Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN104704761 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201380053093
PCT numberPCT/KR2013/008993
Publication date10 Jun 2015
Filing date8 Oct 2013
Priority date12 Oct 2012
Also published asEP2907254A1, EP2907254A4, US9485061, US20140105127, WO2014058213A1
Publication number201380053093.8, CN 104704761 A, CN 104704761A, CN 201380053093, CN-A-104704761, CN104704761 A, CN104704761A, CN201380053093, CN201380053093.8, PCT/2013/8993, PCT/KR/13/008993, PCT/KR/13/08993, PCT/KR/2013/008993, PCT/KR/2013/08993, PCT/KR13/008993, PCT/KR13/08993, PCT/KR13008993, PCT/KR1308993, PCT/KR2013/008993, PCT/KR2013/08993, PCT/KR2013008993, PCT/KR201308993
InventorsH.庄, 姜寅烨, 李正元, S.萨纳耶, V.塞萨雷曼
Applicant三星电子株式会社
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Communication system with flexible repeat-response mechanism and method of operation thereof
CN 104704761 A
Abstract
A communication system includes: a message communication module configured to communicate a preceding data before a repeat request; a metric module, coupled to the message communication module, configured to determine a repeat metric associated with the repeat request for re-communicating the preceding data or a portion therein; and wherein the message communication module is further configured to communicate a repeat data including a repeat portion based on the repeat metric for re-communicating the preceding data or a portion therein for communicating with a device.
Claims(20)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种通信系统,包括: 消息通信模块,被配置为在重发请求之前通信在前数据;和量度模块,耦接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为确定与请求重新通信在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发请求关联的重发量度, 其中: 所述消息通信模块还被配置为基于用于重新通信用于与设备通信的在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发量度,来通信包括重发部分的重发数据。 A communication system, comprising: a messaging module configured to communicate before the previous data retransmission request; and metrics module, coupled to the messaging module configured to determine the first data communication with the requesting re- or a portion of the first re-transmission request data retransmission metric associated, wherein: based on the data for the first re-used for communication with the communication device or retransmission of previous data portion of the message communication module is further configured to measure to communication includes retransmission retransmission data portion.
2. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括: 反馈接收器模块,耦接到所述量度模块,被配置为在发送在前数据之后接收反馈数据, 其中: 所述量度模块包括被配置为基于所述反馈数据确定重发量度的发送分配模块;和所述消息通信模块包括被配置为发送在前数据和重发数据的消息发送模块。 2. The system of claim 1, further comprising: a feedback receiver module, coupled to the metric module configured to transmit the first data after receiving feedback data, wherein: the metrics module is configured to include Based on the feedback data to determine a measure of the retransmission transmission assignment module; and said message includes a communication module configured to transmit the first data and the retransmission data of the message sending module.
3. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中: 所述量度模块包括被配置为基于重发部分生成分配部分的发送分配模块,和所述系统还包括: 重发模块,耦接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为基于重发量度确定相应于在前数据的重发部分;和构造模块,耦接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为生成重发数据,所述重发数据在其中具有分配部分和重发部分以用于发送述重发数据。 3. The system of claim 1, wherein: said module comprises a metric assignment module configured to transmit a retransmission section generates distribution portion, and further based on the system comprising: a retransmission module, coupled to the message a communication module configured to determine the appropriate data in the previous retransmission based in part on retransmission metrics; and building blocks, coupled to the messaging module configured to generate retransmission data, the retransmission data having dispensing portion and the retransmission portion for transmitting said retransmission data.
4. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括: 重发模块,耦接到构造模块,被配置为基于所述重发量度确定相应于所述在前数据的重发部分; 新数据模块,耦接到所述重发模块,被配置为基于所述重发部分确定新部分;和构造模块,耦接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为基于所述重发部分确定新部分,并且生成重发数据,所述重发数据在其中具有新部分和重发部分以用于发送述重发数据。 4. The system of claim 1, further comprising: a retransmission module, coupled to the configuration module configured to determine the retransmission corresponding to the front portion of the data based on the retransmission metric; new data module, coupled to the retransmission module configured to determine a new part on the retransmission portion; and building blocks, coupled to the messaging module configured to determine a new part on the retransmission portion, and generates retransmitted data, the retransmission of data having a new section and the retransmission portion for transmitting said retransmission data.
5. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括: 反馈接收器模块,耦接到所述量度模块,被配置为接收包括所述重发请求的反馈数据, 所述反馈数据相应于与在前数据关联的信道估计,而且所述重发请求相应于在前数据, 其中: 所述量度模块包括被配置为基于所述反馈数据确定重发量度的发送分配模块。 5. The system of claim 1, further comprising: a feedback receiver module, coupled to the metric module configured to receive a retransmission request including the feedback data, the feedback data corresponding to the preceding Data associated with channel estimation, and said retransmission request corresponding to the previous data, wherein: said module comprises configured to measure based on the feedback data to determine a measure of the retransmission transmission allocation module.
6. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中: 所述消息通信模块包括被配置为接收所述在前数据的消息接收器模块; 所述量度模块包括被配置为基于所述在前数据计算重发量度的接收器计算模块,和所述系统还包括: 反馈发送模块,耦接到所述量度模块,被配置为基于所述重发量度发送反馈数据。 6. The system of claim 1, wherein: said message includes a communication module configured to receive the forward data message receiving module; module comprises the measure is configured to calculate, based on the weight of the former data hair metric calculation module receiver, and said system further comprising: transmitting a feedback module, coupled to the metric module configured to measure based on the retransmission transmit feedback data.
7. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述量度模块包括被配置为估计下一容量以及基于下一容量计算重发量度的接收器计算模块。 7. The system of claim 1, wherein said metric module configured to estimate comprises the next calculation is based on the capacity and the capacity of the next retransmission metric calculation module receiver.
8. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括: 控制处理模块,耦接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为基于在前数据确定当前重发带宽和发送量度, 其中: 所述量度模块包括被配置为基于当前重发带宽和发送量度计算重发量度的接收器计算模块。 8. The system of claim 1, further comprising: control processing module, coupled to the messaging module configured to determine a current based on the previous data retransmission bandwidth and transmission measurements, wherein: the measure module comprises It is configured to calculate based on the current retransmission bandwidth and a transmission metric calculation retransmission metric receiver module.
9. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其中,所述量度模块包括接收器计算模块,被配置为确定用于平衡与在前数据相对应的重发数据的重发部分或者用于重新解码在前数据的重发部分的重发量度。 9. The system of claim 1, wherein the metric calculation module includes a receiver module configured to determine a retransmitted part of the balance and the previous retransmission data corresponding to the data or for re-decoding retransmission retransmission part of a measure before the data.
10. 如权利要求1所述的系统,还包括: 反馈模块,耦接到所述量度模块,被配置为生成表示与在前数据关联的信道估计的反馈数据,所述反馈数据在其中包括重发请求和重发量度以用于请求用于解码在前数据的重发数据。 10. The system of claim 1, further comprising: a feedback module, coupled to the metric module configured to generate said channel estimate associated with the previous data of the feedback data, said data including feedback weight Send requests and retransmission metrics for the previous request for decoding data retransmission data.
11. 一种通信系统的操作的方法,包括: 在重发请求之前通信在前数据; 确定与请求重新通信在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发请求关联的重发量度;和基于用于重新通信用于与设备通信的在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发量度,通信包括重发部分的重发数据。 11. A method of operating a communication system, comprising: a communication prior to the previous data retransmission request; determining a request to re-communicate the front part of the data or retransmitted data of previous measurements associated with the retransmission request; based on use the front portion of retransmission data to measure re communication apparatus for communicating with or previous data communications portion comprises a retransmission retransmission data.
12. 如权利要求11所述的方法,其中: 通信在前数据包括发送在前数据,和确定重发量度包括: 在发送在前数据之后接收反馈数据;和基于所述反馈数据确定重发量度,和通信重发数据包括发送重发数据。 12. The method of claim 11, wherein: the first data includes transmitting the first communication data, and determining the measure of the retransmission comprising: after transmitting the first data received feedback data; and determining based on the feedback data retransmission metric and a communication retransmitted data includes retransmission data.
13. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括: 基于所述重发量度确定相应于所述在前数据的重发部分;和基于所述重发部分生成分配部分, 其中: 通信所述重发数据包括生成具有分配部分和重发部分的重发数据以用于发送所述重发数据。 13. The method of claim 11, further comprising: determining a measure based on the retransmission the retransmission corresponding to the front portion of the data; and a portion is generated based on the retransmission allocating section, wherein: said communication weight send data including generating retransmission data having a dispensing portion and the retransmission portion for transmitting the retransmission data.
14. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括: 基于所述重发量度确定相应于所述在前数据的重发部分;和基于所述重发部分确定新部分, 其中: 通信所述重发数据包括生成具有新部分和重发部分的重发数据以用于发送所述重发数据。 14. The method of claim 11, further comprising: determining the retransmission corresponding to the front portion of the data based on the retransmission measure; and based in part on the identification of new retransmission portion, wherein: said communication weight send data including generate a new section and the retransmission data retransmitted portion for transmitting the retransmission data.
15. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括: 接收包括重发请求的反馈数据,所述反馈数据相应于与在前数据关联的信道估计,而且所述重发请求相应于在前数据, 其中: 确定所述重发量度包括基于所述反馈数据确定所述重发量度。 15. The method of claim 11, further comprising: receiving a retransmission request feedback data, the feedback data corresponding to the data associated with the previous channel estimate, and said retransmission request corresponding to the previous data, wherein: determining the retransmission metric includes the retransmission measure determined based on the feedback data.
16. 如权利要求11所述的方法,其中: 通信在前数据包括接收在前数据,和确定所述重发量度包括基于所述在前数据计算所述重发量度,和所述方法还包括: 基于所述重发量度发送反馈数据。 16. A method as claimed in claim 11, wherein: the first data includes receiving the first communication data, and determines the retransmission metric comprises calculating said metric is based on the previous retransmission data, and said method further comprises : Send feedback data is based on a measure of the retransmission.
17. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括: 估计下一容量, 其中: 确定所述重发量度包括基于下一容量计算所述重发量度。 17. The method of claim 11, further comprising: a next estimated capacity, wherein: determining the retransmission metric includes calculating a next based on the retransmission capacity measure.
18. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括: 基于所述在前数据确定当前重发带宽和发送量度, 其中: 确定所述重发量度包括基于当前重发带宽和发送量度计算重发量度。 18. The method of claim 11, further comprising: determining a current retransmission bandwidth and transmit measurement data based on the previous, wherein: determining the retransmission metrics include bandwidth, and based on the current retransmission retransmission send metric calculation metrics .
19. 如权利要求11所述的方法,其中,确定所述重发量度包括确定用于最小化与在前数据相应的重发数据的重发部分或者用于重新解码在前数据的重发部分的重发量度。 19. A method as claimed in claim 11, wherein said determining comprises determining a measure of the retransmission for retransmission is minimized and the portions corresponding to the previous data retransmission data or for re-decoding the first portion of the data retransmitted retransmission measure.
20. 如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括确定表示与在前数据关联的信道估计的反馈数据,所述反馈数据在其中包括重发请求和重发量度以用于请求用于解码在前数据的重发数据。 20. The method of claim 11, further comprising determining said data associated with the previous channel estimate feedback data, including the feedback data retransmission request and retransmission requests for decoding metric for the previous data retransmission data.
Description  translated from Chinese
具有灵活重发-响应机制的通信系统及其操作方法 Flexible retransmission - response mechanism and method of operating a communication system

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明的实施例一般地设及通信系统,更加具体来说,设及具有灵活重发-响应机制的系统。 [0001] Embodiments of the present invention are generally provided and communications systems, and more specifically, set up, and with flexible retransmission - response mechanism system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现代消费品和工业电子,特别是诸如蜂窝电话、导航系统、便携数字助理及组合设备该样的设备,正在提供越来越高级的功能来支持具有移动通信的现代生活。 [0002] Modern consumer and industrial electronics, in particular, such as cellular phones, navigation systems, portable digital assistants and combination of devices that kind of equipment, are providing more and more advanced features to support modern life have mobile communications. 在现有技术中的研究和开发可W沿无数不同的方向进行。 Research and development in the art may be W along a myriad of different directions.

[0003] 现代生活中对于信息的越来越高的需求,要求用户在任何时候W提高的数据速率存取信息。 [0003] Modern life increasingly high demand for information, at any time require the user to increase the data rate W access information. 但是,移动通信中使用的电信信号实际上经历了来自许多源的各种类型的干扰, 并且通信信息的大量可能格式引起计算复杂性,该影响可访问数据的质量和速度。 However, the use of mobile telecommunications signal communication actually experienced various types of interference from many sources, and a number of possible causes communication information format computational complexity, which can affect the quality and speed of data access.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] 技术问题 [0004] Technical Problem

[0005] 因此,对于具有灵活重发-响应机制的通信系统仍然有需要。 [0005] Accordingly, for a flexible retransmission - Communication system response mechanisms are still necessary. 鉴于不断增长的商业竞争压力,增长的消费者期望W及市场中对于有意义的产品差别化的机会减少,找出该些问题的答案越来越紧要。 Given the growing commercial competitive pressures, the growth of consumer expectations W and meaningful market opportunities for product differentiation is reduced, to find some answers to the increasingly critical problem. 另外,对于降低成本、提高效率和性能W及满足竞争压力的需要为找到该些问题的答案的必要性更增添了紧迫性。 In addition, to reduce costs, improve efficiency and performance to meet the competitive pressures of W and the need to answer the need to find some problems add to the urgency.

[0006] 已经长期在寻找该些问题的解决方案,但是现有发展还没有教导或建议任意解决方案,因此对于该些问题的解决方案令本领域技术人员费解。 [0006] have long been looking for some solution to this problem, but the current development has not teach or suggest any solutions, so the solution to this problem so that those skilled in the art to understand.

[0007] 技术方案 [0007] Technical Solution

[000引本发明的实施例提供一种通信系统,包括;消息通信模块,被配置为在重发请求之前通信在前数据;量度模块,禪接到所述消息通信模块,被配置为确定与请求重新通信在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发请求关联的重发量度;和其中,所述消息通信模块还被配置为基于用于重新通信用于与设备通信的在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发量度, 来通信包括重发部分的重发数据。 [000 cited embodiment of the present invention provide a communication system, comprising; messaging module configured to communicate before the previous data retransmission request; metric module, Zen to said messaging module configured to determine requesting retransmission of the communication data or retransmitted the previous data portion of the request for retransmission of previous measurements associated; and wherein the messaging module is further configured to forward data based on the re-used for communicating with a communication device or part of a measure before the retransmission data to the communication including retransmission data retransmission section.

[0009] 本发明的实施例提供一种通信系统的操作的方法,包括:在重发请求之前通信在前数据;确定与请求重新通信在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发请求关联的重发量度;和基于用于重新通信用于与设备通信的在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发量度, 来通信包括重发部分的重发数据。 [0009] Embodiments of the present invention to provide operating a communication system, comprising: a retransmission request before the first data communications; determining a request to re-communicate with the front part of the data or data re-transmission request associated with the previous retransmission metrics; and retransmitted data for the first data portion based on re-used to communicate with a communication device or the front part of the measure of the retransmission of the data, to the communication comprising a retransmission.

[0010] 有益效果 [0010] Advantageous Effects

[0011] 根据本公开的方法、过程、装置、设备、产品和/或系统是直接了当的、性价比高的、不复杂的、高度通用的、正确的、敏感的且有效的,并且能够通过改编已知元件用于现成的、有效和经济的制造、应用和利用来实施。 [0011] According to the disclosed methods, processes, equipment, facilities, products and / or systems are straightforward, cost-effective, uncomplicated, highly versatile, proper, sensitive and effective, and able to Adapted known element for ready-made, efficient and economical manufacturing, application and use to implement. 本发明的实施例的另一个重要的方面是它有价值地支持和服务于降低成本、简化系统并且提高性能的历史趋势。 Another embodiment of the present invention is an important aspect of its valuable support and services to reduce costs, simplify the system and improve the performance of historical trends.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0012] 图1是示出本发明的实施例中具有灵活重发-响应机制的通信系统。 [0012] FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of the present invention, the flexible retransmission have - response mechanism of communication systems.

[0013] 图2是通信系统的示范性框图。 [0013] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an exemplary communication system.

[0014] 图3是通信系统的控制流。 [0014] FIG. 3 is a control flow of communication systems.

[0015] 图4是在本发明的实施例中的通信系统的操作的方法的流程图。 [0015] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a method of operation in the embodiment of the present invention, a communication system.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0016] 本发明的给定实施例具有除了那些如上所述的之外的其它步骤或元件或取代那些步骤或元件。 [0016] of the present invention having a given embodiment other steps or elements in addition to those described above, or a substituted or elements other than those steps. 从W下结合附图的具体实施例的阅读中,步骤或元件将对本领域技术人员变得清楚。 Read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings from the W specific embodiments, steps or components will become apparent to those skilled.

[0017] 本发明的W下实施例可用于用于重新通信与通信内容关联的在前数据的重发数据。 [0017] By W embodiment of the present invention may be used for re-communicate communication content associated with the previous data retransmission data. 重发数据能够包括用于控制重发数据中的重发部分、新的部分或其组合的重发量度或下一重发带宽。 Retransmission data can include data for controlling the retransmission retransmission part, the new part or retransmitted measure or a combination of the next retransmission bandwidth.

