组件的步骤包括使该往复致动器移动一个行程,从而使运动传递组件将可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回该准备切断位置。 To use the cutting unit comprises a reciprocating actuator moves a stroke, so that the motion transmitting assembly movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position and returned to the ready cut position.

在一个实施例中,移动往复致动器的步骤包括使往复致动器在前进行程中延伸以使可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回该准备切断位置。 In one embodiment, the step of moving the reciprocating actuator includes extending the reciprocating actuator in a forward stroke so that the movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position and returned to the ready cut position. 在另一实施例中,移动往复致动器的步骤包括使往复致动器在返回行程中缩回以使可移动的刀片从一个准备切断位置移动到一个切断位置并且返回该准备切断位置。 In another embodiment, the step of moving the reciprocating actuator includes a reciprocating actuator in a return stroke is retracted so that the movable cutting blade from a ready position to a cutting position and returned to the ready cut position.

根据本发明的又一方面,提供一种充填空隙的垫料产品包括:截面为圆形的三维起皱带,并且该三维起皱带包括至少一层片材,片材的截面具有起皱的多个突起的波纹状本体,其突起纵向延伸并且以不规则的图案分布。 According to a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided a filling voids dunnage product comprising: a circular cross section of the three-dimensional creping belt, and the belt comprising at least one three-dimensional corrugated sheet, the sheet having a cross-sectional corrugated a plurality of corrugated body projections, the projection extending longitudinally thereof and an irregular distribution of the pattern. 充填空隙垫料产品最好具有最高可能性的体积和稳定性,同时使用可能最少的原材料量。 Filling the void volume of the dunnage product preferably has the highest probability and stability, while using the least possible amount of raw material. 如上所述,根据本发明可生产这样的圆柱形产品,通过形成相同的曲线和/或使产品的选择性间隔开的部分的横截面永久变形可使其稳定性被进一步提高。 As described above, the present invention is to produce such a cylindrical product, by forming the same curve and / or product selectivity of spaced cross-section part of the permanent deformation can be further improved according to the stability of it.

在一个实施例中,在垫料带的相对横向侧边上具有至少一个横向褶皱,最好,该褶皱彼此相互纵向偏置。 In one embodiment, the strip of dunnage on opposite lateral sides having at least one transverse fold, preferably, the fold longitudinally offset each other.

根据本发明的另一方面,提供一种用于生产垫料产品的方法,该方法包括下列步骤:供给具有至少一层的片材;使片材的至少一层的侧向边缘向内折叠,从而形成截面为圆形的三维起皱垫料带,片材的至少一层的截面形成起皱的多个突起的波纹状本体,其突起纵向延伸并且以不规则的图案分布。 According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for producing a dunnage product, the method comprising the steps of: feeding a sheet having at least one layer; lateral edges of the sheet of at least one layer of folded inwardly, thereby forming a circular cross-section three-dimensional strip of dunnage wrinkling, the cross section of at least one layer forming a plurality of sheets of corrugated protrusions body wrinkling, which protrusion extends longitudinally and distributed in an irregular pattern.

在一个实施例中,使垫料带的相对的侧边规则地横向起皱和/或绞缠。 In one embodiment, the rules of the opposing sides of the gasket with transverse wrinkles and / or kinking. 在一侧上的褶皱与在其相对一侧上的褶皱纵向偏置。 On one side of the fold and folds longitudinally offset on opposite side. 在一个实施例中,该方法还包括使用拉拔组件以将垫料带拉过压缩元件,从而通过其三维褶皱使垫料带变窄并且将垫料带引导到拉拔组件。 In one embodiment, the method further includes using a pulling assembly is pulled through the gasket strip compression elements, so that the strip of dunnage is narrowed by its three-dimensional fold and guide the strip of dunnage to the pulling assembly. 该压缩元件确保垫料带基本上无堵塞地流过拉拔组件。 The compression element to ensure the litter with essentially no plug flow through the drawing component.

下面将对本发明的上述和其他目的进行详细描述,特别在权利要求中提出,下面的说明、附图详细的描述了本发明的一些实施例,这些实施例是示意性的,但是可使用在本发明的原理中的一种或者几种不同方式来实现。 The above and other objects will be below the present invention will be described in detail, in particular made in the claims, the following description, detailed description of some embodiments of the present invention, the drawings, these embodiments are illustrative, but can be used in the present principles of the invention in one or in several different ways.

附图说明 Brief Description

图1是本发明的垫料转变机的透视图,其中移除了该垫料转变机的外壳以便于可看到机器的内部构件;图2是图1所示的垫料转变机的顶部平面图;图3是图1所示的垫料转变机的侧视图;图4是图1所示的垫料转变机的拉拔机构的放大透视图;图5是沿图4的线5-5所视的图4所示的拉拔机构的侧视图;图6是沿图4的线6-6所视的图4所示的拉拔机构的端视图;图7是图4所示的拉拔机构的透视图,其中移除了该拉拔机构的顶部支撑板,以便可看到该拉拔机构的齿轮组;图8是沿图6的线8-8所视的图4所示的拉拔机构的顶部平面图;图9是沿图6的线9-9所视的图4所示的拉拔机构的顶部平面图;图10是成型组件的压缩元件的放大端视图;图11A是沿图6的线11A-11A所视的图4所示的拉拔机构的顶部平面图,其中示出了本发明的垫料带通过拉拔机构的垫料传送区被传输;图11B是沿图11A的线11B-11B所视的图11A中所示垫料的带的横截面图;图11C是沿带的长度的不同部分所截取的垫料的带的横截面图;图11D是沿不同于图11B和11C所示的带的长度的不同部分所截取的垫料的带的横截面图;图12是图1所示的垫料转变机的端视图;图13是图1所述的垫料转变机的切断组件的放大端视图;图14是从其下端所视的图13所示的切断组件的透视图;图15是从其上端所视的图13所示的切断组件的透视图; Figure 1 is a perspective view of a gasket transition machine of the present invention, wherein the gasket is removed so as to shift the housing of the machine can be seen the inner member; FIG. 2 is a top gasket transition diagram of a plan view of the machine shown in ; Fig. 3 is a side view of a gasket change machine shown in Fig; 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the dunnage transition mechanism drawing machine shown in Figure 1; Figure 5 is taken along line 5-5 of FIG. 4 4 shows a side view of the drawing mechanism in view; Figure 6 is an end view of Figure 4 along line 6-6 as viewed in the drawing mechanism shown in FIG. 4; Fig. 7 is shown in drawing 4 perspective view of the mechanism, which removes the top of the drawing mechanism of the support plate, so as to be seen in the drawing gear mechanism; FIG. 8 is pulled as shown in FIG. 6 along the line 8-8 as viewed in FIG. 4 top plan view of the pulling mechanism; FIG. 9 is a top drawing mechanism 4 shown in FIG. 6 taken along line 9-9 as viewed in the plan view of FIG.; FIG. 10 is an enlarged end view of the compression element shaping unit; Figure 11A is taken along the top of the line drawing mechanism 6 as shown in 11A-11A as viewed in FIG plan view is shown of the invention with a gasket gasket transfer area by drawing mechanism is transmitted; FIG. 11B is taken along the 11A Depending on the line 11B-11B cross-sectional view of the gasket shown in FIG band 11A; FIG. 11C is a cross-section of different portions along the length of the belt, taken dunnage FIG tape; FIG. 11D is a direction different from FIG. 11B a cross-sectional view and a different part of the length of the belt shown in 11C, taken dunnage strip; Fig. 12 is an end view of the dunnage change machine shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 13 is a gasket 1 according to FIG. cutting assembly machine transition enlarged end view; FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the lower end as viewed in FIG cutting assembly shown in FIG. 13 therefrom; FIG. 15 is, as the upper end of the cutting assembly shown in a perspective view from FIG. 13;

图16是本发明另一个实施例的垫料转变机的透视图,其中移除了垫料转变机的外壳以便可看到机器的内部构件,示出了该机器被安装于台上并遍布工作面,并且该台包括原料供给组件;图17是图16所示的垫料转变机的放大透视图;图18是沿图17中的线18-18所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的收缩元件安装于其上的拉拔组件的端视图;图19是沿图17中的线19-19所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的拉拔组件、切断组件和安全装置的顶部平面图;图20是沿图17中的线20-20所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的拉拔组件和安全装置的顶部平面图;图21是沿图19中的线21-21所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的拉拔组件的侧视图;图22是沿图19中的线22-22所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的拉拔组件的端视图;图23是沿图19中的线23-23所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的切断组件的端视图,其中示出了切断组件处于准备切断的位置;以及图24是沿图19中的线23-23所视的图17所示的垫料转变机的切断组件的端视图,其中示出了切断组件处于关闭位置。 Figure 16 is another perspective view of the present invention dunnage transition machine embodiment, wherein removing the dunnage machine enclosure so as to change internal members of the machine can be seen, showing that the machine is mounted on the work table and across the surface, and the material supply assembly comprises a station; FIG. 17 is an enlarged perspective view of the dunnage change machine shown in Figure 16; Figure 18 taken along line 18-18 of Figure 17 as viewed in FIG transition gasket 17 shown in shrink machine element mounted thereon an end view drawing assembly; FIG. 19 is taken along a line 17 in transition gasket assembly drawing machine 17 shown as viewed in Fig. 19-19, the cutting unit and safety devices a top plan view; Fig. 20 is a top gasket change machine 17 shown in FIG. 17 along line 20-20 as viewed in FIG drawing assembly and a plan view of the safety device; FIG. 21 is taken along the line 21- 19 dunnage transition machine drawing assembly 17 is shown in Fig. 22 Fig. 19 along the line 22-22 as viewed in FIG; side view of the transition gasket assembly drawing machine 17 shown in FIG. 21, as the an end view; Fig. 23 is an end view of the cutting unit dunnage machine 17 changes as shown in FIG. 19 along line 23-23 as viewed in FIG., there is shown a cutting assembly is ready cut position; and FIG. 24 is an end view of the cutting unit dunnage change machine shown in FIG. 17 along the line 19 as viewed in the 23-23, wherein the cutting assembly is shown in a closed position.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

现在将参照附图进行详细描述,首先参照附图1到3,附图标记10表示本发明的一个垫料转变机。 Reference will now be described in detail, first with reference to the accompanying drawings 1-3, reference numeral 10 denotes a gasket transition machine of the present invention. 该垫料转变机10将片状的原材料,诸如一层或多层可回收或可重复使用的牛皮纸转变成垫料带,该垫料带例如包括较窄的三维带或基本上为圆柱形的绳。 The dunnage machine 10 will shift a sheet of material, such as a transition layer or layers of recyclable and reusable Kraft paper into a strip of dunnage, the narrow strip of dunnage including, for example with a three-dimensional or substantially cylindrical rope. 该垫料产品被用作合乎环保要求的包装材料,这种包装材料通常用作运输过程中的填充空隙或减震。 The product is used as dunnage in line with environmental requirements of packaging materials, packaging material commonly used as a transport process of filling voids or damping.

机器的框架包括底板18,该底板18的形状基本上为矩形,并且在所示的方位中,底板18通常在水平面内从其上游端延伸到其下游端。 Frame of the machine includes a base plate 18, the shape of the bottom plate 18 is substantially rectangular, and in the orientation shown, the base plate 18 generally in a horizontal plane extending from the upstream end to its downstream end. (这里,术语“上游”和“下游”是指片材通过该机器的流动的方向)。 (Herein, the terms "upstream" and "downstream" refers to the machine direction of the sheet by the flow). 虽然在图中没有特别示出/标记出,但是框架最好还包括外壳或盖罩,该外壳或盖罩已被移除以便于看到机器10的内部构件。 Although not specifically shown in the drawings / marked, but the frame preferably also includes a housing or cover, the housing or cover has been removed in order to see the internal components of machine 10.

