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Publication numberCN1040258 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 93109786
Publication date14 Oct 1998
Filing date18 Aug 1993
Priority date18 Aug 1992
Also published asCN1083230A, DE69309203D1, DE69309203T2, EP0588061A1, EP0588061B1, US5418760
Publication number93109786.X, CN 1040258 C, CN 1040258C, CN 93109786, CN-C-1040258, CN1040258 C, CN1040258C, CN93109786, CN93109786.X
Inventors川岛一世, 石川芳美
Applicant卡西欧计算机公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Electronic device with liquid crystal display
CN 1040258 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种电子装置包括有多数开关触点设于其上的开关件,一置于开关件上方并具有多数设于与各开关触点相对位置的开口的薄膜液晶显示单元,以及置于相应开口内以可从薄膜液晶显示单元的上方按压的操作件。 An electronic device comprising a majority of switch contacts provided thereon switch member, a member disposed above the switch provided in the opening and having a majority of the relative positions of the switch contacts of the film liquid crystal display unit, and placed in the respective openings In the thin film from the top of the liquid crystal display unit of the operation member is pressed. 通过按压各操作件,相应的开关触点进行开关操作。 By pressing each operation member, the corresponding switch contact switching operation. 按照这种结构,开关操作在薄膜液晶显示单元上执行,这样开关的可操作性能得到改善而装置本身被缩小。 According to this construction, the switch operation performed on the display unit in the liquid crystal film, so the switch can be operated with improved performance and the apparatus itself is reduced.
Claims(16)  translated from Chinese
1.一种电子装置,包括:一内有穿孔的装置壳体;一置于上述壳体穿孔内的操作钮;一置于上述操作钮下面并通过上述钮的按压进行开关的开关件;一置于上述操作钮周围且其显示内容受上述开关件开关操作控制的薄膜液晶显示单元。 An electronic device, comprising: an inner perforated housing means; a manipulation button disposed within the casing perforations; a manipulation button disposed above and below the switching element through said switch button pressing; a disposed around said operating button and its display member by a thin film of the liquid crystal switching operation of the switch control of the display unit.
2.根据权权利要求1的电子装置,其中所述穿孔设置于整个装置壳体的中央附近。 2. The electronic device according to claim right, wherein the perforation means disposed in the vicinity of the center of the entire housing.
3.根据权利要求1的电子装置,其中所述穿孔设置于整个装置壳体的中央附近,且包括一在穿孔的周围延伸的环状平坦区域,所述薄膜液晶显示单元被置于该环形平坦区域上。 3. The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the perforations provided in the vicinity of the center of the entire housing of the device, and includes a flat annular region extending around the perforation, the film liquid crystal display unit is disposed in the annular flat region.
4.根据权利要求1的电子装置,其中所述穿孔位于整个壳体的中央附近,并包含一环形平坦区延伸在穿孔周围,所述薄膜液晶显示单元置于该环形平坦区域之上,一透明盖置于所述薄膜液晶显示单元上方。 4. The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the perforations located near the center of the whole of the housing, and comprises a flat annular region extending around the perforation, the film liquid crystal display unit disposed above the annular flat area, a transparent LCD lid placed on top of the film unit.
5.根据权利要求1的电子装置,包括一电路板,其上具有一置于上述操作钮下面的开关件,以及一连接电路板以向薄膜液晶显示单元传送显示信号的连接件。 5. The electronic device 1 includes a circuit board according to the preceding claims, having an operating knob disposed below said switch member, and a connecting circuit board with a thin film liquid crystal display unit to transfer the display connector of the signal.
6.根据权利要求1的电子装置,其中所述薄膜液晶显示单元包含有两相对的挠性基片,显示电极形成于所述挠性基片的内表面上,并有一液晶材料封闭于两挠性基片之间。 6. The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the film liquid crystal display unit comprising two opposed flexible substrate, a display electrode formed on the inner surface of the flexible substrate, and a liquid crystal material enclosed in two flexible between the nature of the substrate.
7.一种具有液晶显示的电子装置,包括:一带有多数穿孔的装置壳体;相同数量的置于所述装置壳体的相应的多数穿孔内的操作钮;一置于该多数操作钮下并通过按压所述钮而开关的开关件;一置于所述开关件上方并围绕在所述操作钮周围的薄膜液晶显示单元,该薄膜液晶显示单元的显示内容受上述开关件开关操作的控制。 An electronic apparatus having a liquid crystal display, comprising: a housing means having a majority perforated; majority perforations corresponding operating knob housing disposed within the same number of the device; a majority of the operating button disposed under the the switch member and by pressing the button and the switch; one said switch member disposed above and around the operating button around the film liquid crystal display unit, the display contents of the film liquid crystal display unit is controlled by switching operation of the switching element .
8.根据权利要求7的电子装置,其中所述装置壳体由带有多数穿孔的透明材料制成。 8. The electronic device according to claim 7, wherein said housing means is made of a transparent material with a majority of perforations.
9.根据权利要求7的电子装置,其中所述装置壳体包括一容置上述开关件和薄膜液晶显示单元的壳身和一带有多数穿孔并连接于所述壳身的透明盖。 9. The electronic device according to claim 7, wherein said means comprises a housing accommodating the switch member and the film liquid crystal display with a housing body and a majority of the perforations and connected to the body shell of the transparent cover unit.
10.根据权利要求7的电子装置,其中所述开关件包含一挠性薄片,其上形成有与多数操作钮相对应的多数开关触点。 10. The electronic device according to claim 7, wherein said switch member comprises a flexible sheet, on which the operation button corresponding to most of the majority of switch contacts.
11.根据权利要求7的电子装置,其中所述薄膜液晶显示单元包含用于显示所述操作钮的功能的装置。 11. The electronic device according to claim 7, wherein the film liquid crystal display unit comprises means for displaying the functions of the operating knob.
12.一种带有液晶显示的电子装置,包括:多数操作件;一置于所述多数操作件下面并通过按压所述各操作件而开关的开关件;一设置于所述开关件上方及所述操作件周围的薄膜液晶显示单元,该液晶显示单元的显示内容由所述开关件的开关操作控制;一置于所述薄膜液晶显示单元上并有所述操作件的操作部分置于其中的透明盖。 12. An electronic apparatus with a liquid crystal display, comprising: a majority of the operating member; a switching member disposed below said operating member and the majority of each of said operating member by pressing the switch; and a switching member disposed on the top and The liquid crystal film of the operating member around the display unit display the contents of the liquid crystal display unit by controlling the switch switching operation member; a film disposed the liquid crystal display unit and an operating portion of the operating member placed therein The transparent cover.
13.根据权利要求12的电子装置,其中所述开关件包含一共用挠性片,其上形成有多数与所述多数操作件相对应的开关触点。 13. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein said switch member comprises a common flexible sheet, on which a majority and the majority of the operating member corresponding to the switch contacts.
14.根据权利要求12的电子装置,其中所述操作件通过所述透明盖中相应的操作部分被按压。 14. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein said operating member through the transparent cover in the corresponding operating portion is pressed.
15.根据权利要求12的电子装置,包括一所述透明盖连接于其上的钟壳,操作件、开关件和薄膜液晶显示单元容置于其中。 15. The electronic device according to claim 12, comprising a transparent cover attached thereto said bell housing, the operating member, the switch member and the film liquid crystal display unit housed therein.
16.根据权利要求12的电子装置,其中所述薄膜液晶显示单元包含有用于显示所述操作件的功能的装置。 16. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein the film liquid crystal display unit includes means for displaying the functions of the operation member.
Description  translated from Chinese
带有液晶显示的电子装置 The electronic device having a liquid crystal display

