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Publication numberCN105619499 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201510971832
Publication date1 Jun 2016
Filing date21 Dec 2015
Priority date21 Dec 2015
Publication number201510971832.2, CN 105619499 A, CN 105619499A, CN 201510971832, CN-A-105619499, CN105619499 A, CN105619499A, CN201510971832, CN201510971832.2
Inventors刘庆伟, 董志荣, 江泽群
Applicant浙江省金华市科迪仪器设备有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Control device and control method for controlling sample slice making device through crank
CN 105619499 A
Abstract
The invention relates to a sample cutting device, and discloses a control device for controlling a sample slice making device through a crank. The device is characterized by comprising a sample clamping device, a driving device and an induction device, wherein the sample clamping device is arranged on the sample slice making device and used for clamping a sample and keeping the relative distance between the sample and a blade; the driving device is used for pushing and changing the distance of the sample relative to the blade; and the induction device is arranged on a handle of the sample slice making device and can control the pushing stroke of the driving device by inducing the rotating amplitude of the handle. In addition, the invention further discloses a control method applying the device. The control device and method have the beneficial effects that more control manners can be generated through rotation of the handle, the cutting schedule cannot be affected, improvement can be carried out on an existing device, labor intensity of an operator is reduced, and the good application value is achieved.
Claims(10)  translated from Chinese
1.一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,其特征在于,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置(100)、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置(200)以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄(300)上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置(200)的推动行程大小的感应装置(301); 其中,所述感应装置(301)能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置(200); 所述驱动装置(200)收到信号后通过样品夹持装置(100)推动样品(101)朝向刀片前进或者后退; 所述手柄(300)具有一水平设置的转轴;手柄(300)通过与样品夹持装置(100)控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割。 A control means for controlling the sample through the crank production device, comprising a sample holding means disposed at a relative distance for gripping and holding a sample on the sample of the sample with the blades of the production apparatus (100), and for pushing to change the sample with respect to the distance between the blade drive means (200) and disposed in the handle (300) on the sample production apparatus capable of sensing the magnitude of the handle by turning the drive control device (200) driven by the size of the induction stroke means (301); wherein said sensing means (301) can be induced by changing the rotation rate of the handle, and the rotation rate or change in rotational direction while changing the direction of rotation and to generate respective signals, and the signal is transmitted to the driving means (200); said drive means (200) upon receipt of signals will drive the sample through the sample holding means (100) (101) toward the blade forward or backward; the handle (300) having a horizontally disposed shaft; a handle (300 ) in the vertical direction by moving the sample holding means (100) controls the sample on the sample in order to achieve the cut.
2.根据权利要求1所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元(302);所述感应单元(302)随手柄(300)的转动围绕转轴(303)转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置(200)的推动行程。 2. The control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said sensing means (301) comprises a handle disposed around the axis of rotation sensing unit (302); the sensing unit (302) with a handle (300) rotation about a shaft (303) rotates and controls the driving means can be realized when rotated to a predetermined position (200) of the push stroke.
3.根据权利要求1所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述相邻的感应单元(302)之间均匀间隔。 3. The control apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the uniform spacing between the adjacent sensing unit (302).
4.根据权利要求1-3任一所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)还包括与所述感应装置(301)相分离的信号产生装置(304);所述信号产生装置(304)相对所述转轴(303)固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置(301)之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置(200)能够识别的信号。 Said signal; 1-3 4. A control apparatus according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said sensing means (301) further comprises a sensing means (301) separate from the signal generating means (304) generating means (304) relative to said shaft (303) fixedly disposed, and capable of generating said drive means (200) can identify the sensing signal by sensing the relative movement means (301) between.
5.—种应用上述权利要求1-4任一所述的控制装置的控制方法,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)在手柄(300)转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置(200)发送信号控制样品夹持装置(100)推动样品。 1-4 apparatus control method according to any one of the preceding claims 5.- kind of application, wherein said sensing means (301) in the handle (300) is rotated namely the drive means when less than half a turn (200) controls the transmission signal sample holding means (100) push the sample.
6.根据权利要求5所述的控制方法,其特征在于,所述感应装置(301)延迟直至手柄(300)转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置(200)发送信号。 Control method according to claim 5, wherein said sensing means (301) delayed until the handle (300) to transmit rotation of said drive means (200) when the signal is almost half circle.
7.根据权利要求2或者3所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述感应单元(302)为设置于感应装置(301)上的通孔(305);所述通孔(305)用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 7. The control apparatus according to claim 2 or claim 3, wherein said sensing unit (302) is provided in the sensing device through hole (301) on (305); said through-hole (305) for a light source located at a predetermined cutting position to generate said signal.
8.根据权利要求7所述的控制装置,其特征在于,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置I(305a),所述控制装置I(305a)在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔(305)的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置II (305b),所述控制装置II (305b)在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 8. The control apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the edge of the through hole toward the negative direction of rotation of the handle forming control apparatus I (305a), at a predetermined position of the control means through I (305a) forming the signal I; the edge of the through hole (305) toward the direction of rotation of the handle forming control apparatus II (305b), the signal is formed through a predetermined position II when the control means II (305b).
9.一种应用上述权利要求7或者8所述的控制装置的控制方法,其特征在于,所述驱动装置(200)记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置(100)移动的方向。 A method for controlling application of the preceding control apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, wherein said drive means (200) recording the number of signal I and signal II, and after reaching a predetermined number of changes sample holding means (100) direction of movement.
10.根据权利要求9所述的控制方法,其特征在于,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 10. The control method according to claim 9, characterized in that, by changing the position of the preset position to change the thickness of the cut sheet.
Description  translated from Chinese
通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法 Control device and control method by means of a crank control samples producer

