Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN101079369 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200610162037
Publication date11 May 2011
Filing date11 Dec 2006
Priority date22 May 2006
Also published asCN101079369A
Publication number200610162037.X, CN 101079369 B, CN 101079369B, CN 200610162037, CN-B-101079369, CN101079369 B, CN101079369B, CN200610162037, CN200610162037.X
Inventors潘洪德
Applicant潘洪德
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Non internal electrode and no Hg highly efficient and long-life gas discharge surface light source
CN 101079369 B
Abstract
The invention discloses a no internal electrode micro mercury high-efficiency long-life gas-discharge surface light source in the gas-discharge lamp technique field, which has the advantages: 1. the discharging gas of the surface light source is no mercury and no mercury pollution and the surface light source is an environment-friendly type lighting lamp; 2.the phosphor powder is added the organic electroluminescent material photo multiplier agent uniformly, the inner wall can be equipped with the reflecting ultraviolet layer, the inactive gas component in the body is the optimum selection combined proportioning and makes the light source light high-effectively; 3. the invention isn' t internally equipped with the electrode and provides the good sealing property and the low electric energy loss, and the invention is a energy-saving and long-life lamp; 4. the external electrode is manufactured with the special process, the electrode and the surface light source glass envelope are melted in a piece, which improves the fast property, the independence and the safety; 5. the driving power is the resonant electric driving power matching to the surface light source (load) automatically, which saves the energy and electricity; 6. two corresponding lighting surfaces are two-dimensional plane form or curved face form or parallel or same curvature and equal space or arbitrary curved faceform, one of two lighting surfaces (the back or the like) can be light-tight surface form aphototropism material. The lamp provides the advanced structure property, which has the wide market prospect.
Claims(8)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,该面光源的密封发光腔体上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面,它的发光腔体内壁设置有荧光粉而无内电极,发光腔体内密封装置有无汞的放电惰性气体,且其一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上,所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料;所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种;所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料使用量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50% ;特征在于:所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极。 A mercury-free high-performance electrode long life gas discharge surface light source, or having a light emitting face has a corresponding rendering two-dimensional planar external light transmissive sealing the cavity surface emitting light source, its light emission the inner wall of the cavity is provided with a phosphor without inner electrode, a light emitting cavity sealing device or without an inert gas discharge of mercury, and one of the external surface of the electrodes are provided on both sides or top and bottom surfaces of the left and right sides of the light-emitting surface, the the gas discharge surface light source emitting phosphor in cavity wall even add light multiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material; the gas discharge surface light source of the phosphor added photomultiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material is at least one organic electroluminescent light emitting material; wherein the gas discharge surface light source of the phosphor added photomultiplier agents - organic electroluminescent light emitting material is used in an amount of phosphor used in an amount of 0 total. 1~50%; wherein: the gas-discharge light emitting surface of the body cavity of a pair of electrodes disposed on both right and left sides of the light emitting surface or both side surfaces of the upper and lower surfaces of the coated metal compounds by chemical reaction and a high temperature sintering a light bulb with the surface integral body of molten metal electrode or metal alloy electrodes.
2.根据权利要求1所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载——该面光源固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源,该电子驱动电源由整流与滤波电路、振荡电路、保护电路、 逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路及其输出电路组成;该输出电路的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对电极联接一起;b.所述的该面光源发光腔体内充有的放电气 体--隋性气体的组合配比是选择低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择, 最后得出的关于氦、氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合配比;c.所述的该面光源的密封发光腔体上对应的两个发光面均是二维平面状的或曲面状的。 2. No internal electrodes according to claim 1, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that: a surface of the gas-discharge light source driving power of the load is its - the natural oscillation frequency of the surface light source Match resonance frequency, high-voltage electronic power supply, the electronic drive power by the rectifier and filter circuit, an oscillator, a protection circuit, inverter circuit - with matching push-pull driver circuit, and the resonant circuit and boost output circuit; the a pair of output terminals of the output circuit of the gas discharge, respectively, a pair of electrodes coupled to the surface light source together; b emitting the surface light source chamber of the discharge gas is charged in the body - the ratio of inert gas composition is to choose a low electrical activation. Ratios of combination can be good which make the choice first of krypton-doped xenon good combination ratio, followed by selection for the helium, neon, argon or even a combination of the three best ratio, as well as the former two choices of good results on the ratio of the combination of select, came to the conclusion about helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon good combination ratio of the surface light source that is an inert gas discharge activation energy under the best of low power combination ratio;. c on the two light-emitting surface emitting cavity seal the surface of the corresponding source are two-dimensional planar or curved.
3.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极;b.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构;c.所述的该气体放电面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的优化组合配比是:氪掺氙的优化组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两〜三个数量级;氦、氖、氩和氪的优化组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一〜两个数量级;氦、氖、氩的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99% ;但惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 3. No internal electrode according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, comprising:. A light emitting surface of the gas discharge chamber is provided on both sides of the body in the up and down or left and right light-emitting surface a pair of electrodes on both sides of the lake by vacuum deposition and heated to form the surface light bulb with one of the metal body of molten metal alloy electrode or electrodes; b of the gas discharge surface of the drive power source electronic push-pull. and matching drive resistance circuit, boosting the resonant circuit, capacity, sense form a resonant circuit parameters tracking and matching electronic circuit structure; c of the gas discharge surface of the inert gas discharge light source optimized combination of low activation energy lower ratio. They are: select the amount of krypton xenon doped optimal combination ratio for: krypton than xenon big two - three orders of magnitude; select the amount of optimal combination of helium, neon, argon and krypton ratio of: helium, neon, argon total than krypton freshman ~ two orders of magnitude; helium, neon, argon, select accounts of the surface light source discharge 0~99% of an inert gas of the total; but the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon light source used in the surface 100% of the total amount to be met.
4.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的二维面是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的;b.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铜、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极;c.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路是自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,该电路中有智能化集成电路芯片。 No internal electrodes according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, wherein: the light emitting surface of the cavity corresponding to a two-dimensional plane of the two light-emitting surface is parallel to each other, or with the curvature pitch;. b of the gas discharge surface light source chamber in vitro according to a pair of electrodes disposed on the left and right sides of the light-emitting surface or both sides of the upper and lower surfaces are coated with a metal compound represented by alloy electrode and sintered at high temperature chemical reaction with the surface of the light bulb to melt one body silver, or copper, or aluminum electrode and silver, or copper, or aluminum; c wherein the gas discharge surface light source electronic drive. The push-pull driver circuit and matching power supply, boosting the resonant circuit is automatically matched, self-adjusting resonant electronic circuit that has intelligent IC chip.
5.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的间距应大于0. Imm ;b.所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并高温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的的银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极;c.所述的该气体放电面光源优化选择的惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 No internal electrode according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, comprising:. A distance between the two light-emitting surface of the cavity of the corresponding light emitting surface should be greater than 0 . Imm;. b of the gas discharge surface light source chamber in vitro according to a pair of electrodes disposed on the left and right sides of the light-emitting surface or both sides of the upper and lower surfaces are coated by vacuum and high temperature to form a precipitate, and the surface light bulb body one silver melt, or aluminum electrode and silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode;. c according to the gas discharge surface light source optimized selection of the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be high purity.
6.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:a.所述的该气体放电面光源的发光腔体内壁上设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层;b.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一是对外不透光的。 No internal electrode according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that:. A luminescent gas discharge within the cavity wall of the surface light source of the ultraviolet light is provided with a reflective layer, the top layer is a phosphor layer; the two light-emitting surface in one of the b-emitting cavity corresponding to the surface light source is outside opaque.
7.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一是对外不透光的,则在该对外不透光面内壁与荧光粉层间、或对外不透光面内壁与反射紫外光层间设置有反光材料层;或该对外不透光面是由不透光材料构成的。 No internal electrode according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that: one of the two light-emitting surface of the light emitting surface of the cavity corresponding to the outside light impervious light in the opaque surface between the outside wall and the phosphor layer, or an opaque surface between the external wall and the reflective layer is provided with UV reflective material layer; or the Foreign opaque surface is opaque material configuration.
8.根据权利要求2所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,特征在于:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面是任意二维面状的。 No internal electrode according to claim 2, wherein the mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source, characterized in that: the two light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity corresponding to the shape of an arbitrary two-dimensional plane .
Description  translated from Chinese

无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源-.技术领域 No internal electrode long life mercury-free high-performance gas discharge surface light source - FIELD

[0001] 本发明公开的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,属照明灯具技术领域,具体涉及一种无内电极、无汞、高效能又节能、长寿命、环保的气体放电面光源。 [0001] The present invention discloses no internal electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, is the lighting technology field, in particular it relates to an internal electrode, mercury-free, high-performance and energy-efficient, long-life, environmentally friendly gas discharge surface light source.

[0002] 二.背景技术 [0002] Background art

[0003] 气体放电光源或灯,也即电离气体发光的日光灯、霓虹灯、节能灯等,比电热白炽灯泡有不少优点而广泛为人们所使用;但也因有寿命短、汞污染等不足而使它的应用前景受到制约。 [0003] The gas discharge lamp or lamps, that ionized gas glowing fluorescent, neon lights, energy saving lamps, etc., than the electric incandescent light bulbs have many advantages and is widely used by people; but also due to short life, lack of mercury pollution prospect that it will be restricted. 究其根源,这些缺点源出于它们的结构和构造。 Traced these shortcomings source for their structure and structure. 不论日光灯(热阴极)类或霓虹灯(冷阴极)类,因其管体密封性能差与内置电极而使它们的使用寿命短;又因加用汞(水银)作电离剂,报废的灯具含汞等而污染环境;还因灯管内设置电极(内置电极)必然产生电极间电流与阴极损耗效应,电极还易轰击发热与耗损,耗电能多而不节能。 Regardless of fluorescent light (hot cathode) class or neon (cold cathode) class, the poor performance of its tube seal with the built-electrode leaving them short life; because of the addition of mercury (mercury) as Ionizers, scrap mercury lamps pollute the environment and so on; also by the provision of an electrode (internal electrode) within the tube will inevitably produce a current between the electrodes and the cathode loss effect, the electrode is also easy to bombard fever and loss, power consumption can be more rather than saving. 对日光灯和霓虹灯等这类气体放电灯的结构和构造的改进,是提高这类气体放电灯性能的根本出路和有效途径。 For fluorescent and neon gas discharge lamps and other such structures and improved structure, it is the fundamental way to improve this type of gas discharge lamp performance and effective way. 改进之一是:将内置电极改为外置电极,外置电极的结构,较早的中国专利有: 专利号:92232188. 4名称为《无电极高频扫描霓虹灯》,其后仅就无内电极的结构又涌现出不少专利,因其内容与本发明的技术相关性不大,不必费篇幅叙述。 One of the improvements are: the built-in electrodes instead of external electrodes, the structure of the external electrodes, China earlier patents include: patent number: 92232188.4 entitled "No electrode high-frequency scanning neon" followed far as no internal electrode structure has emerged in a number of patents, its technical content and relevance of the present invention is not, you do not have to charge the length narrative. 由此气体放电光源或灯无内电极的先进结构为人们和社会所共识。 Whereby the gas discharge lamp without light sources or advanced internal electrode structure for people and the consensus of the community.

