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Publication numberCN104690609 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201410731042
Publication date10 Jun 2015
Filing date5 Dec 2014
Priority date5 Dec 2014
Publication number201410731042.2, CN 104690609 A, CN 104690609A, CN 201410731042, CN-A-104690609, CN104690609 A, CN104690609A, CN201410731042, CN201410731042.2
Inventors王国志
Applicant贵州西南工具(集团)有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Magnetic grinding liquid for magnetic passivation of cutting edge of cutter and preparation method of magnetic grinding liquid
CN 104690609 A
Abstract
The invention discloses a magnetic grinding liquid for magnetic passivation of a cutting edge of a cutter and a preparation method of the magnetic grinding liquid. The magnetic grinding liquid is prepared by mixing components in parts by mass as follows: 18-22 parts of an oil-based dimethicone base solution, 3-6 parts of a zwitterionic surfactant and 0.2-0.4 parts of dodecylnaphthalene. The magnetic grinding liquid is required by a liquid magnetic passivation technology, the cutting edge passivated by the magnetic grinding liquid is fine and smooth compared with the cutting edge passivated in a dry manner, and roughness of other parts of the cutting edge is lower than that of the cutting edge passivated in a dry manner.
Claims(3)  translated from Chinese
1.一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,其特征在于:该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18〜22份、由两性离子表面活性剂3〜6份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 A magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, wherein: the magnetic grinding fluid parts by mass calculations, including oil alkyl dimethyl silicone fluid 18~22 parts by zwitterionic surfactants 3 ~ 6 parts and dodecyl naphthalene 0.2-0.4 parts blend.
2.根据权利要求1所述的刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,其特征在于:所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 2. Claim magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid 1, characterized in that: said zwitterionic surfactant is lecithin.
3.一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,其特征在于:该制作方法按以下步骤进行: 1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4~10um绿碳化硅与2~6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3. A method of manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, characterized in that: the production method according to the following steps: 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethyl silicone oil and lecithin by weight 8 : 2 mixing ratio, and then add sodium dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin and sodium dodecyl naphthalene by weight ratio of 15: 1; 2) was then added 150-300 purposes Fe304 powder, Fe304 magnetic powder and egg the volume ratio of phospholipid is 1.5: 1; 3) the solid part of the configuration: calculated by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 3 4 ~ 10um and 2 ~ 6um green silicon carbide single crystal diamond polishing solution added to the above mixture was mixed uniform.
Description  translated from Chinese
一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液及其制作方法 A magnetic edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid and its production method Tool

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种刀具刃口磁力钝化的磁磨液及其制作方法,属于刀具钝化技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid and its production methods, it belongs to the tool passivation technology.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,现刀具刃口钝化技术在市场上主要是机械干式磨料钝化和干式磁粉钝化,即刀具在机械装夹下,在磨料配方中做一定轨迹的自转和周转运动,达到对刀具的钝化。 [0002] Currently, the tool edge passivation technology now on the market mainly mechanical dry powder dry abrasive passivation and passivation, which under mechanical clamping tool, do some tracks in the abrasive formulation rotation and turnover movement to reach the tool passivation. 因磨料配方的不同可实现相应不同的钝化效果。 Due to the different formulations can achieve the corresponding abrasive passivation different effect. 但是此种方式因对刀具刃口和刀具体均发生研磨作用,材料去除程度一致,造成在磨料颗粒大磨削能力大时刀具体的抛光效果降低,粗糙度高,刃口过钝和不圆滑。 But this way because of the tool edge and tool abrasive concrete occurred, the extent consistent material removal, resulting in a large knife to reduce the large grinding capacity abrasive particles when polishing concrete, high roughness, edge too blunt and tactless . 磨料颗粒小时增加钝化时间不好把握钝化效果,而另一技术干式磁粉钝化需使用到机械手单件单件的钝化,钝化效率低,设备成本高,因此研制出液态磁力钝化,在刀具磁力钝化时要使用到磁磨液,其中磁磨液的磁性微粒的大小对磁磨液的稳定性至关重要,对钝化效果产生较大影响,磁性微粒的大小受以下几种因素影响,1:在磁颗粒中,相邻两磁性微粒会构成异性磁极,产生的磁极间吸引力至颗粒逐渐聚合变大;2:不同大小规则颗粒的接触,由于偶极子间的相互作用产生范德瓦耳斯力,使颗粒聚集;3,重力作用使颗粒沉淀;4:静态磁场作用力。 Abrasive particles hour increase good grasp passivation passivation time, while another technique of dry powder to passivation passivation need to use robotic single-piece, low-passivating efficiency, high equipment costs, and therefore developed a liquid magnetic blunt of when to use passive magnetic tool to magnetic grinding fluid, wherein the size of the magnetic particles magnetic grinding fluid is essential for the stability of the magnetic grinding fluid, resulting in a greater impact on passivation effect, the size of the magnetic particles subject to the following Several factors, 1: magnetic particles, the adjacent two opposite poles of the magnetic particles constitute between poles of attraction to produce polymeric particles gradually become larger; 2: exposure to different rules particle size, since the dipole between interaction of van der Waals forces, the particles aggregation; 3, Gravity causes particles to settle; 4: static magnetic forces.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 本发明的目的是解决液态磁力钝化技术所使用的磁磨液,提供一种制作简单能够实现磁力钝化功能的液态配方,通过将磁粉、磨料和表面活性剂加入于基液中,表面活性剂一端通过离子对、范德瓦尔斯力和氢键等作用磁性粒子表面形成结合,产生剂化膜,防止粒子碰撞团聚,另一端剂化于基液中,使亲液端扩散在液相中,且其静电作用和空间位阻作用使磁液和磨料形成稳定状态,在圆周梯度磁场和圆周力的共同作用下,使磁粉按照一定规则聚结、形成凸起带,并做圆周运动带动磨料运动使之混合成具有塑性磨削介质的一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液及其制作方法。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to solve the magnetic grinding fluid liquid magnetic passivation technology used to provide a liquid formulation to achieve the production of simple magnetic passivation through the powder, abrasives and surfactants are added to the base solution , surfactants end by ion-pair, Van der Waals forces, and hydrogen bonding and so on the surface of the magnetic particles combine to produce agents of the film to prevent particle collisions reunion, the other end of the agent of the base solution, so lyophilicity end spread the liquid phase, and the electrostatic interactions and steric hindrance of the magnetic fluid and abrasive to form a stable condition in a circumferential gradient magnetic field and the combined effect of the circumferential force, so that the magnetic powder according to certain rules coalesce to form a raised band and circular Abrasive movement led movement to mix into a tool edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid and its production method has a plastic grinding media.

