|Publication number||CN102060112 A|
|Application number||CN 201010611205|
|Publication date||18 May 2011|
|Filing date||29 Dec 2010|
|Priority date||29 Dec 2010|
|Also published as||CN102060112B|
|Publication number||201010611205.5, CN 102060112 A, CN 102060112A, CN 201010611205, CN-A-102060112, CN102060112 A, CN102060112A, CN201010611205, CN201010611205.5|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (1), Classifications (1), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
一种抽真空包装装置 A vacuum packaging apparatus pump
技术领域 Technical Field
 本发明涉及物品包装设备，具体地说是指一种抽真空包装装置，其可广泛应用于茶叶、咖啡等物品真空包装设备上。  The present invention relates to a packaging equipment items, specifically refers to a vacuum packaging apparatus sauce, which can be widely used in tea, coffee and other items vacuum packaging equipment.
 日常市面上的茶叶、咖啡等一些物品，大多数采用真空包装袋包装后出售，这样缩小了物品的体积，方便了其输送、销售并且延长了物品的使用保质期。 After the  the daily market, tea, coffee and some other items, in most cases, vacuum-packed bags for sale, so reducing the volume of goods, to facilitate their delivery, sales and extend the use of the shelf life of items.
 以茶叶真空包装为例，茶叶真空包装过程主要为四步：茶叶称量、装袋、抽真空以及封口。  In an example of tea vacuum packaging, vacuum packaging process tea mainly four steps: tea weighing, bagging, evacuated and sealed. 以抽真空、封口来说，现有大多数采用外抽式抽真空包装，把装有茶叶的真空包装袋放于操作台面上，使真空包装袋袋口与抽气设备的抽气口相配合，然后启动抽气设备使其对真空包装袋进行抽气，抽到一定程度，对袋口进行封口，取出真空包装袋，既完成了对其抽真空以及封口的过程。 With vacuuming, sealing it, in most cases, existing outside pumping vacuum packaging, the vacuum bag containing tea put on the operating table, the vacuum packaging exhaust port and the exhaust port pocketed compatible devices, Then start pumping equipment for vacuum bag it was evacuated, pumped to a certain extent, be sealed to the bag, remove the vacuum bag, both completed its evacuation and sealing process.
 上述采用外抽式抽真空包装过程，只单纯对真空包装袋内的气体抽吸，袋口和抽气口之间需要良好的配合，然后才能进行抽气，其操作复杂以及用时长；在封口时，少量的气体易从袋口处进入包装袋内，使得真空度不高。  The above-mentioned use outside pumping vacuum packaging process, only a simple vacuum-packed bag of gas pumping, required between bag and exhaust ports with good before evacuated and complexity of its operations and long with time; When the seal, a small amount of gas is easy to enter from the pocket of the bag in such a vacuum is not high.
 本发明提供一种抽真空包装装置，其目的在于克服现有外抽式抽真空包装方式存在抽真空用时长，真空度不高等缺点。  The present invention provides an apparatus for pumping vacuum packaging, aimed at overcoming the existing outside pumping vacuum packaging the presence of long vacuuming vacuum of not higher shortcoming.
 为了解决上述问题，本发明采用如下技术方案：  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
一种抽真空包装装置，包括接/卸料机构、由左、右半室构成的真空室、装设于真空室内的封口装置以及驱动左、右半室相向或相背运动的第二驱动机构，所述接/卸料机构包括接料斗，该接料斗可摆动地连接于左半室内侧，该接/卸料机构后壁设有分别位于其连接部上、下两侧的第一、第二永磁铁，另外还包括和第一、第二永磁铁相排斥的第三永磁铁以及驱动该第三永磁铁上下运动的第一驱动机构。 A vacuum packaging apparatus evacuated, including access / unloading mechanism, by the left and right chambers consisting of a vacuum chamber, installed in the vacuum chamber sealing device and driving the left and right chambers movement toward or away from a second drive mechanism said ground / unloading mechanism includes receiving hopper, the hopper may be pivotally connected to the left is connected to the indoor side, the pick / unloading mechanism located on the rear wall portion which is connected, at both sides of the first, Two permanent magnets, and also includes a first, second third permanent magnet and the permanent magnet repulsion driving a first drive mechanism of the third permanent magnet moving up and down.