[0004] 改进之二是:不再用汞(水银)作电离剂,即在气体放电光源或灯中的电离气体是无汞的。 [0004] The second improvement is: not as Ionizers mercury (mercury), that the gas discharge lamp or lamps ionized gas is mercury-free. 在这方面,较早的中国专利有:专利号:93104870. 2名称为《冷阴极低压无汞紫外光气体放电灯》,不普通的是它采用纯氮、或氮与惰性气体为放电气体,但它对惰性气体具体的组份与配比没有明确公开。 In this regard, Chinese patent earlier are: patent number: 93104870.2 entitled "cold cathode low pressure mercury UV gas discharge lamps," not normal is that it uses nitrogen, or nitrogen with an inert gas as the discharge gas, but it inert gas component with a specific ratio of not explicitly disclosed. 采用无汞技术的中国专利还有:申请号:02U6581.X(优先权日:2001年6月15日,申请日2002年6月12日)名称为《无水银填充气的低压气体放电灯》,该专利采用的填充气体有:填充气为元素周期表中第四主族硅、锗、锡、铅和硫族之硫、硒、碲的化合物,缓冲气为氦、氖、氩、氪、氙,但遗憾的是该专利没有明确公开其缓冲气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙的使用组份具体配比。 Mercury-free technology of Chinese patent are: Application Number: 02U6581.X (priority date: June 15, 2001, filed June 12, 2002) The name "no mercury low pressure gas discharge lamps filled with gas" as filling the gas used in the patent are: filling gas for the fourth main group of the periodic table as silicon, sulfur germanium, tin, lead and sulfur family, the selenium, tellurium compounds, buffer gas is helium, neon, argon, krypton, Xenon, but regrets that the patent does not explicitly disclosed its buffer gas components using helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon specific ratio. 采用无汞技术的中国专利还有许多,因其内容与本发明的技术相关性不大,不必费篇幅引用。 Mercury-free technology, there are many Chinese patent for its technology content and the relevance of the present invention is not, you do not have to charge the length of reference.

[0005] 关于气体放电面光源,见到的中国专利有:专利号:200420006645. 8名称为《高效率平面荧光灯光源》,这种面光源与本发明的面光源有许多不同,如它的电极是内电极,但这种面光源要比由许多根管(线)光源并排构成的面光源好的多。 [0005] For gas-discharge surface light source, China has seen patent: patent number: 200420006645.8 name "high efficiency fluorescent light plane" that face the light source and the surface light source of the present invention, there are many different, such as its electrode within the electrode, but this plane surface light source than the root canal by a number (line) side by side constitute a source of much better. 近年来对日光灯和霓虹灯等类气体放电灯结构和构造的种种缺点仍然进行着不断的研究和改进,我们在这些光源或灯的电致高效能发光方面、节电节能方面、面光源外壳的结构方面、以及外置电极的性能与安全方面均做了研制和改进,研制成功了这种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源。 In recent years, other types of fluorescent and neon gas discharge lamp structure and construction shortcomings remain engaged in continuous research and improvement, we are committed to high-performance light-emitting side, saving energy aspects of the structure of the surface light source housing electric light sources or lamp in , as well as performance and security, external electrodes are made to develop and improve the successful development of this electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source. 本发明的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,是一种环保、长寿命、更节能新的照明灯具,可用于室内外照明、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、车辆的灯具,专用或特殊用途的灯具,LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等方面,具有广阔的市场前景。 No inner electrode of the present invention, a mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, is an environmentally friendly, long life, more energy-efficient new lighting fixtures for indoor and outdoor lighting, decoration, light boxes, advertising, signs, vehicle lighting, Private or special purpose lamps, LCD backlight source (LCD TV, laptop backlight) and so on, and has broad market prospects.

[0006] 三.发明内容 [0006] III. SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的目的是:向社会提供这种无内电极无汞高效能环保节能长寿命气体放电面光源,为人们的生活照明服务。 Objective [0007] The present invention are: to provide the community with no internal electrodes that mercury-free high-performance environmentally friendly energy saving and long life gas discharge surface light source for people's lives lighting services. [0008] 本发明的技术方案内容如下:这种无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源, 该面光源的密封发光腔体上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面,制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面的密封发光腔体可采用已有的一切公知公用技术实现和完成,首先是制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面的发光腔体,如采用模具方法、使用石英玻璃料、或玻璃(做面)与金属(做侧面)联合料、采用透明网状结构.......等等办法,不必多述。 [0008] Technical Solution The present invention is as follows: This non-mercury-free high-performance internal electrode gas discharge surface long-life light source, or present with a corresponding two-dimensional planar external cavity seal the surface-emitting light source translucent light-emitting surface, the light-emitting cavity seal manufacture two-dimensional planar light emitting surface can have a corresponding existing technology to achieve all known public and complete, the first is to create two-dimensional planar light emitting surface with a corresponding light-emitting cavity, such as the use of mold method using quartz glass material, or glass (do face) and metal (do side) combined with material, with transparent mesh structure way ....... etc., do not repeat. 它的发光腔体内壁设置有荧光粉而无内电极,如前所述无内电极,便消除了内电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应的可能,也无电极轰击发热与耗损,必然是节能的。 Its luminous cavity wall is provided with phosphor without inner electrode, as mentioned no internal electrode eliminates the generation of electric current between the inner electrode and cathode loss effects possible, no electrode bombardment fever and loss, must be energy-efficient . 发光腔体内密封装置着无汞的放电气体,在发光腔体中如何装置无汞的放电气体呢? Emitting cavity sealing device with mercury-free discharge gas, in the light emitting device cavity how mercury-free discharge gas it? 首先在发光腔体内壁上设置荧光粉涂层,如三基色的荧光粉,然后把发光腔体中抽成真空,再后在发光腔体中充彻或装置上一定压强的无汞的放电惰性气体,最后把其腔体密封好。 First set in the wall of the cavity light emitting phosphor coating, such as the three primary colors phosphor, then the light-emitting cavity evacuated, then filled thorough or device after a certain pressure in the cavity emitting mercury-free discharge inert gas, and finally to its cavity sealed. 发光腔体密封要做好,性能要密封,如可采用低温(如370C)加热下实施密封。 Emitting cavity seal to do well, the performance should be sealed, such as may be used at low temperatures (eg 370 C) heat sealed under implementation. 这些都是放电气体光源制造的公开已知技术,不必多叙。 These are the discharge gas, light manufacturing publicly known techniques, needless to Syria. 所谓无汞就是该面光源的密封发光腔体中装置的放电气体无有或不加有汞(水银)作电离剂。 The so-called mercury-free discharge gas is sealed in the cavity surface-emitting light source in the device no yes or no added mercury (mercury) as Ionizers. 所以这种面光源是无有汞污染的,是环保的。 Therefore, this surface light source is free of mercury pollution, is environmentally friendly. 其一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上。 One of the external surface of the electrodes are provided on both sides of the light-emitting surface of the left and right or up and down both sides of the surface. 所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料。 The gas-discharge light source cavity wall surface of the phosphor light uniformly added multiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material. 这种有机电致发光材料添加到荧光粉中的目的和功能是使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光。 This organic electroluminescent phosphor material is added to the purpose and function is to make the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently. 这种有机电致发光材料是电致发光新材料,近年来还在不断涌现和增加,这种有机电致发光材料的发光机理包括电致下(即电作用下)直接发出可见光,或如荧光粉一样在紫外光作用下再发出可见光,这里所述的这种有机电致发光材料指的是:现已公知公用或市售的这类产品或新品,他们均可使用。 This organic electroluminescent material is an electroluminescent new materials in recent years, and the increase is still emerging, this light-emitting mechanism of the organic electroluminescent material comprises an electroluminescent (ie power under the action) directly emit visible light, such as fluorescent or Like powder under ultraviolet light and then emits visible light, which herein refers to an organic electroluminescent material is: It is known that such public or commercial products or new products, they can be used. 但是,为了获得光倍增效能或高效能地发光,在荧光粉中添加这类有机电致发光材料时应当进行选择,这种选择也可通过生产实验得出。 However, to obtain the effectiveness or efficiency photomultiplier can emit light in the phosphor by adding those who are in the organic electroluminescent material should be selected, this option can also be obtained by producing experiments.

[0009] 所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种,直至若干种,如二〜十种等。 [0009] The gas discharge surface light source of the phosphor added photomultiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material is an organic electroluminescent material in at least one until the number of species, such as two to ten and so on. 选择有机电致发光材料中的哪一种或哪几种、其配比量是多少,要结合该气体放电面光源的大小与尺寸、采用的荧光粉不同、内充的放电气体的不同等诸多因素作综合考虑、再做选择,如该气体放电灯的结构参数、材料参数等、以及微观的波长的匹配、离子电离、激发发光等的计算或设计。 Choose organic electroluminescent materials which or what kinds, the ratio is the number, in conjunction with the gas discharge surface light source size and dimension, different phosphors used in different discharge gas filled, and many Factors for comprehensive consideration, do choose, as well as matching micro-structural parameters such as the wavelength of the gas discharge lamp, material parameters, plasma ionization, excitation light emission calculation or design. 这种选择也可通过生产和实验得出。 This option can also be obtained through the production and experiments.