[0018] 本发明的实施例能够包括基于信道估计或信道容量、传输速率、下一信道容量、量度调整、反馈数据、当前重发带宽、发送量度或其组合的重发量度或下一重发带宽。 [0018] Embodiments of the present invention can include channel estimation or channel capacity, transfer rate, the next channel capacity, a measure of adjustment, feedback data, current retransmission bandwidth to send a measure or a combination of the next retransmission measure or retransmitted bandwidth. 重发量度可W用于根据从在前数据和重发数据中确定通信内容的需要来确定用于控制包括在重发数据中的重发部分的量的分配部分。 W can be a measure of the retransmission in accordance with certain communication contents from the previous data and the retransmission data needed to determine the amount for controlling includes a dispensing portion in the retransmission data retransmission portion.

[0019] 本发明的实施例能够包括提供提高的吞吐量的重发量度、下一重发带宽、分配部分或其组合。 Example [0019] of the present invention can include providing enhanced throughput metric retransmission, the next retransmission bandwidth allocating section, or combinations thereof. 包括分配部分、重发部分和新部分在其中的重发数据提供吞吐量的增加而不为资源造成负担。 Including the allocation of part, section and a new section in which the retransmission retransmission data provide increased throughput without the burden of resources. 使用量度调整的启发式分配机制化euristic allocation mechanism) 和使用当前重发带宽和传输量度的贪婪分配机制(greedy allocation mechanism)提供提高的准确性、吞吐量和资源管理的效率。 Use metric adjustment heuristic allocation mechanism of euristic allocation mechanism) and with the current retransmission bandwidth and transmission metric greedy allocation mechanism (greedy allocation mechanism) provide improved accuracy, throughput and resource management efficiency.

[0020] 将足够详细地描述W下实施例W使本领域技术人员获得和使用本发明。 [0020] will be described in sufficient detail under W Example W enable those skilled in the art to obtain and use the invention. 将理解的是,基于本公开,其它实施例将变得明显,并且可W进行系统、过程或机械改变而不脱离本发明的实施例的范围。 It will be appreciated that based on the present disclosure, other embodiments will become apparent, and may be W system, process or mechanical changes without departing from the scope of the embodiments of the present invention.

[0021] 在下面的描述中,给出了许多的具体细节W使能对本发明的全面理解。 [0021] In the following description, numerous specific details are W enables a thorough understanding of the present invention. 但是,将显见的是,可W实践本发明而无需该些细节。 However, it will be apparent that the practice of the invention may be W without the more details. 为了避免模糊本发明的实施例,一些众所周知的电路、系统结构和过程步骤不详细地公开。 To avoid obscuring the embodiments of the present invention, a number of well-known circuits, system architecture and process steps are not disclosed in detail.

[0022] 示出系统的实施例的附图是图解的,而不是按比例的,并且具体来说,一些尺寸是为了表示的清楚并且在附图中被夸大示出。 [0022] The accompanying drawings illustrates a system embodiment is illustrated, not to scale, and in particular, some dimensions are represented for clarity in the drawings are exaggerated and shown. 类似地,虽然为了便于描述在附图中视图一般地示出相似的方向,但是在附图中的叙述多半是随意的。 Similarly, although for ease of description in the drawings shows a view generally similar direction, but mostly described in the drawings is arbitrary. 一般地,本发明能够W任意方向操作。 Generally, the present invention can operate in any direction W. 为了描述的方便,实施例被编号为第一实施例、第二实施例等等,而不意在具有其它意义或提供对于本发明的实施例的限制。 For convenience of description, embodiments are numbered as the first embodiment, the second embodiment, etc., are not intended to have other significance or provide for the embodiment of the present invention is limited.

[0023] 该里所称的术语"模块"根据术语使用的上下文可W包括软件、硬件或其组合在本发明实施例中。 [0023] This was called the term "module" according to the terminology used in the context W may include software, hardware, or a combination thereof in the present embodiment of the invention. 例如,所述软件可W是机器代码、固件、嵌入码和应用软件。 For example, the software can be W is machine code, firmware, embedded code and application software. 再举例来说,硬件可W是电路、处理器、计算机、集成电路、集成电路核、压力传感器、惯性传感器、微型机电系统(MEMS)、无源器件或其组合。 As another example, the hardware may be W is a circuit, processor, computer, integrated circuit, the integrated circuit core, pressure sensors, inertial sensors, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), passive components, or combinations thereof.

[0024] 如该里所使用的术语"处理"包括滤波信号、解码码元、聚集数据结构、传输数据结构、操作数据结构W及读和写数据结构。 [0024] The terminology used in the "process" includes filtering the signal, decode symbols, gathered data structures, transfer data structures, operating data structure W and read and write data structure. 数据结构被定义为表现为码元、分组、块、文件、输入数据、系统生成的数据(诸如计算的或生成的数据)、w及程序数据的信息。 Data structure is defined as the performance of symbols, groups, block, file, input data, system-generated data (such as computing or generated data), information w and program data.

[0025] 参考图1,其中示出本发明的实施例中具有灵活重发-响应机制的通信系统100。 [0025] Referring to Figure 1, which shows an embodiment of the present invention has a flexible retransmission - response mechanism of communication system 100. 通信系统100包括连接到网络104的第一设备102,诸如蜂窝电话或笔记本计算机。 Communication system 100 includes a network 104 connected to the first device 102, such as a cellular phone or a notebook computer. 第一设备102可W是用于电信系统的移动设备。 The first device 102 may be a mobile device W for a telecommunications system. 网络104是互相连接的有线或无线通信设备的系统,W用于使能设备之间的通信。 Network system 104 is connected to each other wired or wireless communications device, W can be used to communicate between devices.

[0026] 例如,网络104可W包括用于无线蜂窝网络的电线、发送器、接收器、天线、塔、站、 中继器、电话网、服务器或客户端设备的组合。 [0026] For example, network 104 may include a combination of wire W for a wireless cellular network, a transmitter, a receiver, antenna, tower, station, repeater, telephone network, the server or client device. 网络104还可W包括用于各种大小的区域网的路由器、电缆、计算机、服务器W及客户端设备的组合。 Network 104 may also include combinations of W for various sizes area network routers, cable, computer, server W and the client device.

[0027]网络104可W包括用于与第一设备102直接链接并且通信的第二设备106。 [0027] W network 104 may include a direct link to the first device 102 and second device 106 communication. 第二设备106可W是用于电信系统的基站。 The second device 106 can be W is a base station of the telecommunication system. 第二设备106可W从第一设备102接收无线信号, 发送信号到第一设备102,处理信号,或者其组合。 The second W device 106 can receive wireless signals from a first device 102, sends a signal to the first device 102, signal processing, or a combination thereof. 第二设备106还可W在网络104内的其它基站、元件或其组合之间中继信号。 W may also be a second device 106 within the network 104 to other base stations, relay signals between the elements, or combinations thereof.

[0028] 第一设备102可化围过第二设备106连接到网络104。 [0028] The first device 102 may be oriented around through the second device 106 is connected to a network 104. 例如,第二设备106可W包括或者具有用于发送信号到第一设备102或从诸如智能电话或膝上型计算机该样的第一设备102接收信号的蜂窝塔、无线路由器、天线、处理设备或其组合。 For example, the second device 106 may include, or W having a first device such as a cellular tower 102 or from a smart phone or a laptop computer 102 receives a signal of the kind of the first device, wireless router, an antenna, for transmitting a signal processing device or combinations thereof.

[0029]第一设备102可W连接到诸如其它移动设备、服务器、计算机、电话或其组合的其它设备,并且与它们通信。 [0029] The first device 102 W can be connected to other mobile devices, servers, computers, telephones, or other devices such as a combination, and the communication with them. 例如,第一设备102可W通过发送信号、接收信号、处理信号或其组合与其它设备通信并且显示信号的内容、根据信号的内容可听地重发声音、根据内容进行处理,诸如存储应用或更新操作系统或其组合。 For example, a first device 102 may transmit a signal by W, a received signal, signal processing, or combinations thereof communicates with other devices and the display content of the signal, the retransmission audibly sound signal according to the content, be processed according to the content, such as a storage or application Updating the operating system or a combination thereof.

[0030] 第二设备106可用于无线交换用于通信的信号,包括电话呼叫的语音信号或表示网页并且与其交互的数据。 [0030] The second device 106 can be used for wireless switching signal communication, including voice telephone call or signal for said pages and interact with the data. 第二设备106还可W发送参考信号、训练信号、错误检测信号、 纠错信号、标头信息、传输格式、协议信息或其组合。 W device 106 may also send a second reference signal, a training signal, error detection signal, an error correction signal, header information, transport format, protocol information, or combinations thereof.

[0031] 基于诸如码分多址(CDMA)、正交频分多址((FDMA)、第S代合作项目(3GP巧、长期演进(LT巧或第四代(4G)标准之类的通信方法,通信信号可W包括嵌入在通信信息中的参考部分、标头部分、格式部分、纠错或检测部分或其组合。参考部分、标头部分、格式部分、纠错或检测部分或其组合可W包括预定位、脉冲、波、码元或其组合。各种部分可规则的时间间隔、频率、代码或其组合嵌入在通信传输的信号内。 Communication [0031] such as Code Division Multiple Access-based (CDMA), orthogonal frequency-division multiple access ((FDMA), the first S Generation Partnership Project (3GP clever, long term evolution (LT clever or fourth-generation (4G) standard and the like The method of communication signals may include embedded in W communication information in the reference section, header section, format section, correction or detection section or a combination thereof. Reference section, header section, format section, correction or detection section or a combination thereof W may include a predetermined position, pulse wave, symbols, or combinations thereof. various portions can be regular time intervals, frequencies, codes or combinations thereof embedded within the transmitted signal communication.

[0032]第二设备106可W通过发送发送器信号110到第一设备102来通信传输通信内容108。 [0032] The second device 106 can transmit signals W by sending 102 to communicate the contents of 110 to the first transmission of a communication device 108. 通信内容108是发送设备意在通信W用于在接收设备处再现或处理的数据。 Communication content transmission device 108 is intended to be used for data communication W reproduction at the receiving device or process. 例如,通信内容108可W是意在用于在诸如移动站102该样的接收设备处显示、可听地重建、执行指令、存储或其组合的位序列。 For example, communication content 108 W is intended to be used in mobile station 102, such as the kind of the receiving device display, audibly reconstruction, executing instructions, storage, or a combination of bit sequences.

[0033] 第二设备106可W修改通信内容108 W生成并且发送发送器信号110。 [0033] The second communication device 106 may modify the content of W 108 W generate and transmit a signal transmitter 110. 发送器信号110是实际上由用于通信的设备传输并且具有用于传输的格式的数据。 The transmitter signal 110 is actually a device for transmitting data from the format for communication and having a transmission of. 第二设备106可W通过根据通信系统100预定的方法或标准来修改通信内容108而生成发送器信号110, 所述修改诸如通过交织或通过添加格式化信息。 The second device 106 can be W via the communication system 100 according to a predetermined method to modify the contents of communication or standard 108 to generate a signal transmitter 110, such as by the modification by the addition or interleaving formatting information. 第二设备106还可W根据诸如正交调幅(QAM)或相移键控(PSK)该样的调制和编码方案生成并且发送发送器信号110,作为与通信内容108相应的码元序列。 The second device 106 may also be based on such as Quadrature Amplitude Modulation W (QAM) or phase shift keying (PSK) that kind of modulation and coding scheme to generate and transmit a signal transmitter 110, 108 as the communication content corresponding sequence of symbols.

[0034]发送器信号108可W在经过发送器信道112之后到达移动站102。 [0034] 108 W transmitter signal through the transmitter after the mobile station 112 to reach 102 channels. 发送器信道112 可W是无线的、有线的或其组合。 The transmitter channel 112 W is wireless, wired or a combination thereof. 发送器信道112可W是第一设备102与第二设备106之间的直连链路,或可W包括中继器、放大器或其组合。 The transmitter channel 112 W is a direct link between the first device 102 and second device 106 between, or W include repeaters, amplifiers, or combinations thereof. 例如,发送器信道112可W包括用于在第一设备102与第二设备106之间发送信号的通信频率、时隙、分组选派、传输速率、信道代码或其组合。 For example, the transmitter W channel 112 may comprise for transmitting signals between a first device 102 and second device 106 communication frequency, time slot, the packet selected, the transmission rate, channel codes, or combinations thereof.

[0035] 移动站102可W接收接收器信号114。 [0035] The mobile station 102 may be 114 W receiver that receives signals. 接收器信号114是由通信系统100中的设备接收的信息。 The receiver signal 114 is received by the communication system 100 of device information. 接收器信号114可W包括经过发送器信道112时变更的发送器信号108、来自其它源的干设信号、噪声或其组合。 W receiver signal 114 may include a transmitter signal through the transmitter 112 changes to the channel 108, the dry set up signals from other sources, noise, or combinations thereof.

[0036] 接收器信号114可W是接收到的与在传输间隔期间通信的传输块相对应的信息。 [0036] W receiver signal 114 may be received and corresponding information in the transport block transmission of communication during the interval. 传输块是在特定的时间、代码、空间、频率或其组合的单元内发送的信息单元或分组。 Transport block is an information unit or packet to be transmitted within a specific period of time, code, space, or a combination thereof frequency unit. 传输间隔是指定用于每个设备的传输的时段。 The transmission intervals are specified time period for the transmission of each device. 用于传输块与传输间隔的细节和交互可W由通信系统100、通信标准或其组合预定。 And details for the transmission block transmission interval and interaction by the communication system 100 can be W, or a combination of predetermined communication standard.

[0037] 通信内容108的通信可W具有与此关联的传输速率116。 [0037] The communication content of the communication may be W 108 has a transmission rate of 116 associated with this. 传输速率116是在设备之间交换信息的速度。 116 is a transmission rate of speed in the exchange of information between devices. 传输速率116可W由在给定时间单元内发送的、接收的、重发的或其组合的信息量表示。 116 W transmission rate can be represented by the received retransmission or a combination of the amount of information in a given time unit sent.

[003引通信系统100可W从接收器信号114估计信道估计118。 [003 communications system 100 may lead W signal 114 from the receiver 118 estimates the channel estimate. 信道估计118描述由发送器信道112引起的信号的改变。 Channel estimation signal 118 is described by the transmitter channel 112 due to change. 信道估计118可W描述并且量化信号在第二设备106与第一设备102之间经过的同时能够经历的反射、损耗、延迟、折射、障碍或其组合。 118 W channel estimation can describe and quantify the reflected signal at a second device through the first device between 106 and 102 at the same time be able to experience loss, delay, refraction, disorder, or combinations thereof. 信道估计118可W是特征化发送器信道112的矩阵值。 Channel estimates 118 W is a matrix of values characteristic of the transmitter channel 112.

[0039] 信道估计118可W包括信道容量120。 [0039] W channel estimates 118 may include a channel capacity 120. 信道容量120是能够由发送器信道112容纳的信息量。 Channel capacity by the transmitter 120 is capable of receiving 112 channels of information. 信道容量120可W是能够基于物理状况或系统状况可靠地通信的信息量。 120 W channel capacity can be can be based on physical condition, or system status information to reliably communicate. 信道容量120能够与信道质量指示或反馈关联。 120 channel capacity can channel quality indication or feedback association. 信道容量120能够由通信系统100估计。 120 channel capacity can be estimated by the communication system 100. 将在下面讨论关于信道容量120的细节。 We will discuss details regarding the channel capacity 120, below.

[0040] 接收设备能够基于对接收器信号114的处理来发送重发请求122。 [0040] the receiving device can handle based on the received signal 114 to send a retransmission request 122. 重发请求122 可W是成功处理的确认(ACK)或与第一设备102的不成功的处理或错误检查结果相应的否定确认(NACK)。 Acknowledgment (ACK) or with the first device 122 W retransmission request is processed successfully processed or unsuccessful results of error checking 102 corresponding negative acknowledgment (NACK). 重发请求122可W是从接收设备发送到发送设备,诸如从移动站102到第二设备106。 122 W retransmission request is sent from the receiving device to the transmitting device, such as from the mobile station 102 to the second device 106.

[0041] 发送设备可W基于重发请求122重发通信内容108或通信内容108的一部分。 [0041] to W portion 122 based on the retransmission request the retransmission of communication content 108 or 108 of the transmission device communication content. 发送设备可W响应于重发请求122发送重发数据124。 Send device W 122 in response to the retransmission request retransmission data 124. 重发数据124是基于重发请求132包括通信内容108的重发、或包括通信内容108的一部分的重发的发送器信号108的不同实例。 Retransmission data 124 is based on a retransmission request 132 includes retransmission communication content 108, including the communication content or the retransmission signal transmitter portion 108, 108 of different instances. 重发数据124可W具有与接收器信号114相比完全相同的或不同的标头部分、格式部分,错误处理方案、调制和编码方案(MC巧。重发数据124可W从发送设备发送给接收设备, 诸如从第二设备106到第一设备102。 124 W retransmission data may have compared with the receiver signal 114 identical or different header section, format section, error handling scheme, modulation and coding scheme (MC clever. Retransmission data 124 sent from the transmitting device W receiving device, such as device 106 from the second to the first device 102.

[0042]例如,第一设备102可W接收在前数据126作为接收器信号114的实例。 [0042] For example, the first device 102 may forward data received 126 W as an example of the receiver signal 114. 第一设备102可W基于在对在前数据126解码时不成功的状态发送重发请求122到第二设备106。 The first device 102 may W based upon the data of the previous state 126 decode unsuccessful retransmission request 122 to the second device 106.

[0043] 继续所述例子,第一设备102可W通过在解码没有ACK、主动发送NACK、或其组合中,通过重发请求122表示不成功状态。 [0043] to continue the example, the first device 102 may be W by decoding no ACK, sends NACK, or a combination thereof, represented by the retransmission request 122 unsuccessful state. 第二设备106可W基于接收到的重发请求122发送重发数据124, W用于重发最初意在用于利用在前数据126通信的通信内容108的所有或一部分。 The second device 106 may W based on the received retransmission request retransmission data 122 124, W for retransmission originally intended for the use of all or communications preceding data communications part 126 108.