本发明涉及一种带有液晶显示用以显示各种数据的电子装置。 The present invention relates to an electronic device for displaying a variety of data with a liquid crystal display.

近来,用一种薄膜液晶单元作为显示器的电子装置已作为商品出现用以减小装置的厚度。 Recently, an electronic device with a thin film of liquid crystal cell as a display device has been used to reduce the thickness appears as a commodity. 这种形式的薄膜液晶单元具有两个电极,形成于两片中间封闭有液晶材料的透明挠性薄片的相对应的相对表面之上。 This form of a thin film of the liquid crystal cell having two electrodes, formed on the two sheets of transparent flexible sheet intermediate closure corresponding to the opposite surfaces of the liquid crystal material above.

在这种带有薄膜液晶单元的电子装置中,液晶单元被置于装置壳体的顶部,而用以改变液晶单元的显示内容、显示模式及设置数据的操作键则置于液晶单元的周围。 In such an electronic device having a thin film of the liquid crystal cell, the liquid crystal cell is placed on top of the housing means, and for changing the display contents of the liquid crystal cell, and the display mode setting data operation keys are disposed around the liquid crystal cell.

在这种电子装置中,操作键与薄膜液晶单元是并列设置的,薄膜液晶单元尺寸的增大将相应地要求操作键尺寸减小,从而使装置的可操作性能变差。 In this electronic apparatus, the operation keys and the film liquid crystal cell is arranged side by side, increasing the size of the thin film of the liquid crystal cell will be correspondingly reduced in size requires the operator key, so that the device operability is deteriorated.

本发明的目的就是提供一种带有缩小了的液晶显示单元的电子装置用以提高可操作性能。 Object of the present invention is to provide a liquid crystal display having a reduced unit of an electronic apparatus to improve operability.