该垫料转变机10包括:成型(或成形)组件26、用于将片材提供给成型组件26的任何期望类型的原料供给组件27、以及由马达30提供动力驱动(提供动力)的拉拔组件28,该马达30例如为旋转电动机。 The dunnage machine 10 includes a transition: forming (or shaping) component 26 for the sheet is supplied to any desired type of raw material supply unit 27 of the molding assembly 26, and power driven by a motor 30 (powered) drawing assembly 28, the motor 30, for example, the rotary motor. 在拉拔组件的下游,设有用于将成型组件26所形成的连续的垫料带切割成期望长度的衬垫的切断组件34。 Downstream of the drawing assembly, is provided for the continuous strip of dunnage formed by the forming assembly 26 is cut to a desired length of the pad assembly 34 is cut off. 将原料供给组件27、成型组件26、拉拔组件28和切断组件34安装于底板18上和/或安装在垫料转变机10的外壳中。 The material supply assembly 27, forming assembly 26, drawing assembly 28 and the cutting assembly 34 is mounted on the base plate 18 and / or mounted in a housing (10) in the transition gasket. 可利用一种已知的控制装置(未示出)控制垫料转变机10的操作。 Be means of a known control device (not shown) to control operation of padding machine 10 changes.

在机器10的操作中,原料供给组件27向成型组件26提供片材。 In operation of the machine 10, the raw material supply assembly 27 to provide a sheet molding assembly 26. 所示的示例性成型组件26包括成型元件,诸如成型框架44、会聚的成形斜槽46以及压缩元件48。 Exemplary molding member comprises a molding member 26 shown, such as a forming frame 44, converging shaping chute 46, and a compression element 48. 成形斜槽46包括纵向延伸、横向会聚的侧壁50,该侧壁50的横截面最好为曲线形或弧形。 Shaping chute 46 includes longitudinally extending, transversely converging side walls 50, the cross-section of the side wall 50 is preferably curved or arcuate. 当片状库存材料通过成形斜槽46时,其各侧边朝向彼此向内折叠或滚动,以便当片材从成形斜槽46的出口端显露出来时向内折叠的边缘构成片材的多个基本上纵向延伸的弹性折皱部分,因此使片材预成形并成流线形。 When the sheet-like stock material through the shaping chute 46, which each side is folded inwardly towards each other or rolling, so that when the sheet 46 from the outlet end of the forming chute exposed inwardly folded edges form a plurality of sheets Flexible corrugated section extending substantially longitudinally, thus making the sheet into a preform and streamlined.

成型元件44与成形斜槽46共同协作以确保纸(或其他合适的片材)的适当成形和形成,可操纵成型元件44沿成形斜槽46的底壁54引导片材的中央部分,用于片材的侧向边缘部分的受控的向内折叠或滚动。 Shaped element 44 and the shaping chute 46 to work together to ensure that the paper (or other suitable sheet material) of suitably shaped and formed, the molding element 44 in the steerable guide the sheet 54 forming the central portion of the bottom wall of the chute 46, for the lateral edge portions of the sheet are folded inwardly or controlled rolling. 成型元件44突出到成形斜槽46的入口端的后面(上游),以便于将片材适当地引导到成形斜槽46中。 Forming member 44 forming the back of the chute 46 projecting into the inlet end (upstream) in order to appropriately guide the sheet to the shaping chute 46. 成型元件44还延伸到成形斜槽46中,在成形斜槽46的出口端58附近,该成型元件44的最前端56(如图1中所示)较为靠近成形斜槽46的位于下方的底壁54。 Forming member 44 also extends into the shaping chute 46, the chute 46 forming the outlet 58 near the end, the most distal end 56 of the shaped element 44 (shown in Figure 1) is more close to the forming chute 46 located below the bottom of wall 54.

如下面进一步描述的,压缩元件48还使片材成型或成形,因此也可将其称为聚集元件。 As further described below, the compression element 48 also the sheet molding or forming, it may also be referred to as aggregate element. 或者在没有成型元件44和成形斜槽46的情况下,可将压缩元件48用作成型组件26。 Or in the absence of the molding element 44 and the chute 46 forming the case, the compression member 48 can be used as a molding assembly 26. 压缩元件48还执行将所形成的垫料带引导到拉拔组件28中的附加功能。 The gasket 48 also performs the formed tape guide assembly 28 to pull in additional functionality compression element. 也可使用其他类型的成型组件,诸如在共同拥有的美国专利No.5,947,886和5,891,009中所披露的,其内容结合于此作为参考。 May also be used other types of molding components, such as disclosed in U.S. Patent No.5,947,886 and 5,891,009 commonly owned, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

拉拔组件28位于成型组件26的下游,并且根据本发明的拉拔组件28包括第一组平移夹具60和第二组协同操作及相对的平移夹具62,如下面将详细描述的,它们共同执行垫料转变机10的操作中的至少一种,最好两种功能。 Drawing assembly 28 is located downstream of the molding assembly 26, and the first set of translational fixture according to the present invention, the drawing assembly 60 and 28 comprises a second set of cooperating and opposing translating jig 62, as will be described in detail, which together perform Operation dunnage transformation unit 10 at least one, preferably two functions. 一种功能是供给功能,其中相对的平移夹具组60和62逐渐地在垫料带的横向相对侧上与之横向接合,以便拉动垫料带通过成型组件26,进而从原料供给组件27中拉出片材。 A feature is the supply function, where the relative translational fixture group of 60 and 62 with the lateral gradually joined to the opposite side of the transverse bands litter to litter belt by pulling the molding assembly 26, then from 27 to pull the raw material supply assembly a sheet. 应该理解的是,该逐渐接合改进了夹持垫料带的方式,并且能够提高生产垫料带的速度。 It should be understood that the gradual engagement of the clamping strip of dunnage improved manner, and can improve the speed of production of strip of dunnage.

最好由拉拔组件28执行的第二个功能为连接功能,其中相对的平移夹具组60和62使其相对侧上的垫料带变形以便于形成垫料的连接带。 Preferably the second function performed by the drawing assembly 28 is connected to the function, wherein the relative translational clamp set 60 and 62 so that the gasket on the opposite side so as to form the gasket with deformable connecting band. 当然,也可使用其他的机构来“连接”垫料带,也就是,以这样一种方式在垫料带上操作,即,它将以与恢复片材的原始平坦形状相反的形式保持其填充空隙和/或减震特性。 Of course, other means may be used to "connect" dunnage strip, i.e., in such a way in the gasket tape operation, i.e., it will restore the original flat shape of the sheet form opposite to keep filling voids and / or damping characteristics. 例如,已知连接机构包括,使片材产生折痕以使得片材保持其三维形状的机构。 For example, known connecting means comprises, a crease of the sheet such that the sheet retains its three-dimensional shape of the body.

在该示例性实施例中,垫料的连续带从拉拔组件28向下游移动到切断组件34,该切断组件34例如通过切割或撕开的方式将垫料带切断所期望长度的部分。 In the exemplary embodiment, the continuous strip of dunnage from the drawing assembly 28 is moved downstream to the cutting assembly 34, the cutting assembly 34, for example by cutting or tearing a desired manner the length of the portion of gasket tape cutting. 依照本发明,切断组件34包括采用推拉机构形式的往复致动装置70和可移动刀片组件74。 According to the present invention, the cutting assembly 34 includes a push-pull mechanism in the form of a reciprocating actuator 70 and the movable blade assembly means 74. 往复致动装置70的往复元件76通过运动传递组件78可操作地与可移动刀片组件74相连。 Reciprocating the reciprocating element 70 caused by actuating means 76 through a motion transfer assembly 78 operatively connected to the movable blade assembly 74. 如下面参照图12-15详细描述的,往复元件76的一次向前或返回行程使切断组件34的可移动刀片组件74从准备切断或打开位置移动到切断或闭合位置,从而将垫料带切断,然后可移动刀片组件74返回到准备切断位置。 As described in detail below with reference to Figures 12-15, the reciprocating element 76 forward or return stroke of the cutting assembly 34 of the movable cutting blade assembly 74 from the ready position to cut or open or closed position, thereby cutting the strip of dunnage and the movable blade assembly 74 returns to the ready cut position. 由于切断后,可移动刀片组件74返回到打开位置,使得可移动刀片组件74为切断随后的垫料带而准备,这使得切断组件34以一种连续或“运行中”的方式操作。 Because after cutting, the movable blade assembly 74 is returned to the open position, so that the movable blade assembly 74 for cutting the strip of dunnage then prepared, which makes the cutting unit 34 in a continuous or "on the fly" manner.

因此,应该理解的是,本发明在垫料转变机技术中提供了某些改进,下面所提及的改进例如在要求不损害所得到的垫料产品的空隙填充和/或减震特性的完整性的情况下以提高的速度转变材料的应用中是需要的。 Therefore, it should be understood that the present invention provides certain improvements in the dunnage transition machine technology, and improvements such as the requirements without compromising integrity of the resulting void fill dunnage product and / or damping characteristics mentioned below Under a circumstance in order to improve the speed of transition material applications is needed. 更具体地,本发明披露了新颖的相对的平移夹具组60和62,该平移夹具组60和62能够使垫料带在其整个宽度上逐渐横向接合和逐渐前进,以避免或至少减少前述的先前已知转变机有时会遭遇的突然撕裂的可能性。 More particularly, the present invention discloses novel opposing translational clamp set 60 and 62, the pan 60 and the clamp group 62 enables the strip of dunnage is gradually transversely over the entire width of the engagement and progressive advancement, in order to avoid or at least reduce the foregoing the possibility of changes in the previously known machine sometimes encounter a sudden tear. 此外,当垫料带从拉拔组件28中露出时,本发明的切断组件34所提供的“运行中”切断能够使垫料带迅速地连续切断。 Further, when the strip of dunnage emerges from the pulling assembly 28, the cutting assembly 34 of the present invention there is provided a "run" off enables rapid continuous strip of dunnage cut.

接着参照图1-3,更具体地参照图4-11,拉拔组件28包括以并排或并列的关系布置的一对传送组件110和112,以便于在传送组件110和11 2之间限定出垫料传送区113(图8、9和11),来自于成型组件26的垫料带穿过该垫料传送区113。 Referring next to Figures 1-3, and more particularly with reference to Figure 4-11, the drawing assembly 28 comprises a pair of transport assembly or side by side in parallel relationship to the arrangement of 110 and 112, in order to transfer the components between 110 and 112 define a dunnage transfer region 113 (FIG. 8, 9 and 11), from the transfer region 113 of the gasket molding member 26 through the strip of dunnage. 由马达30驱动传送组件110和112。 By the motor 30 drives the conveyor assembly 110 and 112. 更具体地,马达30和传送组件110包括各自的转动轮114和116,挠性驱动元件117(图2)被链接在可转动轮114和116上以便于由马达30向传送组件110传递运动。 More specifically, the motor 30 and the transfer assembly 110 include respective rotatable wheels 114 and 116, flexible drive element 117 (FIG. 2) are linked on the rotatable wheel 114 and 116 so as to pass by the motor 110 to the transmission assembly 30 motion.

如图中所示,挠性驱动元件117可包括铰接链条、挠性皮带或传递转动的其他装置。 As shown, flexible drive element 117 may comprise a hinge chain, a flexible belt or other means for rotating the transfer. 如图中所示,转动轮114和116可包括与铰接链条配合的链轮、与挠性皮带配合的皮带轮,或其他任何适合用于载运挠性驱动元件117的装置。 As shown, rotation of wheel 114 and the hinge 116 may comprise a chain with the sprocket, and the flexible belt with the pulley, or any other apparatus suitable for carrying member 117 flexible drive. 旋转电动机30最好为变速马达,并且该电动机30可包括用于通过挠性驱动元件117控制和/或调节其速度的以及传送组件110的速度的减速器94(图2)。 Rotation of the motor 30 is preferably a variable speed motor, and the motor 30 may include a flexible drive 117 by controlling and / or adjusting the speed of the conveyor assembly 110 and the speed component of the gear unit 94 (FIG. 2).