[0010] 所述的该气体放电面光源的荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂一有机电致发光材料使用量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50%。 [0010] The gas discharge surface light source of the phosphor added a photomultiplier agent organic electroluminescent material usage phosphor 0. 1~50% of total usage. 有机电致发光材料使用量在荧光粉总使用量的0. 1〜50%的范围中选择是合理和可取的。 The amount of the organic electroluminescent light emitting material selection is reasonable and desirable in the range of 0.5 1~50% of the total use of phosphors in.

[0011] 所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点在于:所述的该气体放电面光源发光腔体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极。 [0011] The inner electrode-free mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, the technical characteristics of that: the gas discharge surface of the light source chamber provided on one or both sides in vitro and down both sides of the light-emitting surface of the left and right a pair of electrodes is a compound metal-coated high temperature chemical reaction and sintered into the surface light bulb with one of the body of molten metal electrode or metal alloy electrodes. 该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,包括各种金属的电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属电极,如银的、铜的、铝的电极等;或者是金属合金电极,包括各种金属的合金电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属合金电极,如银的、铜的、铝的各种合金电极等。 The surface light source of one bulb molten metal electrodes, including electrodes of various metals, which preferably is a good conductivity metal electrodes, e.g., copper, aluminum, silver electrodes or the like; or a metal alloy electrode, comprising the metal alloy electrode, wherein preferred is the good conductivity metal alloy electrodes, such as silver, copper, aluminum, various alloys electrodes. 如该面光源的一对电极设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面外壁面上,在电极面用涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结的工艺制作方法,把电极做成与该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极,使电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,则电极和该气体放电面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性较高,是本发明技术内容的一点。 The pair of electrodes of the surface light-emitting surface in both the left and right or up and down both sides of the outer wall surface on both sides of the electrode surface is coated with a metallic compound high temperature chemical reaction and sintering fabrication method, the electrode is formed and The surface light source bulb of molten metal electrode or one metal alloy electrode, the electrode and the surface light bulb melted one, the electrodes and the gas-discharge light source coupled to a solid surface, reliability is high, a little technical content of the present invention . 这些电极设置使该面光源的外置电极性能与安全方面会有显著改进和提高。 These electrodes are arranged so that the external electrode surface light source performance and security will be significantly improved and enhanced.

[0012] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点还有: a.所述的该气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 [0012] According to the above-described internal electrode-free mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, the technical features include:. A drive power of the gas discharge surface of the light source is its load (the surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 所述的该面光源固有振荡频率,是指每个气体放电面光源等效于一个电容器,两电极是该面光源电容器的两极板,面光源内的放电气体等是电容器的介质, 该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C,并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率。 The natural oscillation frequency of the surface light source, wherein the gas discharge means of each surface light source is equivalent to a capacitor, the two electrodes are bipolar capacitor plate surface light source, the surface light source is a gas discharge within the capacitor dielectric, the surface light source The concrete structure is completely equivalent to an a capacitor C, and C has its inherent value and the natural oscillation frequency. 该面光源的电子驱动电源如果能和该面光源固有的电容器C值和固有振荡频率相匹配,使两者达到相互匹配,在谐振情况下驱动供电,必然是供电和驱动效果最好的,也是最节能的, 还能有效消除光源或灯光的闪烁等不稳定现象。 The surface light source of electronic driving power if they can match the light source and the surface of the capacitor C intrinsic value and natural oscillation frequencies, so that the two match each other to achieve, in the case of driving under the resonant power supply, power supply and drive is necessarily the best, but also the The most energy-efficient, but also effectively eliminate light or lights flickering instability. 该面光源的电子驱动电源由整流与滤波电路、振荡电路、保护电路、逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路及其输出电路组成。 The surface light source of electric drive power from the rectifier and filter circuit, an oscillator, a protection circuit, inverter circuit - with matching push-pull driver circuit, and the resonant circuit and the output of the boost circuit. 其中推挽与匹配驱动电路和升压与谐振电路设计成相互匹配又谐振的是该项技术的关键内容。 Wherein the push-pull driver circuit and a boost with matching with the resonant circuit designed to match each other and the resonance of the key elements of the technology. 它的输出电路的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对电极联接一起。 A pair of output terminals, respectively, of its output circuit of the gas discharge surface light source coupled to a pair of electrodes together. 以上所述的高频、高压驱动电源也是公开公知技术,高频范围如20〜400KC,高压范围如500〜 3000V等。 The above-described high-frequency, high-voltage drive power is disclosed known technique, such as high-frequency range 20~400KC, high pressure range and so as 500~ 3000V. 所述的该气体放电面光源的电子驱动电源的各功能电路也可用公知的技术设计和实现,只要能完成或实现其电子驱动电源各电路之功能均可采用。 The surface of the gas discharge light source of the functional circuit electrically driven power known techniques can also be used to design and implement, as long as complete or achieve the functional circuits electronic drive power can be used. 而且该电子驱动电源的各电路所用的电子元器件,完全可用其它电子元器件替代,只要采用的其它电子元器件能完成或实现其各电路功能的均可使用。 And each circuit of the electronic driving power used in electronic components, other electronic components are fully available alternatives, as long as the use of other electronic components to complete or achieve their respective circuit functions can be used. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体内充有的放电气体--隋性气体的组合配比是选择低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,它的技术意义是:消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源,达到这一目的的技术之一是:在以上目的之下求得该面光源内充有的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比。 . b inner surface of the gas-discharge light source is charged in the case of the discharge gas - a combination of inert gas ratio is the choice of low activation energy good combination Ratios, its technical meaning is: consume less Power can obtain high efficiency light-emitting surface light source technology to achieve this goal is one: Under the above object is obtained within the surface light source charged in the discharge of the inert gas is good (better) combination ratio. 怎样求得该面光源内充的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比呢? How to obtain the discharge of the inert gas filling the good of the surface light source (preferably) a combination of matching it? 选择的方法是:其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择,最后得出的关于氦、氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合配比。 The method of choice is: which first made the krypton-doped xenon good combination ratio of choice, followed by selection for the helium, neon, argon, and even a combination of the three best ratio, as well as the results of the first two options The best ratio of the combination of the select, came to the conclusion about helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon good combination ratio of the surface light source that is an inert gas discharge in the low activation energy under the best ratio of the combination. c.所述的该面光源的密封发光腔体上对应的两个发光面均是二维平面状的或曲面状的。 c. Two light-emitting surface emitting cavity of the sealing surface light source corresponding to the average is two-dimensional planar or curved. 关于二维平面状或曲面状的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about the two-dimensional planar or curved contents are also known, needless to Syria.

[0013] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,技术特点还有: a.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极和金属合金电极。 [0013] According to the above described inner electrode-free high performance and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source, as well as technical features:. A gas discharge sides of the surface light source disposed outside the casing in the left and right or top and bottom surfaces of the light-emitting surface a pair of electrodes on both sides of the lake by vacuum deposition and heated to form the surface light bulb body of molten metal electrode and one metal alloy electrodes. 其中金属真空镀工艺技术是公知公用的成熟技术,加温淀结的温度是使真空镀的金属形成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的温度。 Wherein the metal vacuum deposition technology is known and proven technology, heating lake junction temperature vacuum plating of metal forming the surface light bulb body temperature molten one. 关于所述的金属电极和金属合金电极同于前段说明的,不再重述。 On the metal electrode and the metal alloy electrode in front of the same description, it will not be repeated. b.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构,也即是该面光源的固有的电容器C值与推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路的阻、容、感电路参数相互跟踪匹配,形成谐振的电子电路结构。 b. The gas discharge surface light source driving power of the electron matching push-pull driver circuit, and the resonant step-up circuit of the resistance, the capacitance, the sense circuit parameters track matching circuit form a resonant electronic structure, that is inherent in the surface light source The value of the capacitor C and matching push-pull driver circuit, and the resonant circuit of the step-up resistance, capacitance, sense circuit parameter tracking and matching each other to form an electronic circuit structure resonance. c.为了达到消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源这一目的,所述的该气体放电面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的优化(更好的) 组合配比是:氪掺氙的优化组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两〜三个数量级(0. IXlO2〜 9. 9X IO3);氦、氖、氩和氪的优化组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一〜两个数量级(0. IX IO1NigXlO2);氦、氖、氩的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%; 但惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 c. In order to achieve low power consumption can be obtained by emitting high-performance surface light source for this purpose, according to the gas discharge surface inert gas discharge light source optimized for low activation energy under the (better) combination ratio is : Choose the amount of krypton xenon doped optimal combination ratio for: krypton than xenon big two - three orders of magnitude (0. IXlO2~ 9. 9X IO3); optimal combination of helium, neon, argon and krypton option volume ratio of : the total amount of helium, neon, argon, krypton freshman ~ than two orders of magnitude (0. IX IO1NigXlO2); helium, neon, argon, select accounts of the surface light source of inert gas discharge 0~99% of the total; but the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, the total use of the surface light source must meet 100%.

[0014] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,更详细的技术特点还有:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的二维面可以是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的。 [0014] According to the above-described internal electrode-free mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, more detailed technical features include:. A on the surface of the light-emitting cavity corresponding to the two light-emitting surface dimensional surface may be parallel to each other, or with the curvature pitch. 关于两个面相互平行、或是两曲面同曲率等间距等内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about the two faces parallel to each other, or the distance between the two surfaces with curvature, etc. is also known, needless to Syria. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铜、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极。 b. The gas discharge surface light source disposed outside the casing in the left and right sides, or both sides of the light-emitting surfaces of the upper and lower surfaces of a pair of electrodes is coated with a metal compound through a chemical reaction and high temperature sintering, and the surface light source bulb one body of molten silver, or copper, or aluminum electrode and silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode. 还要指出的是:所述的涂覆金属的化合物是些金属氧化物等,如氧化银、氧化铜、氧化铝、氧化锰、氧化铋、硼酸铅等,它们都是公知公用、市售产品。 Also note that: the said coating metal compound is a metal oxide of these, such as silver oxide, copper oxide, aluminum oxide, manganese oxide, bismuth oxide, lead borate, which are known and commercially available products . c.所述的该气体放电面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路是自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,该电路中有智能化集成电路芯片,这种智能化集成电路芯片具有可擦、写、读的固化软件及存储功能等。 c. The surface of the gas discharge light source and matching electronic drivers push-pull power driver circuit, the boost is automatically matched with the resonant circuit, self-adjusting resonant electronic circuit that has intelligent IC chip, this intelligent of an integrated circuit chip having erasable, write, read firmware and storage functions. 凡是能完成或实现该面光源驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路、升压与谐振电路自动匹配、自调谐振功能的智能化集成电路芯片均可用来设计与使用,这种智能化集成电路芯片完全可采用公知公用、市售产品,没有特殊的要求。 Those who can push the match to complete or achieve the surface light source driving power of the driving circuit, and the resonant circuit boosting automatic matching, adaptive resonance features intelligent IC chip can be used to design and use, this intelligent IC chip fully known and may be commercially available products, there are no special requirements.