为达到上述目的,本发明提供了一种电子装置,它包括:一个上面带有穿孔的壳体装置;一置于壳体的穿孔中的操作钮;一置于操作钮下面并通过操作钮的按压进行开关的开关件; To achieve the above object, the present invention provides an electronic device, comprising: housing means having a perforated top; a perforated casing disposed in the operation button; a manipulation button disposed below and by operating the buttons pressing the switching of switching elements;

一置于上述操作钮周围并具有通过开关件的开关操作进行控制的显示内容的薄膜液晶显示单元。 A knob disposed around and having the above-described operation is controlled by the switching operation of the switching element of the display contents of the film liquid crystal display unit.

附图的简要描述图1-6显示了本发明的第一实施例;图1是一应用了本发明的电子装置的透视图;图2是沿图1的II-II线的剖视图;图3是图2中画圈部分放大了的剖视图;图4是一用于此电子装置的薄膜液晶显示单元的平面图;图5是显示单元中的一说明性显示的平面图;图6是该电子装置中的另一说明性显示的平面图;图7是本发明第二实施例的部分剖视图;图8-14显示了本发明的第三实施例;图8是一应用了本发明的手表的前视图;图9是沿图8中AA线的剖视图;图10是沿图8中BB线的剖视图;图11是一控制单元的框图;图12是此手表在一种显示操作下的前视图;图13是此手表在另一种显示操作下的前视图;图14是此手表在又一种显示操作下的前视图。 Brief Description of the Figures 1-6 show a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an application of the electronic device of the present invention; Figure 2 is a sectional view taken along line II-II of Figure 1; Figure 3 Figure 2 is a partially enlarged circled cross-sectional view; FIG. 4 is a plan view of the unit for a thin film of the liquid crystal display of this electronic device; FIG. 5 is a plan view of an illustrative display unit display; Fig. 6 is the electronic device a plan view of another illustrative display; Fig. 7 is a section of the second embodiment of the present invention is a cross-sectional view; Figure 8-14 shows a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a front view of the application of the watch according to the invention; 9 is a sectional view taken along Figure 8 line AA; Fig. 10 is a sectional view taken along Figure 8 BB line; FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a control unit; FIG. 12 is the watch displays a front view of the operation under in a; Fig. 13 This watch is in another operating under a front view of the display; Fig. 14 is yet another display of this watch is a front view of Action.

本发明将结合附图中显示的实施例予以详细描述。 The present invention with reference to examples shown in the drawings be described in detail. 不同的实施例中的相同部件以同一参考数字表示,而重复描述将被省略。 Different embodiments of the same components with the same reference numerals, and redundant description thereof will be omitted. 第一实施例图1-6显示了本发明的第一实施例。 Figures 1-6 show a first embodiment of a first embodiment of the present invention. 如图1所示,第一实施例采用的是具有带开口的环状壳体1的电子装置的形式,面板2设置于壳体1之上用以在面板2上显示数据并向面板2输入数据。 1, the first embodiment is used in the form of an electronic device having an annular housing with an opening 1, the panel 2 is provided in the housing 1 on the display panel 2 for the data to the input panel 2 data. 壳体1用一种易弯的树脂材料模制成并利用它的伸展性象手表一样戴在使用者的手腕上。 Housing 1 with a pliable resin material molded and use it as extensibility on the watch worn on the user's wrist. 这样提高了可携带性并便于操作。 This improves the portability and ease of operation. 面板2沿壳体1的外表面伸展并包括了位于面板2上半周面的显示部分3和位于面板2下半周面且顺序装有操作钮5的操作部分4。 2 along the outer surface of the panel casing and includes a stretch panel display located on the surface of the two and a half weeks of section 3 and 2 later this week to the panel surface and the sequential operation of an operating knob 5 of section 4.

图2是沿图1中II-II线的剖视图。 2 is a sectional view taken along line II-II in FIG 1. 壳体1具有一多阶式开口6,电路板7、开关件8、薄膜液晶显示件9和透明盖10自下而上按顺序置于其中。 Housing 1 having more than one stepped opening 6, the circuit board 7, the switching element 8, the film liquid crystal display element 9 and the transparent cover 10 disposed therein in sequence from bottom to top. 参考数字11表示一后盖自下与壳体1的后部连接以封闭开口6。 Reference numeral 11 denotes a rear cover from the bottom rear of the housing 1 is connected to close the opening 6.