而传送组件110又包括驱动齿轮120,该驱动齿轮120与传送组件120的从动齿轮122共同协作以便于沿与传送组件110相反的方向驱动该传送组件120。 The transfer assembly 110 also includes a drive gear 120, the drive gear 120 and driven gear 122 of the conveyor assembly 120 so as to work together at 110 along a direction opposite to the conveying assembly drives the transfer assembly 120. 共同协作的齿轮120和122是相同尺寸的,因此,传送组件110和112所运转的速度是相同的。 Collaborate gears 120 and 122 are the same size, and therefore, the operation speed of the conveyor assembly 110 and 112 are the same.

传送组件110和112还包括各自的上挠性传送元件130和132以及相应的下挠性传送元件140和142,该上挠性传送元件130和132以及下挠性传送元件140和142链接在相应的上转动轮对160、161和162、163以及下可转动轮对170、171和172、173上,上转动轮对160、161和162、163以及下可转动轮对170、171和172、173分别安装于相应的纵向间隔开的轮轴180、181和182、183上。 Transport assembly 110 and 112 further include respective upper flexible transfer elements 130 and 132 and respective lower flexible transfer elements 140 and 142, the upper flexible transfer elements 130 and 132 and the lower flexible transfer elements 140 and 142 in the respective link Turn the wheel of the 162, 163 and 160, 161 and a rotatable wheel of the 170, 171 and 172, 173, 160, 161 and the rotating wheel 162, 163 and the next round of the 170, 171 and can rotate 172 173 are mounted on respective longitudinally spaced axles 180, 181 and 182,183. 挠性传送元件130、132以及140、142分别将来自于分别与轮轴180和182的上端相连接的齿轮120和122处的转动转变为在相应的轮轴对180、181和182、183中的同步转动,因此将其转变为相应的传送组件110和120中的同步转动。 The flexible transfer elements 130, 132 and 140, 142, respectively, from the upper end of the axle, respectively, 180 and 182 is connected to the gear 120 and the transition 122 is rotated in the corresponding shaft 180, 181 and 182, 183 for synchronization rotation, so it is converted into the corresponding transport assembly 110 and 120 rotate synchronously. 传送组件110和120的并列布置和同步移动转变为挠性传送元件130与挠性传送元件132的一致且相反的关系运动,以及类似地,转变为挠性传送元件140与挠性传送元件142的一致且相反的关系运动。 Transmission 110 and 120 are arranged in parallel and move synchronously into the flexible transfer elements 130 and 132 consistent with the flexible conveying member movement and opposite relationship, and similarly, into the flexible transfer elements 140 and 142 of the flexible conveying element assembly consistent and opposite relations campaign.

与挠性驱动元件117类似,挠性传送元件130、132和140、142可包括所示的铰接链条、挠性带或者其他任何能够在相应的轮轴180、181和182、183之间传递运动的装置。 Similar to the flexible drive element 117, the flexible transfer elements 130, 132 and 140, 142 may comprise articulating chains as shown, or any other flexible strap can be passed between the respective axles 180, 181 and 182, 183 Movement devices. 轮轴180、181和182、183彼此相互平行并且横截垫料带的运行路径的方式设置。 Axle 180, 181 and 182, 183 run parallel to each other and transverse to the path of the strip of dunnage settings. 转动轮160、161、162、163和170、171、172、173可包括与所示的铰接链条一起使用的链轮、与挠性皮带一起使用的皮带轮或其他任何适合用于载运相应的挠性传送元件130、132和140、142的装置。 Rotation of the sprocket wheel 160,161,162,163 and 170,171,172,173 may comprise the hinge shown in use with a chain, a pulley used in conjunction with a flexible belt or any other suitable for carrying the respective flexible elements 140, 142, 130, 132 and transfer device.

如图4-6中最佳示出的,每一个轮轴或者轴180、181和182、183在其相对端部可转动地安装在相应的上轴承190、191和192、193以及相应的下轴承200、201和202、203中,上轴承190、191和192、193以及下轴承200、201和202、203分别被保持在上支撑板210和下支承板220上。 Best shown in Figures 4-6, each axle or shaft 180, 181 and 182, 183 190 and 191 and the respective upper bearing 192 and 193 and the corresponding lower bearing at its opposite ends rotatably mounted in 200, 201 and 202, 203, 190 and 191 and upper bearing 192 and 193 and the lower bearing 200, 201 and 202, 203 are respectively held by the upper support plate 210 and the lower support plate 220. 上支撑板210和下支承板220在其相应的角部被四个垂直支撑元件230隔开。 The upper support plate 210 and the lower support plate 220 at its respective corners by four vertical support member 230 are separated. 下支承板220安装在被固定在垫料转变机10的底板18上的四个S形带支座的托架232(图1)上。 Lower support plate 220 is mounted on the transition is fixed to the gasket 10 of the machine base plate 18 with the four S-shaped bearing bracket 232 (FIG. 1). 带支座的托架232在下支承板220的下方提供有间隙,下轴承200、201和202、203延伸到下支承板220中。 Bearing bracket 232 with the lower support plate 220 provided with a gap below the lower bearing 200, 201 and 202, 203 extending to the lower support plate 220.

现参见图8、9和11,所示的示例性相对的平移夹具组60和62分别包括第一组均匀间隔的夹具240、241、242、243和244以及相对的第二组均匀间隔的夹具250、251、252、253和254。 Referring now to Figures 8, 9 and 11, an exemplary set of relative translational clamps 60 and 62 shown respectively include a first set of clamps evenly spaced 240,241,242,243 and 244 and an opposite second set of uniformly spaced clamp 250,251,252,253 and 254. 当然,所使用的夹具的数量和/或类型也可不同于这几个图中所示的,这例如取决于挠性传送元件的长度、通过夹具接合的垫料带的所需频率、夹具的几何形状或者夹具所需的接合类型(例如,是否需要利用夹具来连接垫料带)。 Of course, the number of fixtures used and / or type may be different than these shown in the figures, which, for example depending on the length of the flexible transmission element, by means of clamps engaging the gasket with the desired frequency, the clamp geometry or type of engagement desired jig (e.g., the need to use clamps connected strip of dunnage).

每一夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的相对端部例如通过L形托架260(图8和9)最好以垂直的关系固定在相应的上挠性传送元件和下挠性传送元件130、132和140、142上。 Opposite ends of each clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 e.g. by L-shaped bracket 260 (FIG. 8 and 9) is preferably fixed in relation to the vertical on the corresponding The flexible transfer element and a lower flexible transfer elements 130, 132 and 140, 142. 这样,挠性传送元件130、132和140、142用作沿着它们相应的运行路径载运夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的夹具拖架(载体),同时在相对的端部提供稳定性,即在夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的上端和下端提供稳定性。 Thus, the flexible transfer element 140, 142, 130, 132 and is used to run along their respective paths carrying 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 jig jig trailer (vector) , while providing stability at the opposite ends, i.e. provide stability in the fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 of upper and lower ends. 如图4、5和7中以最佳方式示出的,每一夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254在其相对端部处都包括能够使夹具相对于挠性传送元件130、132和140、142的运行路径向内和向外调节的狭槽270。 4, 5 and 7 shown in the best way, each fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 at opposite ends of the clamp are capable of including a relatively running path of the flexible conveying element 130, 132 and 140, 142 inwardly and outwardly adjustable slot 270.

参见图8和图9,挠性传送元件130、132和140、142沿着分别由箭头T和R表示的传送航线和返回航线连续移动或者运载相应的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254。 Referring to Figures 8 and 9, 130, 132, 140, 142, respectively, along the conveying route indicated by arrows T and R and the continuous movement or the carriage return route corresponding fixture and the flexible conveying member 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254. 传送航线T,如它们的命名所暗示的,是相对的平移夹具组60和62将垫料带从拉拔组件28的上游端移动到拉拔组件28的下游端的路径。 Transmission route T, such as their name implies, is a relative translational clamp set 60 and 62 will move the strip of dunnage from an upstream end drawing assembly 28 to the path 28 of the downstream end of the drawing component of. 为此,传送航线T共同形成了上述的垫料传送区113,垫料带通过垫料传送区113逐渐横向接合、前进和释放。 To this end, the transmission route T together form the above-mentioned transfer area 113 litter, litter by litter transfer area with 113 gradually bonding laterally, forward and release. 传送航线T基本上是非圆形路径,即,基本上是线性的,垫料传送区113由此形成。 T is essentially non-circular route transmission path, i.e., substantially linear, dunnage transfer region 113 formed thereby.

返回航线R基本上也是非圆形路径,是相对的平移夹具组60和62从拉拔组件28的下游端返回到拉拔组件28的上游端的路径,即,返回到垫料传送区113的上游端以逐渐横向接合下一个或者随后的垫料带的路径。 Return route R is substantially non-circular paths, are relative translational clamp set 60 and 62 return from the downstream end of the pulling assembly 28 to the upstream end of the path of the drawing assembly 28, i.e., returns to the upstream of the dunnage transfer region 113 end to gradually transverse engage the next or subsequent path dunnage strip.

应该理解的是,当挠性传送元件130、132和140、142逐渐从返回航线R移动到传送航线T时,在垫料传送区113的上游端,第一组夹具60的夹具240、241、242、243、244逐渐接近第二组夹具62的夹具250、251、252、253、254,这有利于垫料带的逐渐横向接合。 It should be understood that when 130, 132 and 140, 142 gradually move to return to the route R from the transfer route T, at the upstream end of the dunnage transfer region 113, the clamp jig 60 of the flexible transfer elements of the first group of 240, 241, 242,243,244 gradually close to the second set of clamps 62 clamp 250,251,252,253,254, which is conducive to the strip of dunnage is gradually transversely engaged. 当然,横向接合点将例如根据相应的夹具相对于将它们固定于其上的挠性传送元件的长度而改变。 Of course, the transverse juncture point, for example according to the corresponding length of the flexible clamp with respect to the transfer element which is fixed thereto is changed. 这样,例如,较长的夹具与较短的夹具相比,可较早地和/或在上游接合垫料带。 Thus, for example, the longer and shorter clamp fixture as compared to earlier and / or upstream of the joining strip of dunnage. 在这方面,垫料传送区113的大小和/或尺寸,更具体地,形成垫料传送区113的传送航线T的大小和/或尺寸同样取决于诸如夹具长度此类的因素。 In this regard, the dunnage transfer region 113 the size and / or size, more specifically, the transfer route is formed dunnage transfer region 113 of the T of the size and / or size will also depend on factors such as the length of the jig.

夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的几何形状也可能有利于逐渐横向接合。 Jig 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 geometry may also have beneficial gradual transverse engagement. 从示例性拉拔组件28的图4和图7中可以清楚地看出,每一夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254具有略微呈V形的开口或者带有倒圆的基部或接触区域282的接触区域280。 4 and 7 can be clearly seen from the exemplary pulling assembly 28, each clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 have a slightly V-shaped openings or contact region 282 of the base portion or contact region 280 with rounded. 当夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254在拉拔组件28的上游端相互会聚时,相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254在其相对侧上至少部分接触地并且在接触区域280和282内逐渐横向接合垫料带。 When the jig 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 at the upstream end of the pulling assembly 28 converging to each other, opposing clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250, 251, 252,253,254 on the opposite side thereof and at least partially in contact with the contact region 280 and 282 progressively transversely engage the strip of dunnage.

更具体地,相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的V形开口或者接触区域280和282共同在它们之间形成间隙B(图6),当夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254逐渐从上述的返回航线R移动到传送航线T时,该间隙B逐渐变窄。 More specifically, the jig 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 opposing V-shaped openings or contact regions 280 and 282 together form a gap between them B (FIG. 6), when Fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 gradually move above the return route to the transfer route R from T, B gradually narrowing the gap. 夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254之间间隙B变窄最终达到一个垫料带完全横向接合或者被相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254锁定的最小间隙尺寸(图6)。 Fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and narrowing the gap between 250,251,252,253,254 B eventually reach a litter with a fully engaged or is laterally relative 240,241,242,243,244 and fixtures 250,251,252,253,254 locked minimum gap size (Fig. 6).