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及样品切割装置,特别涉及一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a sample cutting device, particularly to a control device and a control method for sample production by means of a crank control.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]样品切割装置是一种在医疗领域经常使用的生物组织样品薄片的制作装置,切割后得到的薄片经过固化染色后,即可以被用于下一步的医疗用途。 [0002] Sample means the cutting means is making a sheet of biological tissue samples often used in the medical field, after cutting the resulting cured sheet after dyeing, i.e., can be used in the next medical purposes. 在其他类似领域中,这些样品切割装置也可以在一定程度上得到应用。 In other similar areas, these samples cutting device also can be applied to a certain extent.

[0003]现有技术中,手柄被用于控制切割的进度,手柄转动一圈,则向切割装置的驱动器发送信号,令其将样品向刀片推送一定距离,并进行下一次切割。 Progress [0003] the prior art, the handle is used for controlling the cutting, turning the handle around, is sent to the drive signal of the cutting device, so that it will push the sample from the tip a certain distance, and the next cut. 但在实际使用过程中发现,将手柄转动一圈会导致对人体手部肌肉的不当压迫,容易导致手部不适,依照人体手臂结构,手柄转动半圈更为合适,操作也更为容易。 However, in actual use was found, turn the handle around the human body can cause improper hand muscles oppression, easily lead to discomfort hand, in accordance with the structure of the human arm, the handle a half turn more appropriate, and more easy to operate. 尽管现有技术能够通过改变手柄结构实现半圈的设置,但结构改动较大,且无法对原有的切割装置进行升级改进,成本较高。 While the prior art can be achieved by changing the set semi-circle handle structure, but larger structural changes, the original and can not be upgraded to improve the cutting means, the higher the cost.

[0004]有鉴于此,有必要研制一种能够在现有的样品切割装置进行安装改进的新型结构。 [0004] In view of this, it is necessary to develop a cutting device capable of installing new and improved structure of the existing samples.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]本发明针对现有技术无法对现有装置进行较为方便的升级改进的缺点,提供了一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置及控制方法,通过增加感应装置,可以令现有的切割装置具备多样的控制方式,确实能够实现改变操作方式和操作习惯的目的。 [0005] The present invention can not be shortcomings of existing devices more convenient for upgrades of existing technology to provide a control device and a control method for a sample production apparatus controlled by a crank, by increasing the sensing device, it can make the existing the cutting device includes a variety of control modes can really achieve change the operating mode and operating habits purposes.