图3是图2画圈部分的放大图。 Figure 3 is an enlarged portion of Figure 2 circled in FIG. 该电子装置的内部结构将在后面结合相应的图示予以描述。 The internal structure of the electronic device will be combined with the corresponding icon described later. 电路板7由一种挠性的材料制成。 Circuit board 7 made of a flexible material. 它装有大规模集成电路(LSI)构成的控制单元12以控制整个电子装置及装备在其上预定位置的电源(电池)(未显示)。 The control unit which is provided with large scale integrated circuit configuration (LSI) 12 for controlling the entire electronic device and equipment at a predetermined position on the power source (battery) (not shown). 在图2中,参考数字13表示一置于壳体1中的凹部以容纳该控制元件12。 In Figure 2, reference numeral 13 denotes a housing 1 disposed in the recess to accommodate the control element 12. 电路板7在一端(未显示)与开关件8电连接以传输自开关件8到控制单元12的开关信号。 At one end of the circuit board 7 (not shown) and 8 electrically connected to the switching member switching signal transmitted from the switching element 8 to the control unit (12). 薄膜液晶显示件9保持它的背面与电路板7部分接触以使电路板7与显示件9电连接从而使一显示信号从控制单元12传送给显示件9。 The film liquid crystal display element 9 holding portion 7 in contact with the back of it to the circuit board so that the circuit board 7 and the indicator member 9 is electrically connected so that a display signal from the control unit 12 to the display member 9.

如图3中所示,开关件8由一对上下挠性薄片8a、8b组成,并且多数操作钮5接附于上片8b的上表面。 Shown in Figure 3, the switch member 8 by a pair of upper and lower flexible sheet 8a, 8b composition, and most operating knob 5 is attached to the upper surface of the topsheet and 8b. 多个电极15设置在上片8b的下表面沿某一方向延伸。 A plurality of electrodes 15 disposed in a direction extending in the lower surface of the upper piece 8b. 沿着垂直于多个电极15延伸方向的一个方向(通常是向着图3所在平面)伸展的多个电极16设置于下片8a的上表面与多个操作钮5的位置相对的位置,该多个钮5设置在多个极电15与多个电极16相交处。 Along a direction perpendicular to the extending direction of the plurality of electrodes 15 (generally toward the plane of FIG. 3) extending the plurality of electrodes 16 is provided at a position opposed to the upper surface of the bottom sheet 8a and the plurality of operation buttons at position 5, the multi- 5 Set a button in multiple electrical pole 15 and 16 at the intersection of multiple electrodes. 当任一特定的操作钮5被按下时,相应的电极15与16互相接触并输出一个代表该接触的信号至控制单元12。 When any particular operation button 5 is pressed, the corresponding electrode 15 and 16 contact each other and outputs a representative signal to the control unit 12 of the contact. 挠性片8a、8b之间有一绝缘垫片17,这样当钮5上的压力消除后电极15、16彼此分离进入非接触状态。 Flexible sheets 8a, 8b between an insulating spacer 17, so that when the pressure on the button 5 the electrodes 15, 16 are separated from each other to eliminate into a non-contact state.

薄膜液晶显示件9放置于开关件8之上并设有通孔18,通过该通孔相应的按钮5伸出在液晶显示件9中的操作部分4的一相应位置上。 Film 9 is placed on the liquid crystal display element 8 on the switching member and has a through hole 18, through the through-hole 5 corresponding button protrudes a corresponding position on the liquid crystal display element 9 of the operation portion 4. 整个显示件9呈薄膜状,它包含一对其外表面上各有一极化片(未显示)的上下挠性片9a、9b,以及封闭于9a和9b之持的液晶材料19。 The entire display member 9 form a film, which contains an outer surface of each one of its polarization sheet (not shown) of the upper and lower flexible sheet 9a, 9b, and 9a and 9b of the closure to hold the liquid crystal material 19. 挠性片9a、9b具有相对应的电极(未显示)形成于它们相对的表面上。 Flexible sheet 9a, 9b with corresponding electrodes (not shown) is formed on the surface opposite to them. 图4是显示件9的一平面图,图4的上半部显示了一显示部分3a,其显示包括字符的可视信息,而图4的下半部显示一操作单元4a,各个操作钮5通过孔18伸入其中并被沿薄片9a,9b的边缘部分置于薄片9a、9b间的垫片21牢固地支持着。 Figure 4 is a plan view of the indicator member 9, the upper half of Figure 4 shows a display portion 3a, which displays visual information including characters, while the lower half of Figure 4 shows an operation unit 4a, through a respective operating knob 5 and placed in the hole 18 which extends along the edge portion of the sheet 9a, 9b of the sheet 9a, 9b between the gasket 21 is firmly supported. 环形垫片20也设置于挠性片9a、9b之间以配合垫片21保持薄片9a、9b间的预定空间。 Ring gasket 20 is also provided on a flexible sheet 9a, 9b with shims between 21 holding sheet 9a, 9b predetermined space between. 透明盖10由透明玻璃或合成树脂制成用以盖住整个显示件9。 The transparent cover 10 made of a transparent glass or synthetic resin to cover the entire display member 9. 这样薄膜液晶显示件9的显示部分3a上所显示的信息可从外部看见同时显示件9亦被保护。 Such a thin film on the liquid crystal display element 9 of the information display portion 3a displayed visible from the outside while the indicator member 9 were also protected.