 还包括左、右固定板，所述左半室固定连接于左固定板上，该左固定板侧壁上开设有用于第三永磁铁在其内上下滑动的竖槽，所述右半室固定连接有一固定框，第二驱动机构水平地安装于右固定板上，且其输出轴连接于固定框上。  also includes left and right fixing plate, the left half of the chamber is fixedly connected to the left fixed plate, opened a vertical slot for the third permanent magnet in its inner slide up and down on the left side wall fixing plate, said right Semi chamber fixedly connected with a fixed frame, a second drive mechanism attached to the right horizontally fixed plate, and an output shaft connected to the fixed frame.
 还包括一定位导杆，所述右固定板开设有定位孔，该定位导杆一端穿过定位孔与固定框相连接，该定位导杆的长度方向和第二驱动机构的输出轴方向相同。  further comprises a positioning guide rod, the creation of a right fixing plate positioning hole, one end of the guide rod positioned through the positioning hole and is connected to the fixed frame, the longitudinal direction of the output shaft of the positioning of the guide rod and the second drive mechanism in the same direction.
 还包括呈L型的驱动滑板，该驱动滑板由相互连接的横板和竖板构成，该竖板开设有凹槽，所述第三永磁铁安装于凹槽内，第一驱动机构的输出轴固定连接于横板上。  further comprises a L-type drive slider, the slider driven by a horizontal plate and vertical plates are connected to constitute the riser opening groove, said third permanent magnet mounted in the recess, a first drive mechanism The output shaft is fixedly connected to the horizontal plate.
 前述接/卸料机构还包括支撑板、转动活节以及活节座，所述接料斗包括基板、位于基板左、右两侧的两侧板、连接于基板底端的挡板，所述支撑板固定连接于基板后部，所述转动活节设于支撑板后壁，所述活节座设于左半室内侧，该转动活节连接于活节座上。  preceding access / unloading mechanism further includes a support plate, rotating swivel and swivel base, the receiving hopper includes a substrate, the substrate is located in the left and right sides of the side plates connected to the substrate at the bottom of the bezel, the said support plate is fixedly connected to the substrate rear, the turning articulated support plate provided on the rear wall of the swivel seat provided on the left interior side of the rotary articulable to swivel seat.
 前述基板底部开设有开口，所述左半室内侧壁底部设有一水平推杆，该水平推杆一端固定连接于内侧壁上，另一端可穿过开口，且与接料斗相配合；所述挡板前端设有用于防止包装袋滑出的凸部。  the aforementioned base substrate has an opening opened, the left interior side wall has a horizontal bottom ram, one end of the horizontal push rod is fixedly connected to the inside of the wall, the other end through the opening, and cooperate with the receiving hopper; The front end has a convex portion baffle to prevent the bag from slipping out.
 前述支撑板上开设有两安装槽，该两安装槽位于所述转动活节的上、下两侧，所述第一、第二永磁铁分别安装于两安装槽内。  The aforementioned support plate has two open mounting groove, the grooves in said rotatable mounting two articulated on the lower sides, said first and second permanent magnets are mounted on the two mounting groove.
 前述第一、第二驱动机构均为电磁铁驱动机构。  said first and second drive means are solenoid drive mechanism.