[0044] 另举一例,重发请求122和重发数据124可W遵循混合自动-重发-请求(HARQ) 方案。 [0044] In another example, a retransmission request and retransmission data 122 124 W follow hybrid automatic - retransmission - Request (HARQ) scheme. 重发数据124可W根据使用在发送在前数据126与重发数据124之间的MCS的相同的或不同的实例的追踪组合方案、增量冗余方案或其组合。 Retransmission data 124 W or tracking the same combination regimen of MCS 124 different instances between the incremental redundancy scheme, or combinations thereof according to the former use of the transmission data 126 and retransmitted data.

[0045] 设备之间的通信,诸如重发请求122、重发数据124、在前数据126或其组合该样的,可W包括总带宽128。 [0045] Communication between devices, such as a retransmission request 122, the retransmission data 124, data 126, or a combination of the previous sample, may include a total bandwidth of 128 W. 总带宽128是用于设备之间的通信信息的资源量。 The total bandwidth 128 is the amount of resources used to communicate information between devices. 总带宽128还可W包括可用于通信的频率分组。 W 128 may further include a total bandwidth available for communication of the packet frequency. 总带宽128还可W包括用于通信信息的频率的分组,诸如用于接收器信号114、重发请求122、重发数据124或其组合。 The total bandwidth of 128 W may further include a frequency for communication of a packet of information, such as signal 114 for the receiver, a retransmission request 122, the retransmission data 124 or combinations thereof.

[0046] 通信系统100还可W具有包括重发量度130的重发请求122。 [0046] The communication system 100 may further include a retransmission W having a measure of the retransmission request 122 130. 重发量度130是用于指定重发的信息的指示。 Retransmission measure 130 is used to specify the retransmission instruction information. 重发量度130可W指定数据的量、位置、类型或数据的标识或其组合。 Retransmission measure 130 W specified data amount, location, identification or data type, or combinations thereof.

[0047] 例如,重发量度130可W指示在前数据的20 %应当是确定通信内容108所必需的。 [0047] For example, the retransmission can measure 130 W indicates the top 20% of the data to determine the content of communication should be 108 required. 另举一例,重发量度130可W指示错误或所请求的重发信息处于在前数据126或通信内容108的最后1/3、用于确定重发信息的转动缓冲器(rotating buffer)的开始位置或其组厶口〇 Start another example, the retransmission can measure 130 W indicates an error or retransmission of the requested information in the previous communication content data 126 or 108 of the last third of the information used to determine the retransmission buffer rotation (rotating buffer) of position or group Si mouth square

[0048] 通信系统100还可W具有包括分配部分132、新部分134、重发部分136或其组合的重发数据124。 [0048] The communication system 100 may also include a distribution portion 132 W has a new section 134, the retransmission portion 136 or 124 combined retransmission data. 包括分配部分132、新部分134、重发部分136或其组合的重发数据124可W基于重发请求122的重发量度130。 Including the allocation of part of the 132, a new section 134, section 136 or retransmission retransmission data based on a combination of 124 W retransmission request retransmission measure 122 130.

[0049] 分配部分132是重发数据124内表示专用于新部分134、重发部分136或其组合的资源量的信息。 [0049] dispensing portion 132 is represented within the retransmission data 124 specific to the new section 134, the retransmission portion 136, or a combination of resource information. 分配部分132可W是标头部分或控制部分的一部分。 Allocation section 132 may be W is part of the header section or control section. 分配部分132可W基于指定位置、次序、格式或其组合。 W based allocation section 132 can specify the location, order, format, or combinations thereof.

[0化0]例如,分配部分132可W是接收器信号114中的第一组或最后一组码元或第8位到第16位。 [0 of 0] For example, the allocation section 132 can signal the receiver 114 W is the first or last set of symbols or Article 8 to Article 16. 另举一例,分配部分132可W指示用于通信新部分134、重发部分136或其组合的位或码元的量。 As another example, the distribution section 132 may be used to communicate the new W instruction section 134, the retransmission portion 136 or the amount of a combination of bits or symbols. 再举一例,分配部分132可W指示对于与新部分134或重发部分136相应的信息量的比率。 As another example, the distribution section 132 may instruct W for the new section 134 or section 136 retransmit the corresponding amount of information ratio.

[0化1] 新部分134是先前不包括在在前数据126中的信息。 [0 of 1] a new section 134 previously not included in the first information data 126. 新部分134可W与未包括在在前数据126中的通信内容108关联或者是不同的通信内容108的实例。 W with a new section 134 may not include the first instance of the data communication 108 associated with content 126 or 108 is different from the content of the communication.

[0化2] 重发部分136是在前包括在在前数据126中的信息。 [0 of 2] retransmission portion 136 is the first information included in the first data 126. 重发部分136可W与包括在在前数据126中的通信内容108或通信内容108的一部分关联。 Retransmission portion 136 W and 126 can communicate content 108 or 108 communication content included in the previous part of the associated data. 重发部分136可W是响应于重发请求122包括在重发数据124中的信息。 W retransmission portion 136 may be in response to a retransmission request 122 includes information 124 in retransmission data.

[0化3] 重发数据124可W只包括重发部分136而没有新部分134。 [0 of 3] W retransmission data 124 may include only the retransmission portion 136 without a new section 134. 重发数据124还可W 包括比重发部分136更多的新部分134。 W retransmission data 124 may also include a proportion of fat portion 136 more new section 134. 包括在重发部分136中的信息量可W基于重发量度130。 Including the amount of information in retransmission section 136 may measure 130 W based retransmission. 分配部分132可W指示包括在重发部分136中的信息量。 W indicates the distribution section 132 may include information in the retransmission section 136.

[0化4] 例如,通信系统100可W在第一设备102处接收在前数据126。 [0 of 4] For example, the communication system 100 may forward the received data 126 W at 102 of the first device. 第一设备102可W 处理在前数据126。 The first device 102 may forward data 126 W processed. 基于处理结果,第一设备102可W使用重发请求122请求重发。 Based on the results, the first device 102 may use the retransmission request 122 W request retransmission. 第一设备102还可W发送重发量度130 W指定应当被重发的信息的量、位置、类型、标识或其组合。 102 may also measure the amount of retransmission W 130 W Specifies the message should be retransmitted first device, location, type, identification, or combinations thereof. [0化5] 继续例子,第二设备106可W接收具有重发量度130的重发请求122。 [0 of 5] to continue the example, the second device 106 can measure W receiving a retransmission request re-made 130 122. 第二设备106可W生成具有对于如重发量度130所指示的信息的重发部分136的重发数据124。 The second device 106 may generate a W metric information for retransmission as indicated by 130, the retransmission portion 136 of the retransmission data 124. 第二设备106还在重发数据124的传输间隔的给定实例内包括新部分134。 The second device 106 also retransmits the data transmission interval 124 within the given examples thereof include a new section 134. 第二设备106可W 在分配部分132中指示用于新部分134和重发部分136的量或位置,W生成重发数据124。 The second device 106 may be in the distribution section 132 W indicated for new section 134 and the retransmission portion 136 amount or location, W generate retransmission data 124. 将在下面讨论关于重发量度130、重发数据124、重发数据124的一部分或其组合的细节。 We will be discussed below with respect to retransmission measure 130, retransmission data 124, retransmission, or the details of a part of the combined data 124.

[0056] 已经发现重发量度130提供提高的吞吐量。 [0056] It has been found 130 metric retransmission provide improved throughput. 重发量度130使重发能够灵活地分配用于重发的信息的带宽,重发的信息可w提高在资源的使用上的效率。 Retransmission the retransmission 130 metric flexibility to allocate bandwidth information for retransmission, the retransmission of information w increase in the use of resources on the efficiency.

[0化7] 还发现,具有分配部分132、重发部分136和新部分134在其中的重发数据124提供吞吐量的提高而不为资源造成负担。 [0 of 7] also found that having a dispensing portion 132, the retransmission portion 136 and new section 134 in which the retransmission data 124 provide increased throughput without the burden of resources. 具有分配部分132、重发部分136和新部分134在其中的重发数据124可W仅仅通信所需要的重发信息并且使用其余的资源来通信新信息。 Having a distribution portion 132, the retransmission portion 136 and the retransmission information on the new section 134 in which data retransmission 124 W only required for communication and the use of the remaining resources to communicate new information. [005引为了图示的目的,通信系统100被描述为发送信息的第二设备106和接收所发送的信息的第一设备102。 [005 cited for purposes of illustration, the communication system 100 is a first device 102, the description for a second transmission information receiving apparatus 106 and transmitted. 但是,应当理解,通信系统100可W具有作为接收设备的第二设备106和作为发送设备的第一设备102。 However, it should be understood that the communication system 100 may have a W reception device and the second device 106 the first device 102 as the transmission device.

[0059] 也是为了图示的目的,总带宽128被描述为用于将分配部分132、重发部分136和新部分134组合的资源的量。 [0059] but also for purposes of illustration, the total bandwidth 128 is described for assigning section 132, the retransmission portion 136 and the new section 134 the amount of the combined resources. 但是,应当理解,总带宽128可W相应于重发数据124的一部分,诸如对于重发部分136、新部分134或其组合。 However, it should be understood that the total bandwidth of 128 W can be retransmitted data corresponding to a portion 124, such as for the retransmission portion 136, a new section 134, or combinations thereof.

[0060] 现在参考图2,其中示出通信系统100的示范性框图。 [0060] Referring now to Figure 2, there is shown a block diagram of an exemplary communication system 100. 通信系统100可W包括第一设备102、通信路径104和第二设备106。 W communication system 100 may include a first device 102, second device 104 and the communication path 106. 第一设备102可W通过通信路径104在第一设备传输208中发送的信息到第二设备106。 W device 102 can be a first communication path 104 through the information transmitted in the first transmission device 208 to the second device 106. 第二设备106可W通过通信路径104在第二设备传输210中发送的信息到第一设备102。 Information of the second device 106 through a communication path 104 W can be transmitted in a second transmission device 210 to the first device 102.

[0061] 为了图示的目的,通信系统100示出为具有第一设备102作为客户端设备,但是应当理解,通信系统100可W具有第一设备102为不同类型的设备。 [0061] For purposes of illustration, the communication system 100 is shown as having a first device 102 as a client device, it should be appreciated that communication system 100 may have a first device 102 W for different types of devices. 例如,第一设备102可W 是具有显示接口的服务器。 For example, a first device 102 may be a server W having a display interface.

[0062] 也是为了图示的目的,通信系统100示出为具有第二设备106作为服务器,但是应当理解,通信系统100可W具有第二设备106为不同类型的设备。 [0062] also for purposes of illustration, the communication system 100 is shown as having a second device 106 as a server, it should be appreciated that communication system 100 may have a second device 106 W for different types of devices. 例如,第二设备106可W 是客户端设备。 For example, the second device 106 may be W is a client device.

[0063] 为了在本发明的本实施例中的描述简便起见,第一设备102将被描述为客户端设备,第二设备106将被描述为服务器设备。 [0063] For example, described in the present embodiment of the invention the sake of simplicity, the first device 102 will be described as a client device, a second device 106 will be described as a server device. 本发明的实施例不局限于该些对于设备的类型的选择。 Embodiments of the present invention is not limited to this type of device for these choices. 本选择是本发明的实施例的一个例子。 This option is an example of an embodiment of the present invention.

[0064] 第一设备102可W包括第一控制单元212、第一存储单元214、第一通信单元216 和第一用户接口218。 [0064] The first device 102 may comprise a first control unit 212 W, a first storage unit 214, a first communication unit 216 and a first user interface 218. 第一控制单元212可W包括第一控制接口222。 The first control unit 212 may include a first control interface 222 W. 第一控制单元212 可W运行提供通信系统100的智能的第一软件226。 The first control unit 212 may provide a communication system W run intelligent software 226 100 first.

[00化]第一控制单元212可许多不同的方式实现。 [00 of] the first control unit 212 may be implemented in many different ways. 例如,第一控制单元212可W是处理器、专用集成电路(ASIC)、嵌入式处理器、微处理器、硬件控制逻辑、硬件有限状态机(FSM)、数字信号处理器值S巧或其组合。 For example, the first control unit 212 may be W is a processor, application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), embedded processors, microprocessors, hardware control logic, hardware finite state machine (FSM), a digital signal processor, or the value of S Qiao combination. 第一控制接口222可W用于第一控制单元212与第一设备102中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 The first control interface 222 W can be used for communication with the first control unit 212 in the first device 102 between other functional units. 第一控制接口222还可W用于在第一设备102外部的通信。 The first control interface 222 can also be used for the first device 102 W external communications.

[0066] 第一控制接口222可W从其它功能单元或从外部源接收信息,或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元或到外部目的地。 [0066] The first control interface 222 W from other functional units or receives information from an external source, or may be W send information to other functional units or to an external destination. 外部源和外部目的地指的是在第一设备102外部的源和目的地。 External sources and external destination refers to the outside of the first device 102 source and destination.

[0067] 第一控制接口222可不同的方法实现并且可W包括不同的实施方式,根据该些实施方式功能单元或者外部单元与第一控制接口222接口连接。 [0067] The first control interface 222 can be implemented in different ways and may include different embodiments W, in accordance with some embodiments of the functional unit and the first control unit or the external connection interface 222 interfaces. 例如,第一控制接口222 可W用压力传感器、惯性传感器、微型机电系统(MEMS)、光学电路、波导、无线电路、线缆电路或者其组合实现。 For example, a first control interface 222 W with pressure sensors, inertial sensors, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), optical circuits, waveguides, radio circuit, a circuit cable or a combination thereof.

[0068] 第一存储单元214可W存储第一软件226。 [0068] The first storage unit 214 may store a first software 226 W. 第一存储单元214还可W存储有关的信息,诸如表示传入图像的数据、表示先前存在的图像的数据、声音文件或者其组合。 Information about the first storage unit 214 may store W, such as showing the incoming image data representing the image of the pre-existing data, sound files, or a combination thereof.

[0069] 第一存储单元214可W是易失性存储器、非易失性存储器、内部存储器、外部存储器或者其组合。 [0069] The first storage unit 214 may be W is a volatile memory, nonvolatile memory, an internal memory, external memory or combinations thereof. 例如,第一存储单元214可W是诸如非易失性随机存取存储器(NVRAM)、闪速存储器、磁盘存储器该样的非易失性存储器或者诸如静态随机存取存储器(SRAM)该样的易失性存储器。 For example, the first storage unit 214 can be W such as a nonvolatile random access memory (NVRAM), flash memory, disk memory of the non-volatile memory or the like, such as static random access memory (SRAM) of the sample volatile memory.

[0070] 第一存储单元214可W包括第一存储接口224。 [0070] The first storage unit 214 may comprise a first memory interface 224 W. 第一存储接口224可W用于在第一设备102中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 First memory interface 224 W can be used in a first communication device 102 among other functional units. 第一存储接口224还可W用于第一设备102外部的通信。 First memory interface 224 W for the first device 102 may also be external to communication.

[0071] 第一存储接口224可W从其它功能单元或从外部源接收信息,或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元或到外部目的地。 [0071] The first memory interface 224 may further functional units W or receiving information from an external source, or may send a message to the W or other functional units to the external destination. 外部源和外部目的地指的是在第一设备102外部的源和目的地。 External sources and external destination refers to the outside of the first device 102 source and destination.

[0072] 第一存储接口224可W包括不同的实施方式,功能单元或者外部单元根据该些实施方式与第一存储单元214接口连接。 [0072] The first storage interface 224 may include different embodiments of W, the functional unit or the external unit is connected in accordance with some embodiments of the first storage unit 214 and an interface. 第一存储接口224可W用类似于第一控制接口222 的实施方式的技术和方法实现。 W first storage interface 224 may use control techniques and methods similar to the first embodiment 222 implements the interface.

[0073] 第一通信单元216可W使能到第一设备102和来自第一设备102的外部通信。 [0073] The first communication unit 216 may enable W to the first device 102 and the external communication device 102 from the first. 例如,第一通信单元216可W许可第一设备102与图1的第二设备106、诸如外围设备或者台式计算机该样的附件、W及通信路径104通信。 For example, the first communication unit 216 may permit the first device 102 W second device 106 in FIG. 1, attachment or desktop computer peripheral devices such as the kind of, W, and the communication path 104 communications.

[0074] 第一通信单元216还可W用作使第一设备102起到通信路径104作用的通信中枢,并且不局限于是通信路径104的端点或者终端设备。 [0074] The first communication unit 216 W may be used as the first communication device 102 play a central role in the communication path 104, and a communication path 104 is not limited to an endpoint or a terminal device. 第一通信单元216可W包括用于与通信路径104交互的有源和无源元件,诸如微电子或者天线。 W first communication unit 216 may include active and passive components for interacting with the communication path 104, such as microelectronics or an antenna.

[0075] 第一通信单元216可W包括第一通信接口228。 [0075] The first communication unit 216 may include a first communication interface 228 W. 第一通信接口228可W用于第一通信单元216与第一设备102中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 W first communication interface 228 may be used to communicate with the first communication unit 216 of the first device 102 between other functional units. 第一通信接口228可W从其它功能单元接收信息或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元。 W first communication interface 228 may receive information from other functional units or W can send a message to other functional units.