图5和图6显示了本施例的面板2示例性的一显示。 Figures 5 and 6 show a panel 2 of this embodiment of an exemplary display. 在设置于本实施例操作部分4中的多个操作钮5中,最下面一行操作钮5a、5b和5c分别为一个位置选择,一个置位键和一个方式切换键。 In the present embodiment, provided in the operation section 4 of the plurality of operating buttons 5, the bottom row of the operating knob 5a, 5b and 5c, respectively, for selecting a location, a set key and a mode switching key. 为了指示这些键各自的功能,相应的功能提示被印在透明盖10适当的位置上。 In order to indicate the respective functions of these keys, the corresponding function prompts the transparent cover 10 is printed on an appropriate position. 位于边和中间行的操作钮5d、5e、5f、5g、5h、5i分别是用于输入数值和字符的键。 Located operation button 5d side and the middle row, 5e, 5f, 5g, 5h, 5i are key for entering values and character. 通过除5c以外的按钮5a-5i进行输入方式的选择是通过对5c钮的操作完成的。 By addition 5c outside buttons 5a-5i is selected by the input mode of the operation button 5c completed. 例如,当5c钮被按下一次,一日期和时间被显示在显示部分3上,如图5中所示。 For example, when the button 5c is pressed once, a date and time are displayed on the display section 3, as shown in Fig. 本实施例可采用电子表的形式。 This embodiment may take the form of the electronic timepiece. 在这种情况下,壳体1对应于一只表壳和一根表带。 In this case, the housing 1 corresponds to a case and a strap. 和该数据和时间显示一起,数字“1”和“2”提示于钮5d附近;数字“3”和“4”提示于钮5e附近;恰当的数字提示于其余的每一个钮5f、5g和5h的附近。 And the date and time displayed together with the number "1" and "2" in the vicinity of prompt button 5d; the number "3" and "4" in the vicinity of prompt button 5e; appropriate digital tips in each of the remaining button 5f, 5g and The nearby 5h. 这些提示可作为用户欲输入数值的目标。 These tips can be used as a user I want to enter the target value. 例如,当“1”欲被输入时,钮5a被按下一次;当“2”要被输入时,钮5b被按下两次。 For example, when a "1" To be entered, 5a button is pressed once; when "2" is to be entered, the button is pressed twice 5b. 当钮5c被按下两次时,数据库方式被选择,于是人名“YAGISHITA”和他的电话号码“03-451-2211”被显示在显示部分3上,如图6中所示。 When the button 5c is pressed twice, the database mode is selected, so the names "YAGISHITA" and his telephone number "03-451-2211" is displayed on the display section 3, as shown in Fig. 在这种方式下,字符“A”,“B”,“C”显示于钮5d附近;“D”,“E”,“F”显示于钮5e附近;恰当的其他字符显示于相应的钮5f、5g、5h和5i附近,这样用户可用钮5d-5i输入字符。 In this manner, the character "A", "B", "C" is displayed in the vicinity of the button 5d; "D", "E", "F" is displayed near the button 5e; appropriate other characters displayed on the corresponding button 5f, 5g, 5h and nearby 5i, so that the user can input characters button 5d-5i. 上述方式中按钮附近数值和字符的显示制作在薄膜液晶显示件9中的。 The manner described above button near the values and character LCD display make the film 9 in. 于是,按钮5伸入的穿孔18周围的液晶材料19(图3)构成了完成这些显示的光学显示装置。 Thus, the perforations 18 extending into the button 5 surrounding the liquid crystal material 19 (FIG. 3) constitutes a complete display of these optical display device.

此实施例中,如上所述,开关器件8的操作钮5延伸过了薄膜液晶显示件9。 In this embodiment, as described above, the switching device operating knob 5 film 8 extends over the liquid crystal display element 9. 由于显示件9很薄,所以整个装置在厚度上也很薄。 Since the display member 9 is thin, so the entire apparatus is also very thin in thickness. 于是,装置的区别性能得以改善并且装置的操作也被简化了。 Thus, the difference between the performance of the device is improved and the operation of the device is also simplified. 第二实施例图7显示了本发明的第二实施例,其亦采用了手表的形式。 Second Embodiment Fig. 7 shows a second embodiment of the present invention, which also takes the form of a watch. 虽然在本实施例中开关件8的操作钮5通过穿孔18伸入薄膜液晶显示件9中,但它们被透明盖10盖住而没有伸出盖10。 Although in the present embodiment, the switching element 8 of the operating knob 5 through the perforations 18 extending into the film in the liquid crystal display element 9, but they are covered by the transparent cover 10 and the cover 10 is not projected. 盖10是用一种挠性而透明的丙烯酸类树脂制成。 Cover 10 is made of a flexible and transparent acrylic resin. 通过按压盖10上对应于按钮5处的位置,信息被输入装置中。 By pressing the corresponding button 10 on the lid 5 of the location, information is input apparatus. 由于本实施例的透明盖10盖住了整个显示件9,使装置具有了防水性,并且由于没有按钮突出的状态出现,从而改善了装置的外观。 Since the transparent lid 10 of this embodiment covers the whole display member 9, the apparatus having a water repellency, and since there is no button protruding condition occurs, thereby improving the appearance of the unit.