 由上述对本发明结构的描述可知，和现有技术相比，本发明优点在于：本茶叶包装抽真空及封口装置合理地运用了同极永磁铁相排斥原理，协调地完成了接料、抽真空、封口以及卸料的动作过程。  From the above description of the structure of the present invention shows that compared to the prior art, the advantages of the present invention is that: The tea packaging and vacuum sealing means rational use of the same pole permanent magnet repulsion principle, coordinated completed splice , vacuuming, sealing and unloading course of action. 其动作过程为，初始第三永磁铁位于与第一永磁铁相对的区域，其之间会相互排斥，其作用力推动接料斗底端向右摆动进行接料，茶叶装袋后竖直落入左、右半室之间的接料斗上，即接料完成；然后第二驱动机构启动，使其带动右半室向左半室运动， 接料斗的底端被右半室抵压向左摆动，直至真空室闭合，启动抽真空装置对真空室内气体进行抽真空，即抽真空完成；然后第一驱动机构启动，使其输出轴带动驱动滑板，使其上的竖板在竖槽内向上滑动，直到滑至与第二永磁铁相对的区域，该第三永磁铁和第二永磁铁相互排斥，其作用力推动接料斗顶部向右摆动，把茶叶包装袋袋口抵触在装设于真空室内的封口装置上，对其进行封口，即封口完成；然后第二驱动机构再次启动，使其带动右半室回位，由于第三永磁铁和第二永磁铁相互排斥，其作用力会继续推动接料斗顶部向右摆动以及水平推杆会推动茶叶包装袋，茶叶包装袋会随着真空室的打开而自动掉落，即卸料完成。 Its course of action for the initial third permanent magnet and the first permanent magnet is located in a region facing mutually exclusive between them, its force pushing receiving hopper bottom of the swing to the right post splice, tea bagging vertical fall Left, right on the receiving hopper between the chambers, that splice is completed; then start the second drive mechanism to drive the right room left half chamber movement, the bottom of the receiving hopper is pressed against the right chamber swing to the left until the vacuum chamber is closed, starting evacuation means for evacuating gas in the vacuum chamber, i.e., vacuum completed; then start the first driving means, so that the output shaft driven by the driving slide plate, so that the slide upwardly on the riser in the vertical slot until slid relative to the second permanent magnet area, the third permanent magnet and the second permanent magnets repel each other, the force pushing the top receiving hopper swing to the right, the tea packaging pocketed mouth contradicted installed in a vacuum chamber the sealing device, its seal, the seal is completed; then the second drive mechanism starts again, it led to the right chamber of the return, since the third permanent magnet and the second permanent magnets repel each other, the force will continue to promote receiving hopper swing to the right and top level will push the plunger tea bags, tea bags will open with the vacuum chamber is automatically dropped, that the discharge is completed. 采用内抽真空包装方式，即把茶叶包装袋放于真空室内，然后对真空室进行抽真空，茶叶包装袋的内外空气都被抽出，这样茶叶包装袋真空度高、用时短以及操作简便。 Use within vacuum packaging, namely the tea bags placed in a vacuum chamber, and then the vacuum chamber is evacuated, tea bags inside and outside air is drawn out of tea bags so high vacuum, with time short and easy to operate. 第一、第二驱动机构均为电磁铁驱动机构，其设备运行时噪音小。 First and second drive means are magnet drive mechanism, their equipment running noise. 本装置实用性强，适用于普及、推广使用。 This means practical, applicable to universal, widely used.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图1为本发明的立体示意图。  FIG. 1 perspective view of the present invention.
 图2为本发明的剖视图。 Sectional view of the present invention.  FIG.
 图3为图2中A处的放大示意图。  Figure 3 is an enlarged schematic view at A in Figure 2.
 图4为本发明处于接料状态的示意图。  FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram in splice state.
 图5为本发明处于抽真空状态的示意图。  FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a vacuum in the state.
 图6为本发明处于封口状态的示意图。  FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram in a sealed state.
 图7为本发明处于真空室卸料状态的示意图。  FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram in a vacuum chamber discharge status.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 下面参照附图说明本发明具体实施方式。  The following drawings illustrate the invention with reference to specific embodiments.