[0015] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点还有:a.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面的间距应大于0. 1mm。 [0015] According to the above inner electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, detailed technical features include:. A pitch of the light-emitting surface of the cavity corresponding to the two light-emitting surface should greater than 0. 1mm. b.所述的该气体放电面光源壳体外设置在两发光面左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上的一对电极是经真空镀并加温淀结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极。 b. The gas discharge surface light source disposed in the outer housing of the light-emitting surface on both sides about two or a pair of electrodes on both sides of the upper and lower vacuum plating and heating the precipitate to form a body of molten surface light bulb one silver, or aluminum electrode and silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode. 采用银、或铝的电极以及银、或铜、或铝的合金电极其导电性能是较好的。 Silver, or aluminum electrode and silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode whose conductivity is preferred. c.所述的该气体放电面光源优化选择的惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 c. The gas discharge surface light source to optimize the selection of the inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 高纯度按通常理解是其纯度达四个九以上或更高(即99. 99%以上或更高)。 High purity is generally understood by its purity of more than four nines or higher (ie more than 99.99% or higher).

[0016] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点有: a.为了获得高效能发光结果,该气体放电面光源的壳体内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层。 [0016] According to the above inner electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, detailed technical features are:. A In order to obtain high efficiency light-emitting result, the housing wall surface of the gas-discharge light source may be provided with a reflective UV layer on top of this layer is the phosphor layer. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品, 其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 Said ultraviolet light reflecting material layer may be employed known and commercially available product of such materials, the manufacturing process can also be used a surface light source or gas discharge lamp conventionally known common technique to achieve. b.所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一可以是对外不透光的,便可形成单面发光的面光源。 one of the two light-emitting surface of the light-emitting cavity Said b of the surface light source may be outside of the corresponding opaque, can form a single light-emitting surface. 单面发光的面光源可做面形背光源、空心的圆柱面光源、或空心的球面光源等。 Sided light emitting surface of the backlight can do face shape, hollow cylindrical surface light source, or hollow spherical light source.

[0017] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点有: 所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面中之一(如背面)可以是对外不透光的, 一种情况:则是在该对外不透光面内壁与荧光粉层间、或对外不透光面内壁与反射紫外光层间设置有反光材料层,所述的反光的材料层均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 [0017] According to the above described inner electrode-free high performance and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source, a detailed technical features are: one of the two light-emitting surface on the light emitting surface of the cavity corresponding to the light source (e.g. the back ) may be opaque outside, a situation: that is between the external surface of the inner wall of opaque and the phosphor layer, or between the external surface of the inner wall of the opaque layer is provided with a UV reflective layer of reflective material, the The reflective layer may be employed known and commercially available products such materials, the manufacturing process can also be used a surface light source or gas discharge lamp conventionally known common technique to achieve. 或者另一种情况:该对外不透光面是由不透光材料构成的。 Or another case: the outside surface is made opaque opaque material.

[0018] 根据以上所述的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源,详细技术特点还有:所述的该面光源的发光腔体上对应的两个发光面可以是任意二维面状的,即其发光面的形状是任意形状的,这也是公知的技术内容,举不胜举,不必多叙。 [0018] According to the above inner electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source, detailed technical features include: two light-emitting surface of the light-emitting cavity corresponding to the surface light source can be any two-dimensional planar, that the shape of its light-emitting surface of any shape, which is a known technology content, endless, needless to Syria.

[0019] 本发明的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的优点很多:1.该面光源发光体中不含有汞,避免了含汞带来的污染和毒害,是环保型照明光源或灯具;2.该面光源发光体内无内置电极,发光体密封性能好,还不会在电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应,电能损耗少,是既节能又长寿命的照明光源或灯具;3.该面光源荧光粉中均勻添加了有机电致发光材料光倍增剂,而且其体内放电气体组份的组合配比也作了优化选择,这种光倍增剂和放电气体组份的优化选择,能使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光;4.该面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源)能匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源,耗电少,更节能。 [0019] Advantages of mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source within the electrode of the present invention without a lot of: 1. The surface light source body does not contain mercury, avoiding mercury poisoning caused by pollution and are environmentally friendly lighting a light source or luminaire; 2. The surface light source body without built-electrode, good luminous body sealing performance, it will not generate a current between the cathode electrode loss effect, less power consumption, is both energy-saving and long-life lighting or lamps; 3. The surface light source uniformly phosphor added organic electroluminescent material photomultiplier agent, and the body discharge gas component ratio has been optimized combination of options, such photomultiplier agent and discharge gas component of optimization selection , enables the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently; 4. drive power of the surface light source is its load (the surface light source) can match the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic power supply, low power consumption, more energy efficient. 5.该面光源体外设置的一对电极,采取特殊工艺制造,电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,提高了电极和该面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性、安全性;6.该面光源经过改进结构合理,性能先进,是值得大力提倡和推广的环保节能长寿命照明光源或灯具。 5. A pair of electrodes of the surface light source in vitro settings, take special process, electrodes and surface light bulb melted one, improving the electrode and the surface light source coupled to a solid, reliability, safety; 6. The surface light source through Improved reasonable structure, advanced performance, is worth to advocate for and promote green energy long-life lighting or lamps. 它可用于室内外照明、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、车辆的灯具,专用或特殊用途的灯具,LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等方面,具有广阔的市场前景。 It can be used for indoor and outdoor lighting, decoration, light boxes, advertising, signs, vehicle lighting, private or special purpose lamps, LCD backlight source (LCD TV, laptop backlight) and so on, and has broad market prospects.

[0020] 四.附图说明 [0020] IV. BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 本发明的说明书附图有7幅: [0021] The accompanying drawings of the present invention are seven:

[0022] 图1是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的结构示意图,其电极未在图中示出; [0022] FIG. 1 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode structure diagram long life gas discharge surface of the light source, the electrode is not shown in the figure;

[0023] 图2是图1的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源沿A——A线剖示图; [0023] FIG. 2 is a diagram of an electrode-free mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source along A - A line cross-sectional diagram;

[0024] 图3是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源使用联接图; [0024] FIG. 3 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode long-life gas discharge surface light source using a connection diagram;

[0025] 图4是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的电源电路结构方框图; [0025] FIG. 4 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode power supply circuit block diagram showing the structure of a long life gas discharge surface light source;

[0026] 图5是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源高频高压谐振电源原理图; [0026] FIG. 5 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode long-life gas discharge surface light resonant frequency and high voltage power supply schematic;

[0027] 图6是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源另一谐振电源原理图; [0027] FIG. 6 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode long-life gas discharge surface light source other resonant power supply schematic;

[0028] 图7是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源智能谐振电源原理图。 [0028] FIG. 7 is a mercury-free high-performance electrode long-life gas discharge surface light source intelligence resonant power supply schematic.

[0029] 在各图中:1.面光源的密封发光腔体上具有的对应两个二维面状发光面之一; 2.对应于1的另一发光面;3.发光腔体内壁上的荧光粉层;4.两发光面左右两侧面(之一)或两发光面上下两侧面(之一);5.面光源的密封发光腔体;6.分别设置在左右两侧上或上下两侧面上的一对外置面电极之一;7.电源线;8.高频、高压谐振电源;9.开关; 10.市电网络;11.整流电路;12.滤波电路;13.振荡电路;14.逆变电路,即推挽与匹配驱动电路;15.升压与谐振电路;16.输出电路;17.保护电路;18.智能芯片;19.地端;其中, 在图5中:Pl与P2.交流电源端;P3与P4.谐振电源输出端,联接面光源两电极端;Rl〜 R8.均为电阻;Cl〜C5.均为电容;Dl〜D9.均为二极管;Bi.变压器,它周围的1〜8均是变压器Bl各绕组的端头;Ql与Q2.均为三极管;F.熔断器。 [0029] In the drawings: 1. One of the two-dimensional planar light emitting surface of the seal cavity surface emitting light source having a corresponding; 2 corresponding to another one of the light-emitting surface; 3 luminous body cavity wall. a phosphor layer;. 4 at the left and right sides of the light-emitting surface side (one) or both side surfaces of the light-emitting surface (one); 5 sealed cavity surface emitting light;. 6 are disposed on right and left sides or upper and lower 9 switch;; one side faces a pair of external electrode surface; 7. power cord; 8 high-frequency, high-voltage electricity network 10. The resonant power supply; 11 rectifier circuit; 12 filter circuit; 13 oscillation circuit .; inverter circuit 14, i.e., the matching push-pull driver circuit; booster 15 and the resonance circuit; an output circuit 16; 17 protection circuit; smart chip 18; 19 ground terminal; wherein, in the FIG. 5....: . Pl and P2 AC power supply terminal;. P3 and P4 resonant power supply output terminal electrically coupled to a surface light source two extremes;. Rl~ R8 are resistors; Cl~C5 are capacitors;. Dl~D9 are diode;. Bi. Transformers, which are around 1 ~ 8 Bl end windings of the transformer;. Ql and Q2 are transistors;. F fuses. 在图6中:Pl与P2.交流电源端讽〜^均为二极管;D.双向二极管;LED.发光二极管;DW^DW2.均是稳压二极管A〜 C6.均是电容氓〜R8.均为电阻;MGR.光敏电阻;Qp Q2.均为场效应管;Q3.可控硅;B1, B2.均为变压器知〜“均为绕组电感线圈;Re.负载面光源;Re.示意再有的负载面光源。 在图7中:Pl与P2.交流电源端;P3与P4.谐振电源输出端,联接面光源两电极端;D1〜D4、 D6、D8.均为二极管;D5.为稳压二极管;D7.为可控硅6〜Cltl.均是电容氓〜Ii12.均为电Pl5Q1^Q2.均为场效应管;ICpIC2.均为集成电路芯片,其中IC2是智能芯片;Bi〜B3.均为变压器^〜L7.均为绕组电感线圈。 In Figure 6: Pl and P2 AC terminal satirical ~ ^ are diode; D bidirectional diode; LED light-emitting diode; DW ^ DW2 are Zener diode A~ C6 are capacitors Meng ~R8 are..... for the resistance; MGR photosensitive resistance;.. Qp Q2 are FETs;. Q3 SCR;. B1, B2 are known transformer ~ "are winding inductors;. Re load surface light source; Re schematic back again. The load surface light source in Fig. 7:.... Pl and P2 AC supply terminal; P3 and P4 resonant power supply output terminal, both light coupling surface electrode terminal; D1~D4, D6, D8 are diode; D5 was stable. Pressure diode;.. D7 of SCR 6~Cltl are rogue ~Ii12 capacitance are electrically Pl5Q1 ^ Q2 are FETs;... ICpIC2 are integrated circuit chip, which is the smart chip IC2; Bi~B3 . are transformer ^ ~L7. are winding inductor.