[0004] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18〜22份、由两性离子表面活性剂3〜6份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 [0004] A magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic fluid grinding parts by mass calculations, including oil alkyl dimethyl silicone fluid 18~22 parts by zwitterionic surfactants and 3 ~ 6 parts 0.2 to 0.4 parts dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0005] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0005] wherein lecithin.

[0006] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0006] The method of manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethylsilicone oil and lecithins 8 parts by weight: 2 mixing ratio, and then add sodium dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin and sodium dodecyl naphthalene by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) was then added 150-300 purpose Fe304 powder, volume ratio Fe304 powder and lecithin is 1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4~10um绿碳化硅与2~6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: calculated by weight, the proportion of deployment 7: 4 ~ 10um green silicon carbide 3 and 2 ~ 6um single crystal diamond polishing solution added to the above mixture and mix well.

[0007] 由于采用了上述技术方案,本发明制作了一种液态磁力钝化技术所需要的磁磨液,利用磁磨液钝化后的刃口较干式钝化精细圆滑,且刃口外其余部位较干式钝化的粗糙度要低。 [0007] By adopting the technical aspect, the present invention is made of a liquid magnetic magnetic grinding fluid passivation techniques are required, the use of magnetic grinding fluid edge passivation passivation than dry fine sleek and cutting edge outside the rest relatively dry parts of the lower passivation roughness.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0008] 下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0008] The following combination of embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0009] 实施例1:一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18份、由两性离子表面活性剂3份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 [0009] Example 1: one tool edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic fluid grinding parts by mass calculations, including oil alkyl dimethyl silicone fluid 18 parts by amphoteric ionic surfactant and 3 parts 0.2 to 0.4 parts dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0010] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0010] wherein lecithin.

[0011] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0011] A method of making a magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethylsilicone oil and lecithins 8 parts by weight: 2 mixing ratio, and then add sodium dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin and sodium dodecyl naphthalene by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) was then added 150-300 purpose Fe304 powder, volume ratio Fe304 powder and lecithin is 1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4um绿碳化硅与2um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: calculated by weight, the proportion of deployment 7: 4um 3 green silicon carbide single crystal diamond polishing and 2um was added the above mixture and mix well.

[0012] 实施例2:—种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油22份、由两性离子表面活性剂6份和十二烷基萘0.4份混合制成。 [0012] Example 2: - kind of tool edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic fluid grinding parts by mass calculations, including 22 parts liquid oil alkyl dimethyl silicone, the zwitterionic surfactants 6 parts and 0.4 parts dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0013] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0013] wherein lecithin.

[0014] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0014] A method of making a magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethylsilicone oil and lecithins 8 parts by weight: 2 mixing ratio, and then add sodium dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin and sodium dodecyl naphthalene by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) was then added 150-300 purpose Fe304 powder, volume ratio Fe304 powder and lecithin is 1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的1um绿碳化硅与6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀 3) the solid part of the configuration: calculated by weight, the proportion of deployment 7: 1um 3 green silicon carbide single crystal diamond polishing and 6um above mixture was added uniformly mixed

实施例3: —种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油20份、由两性离子表面活性剂4份和十二烷基萘0.3份混合制成。 Example 3: - kind of tool edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic fluid grinding parts by mass calculations, including oil alkyl dimethyl silicone fluid 20 parts by zwitterionic surfactants 4 parts and dodecane naphthalene was prepared by mixing 0.3 parts.

[0015] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0015] wherein lecithin.

[0016] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0016] A method of making a magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethylsilicone oil and lecithins 8 parts by weight: 2 mixing ratio, and then add sodium dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin and sodium dodecyl naphthalene by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) was then added 150-300 purpose Fe304 powder, volume ratio Fe304 powder and lecithin is 1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的6um绿碳化硅与4um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: calculated by weight, the proportion of deployment 7: 6um 3 green silicon carbide single crystal diamond polishing and 4um was added the above mixture and mix well.

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Reference
1 *周春隆等: "《有机颜料化学及工艺学》", 31 May 2014
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN105149895A *28 Sep 201516 Dec 2015北京动力机械研究所Aluminum alloy thin-wall blade flutter restraining method and passivating method for aluminum alloy thin-wall blade flutter-free cutting tool
Classifications
International ClassificationB24B29/00, B24B3/00
Cooperative ClassificationC09G1/02, C09K3/14
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