换言之,相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的V形接触区域280和倒圆的基部或接触区域282相互“接近”以将垫料带夹紧或者锁定在它们之间。 In other words, the relative clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 V-shaped contact regions 280 and rounded base portion or contact region 282 "close" to the gasket with clamping or locked between them. 利用通过拉拔组件28的相应的挠性传送元件130、132和140、142使夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254接着继续向下游平移。 Use the respective components by drawing the flexible transfer elements 140, 142, 130, 132 and 28 of the clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 then continued downstream translation. 当然,也可使用其他有利于上述垫料带逐渐横向接合的几何形状,并且这样的可选择的构形也落入当前请求保护的本发明的保护范围内。 Of course, also be used in favor of other said strip of dunnage is gradually transversely engaged geometry, and such alternative configurations are also within the scope of the currently claimed invention. 这样,例如,开口280可是能够达到横向接合的半圆形或者半椭圆形。 Thus, for example, the opening 280 but to achieve the transverse engagement of semicircular or semi-elliptical.

应该注意的是,在所示的示例性实施例中,一个传送组件110的夹具240、241、242、243、244相对于另一个相对的传送组件112的夹具250、251、252、253、254存在纵向偏移间隙D(图9)。 It should be noted that, in the exemplary embodiment shown, a clamp assembly 110 240,241,242,243,244 transfer relative to the other opposing transfer assembly 112 of the jig 250,251,252,253,254 a gap exists offset longitudinally D (Fig. 9). 夹具240、241、242、243、244相对于相应的夹具250、251、252、253、254的偏移或者交错能够使夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254在拉拔组件28的上游端沿着非干涉运行路径会聚,即,夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254不抵触,否则相互之间会干涉各自的运行路径。 Jig 240,241,242,243,244 offset relative to the corresponding fixture 250,251,252,253,254 or interleaving enables jig 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253, 254 at the upstream end of the pulling assembly 28 along the path of non-interference in operational convergence, namely, fixtures 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 not inconsistent, otherwise it will interfere with each other's respective running path. 在这方面,夹具是否能够纵向偏置将取决于夹具的大小和尺寸以及它们的可调节性。 In this regard, the fixture is able to longitudinally offset will depend on the size and dimensions of the fixture as well as their adjustability. 例如,通过设计或者通过它们相应的狭槽270调节夹具,可使夹具相对于挠性传送元件的垂直延伸部分变得较短,从而使相对的夹具被充间隔开以防止在拉拔组件28的上游端处干涉运行路径。 For example, by designing or through their respective slots 270 adjusting jig, the jig can vertically extending portion of the flexible with respect to the transfer element becomes shorter, so that the jig is filled relatively spaced apart to prevent the drawing assembly 28 the upstream end of the run path interference.

在相对的夹具240、241、242、24 3、244以及250、251、252、253、254已经横向接合垫料带后,相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254在它们通过垫料传送区113运行期间保持对垫料带的夹持,垫料传送区113基本上是在平行且间隔开的轮轴之间的纵向距离长度;即,从轮轴181到180,或者从183到182。 In relative fixture 240,241,242,24 3,244 and has a lateral engagement 250,251,252,253,254 after litter with relative fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252 , 253, 254 in that they remain on the clamping strip of dunnage through the transfer region 113 during operation of the gasket, the gasket transfer area 113 is substantially the length of the longitudinal distance between the parallel and spaced apart axles; i.e., from axle 181 to 180, or from 183 to 182. 在示例性拉拔组件28中,在通过传送区113过程中,利用相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254使垫料带在其相对两侧上起皱和/或变形,从而使片材的重叠部分相连。 In the exemplary pulling assembly 28, in the region 113 by the transfer process, using a relatively jig 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 make strip of dunnage on opposite sides thereof wrinkling and / or deformed so that the overlapped portion of the sheet is connected. 由于示例性夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254保持相对偏置的关系,因此在垫料带的一侧上的褶皱和/或绞缠实际上与垫料带的另一侧或者其相对一侧上的褶皱和/或绞缠间隔一定的间隙D。 Since the exemplary fixture 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 holding relationship between the relative offset, so wrinkles on one side of the strip of dunnage and / or kinking substantially pad the other side of the strip or fold on the opposite side thereof and / or kinking spaced gap D.

如图6中所示,在垫料传送区113中,当所示的相对夹具244和254横向接合垫料带时,夹具244与夹具254横向重叠。 As shown in Figure 6, in the dunnage transfer region 113, when the relative clamp 244 and 254 shown in lateral belt when engaging the gasket, clamp 244 and clamp 254 laterally overlap. 重叠量越大,相对夹具之间的间隙B越小,因此,在垫料带的相对侧上的褶皱和/或绞缠越大。 The amount of overlap, the smaller the gap B between opposing clamps, and therefore, folds in the strip of dunnage on opposite sides of the larger of kinking and / or.

在拉拔组件28的下游端处,更具体地,在垫料传送区113的下游端处,平移夹具组60和62相互之间逐渐地分离以释放垫料带。 In the downstream end of the drawing assembly 28, more specifically, in the downstream end of the dunnage transfer region 113, gradually translate separation between the clamp 60 and the group 62 from each other to release the strip of dunnage. 在这方面,夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254从它们的传送航线T移动到返回航线R。 In this regard, the clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 from their transmission route to the return route the mobile T R.

如上所述,拉拔组件28可用作一个供给组件和/或连接组件。 As described above, the drawing assembly 28 may be used as a feeding assembly and / or the connection assembly. 所示的示例性拉拔组件28的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254使片材被拉过(即,供给片材)成型组件26,并且当垫料带通过拉拔组件28时,还逐渐使垫料带以规则的间隔起皱和/或绞缠(即,连接)。 Exemplary drawing assembly fixture 28 shown 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 pulled through the sheet (i.e., the feeding of the sheet) molding member 26, and when the pad By drawing the strip assembly 28, also gradually make the litter with regular intervals wrinkling and / or kinking (ie, the connection).

如上所述,也可使用其他连接装置。 As described above, other attachment means may also be used. 例如,夹具可包括柄脚,利用柄脚来横向接合材料并且使材料前进通过拉拔组件,夹具还刺破垫料带并且使其片材的重叠部分互连。 For example, the fixture may include a tang, the tang to the use of the bonding material and the material laterally advances by drawing assembly, the jig further puncture strip of dunnage and interconnect the overlapping part so that the sheet. 或者,夹具可不包括任何的连接形式而是仅将垫料带拉过成型组件并且使垫料带前进到拉拔组件的下游。 Alternatively, the fixture may not include any form of connection but only with a pull over molding components litter and litter with making advances to the downstream drawing assembly. 例如,夹具可包括在其边缘部分上的增强摩擦元件(例如橡胶),以使夹具横向接合垫料带的外表面,从而使垫料带前进并通过拉拔组件。 For example, the fixture may include a friction enhancing element (e.g., rubber) at its edge portion, so that the clamp engages the outer surface of the lateral band of the gasket, so that the strip of dunnage through the pulling assembly and advancing. 在这种情况下,起皱装置或者变形装置(即,连接组件)可设置在拉拔组件的下游并且拉拔组件可将来自于供给组件的垫料带供给到连接组件。 In this case, the creping means or deforming means (i.e., the connecting assembly) may be disposed downstream of the drawing assembly and drawing from the gasket assembly may be supplied with the components supplied to the connection components. 接着,该连接组件例如可采用一组齿轮或者夹钳的形式,它们刺破片材以使片材的一个部分与另一个部分互连,从而防止其展开。 Subsequently, the connection assembly may be used such as a set of gears or clamp form, they pierce the sheet material so that one section interconnects with another section of the sheet, thus preventing their expanded.

现参见图1、6和8-11A,其中示出了与拉拔组件28的下支撑板220相连的椭圆形或者圆形的压缩或者二次成型元件48,压缩或者二次成型元件48的宽度尺寸W最好大于其高度尺寸H(图10),并且轴向长度尺寸X远小于宽度或者高度尺寸。 Referring now to FIG. 1, 6 and 8-11A, which shows an oval or circular compression and pulling assembly 220 of the lower support plate 28 is connected to element 48 or the secondary molding, compression molding or the width of the secondary element 48 dimension W is preferably greater than its height dimension H (FIG. 10), and an axial length dimension X is much smaller than the width or height dimension. 在所示的示例性实施例中,椭圆形压缩元件48形成了成型组件26的一部分以使垫料带进一步成型或者成形。 In the exemplary embodiment shown, the oval-shaped member 48 forms part of the compression molding assembly 26 to cause the strip of dunnage further molding or forming. 当压缩元件48挤压通过其的片材时,通过径向和/或轴向压皱片材使片材产生三维褶皱,并且确保片材基本上以不堵塞的形式流过随后的下游拉拔组件28。 When the compression element 48 through which the extruded sheet through radial and / or axial crumpling a sheet of the sheet to produce a three-dimensional fold, and ensures that the sheet is substantially in the form of non-blocked subsequent downstream flow through the drawing assembly 28. 压缩元件48还将来自于引导斜槽46和成型元件44的片材导入拉拔组件28的垫料传送区113中。 Compression element 48 will be derived from the guide chute 46 and the sheet shaped element 44 is introduced dunnage transfer region 113 in the drawing assembly 28.

尽管示例性的压缩元件48的形状为椭圆形或者圆形,但是其他形状也将落入当前请求保护的本发明的保护范围内。 Although the shape of the exemplary compression element 48 is oval or circular, but other shapes are also intended to fall within the scope of the present invention, the current protection is sought. 这样,例如压缩元件48的形状可为环形,或者压缩元件48可包括两个半圆形或者半椭圆形条或者元件。 Thus, for example, the shape of the compression element 48 may be annular, or the compression element 48 may comprise two semi-circular or semi-oval bars or elements. 本发明还可在没有上述的成型元件44和成形斜槽46的情况下使用压缩元件48,从而例如使片材从原料供给组件27直接前进到压缩元件48。 The present invention may also be used in the absence of such compression element 48 of the molding element 44 and the chute 46 forming the case, so that for example the sheet proceeds from the raw material supply assembly 27 directly to the compression element 48.

如图6中所示,椭圆形压缩元件48的中心点C处于由相应的相对的夹具组60和62的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254所形成的和在它们之间的间隙B的垂直中心平面内。 As shown in Fig, 6 oval center C 48 of the compression member is formed by a respective set of opposing clamps 60 and 62 of the clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 the vertical center plane and in the gap B between them. 压缩元件48在其底部和其顶部(图10)被支撑以使压缩元件48与成型组件26的成形斜槽侧壁50和54的自然延伸部分对准(图2和图3)。 Compression element 48 at its bottom and its top (Fig. 10) is supported so that the compression element forming chute 48 and the side wall 26 of the shaping unit 50 and 54 are a natural extension of partially aligned (FIGS. 2 and 3). 另外,从图8和图9中可以清楚地看出,压缩元件48相对拉拔组件28的上游端定位,从而相对的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254的相应的摆动路径提供一定的间隙。 Further, from Figs. 8 and 9 can be clearly seen, the compression member 48 relative to the upstream end of the pulling assembly 28 is positioned so that opposing clamp 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253, respective swing path 254 to provide some clearance. 应该理解的是,压缩元件48有助于使垫料带从成型组件26至拉拔组件28平滑过渡和/或对准,更具体地,从成型组件26到拉拔组件28的垫料传送区113平滑过渡和/或对准。 It should be understood that the compression element 48 helps to strip of dunnage from the forming assembly 26 the drawing assembly 28 to a smooth transition and / or alignment, and more particularly, from the forming assembly 26 to pull the gasket assembly 28 of the transfer area 113 a smooth transition and / or alignment.