[0030] 五具体实施方案 [0030] Specific embodiments of five.

[0031] 本发明的非限定实施例如下: [0031] The non-limiting embodiment of the present invention are as follows:

[0032] 实施例一.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源[0033] 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的一种具体结构如图1〜图5 共同示出,其中图1与图2所示的是无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的结构示意图,图2是图1的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源沿A——A线剖示图。 [0032] Example I. electrode mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source [0033] This example is no internal electrode high efficiency and long life of mercury-free gas discharge surface light source of a particular structure is shown in Figure 1 ~ 5 Common shown, wherein FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 is a mercury-free high-performance internal electrodes long life gas discharge surface light source structure diagram, FIG. 2 is a diagram of an electrode-free mercury-free high performance and long life gas discharge surface light source along A - A line cross-sectional diagram. 如图中所示,该面光源的密封发光腔体5上具有或呈现有对应的两个二维面状的对外透光的发光面1与2,制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面1、2的密封发光腔体5可采用已有的一切公知公用技术实现和完成,首先是制造具有对应的两个二维面状发光面1、2的发光腔体5, 如采用模具方法、使用石英玻璃料、或玻璃(做面)与金属(做侧面)联合料、采用透明网状结构.......等等办法,不必多述。 As shown in FIG emitting surface, with or have presented two-dimensional plane corresponding to the external shape of the surface light source on the light-transmissive sealed cavity 5 of a light emitting and 2, corresponding to the two-dimensional manufacturing a planar light emitting 1,2 sealing surface emitting cavity 5 may be all known and existing technology and complete, the first is to create two-dimensional planar light emitting surface with a corresponding cavity 5 1 and 2, such as the use of mold method using quartz glass material, or glass (do face) and metal (do side) combined with material, with transparent mesh structure way ....... etc., do not repeat. 该例发光腔体5上对应的两个发光面1、2均是二维平面状的或曲面状的,关于二维平面状或曲面状的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 The cases of two light-emitting surface of the corresponding 5-emitting cavity 1 are two-dimensional planar or curved, on a two-dimensional planar or curved contents also known technical content, needless to Syria. 该面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的间距应大于0. 1mm,如0. 2mm〜2mm。 Spacing between the two light-emitting surface of the surface light source 1 should be greater than the corresponding 0. 1mm, such as 0. 2mm~2mm. 如图中所示,它的发光腔体5内壁设置有荧光粉3而无内电极。 As shown in FIG its luminous provided within the inner wall of the cavity 5 has no electrode phosphor 3. 无内电极,便消除了内电极间产生电流与阴极损耗效应的可能,也无电极轰击发热与耗损,必然是节能的。 No inner electrode, eliminates the current generated between the inner electrode and cathode loss effects possible, no electrode bombardment fever and loss, it must be energy conservation. 发光腔体5内密封装置着无汞的放电惰性气体,在发光腔体中如何装置无汞的放电惰性气体呢? 5 is sealed within the cavity emitting devices with mercury-free discharge of inert gas, in the light emitting device cavity of how mercury-free discharge of the inert gas it? 首先在发光腔体5的内壁上设置荧光粉涂层3,如三基色的荧光粉,然后把发光腔体5中抽成真空,再后在发光腔体5中充彻或装置上一定压强的无汞的放电惰性气体,最后把其腔体密封好。 First set on the inner wall of the cavity 5 of the light-emitting phosphor coating 3, such as the three-color phosphor, and the light-emitting cavity 5, evacuated, and then charge after thorough or light-emitting device in the cavity 5 in a certain pressure mercury-free discharge of inert gas, and finally put its cavity sealed. 发光腔体密封要做好,性能要密封,如可采用低温(如大约370C)加热下实施密封。 Emitting cavity seal to do well, the performance should be sealed, such as may be used at low temperatures (such as about 370 C) heat sealed under implementation. 这些都是放电气体光源制造的公开已知技术,不必多叙。 These are the discharge gas, light manufacturing publicly known techniques, needless to Syria. 所谓无汞就是该面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的放电气体无有或不加有汞(水银)作电离剂。 The so-called mercury-free discharge gas is sealed in the surface light source device emitting cavity 5 without or without added mercury (mercury) as Ionizers. 所以这种面光源是无有汞污染的,是环保的。 Therefore, this surface light source is free of mercury pollution, is environmentally friendly. 它的一对外置面电极分别设置在两发光面1、2左右两侧面上或上下两侧面上。 It's a pair of external surface electrodes are provided on one or both sides up and down both sides of the two light-emitting surface 1,2. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之一是:该例面光源的发光腔体5的内壁上的荧光粉3中均勻添加有光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料。 One of the features of this embodiment is that the gas discharge surface light source: light-emitting surface of the cavity of the body Example 5 phosphor on the inner wall 3 uniformly add light multiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material. 这种有机电致发光材料添加到荧光粉中的目的和功能是使该气体放电面光源高效能地发光。 This organic electroluminescent phosphor material is added to the purpose and function is to make the gas discharge surface light source can emit light efficiently. 这种有机电致发光材料是电致发光新材料,如纯度较高的金属的有机物,所用的金属有锌、稀钍族镧系中钐、铕、铽等的有机化合物,这些金属有机化合物都是现已公知公用或市售的这类产品或新产品,他们均可使用。 This organic electroluminescent material is an electroluminescent new materials such as high purity metal organic compounds, the use of metal zinc, thorium lanthanide rare samarium, europium, terbium and other organic compounds, these metal compounds are is now known to the public or commercially available such products or new products, they can be used. 但是,为了获得光倍增效能或高效能地发光,在荧光粉中添加这类有机电致发光材料时应当进行选择,在荧光粉中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料可以是有机电致发光材料中的至少一种,直至若干种,如二种、或三种、或四种、或五种、或六种、或八种、或十种等。 However, to obtain the effectiveness or efficiency photomultiplier can emit light in the phosphor by adding those who are in the organic electroluminescent material should be selected in the phosphor photomultiplier agent added to the organic electroluminescent material may be an organic electroluminescent material at least one, until the number of species, such as titanium, or three, or four-or five kinds, or six kinds, or eight kinds, or ten kinds and so on. 选择有机电致发光材料中的哪一种或哪几种、其配比量是多少,要结合该气体放电面光源的大小与尺寸、采用的荧光粉不同、内充的放电气体面光源的不同等诸多因素作综合考虑、再做选择效果较好。 Choose organic electroluminescent materials which or what kinds, the ratio is the number, in conjunction with the gas discharge surface light source size and dimension, different phosphors used in different discharge gas filled surface light source and many other factors make a comprehensive consideration, then a better choice. 这种选择也可通过生产实验得出。 This option can also be obtained by producing experiments. 在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂——有机电致发光材料使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的0. 1%、或0.5%、或1%、或2%、或3%等。 3 in the phosphor added photomultiplier agents - organic electroluminescent material using a total of phosphor total amount of 0.1%, or 0.5%, or 1%, or 2%, or 3%, etc. 为了获得高效能发光结果,该例的气体放电面光源的壳体5内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层3。 In order to obtain high efficiency luminous result, the gas discharge in the example on the inner wall of the housing 5 surface light source may be provided with a reflective ultraviolet light layer on top of this layer is the phosphor layer 3. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,不再多述。 The reflective material UV layer can be employed known and commercially available products such material, not to repeat. 其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现,也不再多述。 Its manufacturing process may also be a surface light source or gas discharge lamp conventionally known common technique to achieve, not more later. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之二是:该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体可以在氦、氖、氩、氪、氙中作选择,各惰性气体的组合配比的选择方法是:在消耗低电激活能下的佳化组合配比,它的技术意义是:消耗较低的供电能而获得发光高效能的面光源,达到这一目的的技术内容是:在以上目的之下求得该面光源内充有的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比。 The example of the gas discharge surface light source second feature is: a mercury-free discharge of inert gas in this example a surface light source emitting cavity sealing device 5 can make a choice in helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, each inert gas The chosen method is a combination of matching: low activation energy consuming under the best of combinations ratio, its technical meaning is: lower power consumption can be obtained by emitting high-performance surface light source, to meet the technical content of this purpose They are: Under the above object is obtained within the surface light source charged in the discharge of an inert gas good (better) combination ratio. 怎样求得该面光源内充的放电惰性气体佳化(较好)组合配比呢? How to obtain the discharge of the inert gas filling the good of the surface light source (preferably) a combination of matching it? 选择的方法是:其中首先在氪掺氙的佳化组合配比上作选择,其次在氦、氖、氩一种乃至三种佳化组合配比上作选择,还有在前两种选择结果的佳化组合配比上再选择,最后得出的关于氦、 氖、氩、氪、氙佳化组合配比即是该面光源放电惰性气体在低电激活能下的佳化组合配比。 The method of choice is: which first made the krypton-doped xenon good combination ratio of choice, followed by selection for the helium, neon, argon, and even a combination of the three best ratio, as well as the results of the first two options The best ratio of the combination of the select, came to the conclusion about helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon good combination ratio of the surface light source that is an inert gas discharge in the low activation energy under the best ratio of the combination. 例如:氪掺氙的组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大两个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X IO2,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 For example: select the amount of xenon krypton mixed composition ratio is: krypton than xenon two orders of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X IO2, as values in brackets can also select 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, and so on. 选择氦、氖、氩的一种乃至三种,它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%, 单种时选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的70〜99% ;两种或三种时它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%,因此氦、氖、氩它们三种的选择是在0〜99%间的任意所有数值的组合配比。 Select helium, neon, argon one and even three, and their selection accounts for 0~99% of the face amount of the inert gas discharge light sources, when selecting a single account for the surface light source discharge of inert gas total 70~99 %; two or three choices when they accounted for 0~99% of the face amount of the inert gas discharge light sources, so helium, neon, argon, which all three of the choice is arbitrary values of between 0~99% combination ratio. 