[0076] 第一通信接口228可W包括不同的实施方式,功能单元根据该些实施方式与第一通信单元216接口连接。 [0076] The first communication interface 228 may include different embodiments of W, these functional units are connected according to this embodiment and the first communication unit 216 interfaces. 第一通信接口228可W用类似于第一控制接口222的实施方式的技术和方法实现。 W first communication interface 228 may use control techniques and methods similar to the first embodiment 222 implements the interface.

[0077] 第一用户接口218使用户(未示出)能够与第一设备102接口连接并且交互。 [0077] The first user interface 218 allows a user (not shown) can be connected to the first device 102 and interactive interfaces. 第一用户接口218可W包括输入设备和输出设备。 W first user interface 218 can include input and output devices. 第一用户接口218的输入设备的例子可W 包括用于提供数据和通信输入的键盘、触摸垫、软键、键盘、麦克风、用于接收远程信号的红外传感器或者其任意组合。 Examples of the first user interface input devices 218 may include W for supplying data and communication input keyboard, a touch pad, softkeys, a keyboard, a microphone, or any combination thereof to receive an infrared sensor for remote signaling.

[007引第一用户接口218可W包括第一显示接口230。 [007 cited first user interface 218 may include a first display interface 230 W. 第一显示接口230可W包括显示器、放映机、巧光屏、扬声器或者其任意组合。 W first display interface 230 may include a display, projector, clever Guangping, speakers or any combination thereof.

[0079] 第一控制单元212可W操作第一用户接口218显示由通信系统100生成的信息。 [0079] W the first control unit 212 may operate the user interface 218 displayed by the first communication system 100 generates information. 第一控制单元212还可W运行用于通信系统100的其它功能的第一软件226。 The first control unit 212 may also run for the first communications system software W 100 226 other functions. 第一控制单元212还可W运行用于经由第一通信单元216与通信路径104交互的第一软件226。 The first control unit 212 may also run for the first software W 216 interacting with the communication path 104 via the first communication unit 226.

[0080] 第二设备106可W被优化为利用第一设备102在多个设备实施例中实现本发明的实施例。 [0080] The second device 106 may be optimized to W Example embodiments of the present invention implemented using the first embodiment of the device 102 in a plurality of devices. 第二设备106可W提供相较于第一设备102额外的或者高性能的处理能力。 The second device 106 can provide 102 W of additional equipment compared to the first or high-performance processing power. 第二设备106可W包括第二控制单元234、第二通信单元236和第二用户接口238。 The second device 106 may include a second control unit 234 W, the second communication unit 236 and a second user interface 238.

[0081] 第二用户接口238使用户(未示出)能够与第二设备106接口连接并且交互。 [0081] The second user interface 238 allows a user (not shown) can be connected to the second device 106 interfaces and interaction. 第二用户接口238可W包括输入设备和输出设备。 W second user interface 238 may include input and output devices. 第二用户接口238的输入设备的例子可W包括用于提供数据和通信输入的键盘、触摸垫、软键、键盘、麦克风或者其任意组合。 Examples of the second user interface input devices 238 may include W for supplying data and communication input keyboard, a touch pad, softkeys, a keyboard, a microphone, or any combination thereof. 第二用户接口238的输出设备的例子可W包括第二显示接口240。 Examples of second user interface output device 238 may include a second display interface 240 W. 第二显示接口240可W包括显示器、放映机、巧光屏、扬声器或者其任意组合。 W second display interface 240 may include a display, projector, clever Guangping, speakers or any combination thereof.

[0082] 第二控制单元234可W运行用于提供通信系统100的第二设备106的智能的第二软件242。 [0082] The second control unit 234 may be used to provide communications systems to run W intelligent second device 106, 100, 242 of the second software. 第二软件242可W结合第一软件226操作。 242 W second software can combine the first 226 operating software. 第二控制单元234可W提供相较于第一控制单元212额外的性能。 W the second control unit 234 may provide additional performance compared to the first control unit 212.

[0083] 第二控制单元234可W操作第二用户接口238显示信息。 [0083] The second control unit 234 may operate W second user interface 238 to display information. 第二控制单元234还可W运行用于通信系统100的其它功能的第二软件242,包括操作第二通信单元236通过通信路径104与第一设备102通信。 Second software second control unit 234 may also be running for a communication system W 100 242 other functions, including the operation of the second communication unit 236 communicating with the first device 104 through a communication path 102.

[0084] 第二控制单元234可许多不同的方式实现。 [0084] The second control unit 234 may be implemented in many different ways. 例如,第二控制单元234可W是处理器、专用集成电路(ASIC)、嵌入式处理器、微处理器、硬件控制逻辑、硬件有限状态机(FSM)、数字信号处理器值S巧或其组合。 For example, the second control unit 234 may be W is a processor, application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), embedded processors, microprocessors, hardware control logic, hardware finite state machine (FSM), a digital signal processor, or the value of S Qiao combination.

[0085]第二控制单元234可W包括第二控制接口244。 [0085] The second control unit 234 may include a second control interface 244 W. 第二控制接口244可W用于在第二控制单元234与第二设备106中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 A second control interface 244 W can be used for communication between the second control unit 234 and second device 106 of the other functional units. 第二控制接口244还可W 用于在第二设备106外部的通信。 The second control interface 244 can also be used for the second device 106 W external communications.

[0086] 第二控制接口244可W从其它功能单元或从外部源接收信息,或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元或到外部目的地。 [0086] The second control interface 244 can be W or other functional unit receives information from an external source, or may send a message to the W or other functional units to the external destination. 外部源和外部目的地指的是在第二设备106外部的源和目的地。 External sources and external destination refers to the source and destination of the second device 106 outside.

[0087] 第二控制接口244可WW不同的方法实现并且可W包括不同的实施方式,根据该些实施方式功能单元或者外部单元与第二控制接口244接口连接。 [0087] The second control interface 244 can be implemented in different ways and WW W may include different embodiments, some embodiments according to this functional unit or the external unit and the second control interface 244 interfaces. 例如,第二控制接口244 可W用压力传感器、惯性传感器、微型机电系统(MEMS)、光学电路、波导、无线电路、线缆电路或者其组合实现. For example, the second control interface 244 can be W with pressure sensors, inertial sensors, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), optical circuits, waveguides, radio circuit, a circuit cable or a combination thereof.

[00能]第二存储单元246可W存储第二软件242。 [00 can] the second storage unit 246 may store a second software 242 W. 第二存储单元246还可W存储诸如表示传入图像的数据、表示先前存在的图像的数据、声音文件或者其组合。 A second storage unit 246 may store information such as W represents the incoming image data representing the image of preexisting data, sound files, or a combination thereof. 第二存储单元246 可W被调整大小W提供附加的存储容量W补充第一存储单元214。 A second storage unit 246 may be resized W W W provides additional storage capacity of the first storage unit 214 supplement.

[0089] 为了图示的目的,第二存储单元246被表示为单个元素,但是应当理解,第二存储单元246可W是存储元件的分布。 [0089] For purposes of illustration, the second storage unit 246 is represented as a single element, it should be understood that the second storage unit 246 may be W is distributed storage element. 也是为了图示的目的,通信系统100示出为具有第二存储单元246作为单个分层存储系统,但是应当理解,通信系统100可W具有不同结构的第二存储单元246。 Also for purposes of illustration, the communication system 100 is shown as having the second storage unit 246 as a single tiered storage system, it should be appreciated that communication system 100 may be W second storage unit 246 having a different structure. 例如,第二存储单元246可W用不同的存储技术形成,形成包括不同等级的缓存、主存储器、旋转存储器媒介或者脱机存储的存储器层级系统。 For example, the second storage unit 246 may be formed with different storage W technology, the formation include different levels of cache, main memory, rotating storage media or offline storage of memory hierarchy system.

[0090] 第二存储单元246可W是易失性存储器、非易失性存储器、内部存储器、外部存储器或者其组合。 [0090] W the second storage unit 246 may be a volatile memory, nonvolatile memory, an internal memory, external memory or combinations thereof. 例如,第二存储单元246可W是诸如非易失性随机存取存储器(NVRAM)、闪速存储器、磁盘存储器该样的非易失性存储器或者诸如静态随机存取存储器(SRAM)该样的易失性存储器。 For example, the second storage unit 246 may be W is a nonvolatile memory such as random access (NVRAM), flash memory, disk memory of the non-volatile memory or the like, such as static random access memory (SRAM) of the sample volatile memory.

[0091] 第二存储单元246可W包括第二存储接口248。 [0091] The second storage unit 246 may include a second storage interface 248 W. 第二存储接口248可W用于在第二设备106中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 Second storage interface 248 W can be used in a second communication device 106 between other functional units. 第二存储接口248还可W用于在第二设备106 外部的通信。 W may also be a second memory interface 248 for a second external communication device 106.

[0092] 第二存储接口248可W从其它功能单元或从外部源接收信息,或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元或到外部目的地。 [0092] The second storage interface 248 can be W or from another functional unit receives information from an external source, or may be W send information to other functional units or to an external destination. 外部源和外部目的地指的是在第二设备106外部的源和目的地。 External sources and external destination refers to the source and destination of the second device 106 outside.

[0093] 第二存储接口248可W包括不同的实施方式,功能单元或者外部单元根据该些实施方式与第二存储单元246接口连接。 [0093] The second storage interface 248 may include different embodiments of W, or a functional unit according to the external unit connected to some embodiments of the second storage unit 246 interfaces. 第二存储接口248可W用类似于第二控制接口244 的实施方式的技术和方法实现。 W second storage interface 248 may use control techniques and methods similar to the second embodiment 244 implements the interface.

[0094] 第二通信单元236可W使能到第二设备106和来自第二设备106的外部通信。 [0094] The second communication unit 236 may enable W to the second device 106 and external communications from the second device 106. 例如,第二通信单元236可W许可第二设备106通过通信路径104与第一设备102通信。 For example, the second communication unit 236 may permit a second W device 106 through a communication path 104 communicating with the first device 102.

[0095] 第二通信单元236还可W用作使第二设备106起到通信路径104作用的通信中枢,并且不局限于是通信路径104的端点或者终端设备。 [0095] W the second communication unit 236 may be used as the second communication device 106 play a central role in the communication path 104, and a communication path 104 is not limited to an endpoint or a terminal device. 第二通信单元236可W包括用于与通信路径104交互的有源和无源元件,诸如微电子或者天线。 W the second communication unit 236 may include active and passive components for interacting with the communication path 104, such as microelectronics or an antenna.

[0096] 第二通信单元236可W包括第二通信接口250。 [0096] The second communication unit 236 may include a second communication interface 250 W. 第二通信接口250可W用于第二通信单元236与第二设备106中的其它功能单元之间的通信。 W the second communication interface 250 may be used to communicate with the second communication unit 236 of the second device 106 between other functional units. 第二通信接口250可W从其它功能单元接收信息或者可W发送信息到其它功能单元。 W second communication interface 250 may receive information from other functional units or W can send a message to other functional units.

[0097] 第二通信接口250可W包括不同的实施方式,功能单元根据该些实施方式与第二通信单元236接口连接。 [0097] W the second communication interface 250 may include different embodiments, these functional units according to this embodiment is connected with the second communication unit 236 interfaces. 第二通信接口250可W用类似于第二控制接口244的实施方式的技术和方法实现。 Similar to the second with the second communication interface 250 can control techniques and methods embodiment W 244 implements the interface.

[009引第一通信单元216可W与通信路径104禪接W在第一设备传输208中发送信息到第二设备106。 [009 cited first communication unit 216 may be a communication path 104 W and W Chan received a message transmission 208 in the first device to the second device 106. 第二设备106可W从通信路径104的第一设备传输208在第二通信单元236 中接收信息。 The second device 106 may first device transmits a communication path W 104 208 receives information from the communication unit 236 in the second.

[0099] 第二通信单元236可W与通信路径104禪接W在第二设备传输210中发送信息到第一设备102。 [0099] The second communication unit 236 W can be connected with the communication path 104 W Zen send a message to the first device 102 in the second transmission device 210. 第一设备102可W从通信路径104的第二设备传输210在第一通信单元216 中接收信息。 W 210 the first device 102 may receive information of the second device transmits a communication path 104 from 216 in the first communication unit. 通信系统100可W由第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234或者其组合运行。 Communication system 100 may W 212, the second control unit 234, or a combined operation by the first control unit. 为了说明的目的,第二设备106示出为具有第二用户接口238、第二存储单元246、第二控制单元234和第二通信单元236的划分,但是应当理解,第二设备106可W具有不同的划分。 For purposes of illustration, the second device 106 is shown as having a second user 238, 246, dividing the second control unit 234 and second communication unit 236 interfaces the second storage unit, it should be understood that the second device 106 may have a W different division. 例如,第二软件242可W被不同地划分W使得其部分或者所有功能可W处于第二控制单元234和第二通信单元236中。 For example, the second software 242 may be variously divided W W such that part or all of the functions may be W is in the second control unit 234 and second communication unit 236. 而且,第二设备106可W包括为了清楚起见而未在图2中示出的其它功能单元。 Further, the second device 106 may include other functional units W for clarity in FIG. 2 but not shown.

[0100] 第一设备102中的功能单元可W分别地工作并且独立于其它功能单元。 [0100] The first device 102 may be functional units work W separately and independently of other functional units. 第一设备102可W分别地工作并且独立于第二设备106和通信路径104。 W, respectively, the first device 102 may operate and independent of the second device 106 and the communication path 104.

[0101] 第二设备106中的功能单元可W分别地工作并且独立于其它功能单元。 [0101] The second device 106 can be a functional unit W, respectively, and operate independently of the other functional units. 第二设备106可W分别地工作并且独立于第一设备102和通信路径104。 The second device 106 can operate W respectively and independently from the first device 102 and the communication path 104.

[0102] 为了图示的目的,通信系统100通过第一设备102和第二设备106的操作描述。 [0102] For purposes of illustration, the operation is described by the first device 102 and second device 106 of communication system 100. 应当理解,第一设备102和第二设备106可W操作通信系统100的任何模块和功能。 It should be understood that the first device 102 and second device 106 may be any of the modules W operating communications systems and functions 100.

[0103] 现在参考图3,其中示出通信系统100的控制流。 [0103] Referring now to Figure 3, there is shown a communication system 100 of control flow. 通信系统100可W包括新数据模块302、编码模块304、构造模块306、消息通信模块308、信道估计模块310、解码模块312、 反馈模块314和反馈通信模块316。 W communication system 100 may include a new data module 302, an encoding module 304, building blocks 306, messaging module 308, a channel estimation module 310, decoding module 312, the feedback module 314 and communications module 316 feedback. 通信系统100还可W包括重发模块318、量度模块320 和重发组合模块322。 Communication system 100 may also include a retransmission module 318 W, measurement module 320 and the retransmission combination module 322.

[0104] 新数据模块302可W禪接到编码模块304、量度模块320或者其组合。 [0104] The new data module 302 may receive W Zen coding module 304, measuring module 320 or a combination thereof. 编码模块304可W禪接到重发模块318、构造模块306、量度模块320或者其组合。 W Zen Coding module 304 may receive retransmission module 318, building blocks 306, 320 metric module or a combination thereof. 重发模块318还可W禪接到构造模块306,其可W禪接到量度模块320、消息通信模块308或者其组合。 Retransmission module 318 W Chan also received a construction module 306, which can be connected to measurement module 320 W Zen, messaging module 308 or a combination thereof.

[01化]消息通信模块308可W禪接到信道估计模块310,其可W禪接到解码模块312、重发组合模块322、反馈模块314或者其组合。 [01 of] the messaging module 308 may be connected to Zen W channel estimation module 310, which can be connected to the decoding module 312 W Zen, retransmission combination module 322, the feedback module 314 or a combination thereof. 重发组合模块322还可W禪接到解码模块312、 量度模块320或者其组合。 Retransmission combination module 322 W Chan also received a decoding module 312, a measure module 320 or a combination thereof. 量度模块320可W禪接到反馈模块314。 Measurement module 320 may receive feedback module 314 W Zen.

[0106] 反馈模块314可W禪接到解码模块316、反馈通信模块316或者其组合。 [0106] W Zen feedback module 314 may receive decoding module 316, a feedback communication module 316 or a combination thereof. 反馈通信模块316还可W禪接到量度模块320。 Feedback communication module 316 may also receive a measure of module 320 W Zen.

[0107] 该些模块可各种方式互相禪接。 [0107] that these modules can be connected in various ways with each other Zen. 例如,该些模块可W通过使一个模块的输入连接到另一个的输出,诸如通过使用有线或者无线连接、图1的网络104、指导步骤、处理序列或者其组合,来禪接。 For example, some of the modules may be connected to another output W by an input module, such as by using a wired or wireless connection, the network 104 of FIG. 1, guiding step, the series of processes or a combination thereof, to pick Zen.

[0108] 作为更加具体的例子,量度模块320的一个或多个输出可W使用导体或者无线通信设备连接到编码模块304、构造模块306、反馈模块314或者其组合的一个或多个输入。 [0108] As a more specific example, a measure of one or more output modules 320 can be W or wireless communications device using a conductor connected to the encoding module 304, configuration module 306, one or more feedback module 314 or a combination of the input. 再举一例,量度模块320可W基于一个或多个处理步骤和序列从重发组合模块322、反馈通信模块316或者其组合接收数据、控制信号或者其组合。 As another example, metric module 320 can be based on one or more of W process steps and sequences retransmission combination module 322, a feedback communication module 316 receives data or a combination thereof, the control signal or a combination thereof.