[0006]为实现上述目的,本发明可采取下述技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention can employ the following technical solutions:

[0007] —种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置的推动行程大小的感应装置; [0007] - the kind of control means for controlling the sample through the crank device producers, including setting the sample holding means for holding the relative distance between the sample and the sample holding the blade on the sample production means for promoting and changing the sample relative to the distance between the blade and the drive means is provided on the device can handle sample producers push stroke size sensing device driving device by turning the handle of the magnitude of the induction control;

[0008]其中,所述感应装置能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置; [0008] wherein, said sensing means capable of sensing changes by the amplitude of the rotation of the handle, and the rotation rate or change in rotational direction while changing the direction of rotation and to generate respective signals, and the signal is transmitted to the driving means;

[0009]所述驱动装置收到信号后通过样品夹持装置推动样品朝向刀片前进或者后退; After the [0009] means for driving said received signal samples push toward the blade forward or backward through the sample holding means;

[0010]所述手柄具有一水平设置的转轴;手柄通过与样品夹持装置控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割。 [0010] The handle has a horizontally disposed shaft; vertically moving the sample holding means by the handle control sample on the sample in order to achieve the cut.

[0011]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应装置包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元;所述感应单元随手柄的转动围绕转轴转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置的推动行程。 [0011] Further, as an alternative solution, in the application of the present embodiment, the sensing means comprises a handle disposed around the axis of rotation sensing unit; said sensing means with the rotation around the pivot axis of the handle and can pushing for control stroke drive means when rotated to a predetermined position.

[0012]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述相邻的感应单元之间均匀间隔。 [0012] Further, as an alternative solution, evenly spaced between the application of the present embodiment, the adjacent sensing unit.

[0013]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应装置还包括与所述感应装置相分离的信号产生装置;所述信号产生装置相对所述转轴固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置能够识别的信号。 [0013] Further, as an alternative solution, in the application of the present embodiment, the sensing means further comprises a phase separated signal generating means and said sensing means; said signal generating means with respect to said fixed shaft setting, and driving means capable of generating the signals can be recognized by the relative movement between the sensor and the sensing means.

[0014] —种应用上述的控制装置的控制方法,所述感应装置在手柄转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置发送信号控制样品夹持装置推动样品。 [0014] - kind of application of the above method of controlling control device, the sensing device in the handle is rotated less than half a turn signal control device transmits namely sample holder driving means pushing the sample.

[0015]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中所述感应装置延迟直至手柄转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置发送信号。 [0015] Further, as an alternative solution, in embodiments of the present application means in the sensing delay until the handle is rotated the driving means sends a signal to close a half circle.

[0016]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述感应单元为设置于感应装置上的通孔;所述通孔用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 [0016] Further, as an alternative solution, in the embodiment of the present application, the sensing unit is disposed in the through hole of the sensing means; said through-hole at a predetermined position for cutting off the light source to produce the signal.

[0017]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置I,所述控制装置I在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置II,所述控制装置II在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 [0017] Further, as an alternative solution, in the embodiment of the present application, an edge of the through hole toward the negative direction of rotation of the handle control means I are formed, through said control means in a predetermined position I forming the signal I; the edge of the through hole toward the direction of rotation of the handle forming means II control, the control means II in the form signal when a predetermined position II.

[0018] 进一步地,还记载了一种应用上述的控制装置的控制方法,所述驱动装置记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置移动的方向。 [0018] Further, also describes a method for controlling application of said control means, means for recording the number of signal I and II of the drive signal, and after reaching a predetermined number to change the direction of movement of the sample holding means .

[0019]进一步地,作为一种可选的方案,于本申请的实施例中,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 [0019] Further, as an alternative solution, in embodiments of the present application, by changing the position preset position to change the thickness of the cut sheet.

[0020]本发明具有以下的显著技术效果: [0020] The present invention has the following significant technical effect:

[0021]能够方便地在现有的样品切割装置上通过安装一个感应装置得到,改装成本低廉,结构简单,当然也可以应用于全新的切割装置。 [0021] can be easily in existing sample cutting device by installing a sensing device to obtain low conversion cost, simple structure, of course, also be applied to the new cutting device. 通过加装感应装置,可以感应手柄转动时的手势姿态,从而增加手柄能够控制的方式。 By adding sensing means may sense the gesture posture when rotating the handle, the handle can be controlled thereby increasing manner.

[0022]进一步地,只需要转动一个较小的幅度即可以实现原有的切割功能,且可以通过判断转动幅度的大小来控制切割得到的薄片的厚度大小。 [0022] Further, only need to turn a smaller amplitude which can achieve the original cutting function, and can control the thickness of the size of the cut sheet obtained by determining the size of the magnitude of the rotation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023]图1为通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置的大致结构示意图。 [0023] Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the control device by means of the sample producer of the control crank.