氦、氖、氩和氪的组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大一个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X 10,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 Select the amount of helium, neon, argon and krypton combination ratio of: Total helium, neon, argon, krypton than an order of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X 10, as values in brackets can also select 0 3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, and so on. 但各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 But the total use of the various inert gases helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon light source at the surface to be met 100 percent. 还须指出:各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 It must be noted: All inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达四个九(99. 99% )。 Choose high-purity purity of four nines (99.99%). 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之三是:该面光源的一对外置电极6。 The example of the gas discharge surface light source characteristics of the three is: a pair of external electrodes of the surface light source 6. 该面光源的使用联接图如图3所示,从图3中可以看出,一对外置电极6分别设置在两发光面左右两侧面4上或上下两侧面4上。 Use of the surface light source coupling shown in Figure 3, can be seen from Figure 3, a pair of external electrodes 6 are provided at both sides of the light-emitting surface side or up and down on both sides of the 4 4. 这一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,其制造工艺方法是:在电极面用涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结的工艺制作方法,由涂覆金属的化合物经高温化学反应并烧结成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的金属电极。 The planar electrodes can be made and one of the surface light source bulb of molten metal electrode, its manufacturing process is: the electrode surface is coated with a metallic compound high temperature chemical reaction and sintering fabrication method, the coating metal The compound high temperature chemical reaction and sintered into the surface light bulb one body of molten metal electrodes. 该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极,包括各种金属的电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属电极,如银的、铜的、铝的电极等。 The surface light source of one bulb molten metal electrodes, including electrodes of various metals, which preferably is a good conductivity metal electrodes, copper, aluminum, etc., such as silver electrode. 所述的涂覆的金属化合物如有氧化银、氧化铜、氧化铝、氧化锰、氧化铋、硼酸铅等,它们都是公知公用、市售产品。 Said metal compound-coated silver oxide, if any, copper oxide, aluminum oxide, manganese oxide, bismuth oxide, lead borate, which are known and commercially available products. 如要做银的、或银的合金电极,就应该针对银的、或银的合金电极选择其中实用的几种涂覆的金属化合物使用。 As do silver or silver alloy electrode, you should choose one of several practical coating for silver or silver alloy electrode metal compounds. 把电极做成与该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极或金属合金电极,使电极和面光源玻壳熔融一体,则电极和该气体放电面光源联接的牢固性、可靠性较高。 The electrode is formed with the surface light bulb of molten metal electrode or one metal alloy electrode, the electrode and the surface light bulb melted one, the electrodes and the gas discharge surface light source coupled to a solid resistance, high reliability. 该例的气体放电面光源的特点之四是:该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源是与其负载(该面光源) 固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 The example of the gas discharge surface light source characteristics of the four are: the drive power of the example of gas discharge light source is its load surface (the surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 所述的该面光源固有振荡频率,是指每个气体放电面光源等效于一个电容器,两电极是该灯电容器的两极板,面光源内的放电气体等是电容器的介质,该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C,并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率。 The face of the natural oscillation frequency of the light source, means each of the gas discharge surface light source is equivalent to a capacitor, the capacitor electrodes is the lamp of the bipolar plate, a surface light source within the discharge gas is a capacitor dielectric, the surface light source is exactly equivalent to a specific structure a capacitor C, and C has its inherent value and the natural oscillation frequency. 该面光源的电子驱动电源如果能和该面光源固有的电容器C值和固有振荡频率相匹配,使两者达到相互匹配,在谐振情况下驱动供电,必然是供电和驱动效果最好的,也是最节能的,还能有效消除光源或灯光的闪烁等不稳定现象。 The surface light source of electronic driving power if they can match the light source and the surface of the capacitor C intrinsic value and natural oscillation frequencies, so that the two match each other to achieve, in the case of driving under the resonant power supply, power supply and drive is necessarily the best, but also the The most energy-efficient, but also effectively eliminate light or lights flickering instability. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源的结构方框图由图4示出。 The driving power source of an electronic block diagram of the structure of the surface light source shown in Figure 4. 该面光源的电子驱动电源由整流电路11、滤波电路12、振荡电路13、保护电路17、逆变电路-推挽与匹配驱动电路14、升压与谐振电路15、输出电路16及其输出端组成。 The surface light source driving power of the electron by the rectifier circuit 11, filter circuit 12, an oscillation circuit 13, the protection circuit 17, inverter circuit - and the matching push-pull driver circuit 14, boost and 15, the output circuit 16 and the output end of the resonant circuit components. 其中推挽与匹配驱动电路14和升压与谐振电路15设计成相互匹配又谐振的是该项技术的关键内容。 Wherein the push-pull driver circuit 14 matches and boost the resonant circuit 15 is designed to match each other and the resonance of the key elements of the technology. 驱动电源的输出电路16的一对输出端分别与该气体放电面光源一对面电极6联接一起。 Drive power output circuit 16 are respectively a pair of output terminals of the gas discharge surface light source with an opposite electrode 6 coupled together. 以上所述的高频、高压驱动电源也是公开公知技术,高频范围如20〜400KC,高压范围如500〜3000V等,不必多述。 The above-described high-frequency, high-voltage drive power is disclosed known technique, such as high-frequency range 20~400KC, such as high pressure range 500~3000V etc., you do not have to be described later. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源的具体结构如图5所示。 Electronic drive power of the specific structure of the surface light source of the embodiment shown in Figure 5. 在图5中:Pl与P2为交流电源端,如是电源插头,联接市电网络10 供电。 In Fig. 5: Pl and P2 AC power supply terminal, in the case the power plug, power connection mains network 10. P3与P4为高频、高压输出端,分别联接在图3的电源线7上,再联接面光源两端的外电极6,19是地端。 P3 and P4 of the high-frequency, high-voltage output terminals respectively coupled to the power supply line 7 of Figure 3, and then joins the ends of the outer electrode surface light source is a ground terminal 6,19. 由四个二极管Dl〜D4组成全桥整流电路11,由二极管D5、D6作双稳压电路。 Full bridge rectifier circuit composed of four diodes Dl~D4 11, the diode D5, D6 for dual voltage regulator circuit. 以三极管Ql与Q2为主构成双推挽(全波正负半周)高频振荡电路13,它们分别是三极管Q1、电容C3与压变压器Bl之电感L78、电容Cl与变压器Bl之电感L12为一个高频振荡电路,和三极管Q2、电容C4与压变压器Bl之电感L56、电容C2与压变压器Bl电感L12为另一个高频振荡电路,Bl是升压变压器,Bl之线圈L12为初级、线圈L34是次级,其高频高压由P3与P4两端输给该面光源的两外电极6,电容C5与二极管D9组成消杂或消躁电路,由三极管Q1、电感L78和三极管Q2、电感L56组成推挽与匹配驱动电路14,由升压变压器Bl (包括初级线圈L12、次级线圈L34)为主构成升压与谐振电路15,次级线圈L34和联接在P3与P4端的该面光源构成输出电路16,这些电路均装置在电路板上。 Transistor Ql and Q2 to constitute a double main push-pull (full-wave positive and negative half cycle) high-frequency oscillation circuit 13, which are the transistor Q1, inductance and capacitance-voltage transformer Bl of C3 L78, capacitor Cl and inductor L12 of the transformer is a Bl high-frequency oscillation circuit, and the transistor Q2, inductance and capacitance-voltage transformer C4 Bl of L56, capacitor C2 and voltage transformer Bl inductor L12 is another high-frequency oscillation circuit, Bl is a step-up transformer, Bl of the primary coil L12, L34 coil is secondary, its high frequency and high ends of the P3 and P4 of the surface light source lost two external electrodes 6, the capacitor C5 and diode D9 composition Stray or eliminate noise circuit, the transistor Q1, the inductor L78 and the transistor Q2, the inductor L56 Composition and matching push-pull driver circuit 14, the step-up transformer Bl (including primary coil L12, secondary winding L34) constitute the main boost to the resonant circuit 15, the secondary coil L34 and P3 and P4 coupled to the end surface light sources output circuit 16, these circuits are devices on the circuit board. 上述图5中的各电路以及未述的各电路与各器件都属公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Fig. 5 each circuit and each circuit is not mentioned with the device are of well-known technical content, needless to Syria. 要说明的是:在图5 中由可调电容C3和电容C4及该例面光源(该面光源的具体结构完全等效于一个电容器C, 并且有它固有的C值和固有振荡频率)等效电容C构成相互匹配又谐振的与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 To explain: in Figure 5 by the variable capacitor C3 and capacitor C4 and the cases surface light source (a specific structure of the surface light source is completely equivalent to an a capacitor C, and C has its inherent value and the natural oscillation frequency) and so on high-frequency equivalent capacitance C and resonance constitute matched its load (the surface light source) matching the natural oscillation frequency resonance, high-voltage electronic drive power. 针对该例面光源结构的具体电容值C和可调电容C3和电容C4值,便可设计成能与其负载(该面光源)匹配谐振的高频、 高压电子驱动电源。 Specific capacitance value C and tunable capacitors C3 and C4 capacitance value of the example the structure of the surface light source, can be designed to its load (the surface light source) matches the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源工作过程如下:按图3把该面光源联接安装好,以图5之电路组成的高频(该例选择270KC)、高压(该例选择2000V)电源8通过电源线7接至该面光源的一对外电极6上,开启电源开关9工作时,高频、高压在两电极6间的该面光源腔体5中产生电磁场,电磁场致使该面光源腔体5中的惰性气体电离,如产生了波长为147nm的紫外光电磁辐射,激发该面光源腔体5内壁上的三基色的荧光粉发出可见光。 The example of the mercury-free high-performance electrode long life gas discharge surface light works as follows: Figure 3 of the surface light source installed coupled to the circuit in Figure 5 of the high-frequency component (in this example select 270KC), high pressure (the Example Select 2000V) on the power supply 8 through a power line connected to the surface light source 7 pair of external electrodes 6, when you turn the power switch 9 work, high-frequency, high-voltage generate electromagnetic fields, electromagnetic fields in the two electrodes of the surface light source cavity 5 of 6 cause the surface light source cavity 5 of the inert gas is ionized, such as the generation of electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength of 147nm UV light, the excitation tricolor 5 cavity inner wall of the surface light source on the phosphors emit visible light. 该例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源可以做成LCD 背光源(液晶、电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)、大屏幕面光源、装饰、灯箱、广告、招牌、照明等新光源,满足人们的种种照明需要。 No internal electrode of the mercury-free high-performance example of long-life gas discharge surface light source can be made LCD backlight (LCD, TV, laptop backlight), large screen surface light, decoration, light boxes, advertising, signage, lighting and other new light sources, to meet people's various lighting needs.