现参见图11A,其中示出了垫料带S利用相应的传送组件110和112的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254通过垫料传送区113传送的状态。 Referring now to Figure 11A, there is shown a strip of dunnage S using a corresponding transport assembly 110 and clamp 112 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 dunnage transfer region 113 through the transfer of state. 如图中所示,垫料带S被横向接合在夹具243、244和相对的夹具253、254之间并且基本上与在它们之间所提供的间隙B相符(图6)。 As shown, strip of dunnage S is transversely engaged in opposing clamps 243, 244 and 253, 254 and substantially between the clamp gap B provided therebetween in line (Fig. 6). 在纵向间隔的轮轴(从轮轴181到180,或者从轮轴183到182)之间的间隔提供了在随后的相对夹具之间的一个“移动的”释放部分L,例如所示的相对夹具243和253以及后面跟随的相对夹具244和254。 At longitudinally spaced intervals axle (from axle 181 to 180, or from axle 183 to 182) is provided between a relatively between subsequent jig "moving" release portion L, such as shown and the relative jig 243 followed by 253 and 244 and 254 relative to the fixture. 释放部分L能够使垫料带S在相对夹具243和253以及后面跟随的相对夹具244和254之间根据随后的夹具的移动临时弯曲、扭曲或者变形。 Part L release enables litter with S temporary bent, twisted or deformed between 243 and 253 relative to the clip and the relative fixture followed by the 244 and 254 according to the movement of the next fixture. 这使得垫料带的片材自定向和/或遵循阻力最小的路径,从而减小了其中的张力,因此降低了片材被撕裂的可能性。 This makes the sheet gasket tape self-orienting and / or follow the path of least resistance, thereby reducing the tension of which, thus reducing the likelihood of the sheet is torn.

另外,我们认为,相对夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254通过垫料传送区113,挠性传送元件130、132和140、142至少部分地弯离垫料带,相应的相对夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254也是如此,这是由于例如形成垫料带的弹性片材的弹性恢复其初始形状的自然趋势,即其横向接合前的形状。 Further, we believe that, through relative clamps 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253,254 dunnage transfer region 113 the flexible transfer elements 130, 132 and 140, 142 at least partially bent away from the mat strip, and the corresponding relative jig 240,241,242,243,244 250,251,252,253,254, too, which is formed, for example due to elasticity of the elastic sheet gasket tape restore its natural tendency initial shape , i.e., its shape prior to engagement of the lateral. 我们认为,这也能够减小了其中的张力,因此降低了片材被撕裂的可能性。 We believe that this can reduce the tension which, thus reducing the possibility of the sheets are torn.

还应该理解的是,夹具和随后的或者后面跟随的夹具连续地并且顺序地执行不同的功能。 It should also be appreciated that the jig and the subsequent clamp or followed continuously and sequentially perform different functions. 例如,在所示的示例性拉拔组件28中,下游相对夹具243和253横向接合垫料带S,基本上同时后面跟随的上游相对夹具244和254类似地横向接合垫料带S,并且当夹具240和250沿着返回航线R移动以向着在拉拔组件28的上游端的垫料带S会聚。 For example, in the illustrated exemplary pulling assembly 28, downstream relative to the clip 243 and 253 transversely engage strip of dunnage S, followed by substantially simultaneous upstream relative clamps 244 and 254 similarly engages the transverse strip of dunnage S, and when clamps 240 and 250 along the return route R move to the upstream end toward the drawing assembly 28 of litter with S converge. 接着,夹具240和250将横向接合垫料带S(未示出),已经横向接合垫料带的夹具244和254将处于垫料传送区113的中游,通过其中的垫料带前进,并且夹具243和253将释放垫料带。 Subsequently, the jig 240 and 250 will engage the lateral strip of dunnage S (not shown), has lateral joint jig with gasket 244 and the gasket 254 will be in midstream transfer zone 113, through which the strip of dunnage advances, and the clamp 243 and 253 will be released with the litter.

接着,应该理解的是,下游夹具有助于上游夹具拉拔来自于原料供给组件27的垫料带S并且使其通过成型组件26。 Next, it should be understood that the downstream clamp jig drawing helps upstream from the raw material supply assembly 27 and is passed through a strip of dunnage S molding assembly 26. 另外,在片材中传递的张力由于片材受到拉拔组件28的拉拔而在与预垫料带S横向接合的上游夹具和下游夹具处和其之间在片材的长度上散开。 Further, in the sheet transfer the tension due to the drawing sheet by drawing assembly 28 and upstream and downstream of the jig fixture at the pre-strip of dunnage S between the transversal coupling and its spread over the length of the sheet. 片材中的张力散开降低了出现张力峰值的可能性,否则如果仅在一个点处横向接合可能会出现张力峰值,因此更集中的载荷会传递到垫料带上。 Spread sheet tension reduces the likelihood of tension peaks occur, or if only one transverse juncture point tension peaks may occur, and therefore a more concentrated load will be transmitted to the gasket tape. 根据本发明,顺序和逐渐地拉拔垫料带和使垫料带前进以及所导致的上述在多个接合区域处减小张力能够以较高的速度将片材转变为垫料带同时保持垫料带中达到所需的充填空隙特征的目的;即,垫料带是宽松的且具有稳定性。 According to the present invention, sequentially and gradually drawing the gasket so that the gasket with a belt and decreases in the forward and said joining region of the plurality of tension resulting from high speed can be converted to the sheet while maintaining the strip of dunnage pad The purpose of the ribbon to achieve the desired characteristics of filling voids; i.e., the strip of dunnage is loose and has stability.

再参见图11A,当从成型组件26拉拔垫料带并且使垫料带通过拉拔组件28时,均匀隔开的夹具240、241、242、243、244以及250、251、252、253、254进一步使垫料带成型或者成形。 Referring again to Figure 11A, when the pull strip of dunnage from the forming assembly 26 and causes strip of dunnage through the pulling assembly 28, the uniformly spaced 240,241,242,243,244 and 250,251,252,253 jig, 254 further litter with molding or forming. 如上所述,成型组件26使片材的侧边缘部分向内转以形成一个具有基本上纵向延伸的弹性褶皱部分292的三维带。 As described above, the molding member 26 of the side edge portion of the sheet inwardly to form a switch having elastic pleats are substantially longitudinally extending portion 292 of the three-dimensional band. 成型组件26的椭圆形压缩元件48通过挤压或者压缩使垫料带S缩窄成基本上为圆柱形,最好减小其外部尺寸或者周边,从而使片材的横截面形成起皱的带有多个突起的波纹状基本上为环形的本体。 Molding member 26 oval compression element 48 by squeezing or compressing so that strip of dunnage S into a narrowed substantially cylindrical, or preferably to reduce the outer dimensions outside, so that the cross-section of the sheet form a gathered band a plurality of corrugated protrusions are substantially annular body. 因此,褶皱部分292形成多个纵向延伸并且随机取向的突起294;例如在图11B中示出的当垫料带S从拉拔组件28中露出时垫料带S的横截面。 Thus, fold portions 292 are formed a plurality of longitudinally extending and randomly oriented projections 294; e.g., when the cross-section shown in FIG. 11B when the strip of dunnage S is exposed from the drawing assembly 28 in the gasket sheet (S). 图11C和11D示出了本发明的垫料带的其他横截面,这些横截面证明了突起294的随机取向。 Figure 11C and 11D show other cross-section of the gasket with the present invention, the cross-section proves randomly oriented projections 294.

拉拔组件28又使垫料带S前进并且通过相同的横截面起皱进一步减小其外径以形成较窄的带或者基本上为圆柱形的绳(图11B、11C和11D)。 Drawing assembly 28 also allows strip of dunnage S and proceeds through the same cross-section having an outer diameter to further reduce wrinkling formed narrow band or substantially cylindrical rope (Fig. 11B, 11C and 11D). 所示的示例性拉拔组件28以规则的间隔在垫料带S的相对侧上形成褶皱和/或绞缠296和298(图11A),在垫料带S的一侧上的褶皱296最好与另一侧上的褶皱298是偏置的。 Exemplary drawing assembly 28 shown in regular intervals on the opposite side of the strip of dunnage S is the formation of wrinkles and / or kinked 296 and 298 (FIG. 11A), on one side of the strip of dunnage S at the most 296 fold Good and folds on the other side 298 is biased. 如上所述,褶皱和/或绞缠296和298有助于使垫料带S保持其三维形状。 As mentioned above, folds and / or kinking 296 and 298 help to make the litter with S retains its three-dimensional shape.

现参见图12-15,其中示出了本发明的切断组件34。 Referring now to Figures 12-15, there is shown a cutting assembly 34 of the present invention. 从垫料转变机10的一个端视图的图12中可以清楚地看出,拉拔组件28的相对夹具组60和62以及成型组件26的椭圆形压缩元件48与切断组件34的矩形垫料出口302对准。 12 can be clearly seen from Fig dunnage machine an end view of the transition 10, the drawing assembly 60 relative to the clip 28 and the group 62 and the shaping unit 26 oval compression element 48 and the cutting assembly 34 of the rectangular dunnage outlet 302 alignment. 从拉拔组件28露出的垫料连续带通过开口302。 From the drawing assembly 28 is exposed through the opening 302 continuous band litter. 如上所述,当垫料连续带从拉拔组件28向下游运行时,切断组件34通过切割或者撕裂将垫料带切割成多个具有所需长度的部分或者衬垫。 As described above, when the gasket from drawing the continuous belt assembly 28 moves in the downstream, the cutting assembly 34 by cutting or tearing the strip of dunnage having a plurality of cut portions or the pad of the desired length. 在图13-15中,以与垫料转变机10的其他部分隔离的形式示出了切断组件34的部件。 In Figures 13-15, the change in the form of dunnage isolated from the rest of the machine 10 is shown cutting member assembly 34.

如图1中所示,切断组件34包括安装在拉拔组件28的下游端的端板310。 As shown in Figure 1, the cutting assembly 34 comprises a drawing assembly mounted on the downstream end 28 of the end plate 310. 端板310包括矩形垫料出口302,利用拉拔组件28前进的垫料连续带通过矩形垫料出口302。 End plate 310 includes a rectangular exit 302 litter by litter drawing assembly 28 along the continuous strip through a rectangular exit 302 litter. 切断组件34包括固定刀片316和上述可移动的剪切或者滑动刀片组件74,刀片316和可移动的刀片组件74位于矩形垫料出口302的关键位置处。 Cutting assembly 34 includes a fixed blade 316 and the aforementioned movable shear or sliding blade assembly 74, the blade 316 and movable blade assembly 74 is positioned at key locations of the rectangular dunnage outlet 302.

对于矩形垫料出口302,它是由近边320(即,下边)、远边322(即,上边)和两个横边324和326限定的。 For rectangular dunnage outlet 302, which is made near the edge 320 (i.e., below), a distal edge 322 (i.e., top) and two transverse edges 324 and 326 defined. 这里所用的术语“近”和“远”指的是矩形垫料出口相对于框架底板18的位置。 As used herein, the term "near" and "far" refers to the position of the rectangular dunnage outlet relative to the frame 18 of the base plate. 固定刀片316以与矩形垫料出口302的近边320对准的方式固定地安装在端板310上。 The fixed blade 316 and the rectangular dunnage outlet 320 near edge 302 aligned manner fixedly mounted on the end plate 310.

可移动的刀片组件74最好包括切断臂330和与切断臂330的下端相连的刀片331。 The movable blade assembly 74 preferably comprises a cutter blade arm 330 and the lower end 330 of the cutting arm 331 is connected. 当然,如果需要的话,切断臂330和刀片331可形成一个整体部分。 Of course, if desired, cutting blade 331 and the arm 330 may be formed as an integral part. 刀片316、331是切断组件34的实际“切断”元件并且共同协作将垫料连续带切割成切断部分。 316,331 is the actual blade cutting unit "OFF" and 34 components work together to cut off part of a continuous strip of dunnage. 为此,切断实际上可以利用共同协作的刀片316、331剪断垫料带的方式来实现。 To do this, you can actually take advantage of cutting blades work together with 316,331 cut way to achieve litter. 另一种方式是沿着垫料带中的纵向间隔的横向穿孔撕裂垫料带,例如在垫料带是带有预定间隔的横向穿孔的扇状褶皱片材的情况下。 Another way is the strip of dunnage along longitudinally spaced transverse perforations tear strip of dunnage, e.g., in the gasket with a predetermined band is a fan-fold sheet spaced laterally perforated case.