[0024]图2为通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制方法的大致流程示意图。 [0024] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a crank by the general process control method of controlling the sample production apparatus.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025]下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的详细描述。 [0025] The following combination of embodiments of the present invention as described in further detail.

[0026] 实施例1 [0026] Example 1

[0027]如题I所示,一种通过曲柄控制样品制片装置的控制装置,包括设置于样品制片装置上的用于夹持样品并保持样品与刀片的相对距离的样品夹持装置100、用于推动并改变样品相对于刀片之间距离的驱动装置200以及设置在样品制片装置的手柄300上能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度控制驱动装置200的推动行程大小的感应装置301;其中,所述感应装置301能够通过感应手柄的转动幅度的改变、转动方向的改变或者转动幅度和转动方向的同时改变而产生相应的信号,并将信号传递至驱动装置200。 [0027] As shown in the title I A control means for controlling the sample through the crank device producers, including setting the sample holding means for holding the relative distance between the sample and the sample holding the blade on the sample production apparatus 100, and for pushing the sample relative to the drive means to change the distance between the blades 200 and 300 disposed on the handle of the apparatus through the sample producer rotation rate sensing controller controlling the driving means pushing stroke size sensing means 301,200; and wherein the said sensing device 301 can be rotated by sensing changes in amplitude of the handle, and the rotation rate or change in rotational direction while changing the direction of rotation and to generate respective signals, and the signal is transmitted to the driving means 200. 本实施例所记载的控制装置适用于对样品制片装置的制片过程的控制,样品制片装置用于制造病理或者类似医疗领域需要使用的薄片,该制得的薄片在经过固化染色后,可以显示样品内部的一些结构信息,从而作为观察生物组织的细部结构的应用。 Control apparatus of the present embodiment described is suitable for production process control sample production apparatus, sample production apparatus for producing a sheet or similar pathological need to use the medical field, after the obtained cured sheet stained Some structural information can be displayed inside the sample, so that application of the detailed structure of a biological tissue observation. 需要指出的是,该薄片的制造和产生并不能仅仅局限于直接地被用于诊断疾病。 It should be noted that the manufacture of the sheet and not be confined to directly generate and be used to diagnose diseases. 样品制片装置的进一步的延伸应用还包括与医疗较为接近的其他领域,例如食品或者其他在本领域技术人员可知的领域,在要求较高的或者恰当的精度,以及使用者能够半自动或者自动地控制薄片的切割进程的场合,均可以使用。 Further extension of the sample application device further comprises a producer other areas closer to the medical, or other areas such as in known to those skilled in the food, the high requirements for precision or appropriate, and the user can semi-automatically or control sheet occasions cutting process may be used.

[0028]样品夹持装置100上用于夹持样品的部分采用钳式结构,通过一个由样品两侧向样品施加压力的装置实现样品的相对于样品夹持装置100的固定。 [0028] The portion for holding a sample on the sample holding means 100 using clamp structure, by applying pressure from both sides of a sample to the sample to achieve a sample of the apparatus is fixed to the sample holder of the apparatus 100. 作为一种切割上的简化,刀片的锋刃被垂直向上地进行放置,这通常要求样品能够在垂直的方向上改变与刀片的距离以实现切割,但作为其他的可选的方案,也可以将刀片朝向其他方向,在此时,则样品的切割方向需要做适当的调整以适应刀片。 As a simplified on A cutting blade is perpendicular to the direction of the blade is placed, which usually requires the sample to change the distance between the cutting blade to achieve in the vertical direction, but as other alternative solutions, can also be blade facing the other direction, in this case, the cutting direction of the sample needs to make the appropriate adjustments to accommodate the blade. 为了能够实现切割,在本实施例中,样品夹持装置100还必须被置于一个与手柄300联动的垂直位移装置上,如下所述,垂直位移装置图示未示出,在刀片的朝向并非垂直向上的情况下,该垂直位移装置也可以实现样品夹持装置100在其他方向上的位移改变。 In order to enable the cutting, in the present embodiment, the sample holding means 100 must also be placed on a vertical displacement means 300 and the handle linkage, as described below, illustrating the vertical displacement means, not shown, in the direction of the blades are not in the case of vertically upward, the vertical displacement of the sample holder device may also be implemented in the device 100 to change the displacement of the other direction.