[0109] 通信系统100可W与设备通信,诸如通过显示图像、再建声音、交换处理步骤或者指令或者其组合。 [0109] W communications system 100 may communicate with the device, such as by displaying an image, and then build voice exchange processing steps or instructions, or a combination thereof. 通信系统100可W通过从发送设备发送信息到接收设备启动通信。 W communication system 100 may transmit information from the transmitting device to the receiving communication device starts. 接收设备可W请求通过重发来重发信息。 W receiving device can request retransmission by retransmitting information. 通信系统100可W使用新数据模块302W用于信息的初始传输。 Communication system 100 may use a new data module 302W W for initial transmission information.

[0110] 新数据模块302被配置为确定图1的通信内容108。 [0110] The new data module 302 is configured to determine a communication content 108 of FIG. 新数据模块302可W通过接收用户输入,诸如利用图2的第一用户接口218、图2的第二用户接口238、图2的第一控制单元212、图2的第二控制单元248或者其组合,来确定通信内容108。 The new data module 302 may receive user input through W, such as FIG. 2 of the first user interface 218, FIG. 2 of the second user interface 238, FIG. 2, the first control unit the second control unit 212, 248 of FIG. 2, or a combination, communication content 108 is determined. 新数据模块302可W设置用户输入为通信内容108。 The new data module 302 may set the user input W 108 communication content.

[0111] 例如,新数据模块302可W设置用户的语音信号为用于电话、命令、语音消息、注解或者其组合的通信内容108。 [0111] For example, the new data module 302 may set a user's voice signal W is used for telephone, commands, voice message, or a combination of annotations communication content 108. 再举一例,新数据模块302可W通过输入设备接收用户选择、文本输入、命令、内容或者其组合并且设置输入、相应内容或者其组合为通信内容108。 As another example, the new data module W via the input device 302 may receive a user selection, text input, command, or combinations thereof, and set the contents of the input, the corresponding content, or a combination of communication content 108.

[0112] 新数据模块302还可W通过启动处理或者通过从其它设备接收信息来确定通信内容108。 [0112] The new data module 302 may also start the processing by W, or by receiving information from the other device 108 to determine the contents of communication. 例如,图1的第二设备106或者图1的第一设备102上的操作系统或者日程表日历可W启动指定用于通信的数据的处理,该些数据可W被新数据模块302确定为通信内容108。 For example, Figure 1 of a second device on a first operating system 102 or device 106 in FIG. 1, or may be W starts the specified calendar schedule for processing data communications, that these data may be new data W is determined as the communication module 302 Content 108.

[0113] 再举一例,与第二设备106、第一设备102或者其组合关联或通过第二设备106、第一设备102或者其组合的其它设备可W指定用于通信系统100的通信的数据。 [0113] As another example, the second device 106, a data communication associated with the first device 102 or a combination thereof, or by a second device 106, the first device 102 or other device can be a combination of W specified for a communication system 100 . 作为更加具体的例子,链到第一设备102的电话或者通过第二设备106通信到第一设备102的不同的设备可W指定用于通信的内容信息,其可W被新数据模块302确定为通信内容108。 As a more specific example, the chain 102 to the first device by telephone or a second device to the first device 106 a different communication device 102 may specify the content information W for communication, which can be determined W module 302 of the new data 108 communication content.

[0114] 新数据模块302还可W通过格式化通信内容108确定通信内容108。 [0114] The new data module 302 may also communicate by formatting the content W 108 108 determine the communication content. 新数据模块302可W通过控制用于通信的通信内容108的大小来格式化。 The new data module 302 can be used to communicate the contents of W by controlling the size of 108 communication format. 新数据模块302可W基于任意已知的信道信息、调制或者编码方案、传输块的大小、传输间隔或者其组合控制通信内容108的大小。 The new data module 302 can be based on any known W channel information, modulation or coding scheme, transport block size, or a combination thereof to control a transmission interval 108 communication content size.

[0115] 在确定通信内容108之后,控制流可W传到编码模块304。 [0115] In determining the content of communication after the 108, the control flow can be passed to the encoding module 304 W. 控制流可W流经各条路。 W control flow can flow through each road. 例如,控制流可W通过将一个模块的处理结果传递到另一模块一一诸如通过将通信内容108从新数据模块302传递到编码模块304,通过存储处理结果在已知并且其它模块可访问的位置处一-诸如通过将通信内容108存储在编码模块304已知且可访问的存储位置,通过通知其它模块一一诸如通过通过使用标志、中断、状态信号或者组合用于编码模块304,或者其处理的组合,来传递。 For example, the control flow can be passed through the processing result W one module to another module through the communication content such as one from the new data block 108 is passed to the encoding module 304 302, by storing the processing results in the other modules are known and accessible location at one - such as by the contents of the storage location of the communication module 304 in the encoder 108 stores known and accessible, by notifying the other modules, such as by one by using the flag, interrupt, or a combination of status signals for encoding module 304, or its processing combination, to pass.

[0116] 编码模块304被配置为对信息编码。 [0116] Encoding module 304 is configured to encode information. 编码模块304可W通过重排通信内容108、确定并且添加奇偶信息或者其组合来对信息编码。 Coding module 304 may communicate the contents by rearranging W 108, determines and adds parity information, or a combination of information coding. 编码模块304可W根据由通信系统100、通信标准或者其组合预定的编码方案来对信息编码。 Coding module 304 may W by the communication system 100 according to the communication standard or a combination thereof to a predetermined coding scheme encoding information.

[0117] 编码模块304可W对信息编码W生成与通信内容108相应的一个或多个码字。 [0117] W encoding module 304 may encode the information content and communications 108 W generate a corresponding one or more codewords. 编码模块304可W使用图2的第一通信单元216、图2的第二通信单元236、第一控制单元212、 第二控制单元234或者其组合来对信息编码。 W encoding module 304 may use a first communication unit 2 of FIG. 216, FIG. 2 is a second communication unit 236, the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234 to encode the information, or a combination thereof.

[0118] 在对通信内容108编码之后,控制流可W传到重发模块318、构造模块306或者其组合。 [01] After 108 coded communication content, control flow can be passed to the retransmission module 318 W, 306 building blocks or combinations thereof. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间传递,但是使用编码模块的处理结果,诸如通信内容108的编码实例或者其一部分。 W described above, the control flow may similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304 passes, but the processing result of encoding module, such as a communication content encoding instance 108 or a part thereof.

[0119] 重发模块318被配置为确定用于重发通信的信息。 [0119] retransmission module 318 is configured to determine the communication of information for retransmission. 对于初始传输或者不与图1的重发请求122的任意实例关联的通信来说,重发模块318可W存储通信内容108。 For the initial transmission or not with the weight of Figure 1 associated with any instance of the requesting communication 122, the retransmission module 318 can store communication content W 108. 最初发送的用于通信内容108的消息可W是基于由接收设备处理(诸如错误检查中的故障)的、基于图1的重发数据124的传输或者其组合的图1的在前数据126。 108 is used to communicate the contents of the message originally sent to W is processed by the receiving device based (such as error checking faults) based on the retransmission data in Figure 1 the first data transmission 124 126, or a combination of FIG. 1. 重发模块318可W存储用于重发通信的在前数据126的内容。 W retransmission module 318 may be used to store the contents of the previous data retransmission communication 126.

[0120] 重发模块318可W使用图2的第一控制接口222、图2的第二控制接口244、图2 的第一通信接口228、图2的第二通信接口250、图2的第一存储单元214、图2的第二存储单元246或者其组合,来存储通信内容108、其一部分(诸如信息部分或者奇偶部分)或者其组合。 [0120] W retransmission module 318 can use the first control Figure 2 a second control interface 222, an interface 244 of FIG. 2, the first communication interface 228 in FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a second communication interface 250, paragraph 2 of FIG. a second memory storage unit 214, unit 246 of FIG. 2 or a combination thereof, to store the contents of the communication 108, a portion thereof (such as a portion of the information or parity part) or a combination thereof. 将在下面讨论用于重发的重发模块318的描述。 We will be discussed for retransmission retransmission module 318 described below.

[0121] 构造模块306被配置为生成图1的发送器信号110。 [0121] configuration module 306 is configured to generate a signal transmitter 110 in FIG. 1. 构造模块306可W生成发送器信号110,用于不与重发请求122关联的初始通信,用于与重发请求122关联的重发通信或者其组合。 W configuration module 306 can generate a signal transmitter 110 for no initial communication retransmission request 122 is associated with, for retransmission communications retransmission request 122 is associated with or combinations thereof.

[0122] 对于初始通信来说,构造模块306可W生成发送器信号110,作为与通信内容108 的经编码的实例相应的码元序列。 [0122] For the initial communication, the configuration module 306 can generate a transmission signal W 110, 108 as the communication content encoded instances of the corresponding sequence of symbols. 构造模块306还可W将标头部分、参考部分、格式部分或者其组合与经编码的通信内容108的实例组合W生成发送器信号110。 306 W module is also configured to communicate the contents of the header section, reference section, format section, or a combination thereof and the encoded instances of a combination of 108 W transmitter signal generator 110.

[0123] 构造模块306可W使用第一控制单元212,第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、 第二通信单元236或者其组合W生成发送器信号110。 [0123] W configuration module 306 may use the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof W 110 generates a transmission signal. 将在下面讨论用于重发的构造模块306的描述。 We will discuss the building blocks for retransmission 306 described below.

[0124] 在生成发送器信号110之后,控制流可W传到消息通信模块308。 [0124] After generating a transmitter signal 110, the control flow can be passed to the messaging module 308 W. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间传递,但是使用构造模块306的处理结果,诸如发送器信号110。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304 is passed, but the results using the configuration module 306, such as the transmitter signal 110.

[01巧]消息通信模块308被配置为在设备之间交换内容信息。 [01 Qiao] messaging module 308 is configured to exchange content information between devices. 消息通信模块308能够通过对内容信息的发送、接收或者其组合来交换信息。 Message through the communication module 308 transmits the content information received or a combination thereof to exchange information. 消息通信模块308可W包括消息发送模块324、消息接收模块326或者其组合。 W messaging module 308 may include a message transmission module 324, a message receiving module 326 or a combination thereof.

[01%] 消息发送模块324被配置为从发送设备发送信息。 [01%] message sending module 324 is configured to send information from the transmitting device. 例如,消息发送模块324可W 从第一设备102、从第二设备106或者其组合发送发送器信号110。 For example, message sending module 324 W from a first device 102 can be sent from a second transmitter device 106 or a combination signal 110. 再举一例,消息发送模块324可W在初始通信期间、在重发请求122的任意相应实例之前或者其组合,发送在前数据126。 As another example, the messaging module 324 may be W During this initial communication, before the retransmission request, or a combination of any corresponding instance 122, sending the first data 126.

[0127]消息发送模块324可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W发送信息。 [0127] W messaging module 324 may use the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236, or a combination of W message. 例如,消息发送模块324可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W使用有线或者无线通信协议、装备或者其组合发送发送器信号110。 For example, the messaging module 324 may be W using the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 W or a combination thereof using a wired or wireless communication protocol, or a combination of equipment transmits a signal transmitter 110. 再举一例,消息发送模块324可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W使用升降电压或者电流电平、影响电磁场的变化或者其组合来发送发送器信号110。 As another example, the messaging module 324 may be W using the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof using a W elevating voltage or current level, the impact of changes in the electromagnetic field, or a combination of the transmitter transmits a signal 110.

[0128]消息接收模块326被配置为从发送设备接收对于接收设备的信息。 [0128] The message receiving module 326 is configured for receiving information from the transmitting device the receiving device. 例如,消息接收模块326可W从第二设备106或者其组合接收与对于第一设备102的发送器信号110相应的、图1的接收器信号114。 For example, the message receiving module 326 from the second device 106 can be W or a combination thereof with respect to the first device receives the transmitter signal 110 corresponding to 102, a receiver signal 114 of FIG. 再举一例,消息接收模块326可W在初始通信期间、在重接收请求122的任意相应实例之前或者其组合,接收在前数据126。 As another example, a message receiving module 326 may W During this initial communication, before re-receiving request any appropriate instance of 122 or a combination thereof, to receive the first data 126.

[0129] 消息接收模块326可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W接收信息。 [0129] The message receiving module 326 may W using the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236, or a combination of W and receive information. 例如,消息接收模块326可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W接收接收器信号114用于电线或者无线通信。 For example, the message receiving module 326 may use a first communication unit 216 W, 236 W or a combination thereof receives a reception signal a second communication unit 114 for wire or wireless communication. 再举一例,消息接收模块326可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W使用检测电磁场的波动和变化、检测在某一频率处电力的变化或者其组合来接收接收器信号114。 As another example, the message receiving module 326 may use a first communication unit 216 W, the second communication unit 236 or a combination of W using the detected electromagnetic field fluctuations and changes, detects a change in power at a certain frequency, or a combination of a receiver for receiving signal 114.

[0130]消息发送模块324和消息接收模块326可W用电线或者通过无线通信禪接。 [0130] The message sending module 324 and the message receiving module 326 may W wire or by wireless communication Zen connection. 消息发送模块324和消息接收模块326可W是网络104的一部分。 Messaging module 324 and the message receiving module 326 may be part of a network 104 W.

[0131] 消息通信模块308可W通信通信内容108或者其衍生物,诸如发送器信号110和接收器信号114。 [0131] messaging module 308 may communicate communication content W 108 or a derivative thereof, such as a signal transmitter 110 and receiver signal 114. 不与重发请求122关联的通信内容108的初始通信可W是在前数据126。 Not associated with the retransmission request 122 108 initial communication communications content may be W is the first data 126. 消息通信模块308可W通信在前数据126,诸如通过发送在前数据126、接收在前数据126 或者其组合。 W messaging module 308 may communicate the first data 126, such as by sending the first data 126, receives the first data 126 or a combination thereof.

[0132] 在接收到接收器信号114之后,控制流可W传到信道估计模块310。 [0132] After receiving the signal to the receiver 114, the control flow can spread W channel estimation module 310. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间传递,但是使用消息通信模块308的处理结果,诸如接收器信号114。 W described above, the control flow may similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304 passes, but the results of using the message communication processing module 308, such as a receiver signal 114.

[0133] 信道估计模块310被配置为特征化图1的发送器信道112W从接收器信号114恢复发送器信号110。 [0133] Channel estimation module 310 is configured to characterize the transmitter of FIG recovery channel 112W 1 signal 114 from the receiver transmitter signal 110. 信道估计模块310可W通过计算图1的信道估计118,包括图1的信道容量120,来实现特征化。 Channel estimation module 310 may be W by calculating the estimated channel 1 118, including the channel capacity of 1 120 to achieve characterized. 信道估计模块310可W基于接收器信号114中的已知部分计算信道估计118。 Channel estimation module 310 may W 114 based on the received known signals to calculate the channel estimation portion 118.

[0134] 例如,信道估计模块310可W使用参考部分或者具有由通信系统100预定的频率、 相位、幅值轮廊、形状、功率级或者其组合的导频音、通信标准或者其组合。 [0134] For example, channel estimation module 310 may use the reference section W or by the communication system 100 having a predetermined frequency, phase, amplitude contour, shape, or a combination of the power level of the pilot tone, communication standard or a combination thereof. 发送器信号110 可W根据预定用参考部分或者导频音发送。 W signal transmitter 110 may transmit according to a predetermined frequency tone with reference some or guide.

[01巧]继续本例子,接收器信号114可W使参考部分或者导频音在接收器信号114的相应位置,但是包括来自经过发送器信道112的影响。 [01 Qiao] to continue the present example, the receiver 114 may signal the reference section W or pilot tone signal corresponding to the position of the receiver 114, but including the impact from the transmitter via channel 112. 信道估计模块310可W基于预定的参考部分或者导频音的实例与接收器信号114中相应于参考部分或者导频音的部分之间的差来确定信道估计118。 Channel estimation module 310 W can be based on a predetermined reference section or pilot tone signal and the receiver 114 instances corresponding to the difference between the part or parts of the pilot tone is determined between the reference channel estimate 118.

[0136] 另举一更加具体的例子,信道估计模块310可W包括用于幅值、功率、形状、频率、 相位或者其组合的改变的模型或者向量。 [0136] Another cite a more specific example, the channel estimation module 310 may include a W amplitude, power, shape, frequency, phase, or a combination of vector model or altered. 再举一例,信道估计模块310可W包括延迟、相应于相位的延迟水平或者其组合。 As another example, channel estimation module W 310 may include a delay corresponding to the phase delay level or a combination thereof.

[0137] 信道估计模块310还可W确定图1的总带宽128、图1的传输速率116和与接收器信号114关联的噪声部分。 [0137] Channel estimation module 310 may also determine the Fig total bandwidth W 1 of the noise portion of the transmission rate 128, and 116 of FIG. 1 with the receiver 114 associated with the signal. 信道估计模块310可W基于接收器信号114消耗的频率、持续时间、信道数或者其组合确定总带宽128。 Channel estimation module 310 can W receiver signal 114 based on the frequency of consumption, duration, number of channels, or combinations thereof to determine the total bandwidth of 128.

[0138] 类似地,信道估计模块310可W基于与接收器信号114关联的信息量、编码和调制方案、持续时间、信道数目或者其组合确定传输速率116。 [0138] Similarly, channel estimation module 310 may be W-based information associated with the receiver signal 114, coding and modulation scheme, duration, number of channels, or combinations thereof to determine the transmission rate 116. 信道估计模块310可W诸如使用参考部分或者导频音、或者使用独立的噪声确定电路,从接收器信号114直接确定接收器信号114内的噪声部分。 Channel estimation module 310 may use the reference section, such as W or pilot tones, or use a separate noise determining circuit directly determine the noise portion of the received signal 114 from the receiver signal 114.