切断臂33的一端通过枢销334以枢转的方式与端板310相连。 One end of the cutting arm 33 by a pivot pin 334 pivotally connected to the end plate 310. 切断臂33的另一端以可相对于端板310滑动的方式保持在导轨336内。 Cutting off the other end of the arm 33 as to be relative to the end plate 310 slidably retained within the guide rail 336. 枢销334最好位于矩形垫料出口302的近边320和远边322之间的中间位置处并且与矩形垫料出口302横向偏移与开口302的宽度相同的距离。 Pivot pin 334 is preferably positioned rectangular litter exit 320 at an intermediate position between 322 and 302 near side and far side of the rectangle 302 litter and export the same distance laterally offset width of the opening 302.

从图14中可以清楚地看出,导轨336包括间隔开的上游支撑元件和下游支撑元件338和340,例如为支撑板,切断臂330在一个切断循环期间可在该上游支撑元件和下游支撑元件之间从准备切断位置(即,打开位置)滑动到切断位置(即,闭合位置)以及返回到准备切断位置,图中示出的是准备切断位置。 As is clear from Figure 14, the guide rail 336 includes a support member spaced upstream and downstream support member 338 and 340, for example, the support plate, in a cutting arm 330 may be cut off during the cycle in which the upstream and downstream support member supporting member between the cutting position from the preparation (i.e., an open position) is slid to the cutting position (i.e., closed position) and returns to the ready cut position, there is shown is to prepare cutting position. 导轨3 36通过所示的一对并列的角托架342和343安装在端板310上并且与矩形垫料出口302的右侧向边326平行。 Guide rails 336 by a pair of juxtaposed angle brackets 342 and 343 shown mounted on the end plate 310 and the right side of the rectangular dunnage outlet 326 is parallel to the edge 302.

切断臂330的中间部分通过运动传递组件78与上述的往复致动器70相连。 Intermediate portion 330 of the cutting arm through the motion transfer assembly 78 described above is connected to the reciprocating actuator 70. 特别是,切断臂330的中间部分通过下联接枢销354与运动传递组件78的下联接件350相连。 In particular, the intermediate portion 330 of the cutting arm 78 of the lower transmission assembly coupling member is coupled through the lower pivot pin 354 and the movement 350 is connected. 下联接件350的相对端部在共同或者接合枢销358处以枢转的方式与上述的往复元件76相连。 Opposite end portions of the lower coupling member 350 is engaged in the joint or pivot pin 358 is pivotally manner as in the above-described reciprocating member 76 is connected. 上联接件360也在接合枢销358处与往复元件76相连,上联接件360通过上联接枢销364以枢转的方式安装到端板310上。 The coupling member 360 are engaged with the pivot pin 358 is connected to the reciprocating member 76, the coupling member 360 is coupled through a pivot pin 364 pivotally mounted to the end plate 310.

这样,下联接件350、上联接件360和往复元件76在接合枢销358处形成了一个肘节,从而当往复致动器70使往复元件76延伸一个前进行程(或者使往复元件76缩回一个返回行程)时,往复元件76在接合枢销358处施加一个作用力,将向外的反作用力传递到下联接件350和上联接件360的端部,并且向下迫使下联接枢销354离开上联接枢销364。 Thus, the lower coupling member 350, the coupling member 360 and the reciprocating member 76 in the engaging pivot pin 358 is formed of a toggle, so that when the reciprocating actuator 70 extends the reciprocating member 76 one forward stroke (or retracts the reciprocating member 76 A return trip), the reciprocating element 76 exerts a force on the pivot pin 358 engages the outward reaction force is transmitted to the coupling member and the end 360 of the lower coupling 350 and pivot pin down forcing the lower coupling 354 leave the coupling pivot pin 364. 这使切断臂330以及与其相连的刀片331在导轨336内来回滑动。 This is the cutting blade 331 and the arm 330 connected thereto to slide back and forth within the guide rail 336. 这样,往复元件的一个完整行程移动可移动的刀片组件74通过一个使垫料连续带移动到切断或者闭合位置的切断行程和到图中所示的准备切断或者打开位置的返回行程的循环。 Thus, a complete stroke of the reciprocating member to move the movable blade assembly 74 by a continuous band of gasket to move to enable cutting or cutting stroke and a closed position shown in Fig ready to cut or open position of the return stroke of the cycle.

所示的示例性往复致动器70包括一个致动器,例如气动活塞-缸体组件,并且往复元件76包括一个可利用往复致动器70线性移动的致动器杆。 Exemplary illustrated reciprocating actuator 70 comprises an actuator, such as a pneumatic piston - cylinder assembly, and the reciprocating member 76 comprises an actuator 70 utilizing a reciprocating linear movement of the actuator rod. 往复致动器70安装在一个支撑件370上,支撑件370安装在所示的端板310的一个边缘上。 Reciprocating actuator 70 is mounted on a support member 370, support member 370 is mounted on an edge of the end plate 310 as shown. 当往复致动器70使往复元件76延伸和缩回时,往复致动器70略微相对位于往复致动器70的后部处的枢销372枢转。 When the reciprocating actuator 70 extends the reciprocating member 76 and retract, the reciprocating actuator 70 slightly relative to the reciprocating actuator located pivot pin 372 at the rear of the pivot 70.

应该注意的是,可使用往复致动器的其他可选择的实施形式或者推拉式机构70以达到在接合枢销358处的所需的推拉式动作,并且这样的可选择的实施形式落入当前请求保护的本发明保护范围内。 It should be noted that other alternative may be used a reciprocating actuator or push-pull embodiment of the mechanism 70 to achieve the desired engagement of the pivot pin 358 of the push-pull operation, and such alternative forms of embodiment fall within the current within the scope of the claimed invention. 例如,一个盘可与马达的轴相连以随着一起转动,接着其一个切向部分与联接元件相连,从而当盘转动时,联接元件遵循一个前进行程动作和一个退后行程动作,这可用于驱动本发明的接合枢销358。 For example, a disk may be connected to rotate together with, then it is connected to a tangential portion of the coupling element and the shaft of the motor, so that when the disk rotates, the coupling member follows a forward and a back stroke movement stroke motion, which can be used driving the present invention engaging the pivot pin 358. 共同拥有的美国专利No.5,123,889、5,569,146和5,658,229中披露了使用可用于实现前进行程动作和退后行程动作的传动元件的切断组件,这些专利的内容结合于此用作参考。 Commonly owned U.S. Patent No.5,123,889,5,569,146 discloses the use of the transmission element can be used to implement the forward and back stroke movement stroke movement of the cutting unit and 5,658,229, the disclosures of these patents are incorporated herein by reference.

缓冲器行程限止器380安装在端板310的上部以在完成其返回行程时抑制可移动的刀片组件74中的振动和/或动量。 Buffer stroke limiter 380 mounted on the upper end plate 310 to complete its return stroke when the movable blade assembly inhibition 74 vibrations and / or momentum. 缓冲器行程限止器380最好以一定的角度相对垫料出口302定位以便当可移动的刀片组件74处于其准备切断位置时与其对准。 Buffer stroke limiter 380 is preferably at an angle relative to the outlet gasket 302 positioned such that when the movable blade assembly 74 is in its ready position aligned with cutting.

参见图15,切断组件34还包括安装在端板310的上游侧的四个侧边扩张的引导元件388。 Referring to Figure 15, cutting assembly 34 further includes a mounting four sides of the upstream side of the expansion end plate 310 of the guide element 388. 扩张的引导元件390包括四个与限定矩形垫料出口302的四个边320、322、324和326对应的扩张壁390、392、394和396。 Expansion of the guide element 390 includes four rectangular mat with limited export four sides 320,322, 324 302 and 326 corresponding to the expansion of the walls 390,392,394 and 396. 当垫料带从拉拔组件28前进到切断组件34时,扩张的引导元件388引导垫料连续带进入到垫料出口302中。 When the litter with advances from 28 to 34 when drawing the component cutting unit, the expansion of the guide element 388 into a continuous band guide litter litter exit 302. 四个扩张壁390、392、394和396有助于确保垫料连续带的边缘不被垫料出口302的内边缘“抓住”或者撕裂。 The four walls 390,392,394 and 396 expansion helps ensure continuous band edge litter litter exports are not the inner edge 302 "grab" or tear.

现在将参照图16和17,用附图标记400表示本发明的垫料转变机的另一个实施例。 Referring now to FIG. 16 and 17, reference numeral 400 denotes another dunnage transition machine of the present embodiment of the invention. 与上述垫料转变机10类似,垫料转变机400将片材,诸如一层或多层可回收或可重复使用的牛皮纸转变成垫料带,该垫料带例如包括较窄的三维带或基本上为圆柱形的绳。 Similar to the above change dunnage machine 10, machine 400 will transition gasket sheet, such as a transition layer or layers of recyclable and reusable Kraft paper into a strip of dunnage, e.g., the strip of dunnage including a three-dimensional strip or narrow a substantially cylindrical cord.

该机器的框架安装在一个基本上采用垂直取向的支撑台410上(图16)。 Frame of the machine is mounted on a substantially vertical orientation of the support table 410 (FIG. 16). 支撑台包括底部412和用于安装该机器的直立框架。 Includes a base 412 and a support table for mounting the machine upright frame. 机器400具有上游端414和下游端416,在上游端414,片状原料被供给到机器400,在下游端416,机器400排出衬垫。 Machine 400 has an upstream end 414 and a downstream end 416, at the upstream end 414, the sheet-like material is supplied to the machine 400, at the downstream end 416, the machine 400 is discharged liner. 支撑台410具有L形构形,从而当底部412位于工作表面420下方时,如图16中所示,工作表面420例如为一个输送机、工作台,机器400的下游端416延伸到工作表面420上。 Support table 410 has an L-shaped configuration, so that when the bottom surface 412 is located below the work 420, shown in Figure 16, the work surface 420, for example, a conveyor table, the downstream end 416 of the machine 400 extends to the working surface 420 on. 底部412的底角包括轮422以使支撑台410和机器400可容易移动。 Bottom corner 412 include wheels 422 so that the support base 410 and machine 400 may be easily moved. 虽然在图中没有特别示出/标记出,但是框架最好还包括外壳或盖罩,该外壳或盖罩已被移除以便于看到机器400的内部元件。 Although not specifically shown in the drawings / marked, but the frame preferably also includes a housing or cover, the housing or cover has been removed in order to see the internal components of the machine 400.

原料供给组件427将片状原料供给到机器400的上游端414。 The material supply assembly 427 is supplied to the upstream end of the sheet-shaped raw material 400 in the machine 414. 与原料供给组件427构成垫料转变机10的一部分的上述垫料转变机10不同的是,原料供给组件427与机器400是分离的并且形成底部412的一部分。 Raw material supply assembly 427 constituting the above-described dunnage machine dunnage transition 10 transition machine part 10 is different, the raw material supply assembly 427 is separate from the machine 400 and the bottom portion 412 is formed. 原料供给组件427可采用任何用于将片材供给到垫料转变机400的所需类型。 Raw material supply assembly 427 may be of any desired type for supplying sheet material to the dunnage transition machine 400.

垫料转变机400包括:成型组件426以及由马达430驱动(提供动力)的拉拔组件428,该马达430例如为旋转电动机。 Dunnage change machine 400 includes: forming components 426 and 430 driven by a motor (powered) drawing component 428, the motor 430, for example, rotation of the motor. 在拉拔组件428的下游,设有用于将成型组件426所形成的连续垫料带切割成期望的长度的衬垫的切断组件434以及用于防止物体进入机器400的下游端的安全装置4 36。 In the downstream of the drawing assembly 428, is provided for cutting the length of the assembly of the liner gasket continuous molding member 426 is formed with a cut 434 and a desired security device for preventing access to the machine body 400 of the downstream end 436. 将成型组件426、拉拔组件428、切断组件434和安全装置436安装于框架上和/或垫料转变机400的外壳中。 The molding member 426, pulling assembly 428, cutting unit 434 and the safety device mounted on the frame housing 436 and / or 400 of the dunnage machine transition. 可利用一种已知的控制装置(未示出)控制垫料转变机400的操作。 Be means of a known control device (not shown) to control operation of padding machine 400 transition.