[0029]驱动装置200可以采用步进电机,通过一个丝杆控制样品夹持装置100在水平方向上的位移,特别是需要控制在水平方向上,样品夹持装置100与刀片102之间的距离,这涉及到切割得到的样品厚度能否均一,且厚度大小能否满足相关领域的使用需要。 [0029] The drive apparatus 200 may be a stepping motor, through a screw means 100 controlling the displacement of the sample holder in the horizontal direction, in particular the need to control the horizontal direction, and the distance between the sample holding means 100 between the blades 102 it involves cutting the sample thickness can get uniform thickness and size can meet the needs related fields. 步进电机的选择是可以利用电信号实现位移进程的控制。 Select the stepper motor is an electric signal can be used to achieve control of the displacement process.

[0030]所述驱动装置200收到信号后通过样品夹持装置100推动样品101朝向刀片102前进或者后退。 [0030] The drive apparatus 200 after receiving the signal through the sample holding means 100 push the sample 101 102 towards the blade forward or backward.

[0031]所述手柄300具有一水平设置的转轴,手柄300通常包括一曲柄以及安装在曲柄上的手持部分,图示未示出;手柄300通过与样品夹持装置100控制样品的垂直方向上的移动以便于实现对样品的切割,该切割是通过将手柄300的旋转和样品夹持装置100在垂直方向上的联动实现的,通过曲柄或者类似结构,手柄300在转动时造成的垂直方向上距离的改变通过垂直位移装置被传递至样品切割装置,实现推动样品切割装置的目的。 [0031] The handle 300 has a horizontally disposed shaft, handle 300 generally includes a hand crank and a portion is mounted on the crank, illustrating not shown; the handle in the vertical direction by the sample holding means 100 controls the sample 300 the moving of the sample in order to achieve cutting, the cutting direction is perpendicular to the linkage 100 by the rotation of the handle 300 and the sample holding means in the vertical direction is achieved by a crank or similar structure, the handle 300 is rotated in the resulting by changing the distance of the vertical displacement of the sample unit is transferred to the cutting means, to achieve the purpose of promoting the sample cutting device. 垂直位移装置306通过一个在垂直向的沟槽中滑动的部件实现,此外,在考虑更多的精度要求的情况下,也可以采用与水平位移相类似的丝杆系统,或者也可以采用类似的能够实现上述功能的结构。 Vertical displacement means 306 by sliding in a vertical trench component to implement, in addition, consider the case of more accuracy requirements, can also be used with horizontal displacement similar screw system, or you can use a similar the structure of the above-described function can be realized. 进一步需要指出的是,和样品夹持装置100在水平方向上的位移不同,在垂直方向上的位移要求迅速和稳定,且实现位移所需要的力不应当过大,借助样品夹持装置100本身的重力实现移动是较为适当的,具体如下所述。 It should be noted further, and the displacement of the sample holding means 100 in the horizontal direction is different, the displacement in the vertical direction requires rapid and stable, and the force necessary to achieve the displacement should not be too large, the clamping device 100 by means of the sample itself gravity mobile is more appropriate, as described below.

[0032]进一步地,所述感应装置301包括设置于手柄的转轴周围的感应单元302,通常会在手柄300的周向设置一个相对于转轴303固定的预定位置,该预定位置是可调的,感应装置经过该预定位置时可以产生信号;所述感应单元302随手柄300的转动围绕转轴303转动并可以在转动到预定位置时实现控制驱动装置200的推动行程,由于感应单元302位于手柄300周围,因此在转动手柄300的过程中,不同的感应单元302被依次转到预定位置时,即可以发出连续的信号,这些信号可以是断续的,也可以是完全连续的。 [0032] Further, the sensing device 301 includes a shaft disposed around the handle of the sensing unit 302, typically at 300 to set the handlebar of a shaft 303 with respect to a fixed predetermined position, the predetermined position is adjustable, sensing means passes through the predetermined position signal can be generated; the sensing unit 302 with the rotation of the handle 303 is rotated about the shaft 300 and can control the driving means 200 is driven in rotation stroke to a predetermined position, the sensing unit 302 of the handle 300 around therefore in the process of turning the handle 300, the sensing unit 302 is different by going to a predetermined position, which can emit continuous signals, which may be intermittent, it can be completely continuous. 这些信号到达驱动装置200后,即可以实现对驱动装置200的控制从而推动样品夹持装置100。 These signals reach 200 after driving apparatus, which can achieve control of the driving means 200 to drive the sample holding means 100.