[0139] 信道估计模块310还可W计算信道容量120。 [0139] Channel estimation module 310 may also calculate the channel capacity of 120 W. 例如,信道估计模块310可W基于信道估计118、噪声部分、总带宽128、传输速率116或者其组合计算信道容量120。 For example, channel estimation module 310 may estimate based on the channel 118 W, the noise portion of the total bandwidth of 128, 116 or a combination transmission rate to calculate the channel capacity 120.

[0140] 再举一例,信道估计模块310还可W基于选择适合信道估计118的信道模型确定信道容量120。 [0140] As another example, channel estimation module 310 may also select the appropriate W-based channel estimation channel model 118 to determine the channel capacity of 120. 再举一更加具体的例子,信道估计模块310可W基于通信系统100预定的信息,找出与信道估计118被包括在其中的一系列范围有关的信道容量120。 Cite a more specific example, channel estimation module 310 can W based on predetermined information communication system 100, to identify with the channel estimate 118 to be included in the scope of which related to a series of 120 channel capacity.

[0141] 信道估计模块310可W包括控制处理模块328。 [0141] Channel estimation module 310 may include a control processing module 328 W. 控制处理模块328可W是休眠的(dormant),或者不被用于处理没有与重发请求122的任意实例关联的初始通信。 Control processing module 328 may be W is dormant (dormant), or not without initial communication with the retransmission request associated with any instance of 122 for processing.

[0142] 控制处理模块328可W捜索图1的分配部分132、重发部分136、对重发请求122或者在前数据126的参考、识别接收器信号114为重发数据124的任意指示或者其组合。 [0142] control the distribution processing module 328 may be W Dissatisfied with section 132 of FIG. 1 cable retransmission section 136 or 122 of the retransmission request data 126 of the previous reference, identifying the received signal 114 is a retransmission data indicates 124 or any of its combination. 控制处理模块328可W当接收器信号114是初始通信而非重发数据124时保持休眠或者不活动,并且不包括分配部分132、重发部分136、对重发请求122或者在前数据126的参考、识别接收器信号114为重发数据124的任意指示或者其组合。 W control processing module 328 may signal when the receiver 114 is the initial communication, rather than retransmitting the data remain dormant or inactive 124, and section 132 does not include distribution, retransmission section 136, the retransmission request data 122 or 126 of the former reference, the receiver identifying signal 114 indicates the retransmission data 124 or any combination thereof. 将在下面讨论关于控制处理模块328的细节。 We will discuss details regarding the control processing module 328 in the following.

[0143] 信道估计模块310使用第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、 第二通信单元236或者其组合W计算信道估计118、信道容量120或者其组合。 [0143] Channel estimation module 310 using the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof to calculate channel estimates 118 W, 120 channel capacity or a combination thereof. 信道估计模块310可W存储信道估计118、信道容量120或者其组合在第一存储单元214、第二存储单元246或者其组合中。 Channel estimation module 310 may estimate 118 W store channel, channel capacity 120, or combinations thereof in the first storage unit 214, the second storage unit 246, or a combination thereof.

[0144] 在特征化发送器信道112之后,控制流可W传到反馈模块314、解码模块312、重发组合模块322或者其组合。 [0144] After the characteristics of the transmitter channel 112, the control flow can spread to the feedback module 314 W, decoding module 312, retransmission combination module 322 or a combination thereof. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与信道估计模块304之间传递,但是使用信道估计模块310的处理结果,诸如信道估计118、信道容量120或者其组合。 W flow control can similarly as described above in the new data module 302 and channel estimation module 304 to pass between, but using the channel estimation module 310 processing results, such as channel estimation 118, 120 channel capacity or a combination thereof.

[0145] 解码模块312被配置为确定接收器信号114的内容。 [0145] decoding module 312 is configured to determine the content of the received signal 114. 解码模块312可W诸如通过检测、解码、交织、解交织或者其组合来处理接收器信号114,W确定通信内容108。 W decoding module 312 may be such as by detecting, decoding, interleaving, deinterleaving processing, or a combination thereof to the receiver signal 114, W 108 determines the content of the communication.

[0146]例如,解码模块312可W通过星座图中符号或者位的值的实例计算用于表示一部分接收器信号114的相关性的基于似然性的值。 [0146] For example, decoding module 312 may be W by way of example constellation of symbols or bits of the value calculated for a portion of the receiver signal value 114 based on the probability of relevance like representation. 解码模块312可W确定接收器信号114的内容候选为具有基于最高似然性的结果、高于阔值的结果或者其组合的码元序列或者位序列。 W decoding module 312 may determine the contents of the received signal 114 candidates based on the highest likelihood result to or higher than the threshold value of a symbol sequence or bit sequence having a combination thereof. 再举例来说,解码模块312可W使用最大似然性机制、最大后验机制或者其组合。 As another example, decoding module 312 may use the maximum likelihood W mechanism, maximum a posteriori mechanisms or combinations thereof.

[0147] 解码模块312还可W估计内容候选。 [0147] W decoding module 312 may further estimate the contents of the candidate. 例如,解码模块312可W对内容候选执行错误检查,诸如循环冗余校验(CRC)、校验和误差检查(checksumerrorcheck)、低密度奇偶性检验(low-densityparit5f-check,LDPC)或者其组合。 For example, decoding module 312 can perform error checking on the content W candidate, cyclic redundancy check (CRC), such as a checksum error checking (checksumerrorcheck), low-density parity test (low-densityparit5f-check, LDPC) or a combination thereof .

[0148] 解码模块312可W在错误检查结果是无错时确定内容候选为通信内容108。 [0148] W decoding module 312 may determine the contents of the candidate to communicate the contents of 108 when the error check result is error-free. 解码模块312可W当内容候选错误检查失败时开始对于发送重发请求122的处理过程。 Decoding module 312 W when the content of a candidate can be error-checking process fails to begin processing 122 requests for retransmission. 解码模块312还可W在内容候选错误检查失败时对接收器信号114、内容候选、其衍生、其一部分、 其处理结果或者其组合分类为在前数据126。 Decoding module 312 may also be a candidate when the content W error check fails the receiver signal 114, the content of the candidate, their derivatives, their part, the result of the processing, or a combination of data classification as the previous 126.

[0149]例如,解码模块312可W传递表示错误检查结果的信号或者通知给重发组合模块322、反馈模块314或者其组合。 [0149] For example, the decoding module 312 may transmit a signal indicative of W or notify erroneous test results to the retransmission combination module 322, the feedback module 314 or a combination thereof. 再举一例,解码模块312可W将内容候选、接收器信号114、 其一部分或者其组合传递给重发组合模块322。 As another example, decoding module 312 may be content W candidate, the receiver signal 114, a part or combinations thereof transmitted to the retransmission combination module 322.

[0150] 解码模块312可W使用第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、 第二通信单元236或者其组合从接收器信号114中确定内容。 [0150] W decoding module 312 may use the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof to determine the content of the signal 114 from the receiver. 解码模块312可W存储内容候选、接收器信号114、其一部分或者其组合在第一存储单元214、第二存储单元246或者其组合中。 W decoding module 312 may store content candidate, a receiver signal 114, a part or combinations thereof in the first storage unit 214, the second storage unit 246, or a combination thereof.

[0151] 在估计内容候选之后,控制流可W传到反馈模块314、重发组合模块322或者其组合。 [0151] After the contents of the candidate estimation, control flow can be passed to a feedback module 314 W, retransmission combination module 322 or a combination thereof. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间传递,但是使用解码模块312的处理结果,诸如通信内容108、内容候选、接收器信号114、其一部分、其衍生或者其组合。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304 is passed, but the results using the decoding module 312, such as communication content 108, the content of candidate, the receiver signal 114, a part, or its derivative a combination thereof.

[0152]重发组合模块322可W存储来自解码模块312的内容候选、接收器信号114、其一部分或者其组合用于导致处理错误的初始发送。 [0152] retransmission combination module 322 can store data from the decoding module content W 312 candidates, the receiver signal 114, a part or combinations thereof for initial transmission lead to processing errors. 重发组合模块322可W存储内容候选、接收器信号114、其一部分或者其组合在第一存储单元214、第二存储单元246或者其组合中。 Retransmission combination module 322 may store content candidate W, the receiver signal 114, a part or combinations thereof in the first storage unit 214, the second storage unit 246, or a combination thereof.

[0153] 在存储解码结果之后,控制流可W传到量度模块320。 [0153] After storing the decoding result, the flow of control module 320 can measure W spread. 控制流可W如上所述在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间类似地传递。 W flow control as described above can be similarly transmitted between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304.

[0154] 量度模块320被配置为确定用于控制关于在重发中的重发信息的细节的手段。 [0154] measurement module 320 is configured to determine for controlling retransmission information on the details of the retransmission of means. 量度模块320可W通过确定图1的重发量度130、分配部分132、其衍生或者其组合来确定对于重发信息的手段。 W measurement module 320 may measure by determining a retransmission 130 of FIG. 1, the distribution section 132, or combinations thereof derived to determine the retransmission of information means. 量度模块320可W从接收设备、发送设备或者其组合的视角确定手段。 W metric module 320 may determine the means from the receiving device, the transmitting device or a combination of perspective. 例如,量度模块320可W使用第一设备102、第二设备106或者其组合确定控制手段。 For example, measuring module 320 can use the first device W 102, the second device 106 determines a control means or a combination thereof.

[0巧日]量度模块320可W包括消息接收器计算单元332、发送分配模块334或者其组合。 [0 Qiao day] W metric module 320 may include a message receiver computing unit 332, the transmission assignment module 334 or a combination thereof. 发送分配模块334被配置为从发送设备的视角确定在重发中对于重发信息的控制手段。 Send allocation module 334 is configured to determine from the perspective of the sending device in the retransmission control information for retransmission means. 将在下面讨论关于发送分配模块334的细节。 Will be discussed below with respect to the transmission assignment module 334 details.

[0156] 接收器计算单元332被配置为从接收设备的视角确定在重发中对于重发信息的控制手段。 [0156] The receiver calculating unit 332 is configured to determine from the perspective of the receiving device controls the retransmission of information for the retransmission. 例如,接收器计算单元332可W使用第一设备102确定控制手段。 For example, the receiver unit 332 may be calculated using the first W device 102 determines a control means. 再举一例,接收器计算单元332可W基于在前数据126确定重发量度130。 As another example, the receiver can calculate unit 332 W 126 determines based on previous data retransmission measure 130.

[0157] 接收器计算单元332可W通过估计下一容量340、通过计算下一重发带宽342或者其组合确定控制手段。 [0157] The receiver unit 332 may calculate the next estimated capacity of 340 W by, by calculating the next retransmission bandwidth, 342 determines a control means or a combination thereof. 下一容量340是对于能够稍后为发送器信道112所容纳的信息的量的估计。 The next capacity 340 is the amount of information can be later for the transmitter channel 112 accommodated estimate. 下一容量340可W是在发送、接收或者其组合重发数据124的时间稍后的时间的信道容量120的估计。 The next capacity 340 W is sent, received, or a combination of retransmission channel capacity data 124 times a later time estimate 120.

[015引接收器计算单元332可W基于信道容量120、信道估计118或者其组合估计下一容量340。 [015 cited a receiver unit 332 may calculate W 120 based on the channel capacity, channel estimation estimated 118 or a combination of the next 340 capacity. 接收器计算单元332还可W基于对于信道容量120、信道估计118或者其组合的先前的值、样式或者其组合估计下一容量340。 The receiver unit 332 may also be calculated based on the channel capacity W 120, channel estimation 118 or a combination of the previous value, style, or a combination thereof estimated capacity of 340 the next.

[0159] 下一重发带宽342是在重发通信中成功确定初始内容所需要的资源的量。 [0159] Next retransmission 342 is retransmission of bandwidth communications successfully to determine the amount of resources needed for the initial contents of. 下一重发带宽342可W是接收重发信息W成功确定通信内容108所需要的频率范围、位数或者其组合。 The next retransmission bandwidth of 342 W W retransmission information is received to determine the success of communication content 108 desired frequency range, median, or a combination thereof.

[0160] 下一重发带宽342可W用作在用于通信内容108的重发通信中控制重发数据的重发量度130。 [0160] Next retransmission bandwidth of 342 W can be used in the retransmission of communication for communication content control 108 metric retransmission retransmission data 130. 接收器计算单元332可W确定重发量度130,W用于针对通信内容108来平衡(或者最小化)重发数据124中与在前数据126相对应的重发部分136、用于重新处理在前数据126的重发部分136、重发数据124或者其组合。 The receiver calculating unit 332 may determine retransmission measure W 130, W 108 used for communication content to balance (or minimize) the retransmission data 124 and 126 corresponding to the previous data retransmission section 136 for reprocessing in before retransmission of the data portion 136 126, retransmission data 124 or combinations thereof.

[0161] 接收器计算单元332可W基于下一容量340、信道容量120、传输速率116、接收器信号114内重发数据的量或者其组合计算下一重发带宽342。 [0161] The receiver unit 332 may calculate W 340, 120 channel capacity, transfer rate 116, 114 within the receiver signal retransmitted data amount, or a combination of computing capacity is based on the next to the next retransmission bandwidth is 342. 接收器计算单元332可W基于W下计算下一重发带宽342; The receiver unit 332 may calculate W W based on the next calculation of the next retransmission bandwidth of 342;

[0162] 数学公式1 [0162] mathematical formula 1

[0163] [0163]

Figure CN104704761AD00191

公式(1) Equation (1)

[0164] 对于公式(1)来说;下一重发带宽342可W表示为%'。 [0164] For Equation (1) is; next retransmission bandwidth of 342% can be expressed as W '. 项'c/可W表示信道容量120并且'C2'可W表示下一容量340。 Item 'c / W represents the channel capacity can be 120 and' C2 'may represent the next capacity 340 W. 项'r/可W表示传输速率116。 Term 'r / W indicates the transmission rate can be 116. 对于初始发送或者在前数据126 (它与在前的重发请求122的实例没有关联),项'b/可W被给定为值0。 For the initial transmission or previous data 126 (which is the first instance of a retransmission request 122 is not associated), item 'b / W can be given a value of zero. 下面描述关于项'b/的细节。 The following describes details about the items' b / a.

[01化]接收器计算单元332还可W基于量度调整344计算下一重发带宽342。 [01 of] the receiver calculating unit 332 may also adjust the W-based metrics to calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 344 342. 量度调整344是在估计下一容量340中补偿可能错误的值或者一组值。 344 is a measure of adjustment capacity in the next 340 in compensation for the estimated possible wrong value or set of values. 量度调整344可W是大于1 的值。 Metric adjustment 344 may be greater than 1 W.

[0166] 接收器计算单元332可W基于对于启发式分配机制的量度调整344来计算下一重发带宽342,表示为: [0166] The receiver unit 332 may calculate W heuristic-based allocation mechanism for adjustment 344 to calculate a measure of the next retransmission bandwidth of 342, it is expressed as:

[0167] 数学公式2 [0167] mathematical formula 2

[0168] [0168]

Figure CN104704761AD00192

公式(2) Equation (2)

[0169] 项'0'可W表示量度调整344并且项.巧,可W表示估计的下一容量340的实例。 [0169] entry '0' to 344 and W represents a measure of adjustment items. Coincidentally, the W represents the next instance of the estimated capacity of 340. 接收器计算单元332还可W使用具有量度调整344的公式(1)。 Receiver unit 332 may also calculate the metric to adjust the 344 W having the formula (1). 量度调整344可W由通信系统100预定。 Measuring 344 may adjust W is predetermined by the communication system 100. 量度调整344还可W由接收器计算单元332基于信道估计118、信道容量120、下一容量340或者其组合进行选择。 344 W may also be a measure of adjustment calculated by the receiver unit 332 based on the channel estimate 118, the channel capacity of 120, 340 or a combination of the next capacity to choose.

[0170] 已经发现,使用量度调整344的启发式分配机制提供在确定通信内容108上提高的准确性。 [0170] It has been found, using 344 metric adjustment heuristic allocation mechanisms 108 in determining communication content to improve accuracy. 使用量度调整344的启发式分配机制可W调整通过估计下一容量340引入的不准确,并且使用低复杂度计算方法确定下一重发带宽342。 344 metric adjustment using heuristic allocation mechanism W is adjusted by the estimated capacity of 340 introduced next is not accurate, and the use of low complexity calculation method to determine the next retransmission bandwidth is 342. 所述调整和低复杂度方法的使用可W提高确定的速率和频率,该还可W提高实时信道状态的准确性和相关性。 Use the adjustment and low complexity method of determining the rate of increase may be W and frequency, which can also improve the real-time channel status W accuracy and relevance.

[0171] 接收器计算单元332还可W用贪婪分配机制计算下一重发带宽342,表示为: [0171] The receiver computing unit 332 W with greedy allocation mechanisms can also calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 342, it is expressed as:

[0172] 数学公式3 [0172] Mathematical Formula 3

[0173] [0173]

Figure CN104704761AD00193

公式(3) Equation (3)

[0174] 对于公式(3)来说,项'm/可W表示h-ci) (1-bi)并且将在下面更加详细地讨论。 [0174] For the equation (3), the term 'm / W can represent h-ci) (1-bi) and will be discussed in more detail below. 函数卞(X)'可W基于对于下一容量340的估计并且可W表示为: Function Bian (X) 'W based on the next available capacity estimated 340 W and it can be expressed as:

[0175] 数学公式4 [0175] Mathematical Equation 4

[0176] [0176]

Figure CN104704761AD00194

公式(4) Equation (4)

[0177] 而且,接收器计算单元332可W使用: [0177] Furthermore, the receiver can calculate unit 332 W use:

[017引数学公式5 [017 cited mathematical formula 5

[0179] [0179]

Figure CN104704761AD00201

公式巧) Formula Qiao)

[0180] 接收器计算单元332可W使用第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W估计下一容量340、计算下一重发带宽342或者其组合。 [0180] Receiver unit 332 may calculate W using the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof next estimated capacity 340 W, calculate the next retransmission Bandwidth 342 or combinations thereof. 接收器计算单元332可W存储下一容量340、下一重发带宽342或者其组合在第一存储单元214、第二存储单元246或者其组合中。 Receiver unit 332 may calculate the next storage capacity of 340 W, 342 next retransmission bandwidth, or a combination thereof in the first storage unit 214, the second storage unit 246, or a combination thereof.