 参照图1、图2。  Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2. 一种抽真空包装装置，包括接/卸料机构、第一驱动机构2、第二驱动机构3、由左半室40和右半室41构成的真空室4、左固定板5、右固定板6、装设于右半室41内的封口装置9以及驱动滑板。 A vacuum packaging apparatus evacuated, including connection / unloading mechanism, the first drive mechanism 2, the second driving mechanism 3, the vacuum chamber 40 by the left and right chambers 41 constituting the chamber 4, the left fixing plate 5, a right fixing plate 6, 9, and installed in the driving slider right chamber of the sealing device 41. 该接/卸料机构连接于左半室40内侧，所述左半室40 固定连接于左固定板5上，所述右半室41后部固定连接有一固定框410，第二驱动机构3水平地安装于右固定板6上，且其输出轴30连接于固定框410上。 The connection / unloading mechanism 40 is connected to the left inner chamber, said left chamber 40 is fixedly connected to the left fixed plate 5, the rear portion of the right chamber 41 is fixedly connected with a fixed frame 410, the second horizontal driving mechanism 3 mounted on the right fixing plate 6, and the output shaft 30 is connected to the fixed frame 410. 还包括一定位导杆411，所述右固定板6开设有定位孔，该定位导杆411 一端穿过定位孔与固定框410相连接，该定位导杆411的长度方向和第二驱动机构3的输出轴30方向相同。 Further comprising a positioning guide rod 411, the right fixing plate has a positioning hole 6 opened, the guide rod positioned through the positioning hole 411 at one end and is connected to the fixed frame 410, the longitudinal direction of the positioning guide rod 411 and a second driving mechanism 3 The output shaft 30 in the same direction. 该定位导杆411的设计，提高了右半室41在左右运动过程中的稳定性，不易产生晃动。 The positioning guide rod 411 is designed to improve stability at around 41 during the movement of the right chamber and difficult to produce shaking. 第一驱动机构2和第二驱动机构3均为电磁铁驱动机构。 A first driving mechanism 2 and second driving mechanism 3 are solenoid drive mechanism.
 参照图1、图2、图3。  Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 3. 所述接/卸料机构还包括支撑板10、转动活节8以及活节座42，所述接料斗包括基板11、位于基板11左、右两侧的两侧板12、连接于基板11底端的挡板13，该挡板13前端设有用于防止包装袋滑出的凸部130，该凸部130的设计，茶叶装袋后竖直落入接料斗1上不易滑出。 The contact / unloading mechanism 10 further includes a rotary articulated swivel seat 8 and the support plate 42, the substrate comprises a receiving hopper 11, the substrate 11 is located in the left and right sides of the side plates 12, 11 is connected to the base substrate end of the baffle 13, the front end of the shutter 13 is provided for preventing the bag from slipping out convex portion 130, after the projection portion 130 design, the tea bag receiving hopper falls on a vertical slide easily. 所述支撑板10固定连接于基板11后部，所述转动活节8设于支撑板10后壁上，所述活节座42设于左半室40内侧上，该转动活节8可摆动地连接于活节座42上。 The support plate 10 is fixedly connected to the rear substrate 11, the rotating swivel 8 is disposed on the rear wall of the support plate 10, the swivel seat 42 is provided on the inside of the left chamber 40, the rotary articulated 8 can swing connected to the swivel seat 42. 该基板11底部开设有开口110，所述左半室40内侧壁底部设有一水平推杆400，该水平推杆400 —端固定连接于其内侧壁上，另一端可穿过开口110，且与接料斗1相配合。 The substrate 11 has a bottom opening 110 opened, the bottom 40 of the left chamber inner wall is provided with a horizontal push rod 400, the horizontal pusher 400-- end fixedly connected to the inner side wall thereof, the other end through the opening 110, and with receiving hopper 1 cooperates. 所述支撑板13上开设有两安装槽，该两安装槽位于所述转动活节8的上、下两侧，还包括第一永磁铁60、第二永磁铁61，该第一永磁铁60和第二永磁铁61分别安装于两安装槽内。 The support plate 13 has two open mounting groove, the two grooves in said rotatable mounting on articulated 8, at both sides, further comprising a first permanent magnets 60, second permanent magnets 61, 60 of the first permanent magnet and second permanent magnets 61 are mounted on the two mounting groove.