[0033]进一步地,所述相邻的感应单元302之间均匀间隔。 [0033] Further, the adjacent sensing unit 302 evenly spaced between. 现有的类似装置中,感应单元302的设置是非均匀的,这样设置是考虑了在切割样品时,应当保持样品夹持装置100相对于刀片102在水平方向上的相对距离的固定不变。 Similar conventional apparatus, the sensing unit 302 provided in non-uniform, so that the set is considered when cutting the sample, the sample holding means 100 should be maintained with respect to the relative distance of the blade 102 in the horizontal direction is fixed. 但在本实施例中,为了能够利用操作者转动手柄300的手势产生更多的不同控制方式,选择了将感应单元302均匀间隔设置的形式。 However, in the present embodiment, in order to take advantage of the gesture operator rotates the handle 300 produce more different control modes, the selected form of the sensor unit 302 evenly spaced. 此外,还有利于制造,降低成本。 In addition, there is conducive to manufacturing and reduce costs.

[0034]进一步地,作为另一种可选的方案,所述感应装置301还包括与所述感应装置301相分离的信号产生装置304,而非直接由感应单元302产生信号;所述信号产生装置304相对所述转轴303固定设置,并且能够通过感应与感应装置301之间的相对移动产生所述驱动装置200能够识别的信号。 [0034] Further, as another alternative approach, the sensing device 301 further comprises a signal separation means 301 of the apparatus 304 is induced, rather than directly by the sensing unit generates a signal 302; the signal 304 relative to the shaft means 303 is fixedly provided, and can produce a signal which can be recognized by the drive means 200 and sensing the relative movement between the sensing device 301. 信号产生装置304被设置与所述的预定位置,因此无需另行在预定位置设定其他能够触发感应单元302的机构。 Signal 304 is set to the predetermined position of the device, so no separate set at a predetermined position of other institutions can trigger sensing unit 302. 其次,在此方案下,感应单元302自身无需直接产生信号,有利于降低感应单元302的制造成本,也减少了控制信号的传输路径。 Secondly, under this scenario, the sensing unit 302 itself need not directly generate a signal sensing unit 302 will help reduce manufacturing costs, but also reduces the transmission path of the control signal. 在此方案下,由于感应单元302无需产生信号,因此可以简化感应单元302的结构,进一步降低制造成本。 In this scenario, since without the sensing unit 302 generates a signal, thereby simplifying the structure of the sensing unit 302, to further reduce the manufacturing cost.

[0035] 实施例2 [0035] Example 2

[0036] 如图2所示,一种应用上述实施例1记载的控制装置的控制方法,所述感应装置301在手柄300转动未满半圈时即向所述驱动装置200发送信号控制样品夹持装置100推动样品。 [0036] As shown in Figure 2, a control method of the control apparatus of the first embodiment described in the application, the sensing device 300 when the handle 301 is rotated at less than half a turn signal transmitting means namely the drive control samples clamp 200 holding means 100 push the sample. 如上所述,在转动手柄300时将会不断地产生信号,通过对这些信号进行筛选,可以通过计数信号的数目来判断是否已经到达半圈,但本实施例中,在计数时发现未达半圈时,则不将信号传输至驱动装置200或者对信号进行改变,令驱动装置200保持现有状态不进行改变,只有转动手柄300即将到达半圈,但尚未到达半圈时,即恢复信号的传输,即将信号发送至驱动装置200或者恢复原有信号从而令驱动装置200做相应动作。 As described above, when the rotation of the handle 300 will continue to generate a signal, by filtering these signals, the number can be counted to determine whether the signal has been reached by a half circle, but the embodiment is found in less than half the time count when ring, no signal is transmitted to the driving means 200 or the signal is changed so as to maintain the existing state of the drive means 200 without change, only turn the handle 300 is about to reach the semi-circle, but not yet reached the semi-circle, the signal is restored transmission, will send a signal to the drive means 200 or the restoration of the original signal so that the drive means 200 to do the appropriate action. 在实际的操作中,操作者通过转动半圈的方式控制样品的切割时,手柄的转动往往是不达到半圈的,此时更符合人体或者其他生物的操作仪器的舒适性要求。 In actual operation, the operator through a half turn controls the cutting of the sample, turn the handle often does not reach the semi-circle, this time more in line with human comfort requirements or other organisms instrument operation.