垫料转变机400以与上述垫料转变机10类似的方式操作。 Dunnage transformation unit 400 changes to the above dunnage machine 10 operate in a similar manner. 原料供给组件427向成型组件426提供片材。 Raw material supply assembly 427 to provide a sheet molding member 426. 所示的示例性成型组件426包括会聚的成形斜槽446、曲线形恒定进入棒或者元件447以及压缩元件448(图18中清楚地示出)。 Exemplary molding member 426 shown includes converging forming chute 446, a curved constant into the rod or element 447 and compression element 448 (FIG. 18 clearly shown). (应该注意的是,不同于成型组件26,成型组件426不包括成型元件44)。 (It should be noted that, unlike the forming assembly 26, forming assembly 426 does not include the molding element 44). 成形斜槽446具有上游接收部分441和较窄的下游通道部分443。 Shaping chute 446 has an upstream receiving portion 441 and a narrower downstream passage portion 443. 当片状原料通过曲线形恒定进入棒447,并且通过成形斜槽446的接收部分441和较窄的通道部分443时,片材的侧边缘部分彼此相向向内折叠或滚动以使向内折叠的边缘构成片材的多个基本上纵向延伸的弹性折皱部分,因此使片材预成形并成流线形。 When the sheet feed portion 443 into the rod through a curved constant 447 and receiving portion 441 and a narrower channel by shaping chute 446, the side edge portions of the sheet are folded inwardly towards each other or inwardly folded roll so a plurality of elastic bellows portion constituting the sheet edge extending substantially longitudinally, thus making the sheet into a preform and streamlined. 通道部分443将片材引导到压缩元件48中(图18),如同使用上述压缩元件48,压缩元件448还使片材成型或成形并且还执行将所形成的垫料带引导到拉拔组件428中的附加功能。 Channel portions 443 guide the sheet into the compression element 48 (FIG. 18), as with the compression element 48, the compression member 448 also the sheet molding or forming and also performs the formed gasket to pull the belt guide assembly 428 The additional features.

拉拔组件428位于成型组件426的下游(图17)并且在图18-22中详细示出。 Drawing assembly 428 is located downstream shaping unit 426 (FIG. 17) and shown in detail in FIG. 18-22. 本发明的拉拔组件428包括第一组夹具460和第二组协同操作及相对的夹具462。 Drawing assembly 428 of the present invention comprises a first set of clamps 460 and a second set of cooperating and opposing clamp 462. 夹具460和462的功能与图4-9和图11A中所示的拉拔组件28的夹具60和62类似,不同之处在于,夹具460和462沿着一个圆形路径平移。 Clamps 460 and 462 function similar to Figure 4-9 and drawing assembly jig 60 shown in FIG. 11A 28 and 62, except that, the jig 460 and 462 along a circular path shift. 根据本发明,与上述拉拔组件28类似,拉拔组件428执行垫料转变机400的操作中的至少一种,最好两种功能;即,供给功能,其中相对的夹具组460和462逐渐地横向接合其相对侧边上的垫料带,以便从原料供给组件427(图16和图17)拉拔片材并且通过成型组件426,以及连接功能,其中相对的夹具组460和462使其相对侧边上的垫料带变形以便于形成垫料的连接带。 According to the present invention, similar to the above-described pulling assembly 28, the drawing assembly 428 dunnage transformation unit 400 perform operations in at least one, preferably two functions; i.e., supply function, wherein the set of opposing clamps 460 and 462 gradually transversely opposite side edges with gasket engaging on its order to pull the sheet from the raw material supply assembly 427 (FIGS. 16 and 17) and through the molding member 426, and a connecting function, wherein the set of opposing clamps 460 and 462 so that it gasket on opposite sides so as to form the gasket with deformable connecting band. 下面将参照图18-22对拉拔组件428进行详细描述。 Below with reference to FIG. 18-22 of the drawing assembly 428 described in detail.

再次参见图16和17,在示例性实施例中,垫料的连续带从拉拔组件428向下游移动到切断组件434。 Referring again to Figures 16 and 17, in an exemplary embodiment, the continuous strip of dunnage from the drawing assembly 428 to move downstream to the cutting assembly 434. 图19、23和24示出了切断组件434。 Figure 19, 23 and 24 shows the cutting unit 434. 该切断组件434例如通过切割或撕开的方式将垫料带切断为期望长度的部分。 The cutting assembly 434, for example by cutting or tearing the strip of dunnage manner as part of a desired length cut. 切断组件434可采用用于切断垫料带的任何所需类型。 Cutting assembly 434 may be of any desired type for severing the strip of dunnage. 图示的切断组件434包括通过运动传递组件478由旋转马达476提供动力的剪断机刀片组件474。 Cutting assembly 434 includes a transmission assembly illustrated by the movement of the rotary motor 478 is powered by a guillotine blade assembly 476 474. 运动传递组件478的曲柄480的完整转动使剪断机刀片组件474从一个准备切断或者打开位置(图23)移动到切断或者闭合位置(图24),从而切断垫料带,接着返回准备切断位置(图23)。 Transmission assembly 478 of the complete rotation of the crank 480 causes the blade assembly 474 shears off from one preparation or open position (FIG. 23) is moved to the cutting or closed position (FIG. 24), thereby cutting off strip of dunnage, and then return to a ready cut position ( Figure 23).

安全装置436位于切断组件434的下游。 Safety device 436 is located downstream of the cutting assembly 434. 图19和图20中示出了安全装置436。 19 and FIG. 20 shows the safety device 436. 安全装置436包括一个矩形出口斜槽482和安装在斜槽482上和/或安装在斜槽482中的输送机484。 Safety device 436 includes a rectangular outlet chute 482 and is mounted on the chute 482 and / or 482 are mounted in a conveyor chute 484. 输送机484从斜槽482的上游端(在切断组件434附近)到斜槽482的下游端是倾斜的。 Conveyor 484 from the upstream end of the chute 482 (near the cutting assembly 434) to the downstream end of the chute 482 is inclined. 斜槽482和倾斜的输送机484形成了在斜槽482的下游端的较窄的开口486以防止物体进入出口斜槽482中。 Chute 482 and the inclined conveyor 484 is formed at the downstream end of the chute 482 of the narrow opening 486 to prevent objects from entering the outlet chute 482. 应该理解的是,可使用其他安全装置以防止外部物体进入到机器400的出口斜槽。 It should be appreciated that other security devices may be used to prevent foreign objects into the outlet chute of the machine 400.

倾斜的输送机484例如通过定时带485由拉拔组件428的马达430提供动力。 Inclined conveyor 484 such as the timing belt 485 through 430 are provided by the motor assembly 428 drawing power. 在操作中,输送机484摩擦地接合垫料带并且有助于输送垫料带通过出口斜槽482。 In operation, the conveyor belt 484 frictionally engages the gasket and the gasket helps conveyor belt 482 through the outlet chute.

接着,应该理解的是,本发明的垫料转变机400在垫料转变机技术中提供了某些改进,其中许多方面与上述垫料转变机10所提供的类似。 Next, it should be understood that the present invention dunnage transition machine 400 provides certain improvements in the dunnage transition machine technique, which provided many aspects similar to said transition gasket (10). 在这方面,本发明披露了新颖的相对的夹具组460和462,与夹具60和62类似,该夹具组460和462能够使垫料带在整个宽度上逐渐横向接合和逐渐前进,以避免或至少减少前述的先前已知转变机有时会遭遇的突然撕裂的可能性。 In this regard, the present invention discloses novel opposing clamp group 460 and 462, similar to the clamp 60 and 62, the clamps 460 and 462 can be set so that over the entire width of the strip of dunnage is gradually transversely engage and advance gradually to avoid or at least reduce the aforementioned previously known sometimes abrupt change machine will encounter the possibility of tearing.

参见图18-图22,其中详细地示出了本发明的拉拔组件428。 See Figure 18- Figure 22, shown in detail in which the drawing assembly of the present invention 428. 拉拔组件428包括一对传送组件510和512,以便于在传送组件510和512之间限定出垫料传送区513(图19和20),来自于成型组件426的垫料带穿过该垫料传送区513。 Drawing assembly 428 includes a pair of transfer assemblies 510 and 512, in order to transfer the components between 510 and 512 define a dunnage transfer region 513 (Figs. 19 and 20), from the molding member 426 through which the strip of dunnage pad material transfer area 513. 由马达430驱动传送组件510和512。 430 driven by the motor transport assembly 510 and 512. 更具体地,马达430通过减速器515(图23和图24)与传送组件512相连,减速器515是可操作的以控制和/或调节从马达430传输到传送组件512的速度。 More specifically, the motor 430 is connected to the gear unit 515 through the conveyor assembly 512 (FIG. 23 and FIG. 24), the gear unit 515 is operable to control and / or regulating the motor 430 is transmitted to the speed of the transfer assembly 512. 传送组件512包括安装在轮轴582上的驱动齿轮522,并且传送组件510包括安装在轮轴580上的从动齿轮520,轮轴580与轮轴582平行并且在侧向上保持间隔开(见图18-20和22)。 Transport assembly 512 includes a drive gear 522 mounted on shaft 582, and the transport assembly 510 includes a shaft 580 mounted on the driven gear 520, shaft 580 and the axle 582 and held in parallel spaced apart laterally (see Fig. 18-20 and twenty two). 传送组件512的驱动齿轮522与传送组件510的从动齿轮520共同协作以便于沿与传送组件512相反的方向驱动该传送组件510。 Transport assembly 512 of the drive gear 522 and driven gear 510 of the conveyor assembly 520 so as to work together with the transport assembly 512 along the opposite direction to drive the transfer assembly 510. 协作的齿轮520和522是相同尺寸的,因此,传送组件510和512所运转的速度是相同的。 Collaboration gears 520 and 522 are the same size, and therefore, the operation of the conveyor assembly 510 and 512 is the same speed. 轮轴580与轮轴582的相对端部被支撑在轴承中(未示出)。 Opposite ends of the axle 580 and axle 582 is supported (not shown) in the bearing.

在所示的示例性实施例中,相对的夹具组460和462分别包括第一组均匀周向间隔开的夹具640-647以及相对的第二组均匀周向间隔开的夹具650-657(图20)。 In the exemplary embodiment shown, the opposing clamp set 460 and 462 respectively include a first set of uniformly circumferentially spaced apart opposing jig 640-647 and a second set of uniformly circumferentially spaced apart jig 650-657 (FIG. 20). 所示的夹具640-647和夹具650-657被固定在由相应的轮毂662和664所限定的相应的狭槽660中,轮毂662和664分别被安装在相应的轮轴580和582上以随着转动。 640-647 and jig fixture illustrated 650-657 is fixed by the respective wheels 662 and 664 defined by respective slots 660, the hub 662 and 664 are mounted on respective axles 580 and 582 to as rotation. 相对的夹具组460和462共同形成了上述垫料传送区513(图19和图20),垫料带通过垫料传送区513逐渐横向接合、前进和释放。 Opposing clamps 460 and 462 together form a group of the above-described dunnage transfer region 513 (Figs. 19 and 20), the gasket strip of dunnage through the transfer region 513 gradually transversely engaged, advanced and released. 应该注意的是,与上述拉拔组件28的垫料传送区113不同,拉拔组件28的垫料传送区113大约从第一组侧向间隔开的轮轴181和183纵向延伸到第二组侧向间隔开的轮轴180和182,目前的拉拔组件428的垫料传送区513从侧向间隔开的轮轴580和582的上游的一个区域666延伸到相同的侧向间隔开的轮轴580和582的下游的一个区域668。 It should be noted that the above-described pulling assembly 28 dunnage transfer region 113 is different from the drawing assembly 28 dunnage transfer region 113 of approximately from the first set of laterally spaced axles 181 and 183 to a second set of longitudinally extending side spaced axle 180 and the axle 182, the current drawing component dunnage transfer region 428, 513 extends from a region 666 laterally spaced axles 580 and 582 to the same upstream of laterally spaced apart 580 and 582 a region 668 downstream. 换言之,垫料带在上述拉拔组件28中的两对轮轴之间被传送或者前进,而在拉拔组件428中仅利用一对轮轴传送或者前进垫料带。 Transmitted between words, litter in the above drawing assembly 28 with two pairs of axle or forward, while drawing 428 components using only a pair of axle or transfer forward with litter.