虽然在上述各实施例中,戴在用户手腕上这种类型的电子装置已经描述过了,但还可以有其它不同的变化和改动。 Although in the above embodiments, the user's wrist worn electronic device of this type has been described, but can also have other different variations and modifications. 例如,本发明还可以类似地应用于卡式和桌面型的电子装置中。 For example, the present invention can also be similarly applied to the card-type electronic and desktop devices. 第三实施例图8-14显示了本发明的第三实施例。 Third Embodiment Figure 8-14 shows a third embodiment of the present invention. 图8是采用手表30形式的第三实施例的前视图。 Figure 8 is a front view of a third embodiment employs the watch 30 form. 图9和图10分别为沿图8中AA线和BB线的剖面图。 Figures 9 and 10 are cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. 8 and line BB. 表壳31有表带附件设置于表壳31相对两边,操作钮33置于表壳31上部的中央,并且操作钮33延伸穿过薄膜液晶显示件34。 Case 31 has a strap attachment disposed on opposite sides of the case 31, the operating knob 33 in the center of the upper portion of the case 31, and the operation knob 33 extends through the film liquid crystal display element 34. 壳体31还有副操作钮35、36在其两侧。 The operating knob 31 as well as the sub housing 35, 36 at both sides thereof.

如图9、10中所示,壳体31在其上部中心位置和其侧面具有穿孔37,38并且有一操作钮33穿过孔37及副操作钮35、36穿过相应的边孔38。 As shown in Fig. 9 and 10, the housing 31 has perforations 37, 38 in its upper position and the center of its side and has an operating knob 33 through the aperture 37 and the sub operation button 35, 36 through the respective side apertures 38.

壳体1有一水平隔板31a将壳体内部分隔为上、下空间。 Case 1 has a horizontal partition 31a inside the housing divided into upper and lower spaces. 形成于隔板31a之上的是具有平坦底部39a的轮胎形凹腔39。 Is formed on top of the spacer 31a is a tire-shaped recess 39 having a flat bottom 39a. 一时钟组件置于隔板31a之下。 Placed under a clock component separator 31a. 该时钟组件包含一由LSI制成的控制整个手表的控制单元40,一控制单元40设置于其上的电路板41,一向电路板41输送能量的电池42,以及一容纳电路板41和电池42的合成树脂内壳43组成。 The assembly comprises a clock controlled by the LSI made the whole wristwatch control unit 40, a control unit 40 provided thereon a circuit board 41, circuit board 41 is conveyed along the energy battery 42, and a receiving circuit board 41 and battery 42 The synthetic resin composition of the inner shell 43. 在这种状况下,控制单元40通过设干电路板41上的印刷端子和后面将详细描述的连接件53传送一个控制薄膜液晶显示件34上的显示的显示信号到液晶显示件34。 In this situation, the control unit 40 through a stem 41 and back printing terminals on the circuit board connector 53 will be described in detail a transmission control film liquid crystal display element displaying a display signal 34 on the liquid crystal display element 34. 控制单元40和电路板41构成控制薄膜液晶显示件34上的显示的电路板。 The control unit 40 and the control circuit board 41 constituting the liquid crystal display to display the film member 34 on the circuit board. 图9和图10中,参考数字44表示一与壳体31下表面连接的后盖,而参考数字45表示一密封环嵌于后盖44和壳体31的下表面之间。 Figures 9 and 10, reference numeral 44 denotes a lower surface of the rear cover 31 connected to the housing, and reference numeral 45 designates a seal ring interposed between the lower surface of the rear cover 44 and the housing 31.