[0037] 进一步地,所述感应装置301延迟直至手柄300转动接近半圈时向所述驱动装置200发送信号。 [0037] Further, the sensing device 301 delayed until the handle 300 is rotated to drive the signal transmission apparatus 200 is almost half circle. 换而言之,手柄300转动尚未接近半圈时,则信号不向驱动装置200发送。 In other words, the handle 300 is rotated half a turn when not close, then the signal is not transmitted to the driving means 200.

[0038] 实施例3 [0038] Example 3

[0039] 进一步地,本实施例在上述的实施例1的基础上,所述感应单元302为设置于感应装置301上的通孔305;所述通孔305用于切断位于预定位置的光源从而产生所述信号。 [0039] Further, the present embodiment based on the above-described embodiment 1 of the embodiment, the sensing unit 302 is provided in the through hole 301 on the sensing device 305; for shutting off the through hole 305 located at a predetermined position so that a light source generating said signal.

[0040]进一步地,所述通孔的朝向手柄的反向转动方向的边缘形成控制装置1305a,所述控制装置1305a在经过预定位置时形成信号I;所述通孔305的朝向手柄的转动方向的边缘形成控制装置11305b,所述控制装置11305b在经过预定位置时形成信号II。 [0040] Further, a reverse rotational direction of the edge of the through hole toward the handle forming control apparatus 1305a, 1305a of the I signal formed in the control means when a predetermined position; the rotational direction of the through hole 305 toward the handle edge forming control means 11305b, 11305b said control means is formed in the signal when a predetermined position II. 光源在经过通孔的边缘后,则产生了相应的不同的信号,在不同朝向的通孔边缘上,光源可以产生不同的信号,有利于进一步分析信号产生更多的控制方式。 After a light source edge of the through hole, then produced the corresponding different signals in different orientations on the edge of the through hole, the light source can produce different signals, is conducive to further analyze the signal to produce more controlled manner. 这些通孔是均匀间隔地分布于转轴303周向上,通过将感应单元302设置为通孔,不仅简化了感应单元302的设置,还增加了信号的触发数量。 These through-holes are distributed evenly spaced shaft 303 weeks up by the sensing unit 302 is set to the through holes, not only simplifies the setting of the induction unit 302, also increased the number of trigger signal.

[0041 ] 实施例4 [0041] Example 4

[0042] 一种应用上述实施例3记载的控制装置的控制方法,所述驱动装置200记录信号I以及信号II的数量,并在达到一预设的数量后改变样品夹持装置100移动的方向。 The control method [0042] Application Example 3 of the above described control device, the drive 200 records the number of signal I and signal II apparatus, and after reaching a predetermined number of sample holding means to change the direction of movement of 100 . 可以通过计数来持续地积累信号I和信号II的数量,满足条件后即可触发方向的改变。 It can be continuously accumulated by counting the number of signal I and II of the signal can be triggered by a change in direction after the condition is satisfied. 该方法的优点在于可以提高容错性,由于两组信号分别计数,即便一组信号产生错误,也可以十分容易地由另一组信号发现。 The advantage of this method is that it can improve fault tolerance, since the two sets of signals were counted, even if a signal error and to be very easy to find by another set of signals.

[0043]进一步地,通过改变预设位置的位置来改变切割的薄片的厚薄。 [0043] Further, by changing the position of the preset position to change the thickness of the cut sheet. 在此情形之下,预设位置是可变的,相当于信号产生装置304的位置是可变的,但感应装置301本身是无法判断预设位置的具体位置的,在预设位置改变后,初始半圈能够积累的信号数量发生改变,但其后的半圈能够积累的信号数量则不会改变,通过计算初始半圈的信号数量可以控制切割的薄片的厚度。 Under such circumstances, the default position is variable, corresponding to the position signal generating means 304 is variable, but sensing device 301 itself is unable to determine the specific location of the preset position, change the default location, the initial number of signals to accumulate semi-circle is changed, but the number of the subsequent half rotation signal can be accumulated will not change, the initial signal by counting the number of half turn control the thickness of the sheet can be cut.

[0044]总之,以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,凡依本发明申请专利范围所作的均等变化与修饰,皆应属本发明专利的涵盖范围。 [0044] In summary, the above-described preferred embodiments of the present invention, where under this patent application modifications and alterations made to the scope of the patent, also belong to the scope of the present invention patent.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB26D5/14, B26D5/00, B26D5/10
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