[0034] 实施例二.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0034] Example II. No inner electrode mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0035] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的又一具体结构如图1〜图4 及图6共同示出,与实施例一不同的是:1.该例面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的二维面可以是相互平行的、或是同曲率等间距的,两发光面1、2的间距为0. 5mm、或1mm、或3mm等。 [0035] No internal electrode in this case a mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source of another specific structure shown in Figure 1 ~ 4 and 6 joint shown in Example of a difference is: 1. The cases surface corresponding to the two-dimensional surface light emitting surfaces 1 and 2 can be parallel to each other, or with the curvature of the pitch, the two light-emitting surface spacing 1,2 for 0. 5mm, or 1mm, 3mm, or the like. 关于两平面相互平行、或是两曲面同曲率等间距的内容也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙。 Technical details about two planes parallel to each other, or the contents of two equally spaced curved surface with a curvature is also known, needless to Syria. 2.该例的面光源其一对外置电极6分别设置在两发光面上下两侧面4上,这一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属合金电极。 2. The example of the surface light source one for external electrodes 6 are provided on both sides of the light-emitting surface of the lower surface 4, the planar electrodes and the surface light source can be made into one bulb of molten metal alloy electrodes. 其制造工艺方法同于实施例一中所述的, 但是其电极是金属合金电极,这些金属合金电极,包括各种金属的合金电极,其中较好的是导电性能良好的金属合金电极,如银的、铜的、铝的各种合金电极等。 A process for producing the same one described in the Example, but the electrode is a metal alloy electrodes, electrode alloys of these metals, including alloys of various metals electrode, wherein preferred is the good conductivity metal alloy electrodes, such as silver of copper, aluminum and various alloys electrodes. 如要做银的合金电极, 对涂覆的金属化合物如何选择呢? The alloy electrodes do silver coated metal compounds to how to choose? 如应该针对银的合金电极选择其中实用的几种涂覆的金属化合物使用。 As should choose one of several practical coated alloy electrode for silver metal compounds. 3.在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料可以是两种、或三种、 或七种、或九种,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的0.2%、或0.8%、或5%、或8%、或10% 等。 3. In the phosphor 3 photomultiplier agent added organic electroluminescent material may be two, or three, or seven, or nine, which uses a total of 0.2% of total usage of phosphor, or 0.8 %, or 5%, or 8%, or 10%, etc. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体可以在氦、氖、氩、氪、氙中作选择,例如:氪掺氙的组合配比的选择量为:氪比氙大三个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X IO3, 如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、或0. 8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 4. The cases of seal surface light source emitting cavity 5 mercury-free discharge means can make a choice of inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, for example: select the amount of xenon in combination mixed ratio of krypton: krypton xenon than three orders of magnitude (0. 1~9. 9) X IO3, as values in brackets can also select 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2 , or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, and so on. 选择氦、氖、氩的一种乃至三种,它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%,单种时选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的95〜99% ;两种或三种时它们的选择量占该面光源放电惰性气体总量的0〜99%。 Select helium, neon, argon one and even three, and their selection accounts for 0~99% of the face amount of the inert gas discharge light sources, when selecting a single account for the surface light source discharge of inert gas total 95~99 %; two or three choices when they accounted for the surface light source of inert gas discharge 0~99% of the total. 氦、氖、氩和氪的组合配比的选择量为:氦、氖、氩的总量比氪大两个数量级(0. 1〜9. 9) X 102,如括号中的值还可选取0. 3、或0. 5、 或0.8、或1、或1. 5、或2、或3、或4、或5、或6、或7、或8、或9等。 Select the amount of helium, neon, argon and krypton combination ratio of: Total helium, neon, argon, krypton than two orders of magnitude (. 0. 1~9 9) X 102, as values in brackets can also be selected 0.3, or 0.5, or 0.8, or 1, or 1.5, or 2, or 3, or 4, or 5, or 6, or 7, or 8, or 9, and so on. 但各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、 氪、氙在该面光源的使用总量须满足100%。 But the total use of the various inert gases helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon light source at the surface to be met 100 percent. 还须指出:各惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 It must be noted: All inert gas helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达五个九(99.999%)。 Such as high purity choose their five nines purity (99.999%). 5.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 5. In this example a gas discharge driving power surface light source is equally capable with its load (the surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源电路原理图为图6,图中:P1与P2为交流电源端,由二极管D1〜 D4组成全桥整流电路11,由电容C1为主构成滤波电路12,由电感Li、L3、L5〜L7、电容C3、场效应管仏力2等构成振荡电路13、逆变电路-推挽驱动电路14,经电容C4滤波整形后,由升压电路15 (以变压器B1〜化和电感L1〜L4、L7为主构成)经其输电路16联接并驱动负载&(即该例的面光源)工作,虚线的R 'e示意可再加有的负载面光源。 The embodiment of the surface light source driving power electronic circuit schematics in FIG. 6, FIG: P1 and P2 of the AC power supply terminal, consisting D1~ D4 diode full bridge rectifier circuit 11, the main filter circuit constituted by the capacitor C1 12, an inductor Li, L3, L5~L7, the capacitor C3, FET 2 仏 force like oscillation circuit 13, the inverter circuit - push-pull driver circuit 14, after shaping filter capacitor C4, the booster circuit 15 (with transformer B1~ and inductors L1~L4, L7-based composition) through which the output circuit 16 is coupled to drive the load & (that is, the example of the surface light source) work, the dotted line R 'e schematically a surface light source can be combined with any load. 逆变电路14的振荡频率为20KC、或30KC,升压电路15输出高压为1KV、或1. 5KV。 The oscillation frequency of the inverter circuit 14 is 20KC, or 30KC, output high voltage boost circuit 15 is 1KV, or 1. 5KV. 另由可控硅Gl3、双向二极管D、电阻&与&、光敏电阻MGR、LED发光二极管等组成停振保护电路17,以防止负载面光源急剧变化,出现停振无高压输出情况,从而保护整个电源电路和面光源灯具的安全。 Another thyristor Gl3, bidirectional diode D, a resistance & and &, photoresistor MGR, LED light-emitting diodes and other components to stop vibration protection circuit 17 to prevent the load surface light source drastic changes appear to stop vibration-free high-voltage output, and thereby protect the entire The power supply circuit and the surface light source lamps safety. 要说明的是:该面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14、升压与谐振电路15的阻、容、感电路参数跟踪匹配形成谐振电子电路结构,具体地说:在图6中由可调电感L3、L7和电感L2、L4及该例面光源RC(等效于一个电容器C)的固有C值(甚至可再加负载面光源R 'c, 有等效一个电容C ')匹配谐振,也即是该面光源的固有的电容器C值(C或加C)和电感L2、L4组成的升压与谐振、输出电路的阻、容、感电路参数,须与推挽与匹配驱动电路的可调电感L3、L7等的阻、容、感电路参数相互跟踪匹配,形成谐振的电子电路结构。 To explain: the surface light source driving power electronic push-pull driver circuit 14 match, blocking a boost with the resonant circuit 15, capacity, sense form a resonant circuit parameters tracking and matching electronic circuit structure, in particular: in Figure 6 by the variable inductor L3, L7 and an inductor L2, L4 and a surface light source of this example RC (equivalent to a capacitor C) of the intrinsic value of C (or even can be combined with the load surface light source R 'c, there is a equivalent capacitance C') Match resonance, that is, the inherent resistance value of the capacitor C of the surface light source (C or plus C) and inductor L2, L4 composed boost the resonant circuit's output, capacity, sense circuit parameters and shall push the match adjustable inductors L3 driving circuit, L7, etc resistance, capacitance, sense circuit parameters track each match, forming an electronic circuit structure resonance. 针对该例面光源结构的具体电容值C和可调电感L3、L7和电感L2、L4值,便可设计成能与其负载(该面光源)匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 Specific capacitance value C and an adjustable inductor L3 surface light source structure of this embodiment, L7 and an inductor L2, L4 value, can be designed to its load (the surface light source) matches the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 6.该例的面光源的发光腔体5上对应的两个发光面中之一(如背面幻可以是对外不透光的,该对外不透光面2是由不透光材料构成的。如是由不透光材料陶瓷、搪瓷、金属、塑料等以及它们的组合或复合材料构成的。便可形成单面发光的面光源。单面发光的面光源可做面形背光源、空心的圆柱面光源、或空心的球面光源等。总之,该例的面光源可做LCD背光源(液晶电视、笔记本电脑的背光源)等、 或空心的圆柱面光源与球面光源等。其余未述的全同于实施例一中所述的,不再重述。 One of the two light-emitting surface 6. The example of a surface light source emitting cavity 5 corresponding (such as the back of the magic may be opaque outside the Foreign opaque surface 2 is made opaque material. if it consists of opaque material ceramic, enamel, metal, plastic, etc., and combinations thereof, or a composite material. can form a single-sided surface-emitting light source. single light-emitting surface of the backlight can do face shape, a hollow cylinder Full surface light source, or hollow spherical light source, etc. In short, a surface light source of this example is to do LCD backlight (LCD TV, laptop backlight), etc., or hollow cylindrical and spherical surface light source, etc. The rest have not referred to the same one described in Example no longer repeat.