如图9、10所示,操作钮33由一柄杆33a和一体地装于杆33a上端的操作部分33b组成,它能可滑动地插入位于壳体31上部中央的穿孔37。 Shown in FIG. 9 and 10, the operating knob 33 by a knife rod 33a and integrally mounted to the upper end of the lever operating part 33a 33b composed, it can be slidably inserted into the upper portion 31 is located in the center of the perforated case 37. 操作部分33b与壳体31的上端表面平齐或高于壳体31的上端表面。 The upper end surface of the operating portion 33b of the housing 31 is flush with or above the upper surface of the housing 31. 对操作部分33b的按压使杆33a作为一个元件向下移动以执行一开关操作。 Operating the pressing portion 33b of the rod 33a is moved downward as a member to perform a switching operation. 为此,一开关件46置于电路板上表面上与操作钮33的杆33a相对。 To this end, a switch member 46 is placed on the surface of the circuit board and the operating knob 33a of the lever 33 opposite. 操作钮33通过一置于杆33a下端的诸如E状防滑脱环47防止滑出壳体31之外并有一置于杆33a和穿孔37内表面之间以保持密封性的密封环48。 The operating knob 33 by the lower end 33a of a rod disposed such as E-shaped slip-off preventing ring 47 to prevent slipping out of the housing 31 and outside a place to keep the perforations between the rod 33a and the inner surface 37 of the sealing ring 48 sealing. 操作钮33的操作部分33b采取一直径大干杆33a的头形并有一弹簧被置于头的下表面和壳体31的上表面之间以向上撑住操作钮33。 Manipulation button 33 is big diameter portion 33b to take a rod 33a of the head shape and has a spring between the upper surface of the head is placed and the lower surface of the housing 31 in order to shore up the operating knob 33. 由于操作钮33位于壳体31的上部,操作很容易。 Since the operating knob 33 in the upper housing 31, the operation is easy. 它通常被用作经常操作的操作开关,例如作为一计时器开关。 It is usually used as the operation switch operated frequently, for example, as a timer switch.

薄膜液晶显示件34用胶粘剂50贴在壳体31的隔板31a上以保持一平面状态。 The film liquid crystal display element 34 with an adhesive 50 to the partition plate 31a of the housing 31 to maintain a planar state. 液晶显示件34采用轮胎的形状并置于壳体31内也是轮胎形状的凹腔39内。 The liquid crystal display element 34 takes the form of a tire and placed within the housing 39 shape of the tire 31 is a cavity. 如图8中所示,液晶显示件34与操作钮33同心地置于其周围。 Shown in Figure 8, the liquid crystal display 34 and operation button 33 disposed concentrically therearound. 一轮胎状透明的或表玻璃盖51盖在凹腔39中的液晶器件34之上达到保护的目的。 A tire-shaped transparent glass cover 51 cover or table in the cavity 39 in the top of the liquid crystal device 34 to protect the goal. 如图9和10中所示,液晶显示件34通过一挠性的片状连接件53与电路板41电连接以控制显示。 As shown in Figure 9 and 10, the liquid crystal display element 34 by a flexible sheet-like connecting member 53 and the circuit board 41 is electrically connected to control the display. 连接件53相对的两端通过热焊接或锡焊与薄膜液晶显示件34和电路板41的电极连接以达到连接的目的。 The opposite ends of the connecting member 53 by heat welding or soldering the liquid crystal display is electrically connected with the thin film 34 and circuit board 41 to achieve the purpose of the connection. 参考数字31b表示一位于隔板31a内的切口供连接件53伸展通过。 Reference numeral 31b represents a partition 31a incision located within 53 stretch for connections through. 液晶件34的显示区域为它的除了包括连接件53的连接部位和非显示区域在内的外围部分的外的全部面积。 Display area of the liquid crystal element 34 for its addition to including the connecting member 53 and the connecting portions of non-display region including all of the area of the outer peripheral portion. 为了盖住非显示部分,表蒙51的外围下周面通过印刷一层装饰膜54覆盖。 In order to cover the non-display section, the table next week Mongolia peripheral surface 51 of the film 54 by printing a layer of decorative covering. 通过使装饰膜54具有金属光泽或不同颜色,装饰效果形成于显示区域的外围部分从而增加了它的美观。 By the decorative film 54 having a metallic luster or different colors, decorative effect is formed on a peripheral portion of the display area so as to increase its appearance.

由于薄膜液晶显示件34位于这种结构的手表的按钮33的周围,从而提供了一种新奇的设计以提高鉴赏品味。 Since the film member 34 is located around the liquid crystal display of this structure of the watch button 33, thus providing a novel design to improve the taste and. 大操作钮33的设计便于提高设计的自由度以及按钮33的易操作性。 Large operating knob 33 is easy to improve the design freedom of design and ease of the button 33.