[0181] 在计算控制手段之后,控制流可W传到反馈模块314。 [0181] After calculating the control means to control the flow can be passed to the feedback module 314 W. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块304之间传递,但是使用接收器计算单元332的处理结果,诸如下一容量340、下一重发带宽342、其一部分、其衍生或者其组合。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 304 is passed, but the results of the calculation processing using the receiver unit 332, such as the capacity of the next 340, the next retransmission bandwidth of 342, part of which derivatives or combinations thereof.

[0182] 反馈模块314被配置为生成从接收设备反馈回发送设备的信息。 [0182] Feedback module 314 is configured to generate the information fed back from the receiving apparatus transmitting device. 反馈模块314可W生成用于生成在设备之间反馈的信息的反馈数据346。 W feedback module 314 may generate feedback between the device for generating the feedback information data 346.

[0183] 反馈数据346是从接收设备发送到发送设备的信息。 [0183] The feedback data 346 is transmitted from the receiving device to send information about the device. 反馈数据346可W是用于表示与在前数据126关联的信道估计118。 346 W feedback data can be used to represent the channel data 126 associated with the previous estimate of 118. 反馈数据346还可W用于请求用于解码在前数据126的重发数据124。 346 W feedback data can be used to decode the first data for requesting retransmission data 124 126.

[0184] 反馈数据346可W包括信道估计118或者其衍生作为在接收设备处的信道状态信息或者发送设备的信道质量信息(CQI)。 [0184] The feedback data 346 may include a channel estimation 118 W or its derivatives as the channel quality information receiving apparatus at the channel state information or the sending device (CQI). 反馈数据346还可W包括基于来自解码模块312 的解码状态的重发请求122。 346 W feedback data may further include a retransmission-based decoding module decoding status from 312 122 requests. 当解码模块312没有从接收器信号114确定通信内容108时, 反馈数据346可W包括NACK或者不提供ACK。 When decoding module 312 no 108, feedback data W from the receiver 346 can determine the communication signal 114 includes NACK or does not provide ACK.

[0化5] 反馈数据346还可W包括下一重发带宽342作为重发量度130。 [0 of 5] feedback data 346 may also include next retransmission bandwidth, W 342 metric 130 as a retransmission. 当解码模块312 没有从接收器信号114中确定通信内容108时反馈模块314可W包括下一重发带宽342。 When decoding module 312 does not include a next retransmission bandwidth, signal 114 from the receiver 108 to determine the content of communication feedback module 314 may W 342.

[0186] 反馈模块314可W使用第一控制接口222、第二控制接口244、第一通信接口228、 第二通信接口250、第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W生成反馈数据346。 [0186] W feedback module 314 may use a first control interface 222, a second control interface 244, a first communication interface 228, a second communication interface 250, a first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216 , the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof W 346 generates feedback data.

[0187] 已经发现,接收设备,诸如确定重发量度130作为下一重发带宽342并且发送具有重发量度130在其中的反馈数据346的第一设备102,提供提高的资源管理的效率。 [0187] It has been found, the receiving device, such as a measure to determine the retransmission retransmission bandwidth of 130 as the next sending a retransmission 342 and 130 metric feedback data in which the first device 102 346, provide improved resource management efficiency. 通信系统100可W使用由接收设备确定的下一重发带宽342W控制确定通信内容108所必需的重发数据的量而不使用更多带宽或者比必要数据更多的数据。 W communication system 100 may be used by the receiving device determines the bandwidth 342W next retransmission control determines the amount of communication content 108 retransmission data required without using more bandwidth or more data than necessary.

[01能]在生成反馈数据346之后,控制流可W传到反馈通信模块316。 [01 can] after 346 generating feedback data, control flow can be passed to feedback W communications module 316. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块306之间传递,但是使用构造模块306的处理结果, 诸如反馈数据346。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 306 is passed, but the results using the building blocks 306, 346, such as feedback data.

[0189] 反馈通信模块316被配置为在设备之间交换反馈信息。 [0189] Feedback communication module 316 is configured to exchange feedback information between the devices. 反馈通信模块316能够通过对反馈信息的发送、接收或者其组合来交换信息。 Feedback communication module 316 through transmission of the feedback information received or a combination thereof to exchange information. 反馈通信模块316可W包括反馈发送模块348、反馈接收模块350或者其组合。 Feedback communication module 316 may include a feedback transmission W module 348, a feedback receiving module 350 or a combination thereof.

[0190] 反馈发送模块348被配置为发送反馈数据346。 [0190] Feedback sending module 348 is configured to transmit feedback data 346. 反馈发送模块348可W基于重发量度130、信道估计118、信道容量120、重发请求122、其衍生或者其组合发送反馈数据346。 Send feedback module 348 may retransmit a measure based on 130 W, 118 channel estimation, channel capacity 120, retransmission request 122, or combinations thereof derived send feedback data 346. 反馈发送模块348可W基于反馈模块314的处理结果发送反馈数据346。 Send feedback module 348 may be 346 W Send feedback data processing results based on the feedback module 314.

[0191] 反馈发送模块348可W类似于发送发送器信号110的消息发送模块324发送反馈数据346。 [0191] send feedback module 348 may send a signal W is similar to sending a message sending module 324 110 346 send feedback data. 例如,反馈发送模块348可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合W发送反馈数据346。 For example, the feedback module 348 may send W using the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236, or a combination of 346 W Send feedback data.

[0192] 反馈接收模块350被配置为接收反馈数据346。 [0192] Feedback receiving module 350 is configured to receive feedback data 346. 在发送在前数据126之后,反馈接收模块350可W接收相应于表示在前数据126的反馈数据346。 After sending the first data 126, the feedback received W receiver module 350 may represent the first data corresponding to the feedback data 126 346. 反馈接收模块350可W接收包括重发请求122、重发量度130、信道估计118、下一重发带宽342、其衍生或者其组合的反馈数据346。 Feedback reception module 350 may include retransmission request receiving W 122, 130 metric retransmission, channel estimation 118, the next retransmission bandwidth of 342, or a combination thereof derived feedback data 346.

[0193]反馈接收模块350可W类似于接收接收器信号114的消息接收模块326接收反馈数据346。 [0193] W feedback reception module 350 may signal the receiver similar to the receiver 114 of message receiving module 326 receives feedback data 346. 例如,反馈接收模块350可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合接收反馈数据346。 For example, the feedback receiving module 350 may use a first communication unit 216 W, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof to receive feedback data 346.

[0194] 反馈发送模块348和反馈接收模块350可W用电线或者通过无线通信禪接。 [0194] Feedback Send feedback module 348 and receiving module 350 may W wire or by wireless communication Zen connection. 反馈发送模块348和反馈接收模块350可W是网络104的一部分。 Feedback Send feedback module 348 and receiving module 350 may be part of a network 104 W.

[01巧]在接收反馈数据346之后,控制流可W传到量度模块320。 [01 Qiao] After receiving feedback data 346, the control flow measurement module 320 can be W spread. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与编码模块316之间传递,但是使用反馈通信模块316的处理结果, 诸如反馈数据346。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and encoding module 316 is passed, but the results using the feedback communication module 316, such as 346 feedback data.

[0196] 量度模块320可W通过确定重发量度130、分配部分132、其衍生或者其组合。 [0196] W metric module 320 may measure by determining a retransmission 130, allocating section 132, their derivatives or combinations thereof. 量度模块320可W基于反馈数据346确定重发量度130、分配部分132、其衍生或者其组合。 W metric module 320 can determine based on the feedback data retransmission metric 346 130, allocating section 132, their derivatives or combinations thereof.

[0197] 量度模块320可W包括发送分配模块334。 [0197] W metrics module 320 may include sending allocation module 334. 发送分配模块334被配置为响应于重发请求122控制重发数据。 Send allocation module 334 is configured to respond to a retransmission request 122 controls the retransmission of data. 发送分配模块334可W通过生成分配部分132控制重发数据。 W transmission assignment module 334 may assign the control section 132 by generating retransmission data.

[0198] 发送分配模块334可W通过确定重发量度130生成分配部分132。 [0198] transmission assignment module 334 may retransmit W by determining a measure allocating section 130 generates 132. 发送分配模块334可W在反馈数据346不包括重发量度130或者不使用重发量度130或者包括在反馈数据346中的下一重发带宽342时确定重发量度130。 Distribution module 334 may send W 346 is not included in the feedback data retransmission measure 130 or 130 do not use the metric retransmission or included in the feedback data 346 in the next retransmission bandwidth of 342 130 metric when determining a retransmission. 发送分配模块334可W基于包括在反馈数据346中的下一容量340、信道估计118或者CQI、重发请求122或者其组合确定重发重度130。 W transmission allocation module 334 may be included in the feedback data based on the next-capacity 346 340, channel estimation 118 or CQI, retransmission request 122 or a combination of severe 130 determines a retransmission.

[0199] 发送分配模块334可W类似于接收器计算单元332计算下一重发带宽342来确定重发量度130。 [0199] W transmission assignment module 334 may calculate similar to the receiver unit 332 to calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 342 130 metric to determine a retransmission. 例如,发送分配模块334可W从反馈数据346中估计下一容量340或者确定下一容量340。 For example, the transmission assignment module 334 W can be estimated from the feedback data capacity of 340 or 346 in the next 340 determines the next capacity. 再举一例,发送分配模块334可W使用一个或多个公式(1)-(5)计算下一重发带宽342,并且设置重发量度130作为下一重发带宽342。 As another example, the transmission assignment module 334 may use one or more formulas W (1) - (5) to calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 342 and 130 set the retransmission measurement bandwidth of 342 as the next retransmission.

[0200] 发送分配模块334基于重发量度130生成分配部分132,如发送分配模块334通过计算所确定的或者如反馈数据346中所指示的那样。 334 130 metric generated based on the retransmission allocation section 132, such as the transmission assignment module 334 determined by calculating feedback data, such as 346 or as indicated in the [0200] transmission allocation module. 发送分配模块334可W生成分配部分132作为对于图1的新部分134、重发部分136或者其组合的大小的指示。 Send assignment module 334 may assign portion 132 W is generated as part of the new 134 of FIG. 1, the retransmission instruction section 136 or a combination of size.

[0201] 例如,发送分配模块334可W通过包括相应于重发数据124的重发部分136的下一重发带宽342来生成分配部分132。 [0201] For example, the transmission assignment module 334 may include W corresponding to the retransmission by retransmitting section 136 of the next data retransmission bandwidth of 124 342 to generate the distribution section 132. 再举一例,发送分配模块334可W通过包括位的数目、 对于信息部分或者奇偶部分的指示、通信内容108中位的位置或者部位或者其组合来生成分配部分132。 As another example, the transmission assignment module 334 may include W by the number of bits, for indicating the parity information portion or portions, communication content 108 or a portion of the positions of bits or a combination thereof to generate the allocated portion 132.

[0202] 发送分配模块334可W使用第一控制单元212、第二控制单元234、第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合确定重发量度130、生成分配部分132或者其组合。 [0202] W transmission assignment module 334 may use the first control unit 212, the second control unit 234, a first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof to determine a retransmission metric 130 generates allocation section 132 or a combination thereof. 接收器计算单元332可W存储重发量度130、分配部分132或者其组合在第一存储单元214、第二存储单元246或者其组合。 Receiver unit 332 may calculate retransmission metric store 130 W, allocation section 132 or a combination thereof in the first storage unit 214, the second storage unit 246 or a combination thereof.

[0203] 已经发现,基于重发量度130的分配部分132提供吞吐量的提高而不对资源造成负担。 [0203] It has been found, based on the retransmission portion 132 130 metric assigned to provide improved throughput and not a burden on resources. 通信系统100可W使用分配部分132平衡重发部分136、新部分134或者其组合w仅仅重发对于每个实例必需的量而不是对于所有重发来重发任意数量。 W using the communication system 100 may allocate part 132 balance the retransmission portion 136, a new section 134 or a combination w retransmitted only an amount necessary for each instance and not all retransmissions for any number of retransmissions. 分配部分132可用于通过新部分134发送新信息用于重发部分136之后剩余的时间、频率、带宽或者其组合。 Dispensing portion 132 can be used to send a new message through the new section 134 for the remaining portion 136 after the retransmission time, frequency, bandwidth, or a combination thereof. [0204] 还发现,发送设备,诸如确定重发量度130作为下一重发带宽342或者用于发送重发数据124的分配部分的第二设备106,提供提高的资源管理的效率。 [0204] also found that the transmission device, such as a measure to determine the retransmission retransmission bandwidth of 130 as the next 342 or for transmitting retransmission data distribution section 124 of the second device 106, provide improved efficiency of resource management. 通信系统100可W使用由发送设备确定的下一重发带宽342或者分配部分132W控制确定通信内容108所必需的重发数据的量而不使用更多带宽或者比必要数据更多的数据。 W communication system 100 may use the determined next retransmission by the transmitting device 342, or more data bandwidth is allocated portion 132W communication content control 108 determines the amount of required retransmission data without using more bandwidth than necessary, or data.

[02化]在生成分配部分132之后,控制流可W传到新数据模块302、编码模块304、构造模块306、重发模块318或者其组合。 [Of 02] After generating the allocation section 132, the control flow can be passed to the new data W module 302, an encoding module 304, configuration module 306, a retransmission module 318 or a combination thereof. 控制流可W如上所述类似地在新数据模块302与量度模块304之间传递,但是使用量度模块320的处理结果,诸如分配部分132。 W flow control as described above can be similarly between the new data module 302 and measurement module 304 is passed, but the results using metrics module 320, such as the distribution section 132.

[0206] 通信系统100可W通过各种方法使用分配部分132。 [0206] W communication system 100 may use a variety of methods by allocating section 132. 例如,新数据模块302可W被配置为基于分配部分132确定新部分134。 For example, the new data W module 302 may be configured to determine assignment section 132 based on the new section 134. 新数据模块302可W基于分配部分132、分配部分132所指示的重发部分136或者其组合,确定新部分134为具有受传输块中剩余的资源量、传输间隔、总带宽128或者其组合所限制的大小。 The new data module 302 may allocate part based on W 132, allocating section 132 indicates retransmission section 136 or a combination thereof, to determine a new section 134 to have the amount of resources that the rest of the transport block, transmission interval, the total bandwidth of 128, or a combination The size limit.

[0207] 继续本例子,编码模块304可W如上所述对新部分134编码。 [0207] to continue the present example, encoding module 304 may be part of the new 134 W coding as described above. 经编码的新部分134 的实例可W传递到重发模块318用于存储、传递到构造模块306用于生成重发数据124或者其组合。 Examples of encoded by a new section 134 may be transmitted to the retransmission W module 318 for storage, passed to the constructor module 306 is used to generate retransmission data 124 or combinations thereof.

[0208] 再举一例,重发模块318可W被配置为基于重发量度130、分配部分132或者其组合确定与在前数据126相应的重发部分136。 [0208] As another example, a retransmission module 318 may be configured based on W retransmission metric 130, allocation section 132 or a combination thereof determines data 126 corresponding to the front portion 136 of the retransmission. 重发模块318可W从所存储的先前作为在前数据126发送的通信内容108的实例中确定重发部分136。 Retransmission module 318 may be W stored from the previous retransmission determining section 136 as the first instance of data communications content sent 108 of 126. 重发模块318可W确定重发部分136作为与重发量度130、分配部分132或者其组合相应的所存储的通信内容108或者在前数据126的实例的一部分。 W retransmission module 318 may determine the retransmission as retransmission portion 136 metric 130, allocation section 132 or a combination of communication content 108 corresponding to the stored data 126 or a part of the previous examples. 重发模块318可W传递重发部分136给构造模块306。 Retransmission module 318 may transmit the retransmission portion 136 W to 306 building blocks.

[0209] 再举一例,构造模块306可W生成重发数据124。 [0209] As another example, configuration module 306 can generate retransmission data W 124. 构造模块306可W生成具有分配部分132、重发部分136、新部分134或者其组合的重发数据124用于响应于重发请求122 发送重发数据124。 W module 306 may be configured to generate a distribution portion 132, the retransmission portion 136, a new section 134 or a combination thereof retransmission data 124 in response to the retransmission request 122 transmits retransmission data 124. 构造模块306可W通过组合如重发量度130、分配部分132或者其组合所指示的分配部分132、重发部分136、新部分134或者其组合来生成重发数据124。 W module 306 can be configured by combining as a retransmission metric 130, allocation section 132 or a combination thereof as indicated by allocating section 132, the retransmission portion 136, a new section 134 or a combination thereof to generate retransmission data 124.

[0210] 继续本例子,构造模块306还可W取代新数据模块302确定新部分134。 [0210] to continue the present example, the module 306 can be configured to replace the new data module 302 W to determine the new section 134. 再举一个更加具体的例子,构造模块306可W基于重发部分136、重发量度130、分配部分132或者其组合确定新部分134。 Cite a more specific example, the configuration module 306 may retransmit based portion 136 W, 130 metric retransmission, distribution section 132 or section 134 to determine the new combinations. 构造模块306可W根据重发量度130或者分配部分132从新数据模块302、编码模块304或者其组合中确定新部分134为新信息的量。 Configuration module 306 can measure 130 W retransmission or distribution portion 132 302 new data module, coding module 304, or a combination of new section 134 to determine the amount of new information.