[0036] 实施例三.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0036] Example III. No inner electrode mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0037] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的又一具体结构如图1〜图4 及图7共同示出,与实施例一、实施例二不同的是:1.该例面光源对应的两个发光面1、2的二维面可以是任意二维面状的,即其发光面是任意面状的,这也是公知的技术内容,不必多叙,两发光面1、2的间距为0. 8mm、或1. 5mm、或5mm等;2.该例的面光源的一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属电极。 [0037] No internal electrode in this case a mercury-free high-performance long-life gas discharge surface light source of another specific structure shown in Figure 1 ~ 4 and 7 together shown in Example I. Example II is different: 1 The cases of the two-dimensional surface light source corresponding to the faces of the two light-emitting surfaces 1 and 2 can be any two-dimensional planar, that is, its light-emitting surface is arbitrary planar, which is well known in the art content, needless to Syria, two luminous 1,2 surface spacing of 0. 8mm, or 1. 5mm, 5mm or the like; 2 planar electrodes of this example is a surface light source and the surface light source can be made into one bulb of molten metal electrodes. 其制造工艺方法是:采用经真空镀并加温淀结成与该灯玻壳体熔融一体的金属银、或铝的电极。 Its manufacturing process is: the use of vacuum plating and heated to form a precipitate, and the light bulb one body of molten metal silver, or aluminum electrodes. 其中金属真空镀工艺技术是公知公用的成熟技术,加温淀结的温度是使真空镀的金属形成与该面光源玻壳体熔融一体的温度。 Wherein the metal vacuum deposition technology is known and proven technology, heating lake junction temperature vacuum plating of metal forming the surface light bulb body temperature molten one. 采用银、或铝的电极其导电性能是较好的。 Silver, or aluminum electrode whose conductivity is preferred. 3.在该例面光源的荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的4%、或9%、或12%、或15%、或18% 等。 3. In this example, the phosphor surface light source 3 photomultiplier agent added to an organic electroluminescent material, the use of a total of 4% of total usage phosphor, or 9%, or 12%, or 15%, or 18% and so on. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体氦、氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 4. The cases of mercury-free sealing surface light source device emitting cavity 5 in an inert gas discharge helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择其纯度达六个九(99.9999%)。 Choose high-purity purity of six nine (99.9999%). 5.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 5. In this example a gas discharge driving power surface light source is equally capable with its load (the surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 该例面光源的电子驱动电源电路原理图为图7,图中:P1与P2为交流电源端,由二极管D1〜D4 组成全桥整流电路11,由电容C2、C3为主构成滤波电路12,由IC1集成电路芯片为主构成振荡电路13,由集成电路片ICp电感L1〜L3和场效应管Q1A2等构成逆变电路-推挽驱动电路14,由变压器化和电感线圈L6、L7等构成升压电路15,其电感输L7经出端P3与P4联接负载(该例的面光源)形成输出电路16。 Electronic power circuit driving the surface light source of this example schematics of FIG. 7, FIG: P1 and P2 of the AC power supply terminal, a diode full bridge rectifier circuit composed D1~D4 11, dominated by the capacitor C2, C3 constituting the filter circuit 12, the integrated circuit chip IC1 main structural oscillation circuit 13, the IC chip inductors ICp L1~L3 and FET inverter circuit Q1A2 like - push-pull driver circuit 14, a transformer and inductor L6, L7 like l voltage circuit 15, its output inductor L7 P3 and P4 by the end of the coupling load (in this example a surface light source) forms the output circuit 16. 由IC2智能集成电路芯片为主构成该例面光源电子驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14和升压与谐振电路15形成的自动匹配、自调谐振的电子电路,它同样是通过电感“丄5和该例面光源的具体结构(完全等效于一个电容器)电容C值进行自动跟踪匹配、自调谐振,实现该例面光源驱动电源的推挽与匹配驱动电路14、 升压与谐振电路15自动匹配、自调谐振功能的。该电路中的IC2智能化集成电路芯片如是NEC567等,具有可擦、写、读的固化软件、锁相及存储功能等。凡是能完成或智能化集成电路芯片功能的IC2均可用来设计与使用,这种智能化集成电路芯片完全可采用公知公用、市售产品,没有特殊的要求。由可控硅叫和电阻&、&等为主构成保护电路17,该例的面光源的振荡频率为100KC、或300KC,升压电路15输出高压为1. 3KV、或2. 5KV。6.该例的面光源的发光腔体5上对应的两个发光面中之一(如背面幻是对外不透光的,该对外不透光面2则是在该对外不透光面2内壁与荧光粉层3间、或对外不透光面2内壁与反射紫外光层间(可以有反射紫外光层)设置有反光材料层,所述的反光的材料层均可采用公知公用、 市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。其余未述的全同于实施例一中、实施例二中所述的,不再重述。 Dominated by the IC2 smart IC chip constituting the light source 14 cases of facial automatic matching electronic drivers and matching push-pull driver circuit and boost the power of the resonant circuit 15 is formed of, self-adjusting resonant electronic circuit, it is also through the inductor "Shang Example 5 and the specific structure of the surface light source (fully equivalent to a capacitor) capacitor C values for automatic tracking and matching, adaptive resonance, realize that patients with facial drive power source and matching push-pull driver circuit 14, boosting the resonant circuit 15 automatic matching, adaptive resonance function. The circuit IC2 case NEC567 intelligent IC chip, etc., with erasable, write, read firmware, lock and storage capabilities. Those who can complete or intelligent IC IC2 chip functionality can be used to design and use, this intelligent IC chip is fully known and may be commercially available products, there are no special requirements called by the SCR and resistor &, & etc constitute protection circuit 17 the oscillation frequency of the example of the surface light source is 100KC, or 300KC, output high voltage boost circuit 15 to 1. 3KV, or 2. 5KV.6. Two light-emitting surface on the example of the surface light source emitting a corresponding cavity 5 The one (e.g., is outside the back magic opaque, the opacity of external surface 2 is in the inner wall 2 with the UV reflection of external opaque surface 2 and the inner wall of the phosphor layer 3, or the external surface opaque between the optical layer (layer may have UV reflectance) is provided with reflective material layer, a reflective layer of material can be employed are known and commercially available products such materials, the manufacturing process can also be used a surface light source or gas-discharge lamp The conventionally known techniques to achieve the common rest not identical to the embodiment described one, as described in Example II, will not be repeated.

[0038] 实施例四.无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源 [0038] Example IV. No inner electrode mercury high efficiency and long life gas discharge surface light source

[0039] 本例的无内电极无汞高效能长寿命气体放电面光源的大体结构如图1〜图7共同示出,与实施例一、实施例二、实施例三不同的是:1.该例面光源的两发光面1、2的间距为0. 4mm、或2. 5mm、或8mm、或8mm以上等。 [0039] No internal electrode in this case a mercury-free high-performance general structure of long-life gas discharge surface light source in Figure 1 ~ 7 joint shown in Example I, Example II, the third example is different: 1. Two light-emitting surface of the light source 1 and 2 cases of facial pitch of 0. 4mm, or 2. 5mm, or 8mm, 8mm or more and so on. 2.该例的面光源的一对面状电极可以做成和该面光源玻壳熔融一体的金属合金电极。 2. A planar electrodes, a surface light source of this example can be made and one of the surface light source bulb of molten metal alloy electrodes. 其制造工艺方法同于实施例三之2.中所述的,关于金属合金电极选择以银、或铜、或铝的合金电极,它们的导电性能是较好的。 Its manufacturing process in the same way as above, with respect to the metal alloy electrode selection with silver, or copper, or aluminum alloy electrode 2. Example Three of the implementation of their conductive properties are preferred. 3.在荧光粉3中添加的光倍增剂有机电致发光材料,其使用总量为荧光粉总使用量的20%、或25%、或30%、或35%、或40%等。 3. In the phosphor 3 photomultiplier agent added organic electroluminescent material, the use of a total of 20% of the total usage of phosphor, or 25%, or 30%, or 35%, or 40%, etc. 4.该例面光源的密封发光腔体5中装置的无汞放电惰性气体氦、 氖、氩、氪、氙均须是高纯度的。 4. The cases of mercury-free sealing surface light source device emitting cavity 5 in an inert gas discharge helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon must be of high purity. 如高纯度选择光谱纯的。 The high spectral purity choose pure. 5.为了获得高效能发光结果,该气体放电面光源的壳体内壁上可设置有反射紫外光层,该层之上是荧光粉层。 5. In order to obtain high efficiency luminous result, the housing wall surface of the gas-discharge light source may be provided with a reflective ultraviolet light layer on top of this layer is the phosphor layer. 所述的反射紫外光层的材料均可采用公知公用、市售的这类材料产品,其制造工艺也可采用气体放电面光源或灯的现有公知公用技术去实现。 Said ultraviolet light reflecting material layer may be employed known and commercially available product of such materials, the manufacturing process can also be used a surface light source or gas discharge lamp conventionally known common technique to achieve. 6.该例气体放电面光源的驱动电源同样是能与其负载(该面光源)固有振荡频率匹配谐振的高频、高压电子驱动电源。 6. In this example a gas discharge driving power surface light source is equally capable with its load (the surface light source) natural oscillation frequency matching the resonant frequency, high-voltage electronic drive power. 所述的该气体放电面光源的电子驱动电源的各功能电路均可用公知的技术设计和实现,只要能完成或实现其电子驱动电源各电路之功能均可采用。 The surface of the gas discharge light source of the functional circuit electrically driven power known techniques can be used to design and implement, as long as complete or achieve the functional circuits electronic drive power can be used. 而且该电子驱动电源的各电路所用的电子元器件,完全可用其它电子元器件替代,只要采用的其它电子元器件能完成或实现其各电路功能的均可使用。 And each circuit of the electronic driving power used in electronic components, other electronic components are fully available alternatives, as long as the use of other electronic components to complete or achieve their respective circuit functions can be used. 其余未述的全同于实施例一中、实施例二中、实施例三中所述的,不再多述。 The rest are all the same is not described in one embodiment, the second embodiment, an example in the implementation of the three, not to repeat.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN2555558Y3 Jul 200211 Jun 2003潘洪德Non-electrode high froquency induction neon lamp
US489003328 Jun 198826 Dec 1989Nichia Kagaku Kogyo K.K.Light-emitting composition and fluorescent lamp
Classifications
International ClassificationH05B41/24, H01J65/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
28 Nov 2007C06Publication
23 Jan 2008C10Request of examination as to substance
11 May 2011C14Granted
5 Feb 2014C17Cessation of patent right