拉拔组件428的夹具640-647和650-657的几何形状与上述拉拔组件428的夹具类似。 Drawing assembly 428 of the jig geometry 640-647 and 650-657 of the above-described drawing assembly jig 428 is similar. 这样,每一夹具640-647和650-657略微V形或者向外的开孔675。 Thus, each jig 640-647 and 650-657 or slightly V-shaped outwardly opening 675. 接触部分(即,形成V形开口的臂)在向外的开孔675的相对侧上,该接触部分包括由基部682(即,中心接触部分)桥接的臂部680(即,侧接触部分)。 Contact portion (i.e., the arm is formed V-shaped opening) on the opposite side of the outward opening 675, the contact portion comprises a base portion 682 (i.e., the center of the contact portion) bridging arm portion 680 (i.e., side contact portions) . 相对的夹具640-647和650-657的孔675一起在它们之间形成了间隙X(图22),当夹具640-647和650-657相互之间逐渐相向移动时,间隙X逐渐变窄。 Opposing jig hole 675 640-647 and 650-657 together form a gap therebetween X (FIG. 22), when the clamp is gradually moving towards each other between the 640-647 and 650-657 to each other, gradually narrowing the gap X. 夹具640-647和650-657之间间隙X变窄最终达到一个垫料带完全横向接合或者被相对的夹具640-647和650-657锁定的最小间隙尺寸。 Fixture between 640-647 and 650-657 X narrowing the gap eventually reach a litter with a fully engaged or laterally relative to the fixture is locked 640-647 and 650-657 minimum gap size. 换言之,相对的夹具640-647和650-657的臂部680彼此相向侧向移动(即,靠近)并且相对的夹具640-647和650-657的基部682彼此相向侧向移动(即,靠近)以共同将垫料带夹紧或者锁定在它们之间。 In other words, 640-647 and 650-657 relative to the clamp arm 680 to move laterally toward each other (i.e., close) and the opposing clamp 640-647 and 650-657 of the base portion 682 to move laterally toward each other (i.e., close) In common with clamping or locking the gasket between them.

在相对的夹具640-647和650-657已经横向接合垫料带后,相对的夹具640-647和650-657在它们通过垫料传送区513运行期间保持对垫料带的夹持。 At 640-647 and 650-657 relative fixture has a lateral engagement with the litter, the relative fixture 640-647 and 650-657 in their keeping by 513 runs during the transfer area for litter litter belt holder. 在通过传送区513过程中,以与前面参照转变机10描述的类似方式使垫料带在相对两侧上起皱和/或变形(见图11B、图11C和图11D,以及相关的说明)。 In the transfer region 513 by the process, in a similar manner as described above with reference to the shift unit 10 so that strip of dunnage on opposite sides of the wrinkles and / or deformed (see FIG. 11B, FIG. 11C and FIG. 11D, and the corresponding descriptions) . 在拉拔组件428的下游端处,更具体地,在垫料传送区513的下游端处,相对的夹具组460和462相互之间逐渐地分离以释放垫料带。 In the drawing assembly 428 at the downstream end, and more specifically, in the downstream end of the dunnage transfer region 513, the opposing clamp group gradually separated to release the strip of dunnage between 460 and 462 to each other.

应该理解的是,与上述拉拔组件28类似,所使用的夹具640-647和650-657的数量和/或类型也可不同于这几个图中所示的,这例如取决于夹具之间的所需周向间隔、垫料带被夹具接合的所需位置(例如,较长的夹具与较短的夹具相比,可较早地和/或在上游接合垫料带)、夹具的几何形状(例如,向外的开孔675可为半圆形或者半椭圆形以实现横向和侧向捕获)、或者夹具所需的接合类型(例如,是否需要利用夹具连接垫料带)。 It should be understood that the drawing assembly 28 is similar to the above, the jig used 640-647 and 650-657 of the number and / or type may be different from that shown in the several views, which depends e.g. between clamps The desired circumferentially spaced, the desired position of the clamp strip of dunnage is engaged (e.g., longer and shorter clamp fixture as compared to earlier and / or upstream of the bonding strip of dunnage), jig geometry shape (e.g., openings 675 may be outwardly semicircular or semi-elliptical shape to achieve the lateral and transverse capturing), or the type of engagement desired clamp (e.g., the need to use clamps connected strip of dunnage). 还应该理解的是,与上述拉拔组件28类似,一个传送组件510的夹具640-647可相对于另一个相对的传送组件512的夹具650-657纵向偏移一定间隙。 It should also be understood that, similarly to the above-described pulling assembly 28, a conveyor assembly 510 is movable relative to the other clamp 640-647 transport assembly 512 relative to the clamp 650-657 offset longitudinally with clearance. 另外,应该理解的是,拉拔组件428与上述拉拔组件28类似可用作供给组件和/或连接组件。 Additionally, it should be understood that the drawing assembly 428 is similar to the above-described pulling assembly 28 may be used as the supply module and / or the connection assembly. 所示的示例性拉拔组件428将片材拉过成型组件426(供给片材)和当垫料带通过拉拔组件428时以规则的间隔逐渐起皱和/或绞缠(即连接)垫料带。 Exemplary drawing assembly 428 as shown in the sheet is pulled through the molding member 426 (feeding of the sheet), and when the strip of dunnage through the pulling assembly 428 at regular intervals gradually wrinkling and / or kink (i.e., connect) pad strip. 如上所述,也可使用其他连接装置。 As described above, other attachment means may also be used.

现参见图19-21,其中示出了一对引导指状件690,引导指状件690沿着下游到上游的方向在垫料带的运行路径的相对侧上突伸。 Referring now to Figures 19-21, there is shown a pair of guide fingers 690, the guide 690 along the downstream to upstream direction finger on the opposite side of the traveling path of the strip of dunnage protruding. 指状件690的近端692与拉拔组件428的下游壁694相连。 The proximal end of fingers 692 and 690 drawing assembly 428 is connected to the downstream wall 694. 指状件690的远端696指向位于拉拔组件428的同一侧的相应的轮轴580或者582的中心线。 The fingers 690 of the distal end 696 to point 428 is located in the drawing on the same side of the respective component axle center line 580 or 582. 指状件690具有与夹具640-647和650-657的向外开孔675的形状互补的形状。 Fingers 690 having openings 640-647 and 650-657 jig outward shape 675 of complementary shape.

在操作中,当夹具640-647和650-657脱离传送区513以释放垫料带时,当夹具被相应的引导指状件690扫过,夹具将在相应的向外开孔675中接收引导指状件690,使夹具和指状件690“匹配”。 In operation, when the jig 640-647 and 650-657 from the transfer region 513 to release the strip of dunnage when, when the clamp is a respective guide finger 690 sweeps, the jig guide received in the corresponding openings 675 in the outwardly fingers 690, the holder and the fingers 690 "matches." 其后,引导指状件690将垫料带引导到下游的切断组件434并且防止垫料带横向偏离垫料传送区513。 Thereafter, the guide fingers 690 guide the strip of dunnage downstream to the cutting assembly 434 and prevents the strip of dunnage transfer region 513 laterally offset from the gasket. 当夹具持续脱离垫料传送区513时,下一个或者后续的夹具自身与指状件690对准,接着,引导指状件690再次将垫料带引导到切断组件434并且防止垫料带横向偏离垫料传送区513。 When departing from the dunnage transfer region continued jig 513, the next or subsequent jig itself aligned with the finger 690, then, again, the guide fingers 690 guide the strip of dunnage and the cutting assembly 434 to prevent the strip of dunnage laterally offset litter transfer area 513. 引导指状件690引导垫料带离开垫料传送区513并且到切断组件434。 Guide fingers 690 guide with leaving litter and litter transfer area to the cutting unit 434 513.

在拉拔组件28和428的所示实施例中,所示的相对夹具每一个都具有一个孔。 In the drawing assembly 28 and 428 shown embodiment, relative to the clip shown each have a hole. 当前请求保护的本发明还包括仅其中一个夹具具有一个孔的相对夹具。 Present claimed invention also includes opposing clamp only one clamp has an aperture. 根据本发明,包括孔的夹具作为用于收集和横向捕捉其中的垫料带的夹具与相对的没有孔的夹具一起通过传送区。 According to the present invention, including a jig hole for collecting and transverse strip of dunnage to capture the jig wherein the opposed clamp together without holes through the transfer zone. 本发明还包括具有不同形状(例如,半圆形或者半椭圆形)和/或尺寸的孔的相对夹具。 The present invention also includes having different shapes (e.g., semicircular or semi-oval) and / or the size of the hole relative to the clip.

如上所述,转变机10和400可被一个控制器操作。 As noted above, changes in 10 and 400 can be a controller operation. 例如,当操作者踩下踏板时,控制器可使驱动马达被驱动。 For example, when the operator depresses the pedal, the controller allows the drive motor is driven. 只要踏板被踩下,该机器即可产生衬垫。 As long as the pedal is depressed, the machine can produce liner. 当踏板被释放时,控制器可停止驱动马达的工作并且使切断马达工作以切断垫料带。 When the pedal is released, the controller stops the drive motor and the cutting work of the work to cut the strip of dunnage motor. 其他的控制装置可被提供,诸如在美国专利No.5,897,478和5,864,484中所披露的。 Other control means may be provided, such as disclosed in U.S. Patent No.5,897,478 and 5,864,484 in.

尽管已经参照一些优选实施例对本发明进行了描述,但是本领域普通技术人员可以根据对说明书和附图的理解对这些实施例进行等同替换和变型。 Despite reference to certain preferred embodiments of the present invention has been described, but those skilled in the art can, based on understanding of the specification and drawings of equivalents to these embodiments and variations. 特别是对于利用上述整体(部件、组件、装置、构成等)实现的各种功能,用于描述这样的整体的术语(包括对“装置”的参考)是对应的,除非指的是任何执行该整体(即,功能上相同)的特殊功能的整体,即使在结构上与所披露的执行本发明在这里所述的实施例的功能的结构不等同。 Especially for the use of the above-described overall (components, assemblies, devices, constituting, etc.) to achieve various functions, is used to describe the overall terms (including "means" reference) is the corresponding unless refers to any implementation of the Overall whole (i.e., the same function) special function, even in the structure as the functions of the embodiments of the present invention is performed in the herein disclosed are not equivalent. 另外,尽管已经仅参照其中一个实施例对本发明的特定特征进行了描述,但是这样的特征也可与其他实施例的一个或者多个其他特征结合,如对于任何给定的或者特定应用所需的和具有优势的。 Further, despite only one embodiment with reference to a particular feature of the invention has been described, but such features may also be one or more other features of other example embodiments in conjunction, as appropriate for any given or particular application desired and has the advantage.

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CN103648760B *6 Jun 201223 Nov 2016兰帕克公司减少覆盖区的垫料转换系统及方法
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Classifications
International ClassificationB31D5/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10T428/24455, Y10T428/13, B31D2205/0082, B31D5/0043, B31F1/0003, Y10S493/967, B31D5/0047, B31D2205/0047
European ClassificationB31D5/00C1A
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
1 Oct 2003C06Publication
17 Dec 2003C10Request of examination as to substance
24 Nov 2004C14Granted