[0211] 继续本例子,构造模块306还可W确定新部分134为与超过重发部分136、分配部分132或者其组合的传输块中的部分、剩余的传输间隔、总带宽128或者其组合相应的新信息的量。 [0211] to continue the present example, construction module 306 may also determine a new section 134 W with over retransmission portion 136, allocating section 132 or a combination of transport block portion, the remaining transmission interval, the total bandwidth of 128 or a combination thereof corresponding The amount of new information.

[0212] 另举例来说,构造模块306可W取代重发模块318确定重发部分136。 [0212] Another example, the construction module 306 can replace the retransmission module 318 W to determine the retransmission portion 136. 构造模块306可W通过接收所存储的先前发送的在前数据126或者通信内容108的实例,来确定重发部分136。 W configuration module 306 may receive the previous data stored previously sent 126 or 108 instances of communication content to determine the retransmission portion 136. 构造模块306可W通过根据重发量度130或者分配部分132识别所存储的实例的一个或多个部分来确定重发部分136。 W module 306 can be configured by the measure according to the retransmission 130 or 132 is assigned a portion of the stored identifying one or more portions of an example of determining the retransmission portion 136.

[0213] 消息通信模块308还可W被配置为基于重发量度130、新部分134、分配部分132 或者其组合来通信包括重发部分136的重发数据124。 [0213] W messaging module 308 may be configured based on the retransmission metric 130, a new section 134, allocating section 132 or a combination thereof to the communication portion 136 includes a retransmission retransmission data 124. 消息通信模块308可W响应于用于在通信系统100中设备之间的通信的重发请求122,通信用于重新通信在前数据126或者其一部分的重发数据124。 W messaging module 308 may be used in response to the retransmission of the communication system 100 in the communication between the requesting device 122, the communication data 126 for re-communication or a part of the first retransmission data 124.

[0214] 消息通信模块308可W类似于如上所述的在前数据126通信重发数据124。 [0214] the first data message communications module 308 described above is similar to 126 W can communicate retransmission data 124. 例如, 消息发送模块324可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合发送重发数据124。 For example, message sending module 324 may be W using the first communication unit 216, the second communication unit 236, or a combination of retransmission data 124. 再举一例,消息接收器模块326可W使用第一通信单元216、第二通信单元236或者其组合接收与重发数据124相应的接收器信号114。 As another example, the message receiver module 326 may use a first communication unit 216 W, the second communication unit 236 or a combination thereof 124 receives retransmission data signal 114 corresponding receiver.

[0215] 信道估计模块310可W处理与如上所述的重发数据124相应的接收器信号114。 [0215] Channel estimation module 310 may W processing and retransmission data as described above 124 114 corresponding receiver signal. 控制处理模块328可W被配置为通过识别接收器信号114中的分配部分132、重发部分136、 对重发请求122或者在前数据126的参考、识别接收器信号114作为重发数据124的任意指示或者其组合,来识别与重发数据124相应的接收器信号114。 W control processing module 328 may be configured to identify the received signal 114 allocated portion 132, the retransmission portion 136, on the retransmission request 122 or the first reference data, the receiver identifying signal 126 as retransmission data 114 of 124 any instructions or a combination thereof, to identify retransmitted data 124 corresponding receiver signal 114.

[0216] 控制处理模块328可W根据通信系统100预定的格式或者序列识别用于重发数据124的分配部分132。 [0216] control processing module 328 W The communication system 100 may be a predetermined format or sequence identification data 124 allocated for retransmission portion 132. 控制处理模块328可W处理分配部分132,诸如通过检测、解码、确定或者其组合。 W control processing module 328 may allocate processing section 132, such as by detecting, decoding, or a combination thereof is determined. 控制处理模块328可W使用分配部分132识别与重发数据124相应的接收器信号114中的新部分134、重发部分136或者其组合。 Control processing module 328 can use the allocated portion 132 W Identification and retransmitted data 124 corresponding to the received signal 114 a new section 134, the retransmission portion 136 or a combination thereof.

[0217] 控制处理模块328可W基于接收器信号114确定当前重发带宽352、发送量度354 或者其组合。 [0217] W control processing module 328 may be based on the received signal 114 to determine the current retransmission bandwidth of 352, 354 metric transmission or combinations thereof. 控制处理模块328可W确定当前重发带宽352、发送量度354或者其组合用于重发通信的下一实例。 Control processing module 328 may determine the current retransmission bandwidth, W 352, sending a measure to the next instance of 354 or a combination thereof for retransmission communication.

[0218] 当前重发带宽352是相应于重发部分136的资源量。 [0218] The current retransmission bandwidth of 352 is a retransmission portion 136 corresponding to the amount of resources. 当前重发带宽352可W是专用于或用于通信重发部分136的频率分组、位或码元的数目、持续时间、传输块或者传输间隔内的比例或者其组合。 The current retransmission bandwidth of 352 W is designed to or may be used to communicate the retransmission portion 136 frequency grouping, the number of bits or symbols, duration, or the proportion of the transport block transmission interval or a combination thereof.

[0219] 控制处理模块328可W通过确定重发部分136的大小确定当前重发带宽352。 [0219] control processing module 328 may be W by determining the size of the retransmission portion 136 determines that the current retransmission bandwidth is 352. 控制处理模块328可W基于重发部分136的大小通过计算频率分组、位或码元的数目、持续时间、传输块或者传输间隔内的比例或者其组合确定当前重发带宽352。 W control processing module 328 may be based on the size of the retransmission portion 136 by calculating the frequency grouping, the number of bits or symbols, duration, or the proportion of the transport block transmission interval or a combination thereof to determine the current retransmission bandwidth is 352.

[0220] 发送量度354是与相应于重发数据124的接收器信号的细节关联的手段。 [0220] 354 is a means to send a measure corresponding to retransmit the data signal received details of 124 associations. 发送量度354可W基于传输速率116、信道容量120、当前重发带宽352或者其组合。 Send 354 metric based on the transmission rate can be 116 W, 120 channel capacity, the current retransmission bandwidth of 352 or combinations thereof. 发送量度354 可W表示为: Send a measure of 354 W can be expressed as:

[0221] 数学公式6 [0221] Mathematical Equation 6

[0222] mi=(ri-Ci) (1-bi) 公式做 [0222] mi = (ri-Ci) (1-bi) do formula

[0223] 项'bl'可W表示当前重发带宽352。 [0223] term 'bl' may indicate the current retransmission bandwidth, W 352.

[0224] 通信系统100可W为通信的初始实例设置当前重发带宽352为0,因为它不包括重发信息。 [0224] The communication system 100 W for the initial instance can set the current retransmission communication bandwidth of 352 to 0, because it does not include retransmission information. 通信系统100可W确定并且使用用于接收器信号114的相应于重发数据124的发送量度354、当前重发带宽352或者其组合,因为它包括重发部分136。 W communication system 100 may determine and use 114 for receiving a signal corresponding to the retransmission data transmission metric 354 124, the current retransmission bandwidth of 352 or a combination thereof, because it includes a retransmission portion 136.

[0225] 解码模块312可W处理与如上所述的重发数据124相应的接收器信号114。 [0225] W decoding module 312 can handle retransmission data as described above 124 114 corresponding receiver signal. 重发组合模块322可W对重发部分136、相应于在前数据126的内容候选、在前数据126、其衍生、其一部分或者其组合进行组合、进一步处理或者其组合。 Combination module 322 may retransmit the retransmission W portion 136, the data corresponding to the contents of the first candidate 126, the first data 126, derived, a part or combinations thereof in combination, for further processing, or a combination thereof.

[0226] 例如,重发组合模块322可W通过对在前数据126和重发数据124的处理结果打孔、用零填充、添加或者其组合来进行组合。 [0226] For example, the retransmission combination module 322 may forward data through the 126 W and the retransmission of data processing result punch 124, with zero-filling, add, or a combination thereof may be combined. 再举一例,重发组合模块322可W对处理结果的组合解码、错误检查或者其组合,或者使解码模块312对处理结果的组合解码、错误检查或者其组合。 As another example, the retransmission combination module 322 may be W decoding processing result of the combination, error checking, or a combination thereof, or make decoding module 312 decode processing result of the combination, error checking, or combinations thereof.

[0227] 重发组合模块322可W在错误检查成功时确定处理结果的组合为通信内容108。 [0227] retransmission combination module 322 may determine the processing result W when an error checking winning combination for the communication content 108. 重发组合模块322可W在组合的内容候选在错误检查中失败时开始发送重发请求122的处理过程。 Retransmission combination module 322 may be a combination of the contents of W when the candidate began to fail in error checking retransmission request processing 122. 重发组合模块322可W通知量度模块320过程结果、另一重发通信是必需的、或者其组合。 Retransmission combination module 322 may measure module 320 W notification procedure result, another retransmission communication is required, or a combination thereof.

[0228] 量度模块320的接收器计算单元332可W基于当前重发带宽352、传输速率116、 发送量度354或者其组合进一步计算下一重发带宽342或者重发量度130。 Receiver [0228] measurement module 320 of the computing unit 332 may be based on the current retransmission bandwidth, W 352, transmission rate 116, 354, or a combination to send a measure to further calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 342 or 130 metric retransmission. 接收器计算单元332可W使用公式(1)-(5)和公式(6)计算下一重发带宽342或者重发量度130。 The receiver unit 332 may calculate W using equation (1) - (5) and (6) to calculate the next retransmission bandwidth of 342 or 130 metric retransmission.

[0229] 已经发现,使用当前重发带宽352和发送量度354的贪婪分配机制提供提高的吞吐量和资源管理效率。 [0229] It has been found, using the current retransmission bandwidth of 352 and sent 354 metric greedy allocation mechanisms provide improved throughput and resource management efficiency. 使用当前重发带宽352和发送量度354的贪婪分配机制可W确定确定通信内容108所需要的重发信息的足够的量而非不论情况如何都使用任意数量。 Using the current retransmission bandwidth, 352 and 354 transmit measurement greed allocation mechanism W OK OK retransmission sufficient amount of information required to communicate the contents of 108 regardless of the circumstances rather than use any number. 剩余部分可用于通信新信息,该可W提高总体吞吐量和效率。 The remaining part can be used to communicate new information, which can increase the overall throughput and efficiency W.

[0230] 在本申请中描述的模块可W是第一控制单元216或者第二控制单元238中的硬件实现或者硬件加速器,包括无源电路、有源电路或者二者。 [0230] module as described in this application may be W is a first control unit 216 or the second control unit 238 implemented in hardware or hardware accelerators, including passive circuit, an active circuit or both. 所述模块还可W是在第一设备102或者第二设备106内但是分别在第一控制单元216或者第二控制单元238外的、包括无源电路、有源电路或者二者的硬件实现或者硬件加速器。 W is the module but also in the first control unit 216, respectively, or the outside of the second control unit 238, including a passive circuit, or both active circuit hardware implementation in a first device or the second device 106 or 102 hardware accelerator.

[0231] 已经按照模块功能或次序通过举例描述了通信系统100。 [0231] have followed the module function or order by way of a communication system 100 is described. 通信系统100可W不同地划分模块或不同地为模块排序。 W communication system 100 may be divided differently for different module or modules sorted. 例如,可W组合编码模块304和重发模块318的功能。 For example, W combination coding module 304 and the retransmission module 318 functions. 再举一例,控制处理模块328可W分隔开并且跟在信道估计模块310之后。 As another example, the control processing module 328 may be separated W and with the channel estimate after the module 310.

[0232] 再举一例,量度模块320可W使用第一设备102、第二设备106或者其组合不同地实现。 [0232] As another example, W metric module 320 can use a first device 102, second device 106 implemented differently, or combinations thereof. 再举一更加具体例子,接收器计算单元332可W根据通信系统100预定的格式确定第一设备102处包括在反馈数据346中的重发量度130为简单量度,诸如容量信息。 Cite a more specific example, the receiver can calculate unit 332 W is determined according to the communication system 100 in a predetermined format retransmission measure 102 feedback data included in the first device 346 130 is a simple measure, such as the volume of information. 发送分配模块334可W在第二设备106处生成分配部分132W用于分配带宽。 W transmission allocation module 334 may generate a second device 106 used to allocate the bandwidth allocation section 132W.

[0233] 从下一容量340和下一重发带宽342的物理变换导致在物理世界的移动,诸如在第一设备102上为用户显示或重建的内容。 [0233] from the next and the next retransmission capacity bandwidth of 340 342 physical transformation results in moving the physical world, such as for the user to display or rebuild on the first device 102 content. 诸如呼叫者的导航信息或者语音信号该样的在第一设备102上再现的内容会影响用户的移动,诸如遵循导航信息或者回复给呼叫者。 Or navigation information such as the caller's voice signal of the kind of content on the first reproduction device 102 will affect the user's movement, such as follow the navigation information or reply to the caller. 物理世界的移动导致发送器信道112的变化,该可W反馈到通信系统100中W处理接收器信号114。 Result in changes in the physical world of mobile transmitter channel 112, which can be fed back to the W signal processing communication system 100 W receiver 114.

[0234] 现在参考图4,其中示出本发明的实施例中通信系统100的操作的方法400的流程图。 [0234] Referring now to Figure 4, a flowchart illustrating operation of the embodiment in which the communication system of the present invention is a method 100 400. 所述方法400包括;在块402中在重发请求之前通信在前数据;在块404中确定与请求重新通信在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发请求关联的重发量度;和在块406中基于用于重新通信用于与设备通信的在前数据或者在前数据的一部分的重发量度,通信包括重发部分的重发数据。 The method 400 includes; in block 402 in the previous communication data before the retransmission request; determining a request to re-communicate with the first data block 404 or retransmitted part of the retransmission of data previously requested a measure of association; and in Based on the previous block 406 is used for communicating with the data communication apparatus again or the front part of a measure of the retransmission data, a retransmission of data communication including the retransmission portion.

[0235] 已经发现,图1的重发量度130、图3的下一重发带宽342、基于重发量度130的图1的分配部分132,提供提高的吞吐量。 [0235] It has been found, the retransmission measure 130 of FIG. 1, Fig. 3 next retransmission bandwidth of 342, based on a measure of the retransmission allocation portion 132 130 of FIG. 1, provide increased throughput. 还发现,具有分配部分132、图1的重发部分136和图1的新部分134在其中的图1的重发数据124提供吞吐量的提高而不为资源造成负担。 Also found that having a dispensing portion 132, a new section of Figure 1 a retransmission portion 136 and 134 of FIG. 1 wherein the retransmission data 124 of Figure 1 provide increased throughput without burden for the resource. 进一步发现,使用图3的量度调整344的启发式分配机制和使用图3的当前重发带宽352 和图3的发送量度354的贪婪分配机制,提供确定通信内容108的提高的准确性、吞吐量和资源管理的效率。 Further we found that the use of 3 metric adjustment heuristic allocation mechanisms 344 and FIG. 3 is the current retransmission of bandwidth to send and 3 352 metric greed distribution mechanism 354 is provided to determine the accuracy of the contents of 108 to improve the communication throughput and resource management efficiency.

[0236] 结果方法、过程、装置、设备、产品和/或系统是直接了当的、性价比高的、不复杂的、高度通用的、正确的、敏感的且有效的,并且能够通过改编已知元件用于现成的、有效和经济的制造、应用和利用来实施。 [0236] The results methods, procedures, equipment, facilities, products and / or systems are straightforward, cost-effective, uncomplicated, highly versatile, proper, sensitive and effective, and able to adapt known element for ready, efficient and economical manufacturing, application and use to implement. 本发明的实施例的另一个重要的方面是它有价值地支持和服务于降低成本、简化系统并且提高性能的历史趋势。 Another embodiment of the present invention is an important aspect of its valuable support and services to reduce costs, simplify the system and improve the performance of historical trends.

[0237] 本发明的实施例的该些和其它有价值的方面由此促进技术的状态发展到至少下一水平。 The value of these and other aspects of embodiments of the [0237] The present invention thus promoting the development of the state of technology to the next level at least.

[0238] 虽然已经结合特定最佳方式描述了本发明,但是将理解的是,许多替换、修改和变化将通过上述描述对本领域技术人员来说明显。 [0238] Although described in conjunction with specific best mode of the present invention, it will be understood that many alternatives, modifications, and variations will be apparent by the above description the skilled artisan. 因此,意图是包含落入所包括的权利要求中的所有该些替换、修改和变化。 Accordingly, it is intended to fall included included all the claims of these alternatives, modifications and variations. 该里阐述的或者附图中所示的所有将是W说明性而非限制意义上解释。 This was set forth or shown in the drawings will be all W illustrative rather than limiting sense interpretation.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN1296686A *9 Mar 200023 May 2001松下电器产业株式会社Transmitter/receiver
CN1422032A *28 Nov 20014 Jun 2003华为技术有限公司Mixed automatic retransmitting method
CN102036299A *29 Sep 200927 Apr 2011华为技术有限公司Uplink hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) method and device in transparent relay network
CN102340385A *19 Jul 20101 Feb 2012中兴通讯股份有限公司Hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) processing method and apparatus thereof
CN102484569A *22 Jun 201030 May 2012高通股份有限公司Wireless communication having reduced feedback delay
Classifications
International ClassificationH04L12/58, H04L1/16
Cooperative ClassificationH04L1/0045, H04L1/1671, H04L1/0057, H04L1/1861, H04L1/1887
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
10 Jun 2015C06Publication
8 Jul 2015C10Entry into substantive examination