 参照图1、图2。  Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2. 所述左固定板5外侧壁上开设有竖槽50，所述驱动滑板由相互垂直连接的横板70和竖板71构成，该竖板71开设有凹槽，还包括第三永磁铁62，该第三永磁铁62安装于凹槽内，所述电磁铁驱动机构2的输出轴20固定连接于横板70上，其输出端20带动竖板71在竖槽50内上、下滑动地与所述第一永磁铁60、第二永磁铁61相排斥。 The outer wall of the left fixing plate 5 has a vertical slot opening 50, the slide plate driven by a horizontal plate 70 connected to each other and perpendicular to the vertical plate 71 constituting the vertical plate 71 has a groove opening, further comprising a third permanent magnet 62, The third permanent magnet 62 is mounted in the recess, the solenoid drive output shaft 2 of 20 fixedly attached to the horizontal plate 70, whose output 20 led the risers 71 in the vertical slot 50 in the upper and lower sliding with The first permanent magnet 60, a second permanent magnet 61 with rejection.
 参照图1、图2、图4、图5、图6、图7。  Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2, FIG. 4, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, FIG. 7. 本装置合理地运用了同极永磁铁相排斥原理，协调地完成了接料、抽真空、封口以及卸料的动作过程。 This means rational use of the same pole permanent magnet repulsion principle, coordinated completed splice, vacuuming, sealing and unloading course of action. 其动作过程为，初始第三永磁铁62位于与第一永磁铁60相对的区域，其之间会相互排斥，其作用力推动接料斗1底端向右摆动进行接料，茶叶装袋后竖直落入左半室40、右半室41之间的接料斗1上，即接料完成； 然后第二驱动机构3启动，使其带动右半室41向左半室40运动，接料斗1的底端被右半室41抵压向左摆动，直至真空室4闭合，启动抽真空装置（图中未示出）对真空室4内气体进行抽真空，即抽真空完成；然后第一驱动机构2启动，使其输出轴20带动驱动滑板，使其上的竖板71在竖槽50内向上滑动，直到滑至与第二永磁铁61相对的区域，该第三永磁铁62 和第二永磁铁61相互排斥，其作用力推动接料斗1顶部向右摆动，把茶叶包装袋袋口抵触在装设于真空室4内的封口装置9上，对其进行封口，即封口完成；然后第二驱动机构3再次启动，使其带动右半室41回位，由于第三永磁铁62和第二永磁铁61相互排斥，其作用力会继续推动接料斗1顶部向右摆动以及水平推杆400会推动茶叶包装袋，茶叶包装袋会随着真空室4的打开而自动掉落，即卸料完成。 Its course of action for the initial third permanent magnet 62 and the first permanent magnet 60 is located in a region facing mutually exclusive between them, its force to promote a bottom of the receiving hopper swing to right then expected, after tea bagging vertical straight fall left chamber 40, receiving hopper between the right chamber 41 1, that splice is completed; then the second drive mechanism 3 starts to drive the right chamber 41 to the left chamber half 40 moves, receiving hopper 1 The bottom end of chamber 41 is pressed against the right swing to the left, until the vacuum chamber 4 is closed, to start evacuation means (not shown) of the gas inside the vacuum chamber 4 is evacuated, i.e. complete evacuation; and a first drive 2 Start mechanism to drive the output drive shaft 20 slide, so that the vertical plate 71 in the vertical groove 50 within the slide until it slid to the second permanent magnet 61 opposite the area of the third permanent magnet 62 and the second 61 permanent magnets repel each other, the force pushing the top of the receiving hopper and a swing to the right, the tea packaging pocketed port conflict on the sealing means is provided in the vacuum chamber 4, 9, its seal, the seal is completed; then the first second drive means 3 to start again to return to drive the right chamber 41, since the third permanent magnet 62 and the second permanent magnet 61 repel each other, the force will continue to promote its receiving hopper and the top of the swing to the right one horizontal pushrod 400 will promote tea bags, tea bags will be opened with the vacuum chamber 4 is automatically falling, that the discharge is completed.
 另外，本装置也可应用于咖啡等其它物品真空包装设备上。  In addition, the device can also be used on other items such as coffee vacuum packaging equipment.
 上述仅为本发明的具体实施方式，但本发明的设计构思并不局限于此，凡利用此构思对本发明进行非实质性的改动，均应属于侵犯本发明保护范围的行为。  The above is only the specific embodiment of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited to this, where the use of this concept of the present invention is a non-substantive changes, shall be an infringement of the scope of the present invention act.
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