如图10中所示,置于壳体31侧部的副操作钮35、36可滑动地插在壳体31内的穿孔18内并各有一防滑环61置于其内端以防止副钮滑出孔外,还有一空气密封圈62置于穿孔38内壁表面与相应的副钮的中部外表面之间,该副操作钮35、36还借助一弹簧63向壳31外偏置。 Shown in Figure 10, the sub operation button disposed side portions 35, 36 of the housing 31 is slidably inserted in the housing 31 and each of the perforations 18 of a slip ring 61 disposed at its inner end in order to prevent side slip button between the holes, there is an air seal 62 is placed perforated inner wall surface 38 with the corresponding button in the middle of the outer surface of the deputy, the vice operation button 35, also by means of a spring 63 is biased toward the outer shell 31. 由于副操作钮35、36置于壳体31的侧部,它们通常作为不经常使用的设定方式或切换方式的操作开关。 Since the sub-operating knob 35, 36 disposed side of the housing 31, they are usually set as a mode switch or mode of operation switches are not frequently used. 图10中,参考数字58表示一副开关件,其位于电路板41的侧面上与副操作钮35、36相对,并通过推压副操作钮35、36进行开关操作。 10, reference numeral 58 represents a pair of switching elements, which is located on the side of the circuit board 41 and the sub operation button 35, 36 relatively, and a switching operation by pushing the operating button 35, the sub.

图11显示了控制单元40的电路结构,它包括一个产生一用作时钟工作基准的基准频率脉冲的振荡器81,一用来分频振荡器81产生的基准频率的分频器82,一指示以从分频器82获得的脉冲信号为基准的当前时间的时钟电路83,一以从分频器82获得的脉冲信号为基准设定时间的计时器84,以及一选择来自时钟电路83和计时器84中的一个信号并输出所选信号给薄膜液晶件34的切换单元85。 Figure 11 shows the circuit configuration of the control unit 40, which comprises a clock used for generating a reference frequency pulse of a reference oscillator 81, a frequency divider for dividing the reference frequency oscillator 81 generates 82, an indication pulse signal obtained from the frequency divider 82 as a reference current time clock circuit 83, a pulse signal obtained from the frequency divider 82 as a reference to set the timer time 84, and a selector 83 and timing from a clock circuit 84 in one signal and outputs the selected signal to the thin film of the liquid crystal element 34 of the switching unit 85. 当操作钮33用作计时开关时,它连接至一个触发器86的触发端T,,该触发器从T端接收一由操作钮33的开关操作产生的信号然后从其Q端输出一高电平信号给计时器84和切换单元85。 When the operating button 33 is used as the time switch, which is connected to the trigger terminal T of a flip-flop 86 receives the trigger signal ,, a switching operation by the operating knob 33 is then generated from the terminal T from its Q output terminal of a high level signal to the timer 84 and the switching unit 85. 计时器84响应来自Q端的高电平信号开始计时。 The timer starts counting 84 in response to the high level signal from the Q-side. 开关单元85响应该高电平信号选择计时器84的输出以替代时钟电路83提供的输出并传送此计时器输出给薄膜液晶件34。 Switching unit 85 selects the output signal in response to the high 84's to replace the timer circuit 83 provides an output clock and timer output to send this film LCD 34.

操作钮35、36(图12、13)作为一开关进行操作以校正时钟电路83的时间或作为计时器84的复位开关。 The operating knob 35, 36 (FIG. 12, 13) operates as a switch circuit 83 to correct the clock time or timer 84 as a reset switch. 图12显示了一显示日期和时间的通常模式。 Figure 12 shows a display date and time of the normal mode. 图12中,显示了10点58分50秒,1992年9月30日。 Figure 12 shows the 10:58:50, 30 September 1992. 在此模式下通过对33钮的按压,图13的计时模式开始,该模式下计时器84开始执行计时操作。 In this mode by pressing button 33, 13 start timing mode, this mode timer 84 started counting operation. 如图14中所示,计时器顺序给出时间同时一闪闪地前进。 As shown in Figure 14, the timer sequence given time while a sparkling advance. 当操作钮33在这种闪烁前进的状态下再次被按下时,显示日期和时间的模式重新恢复。 When the state of operation in which flashes forward button 33 is pressed again, the date and time display mode to resume. 由于频繁的开关操作通过位于壳体31中央上的操作钮33来完成,可操作性能得以提高并且操作的可靠性得以确保。 Due to the frequent switching operation by the operating knob 31 in the housing 33 to complete the central, operability is improved and the reliability of operation is ensured.

本发明不限于上述实施例。 The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments. 各种变化和改动都是可行的。 Various changes and modifications are possible. 例如,薄膜液晶器件可采用诸如三角形或矩形环的多边形环的形式。 For example, take the form of a thin film liquid crystal devices such as triangular or rectangular ring polygon ring. 操作钮33可用作切换操作而非计时开关。 Operation button 33 can be used instead of switching operation time switch.

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Classifications
International ClassificationH01H13/702, G02F1/133, G04G9/00
Cooperative ClassificationG02F1/13306, H01H2239/01, G04G9/0035, H01H2231/028, H01H2209/018, G04G9/0029, G04G9/0023, H01H2231/05, H01H2300/054, H01H13/702, H01H2219/012, H01H2239/058, H01H2239/05
European ClassificationG02F1/133D, H01H13/702, G04G9/00D, G04G9/00D1, G04G9/00D1B
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