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Publication numberCN100567606 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200710037719
Publication date9 Dec 2009
Filing date28 Feb 2007
Priority date28 Feb 2007
Also published asCN101016678A
Publication number200710037719.2, CN 100567606 C, CN 100567606C, CN 200710037719, CN-C-100567606, CN100567606 C, CN100567606C, CN200710037719, CN200710037719.2
Inventors刘术佳, 彼杰莱姆斯特, 王依民
Applicant东华大学
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Application of carbon nano tube in polyethylene fiber composite weftless fabric
CN 100567606 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明涉及碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,纳米粒子为二维纳米碳纳米管,由六边形碳原子网格围成的无缝中空管体,两端由半球形的大富勒烯分子罩住,直径为零点几纳米到几十纳米,长度为几到几百个微米。 The present invention relates to the application of carbon nanotubes in a polyethylene fiber composite sheeting in no nanoparticles of two-dimensional carbon nanotubes, surrounded by a hexagonal mesh of carbon atoms into a seamless hollow tube, both ends of the hemisphere Large fullerene molecule shaped covering, having a diameter of a few tenths of nanometers to several tens of nanometers and a length of several to several hundred microns. 制备包括:(1)碳纳米管的前处理:纯化和有机化处理;将1-4g碳纳米管/ml与0.01-0.04g/ml钛酸酯偶联剂在有机溶剂中回流1-3小时;(2)将碳纳米管与胶粘剂混合,在60-80℃搅拌1-2h,真空脱泡;(3)将增强体UHMWPE纤维于卷绕机上均匀铺展;(4)涂胶,涂胶次数为1-2次,于40-70℃干燥;(5)涂胶后在603℃下烘干,干燥10-20min。 Preparation includes: (1) pre-treatment of carbon nanotubes: purification and organic treatment; carbon nanotubes will 1-4g / ml and 0.01-0.04g / ml titanate coupling agent in an organic solvent under reflux for 1-3 hours ; (2) the carbon nanotubes mixed with a binder, at 60-80 ℃ stirring 1-2h, vacuum degassing; (3) the reinforcement UHMWPE fibers spread evenly on the winding machine; (4) coating, adhesive number 1-2, dried at 40-70 ℃; (5) After the glue dried at 60 3 ℃, dried 10-20min. 本发明使聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布使用温度提高10℃,抗冲击性提高20%,具有优良的耐热性、强度和抗蠕变性,能抗冲击、防弹、防刀刺。 The present invention makes no polyethylene fiber composite sheeting temperature increase 10 ℃, impact resistance increased by 20%, with excellent heat resistance, strength and creep resistance can impact resistance, bullet-proof, anti stabbed.
Claims(10)  translated from Chinese
1.碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,所述碳纳米管在空间中有二维尺度处于纳米尺度。 1. Application of Carbon Nanotubes in polyethylene fiber composite weft fabric in a two-dimensional carbon nanotubes in nanoscale dimension in space.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,所述的碳纳米管是由六边形碳原子网格围成的无缝中空管体,两端由半球形的大富勒烯分子罩住,直径为零点几纳米到几十纳米,长度为几到几百个微米。 The carbon nanotubes of claim 1, wherein the polyethylene fiber composite applications without weft fabric, said carbon nanotubes are made of carbon atoms in a hexagonal grid surrounded seamless hollow tube, two Big end by a hemispherical covering fullerene molecule, a diameter of a few tenths of nanometers to several tens of nanometers and a length of several to several hundred microns.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,所述的制备方法,包括如下步骤:(1) 碳纳米管的前处理a. 碳纳米管的纯化:将碳纳米管浸渍于硫酸和高锰酸钾的混合溶液,高锰酸钾在硫酸中的浓度为1一8g/100ml, 回流温度下处理1一5小时,氧化除去表面杂质,清洗得到纯化后的碳管; b. 碳纳米管的有机化处理:将上述1 —4g碳纳米管/ml与0.01-0.04g/ml钛酸酯偶联剂在有机溶剂中回流1 —3小时, 得到偶联剂接枝后的碳管;(2) 将上述碳纳米管与胶粘剂混合,在60—8(TC搅拌1—2h,真空脱泡;(3) 将增强体聚乙烯(UHMWPE)纤维均匀铺展;(4) 涂胶1-2次,40-70'C干燥;(5) 涂胶后在60士3。C下烘干,干燥10-20min即制得。 3. The carbon nanotube according to claim 1, wherein the fiber composite without the polyethylene sheeting application, production method, comprising the steps of: (1) a pre-treatment of carbon nanotubes purified carbon nanotubes. : The purified carbon nanotubes immersed in a mixed solution of sulfuric acid and potassium permanganate, potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid concentration of 1 a 8g / 100ml, for 1 to 5 hours at the reflux temperature, oxidation to remove surface impurities, cleaning get After carbon tubes; b organically treated carbon nanotubes: carbon nanotubes above 1 -4g / ml and 0.01-0.04g / ml titanate coupling agent in an organic solvent at reflux for 1-3 hours to obtain even fibers are uniformly spread (3) the reinforcement polyethylene (UHMWPE); graft-linking agent after carbon tube; (2) The above carbon nanotubes mixed with a binder, at 60-8 (TC stirring 1-2h, vacuum degassing ; (4) coating 1-2 times, 40-70'C dry; (5) After the glue dried at 60 under with disabilities 3.C, dried 10-20min that prepared.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)的高锰酸钾在硫酸中的浓度为1一3g碳纳米管/100ml。 A carbon nanotube according to claim 3, wherein the polyethylene fiber composite sheeting Application No, characterized in that: said step (1) of potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid concentration of 1 a carbon nano 3g tube / 100ml.
5. 根据权利要求3所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)的有机溶剂是乙醇、异丙醇或丙醇。 5. Application of polyethylene fiber composite weft fabric in a carbon nanotube according to claim 3, wherein: the step (1) of the organic solvent is ethanol, isopropanol or propanol.
6. 根据权利要求3所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)的钛酸酯偶联剂为CrC4的钛酸酯。 6. Application of polyethylene fiber composite weft fabric in a carbon nanotube according to claim 3, wherein: the step (1) of the titanate coupling agent is a titanate CrC4 of.
7. 根据权利要求6所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(1)的钛酸酯偶联剂是钛酸丁酯或钛酸甲酯。 According to claim 6, wherein the carbon nanotube in a polyethylene fiber composite without sheeting application, wherein: the step (1) of the titanate coupling agent is methyl butyl titanate or titanate ester.
8. 根据权利要求3所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)的胶粘剂是聚苯乙烯三嵌段共聚体或氢化聚苯乙烯三嵌段共聚体的混合剂。 8. Application of polyethylene fiber composite weft fabric in a carbon nanotube according to claim 3, wherein: the step (2) of the adhesive is a polystyrene tri-block copolymer or hydrogenated polystyrene mixture of triblock copolymer.
9. 根据权利要求8所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无讳布中的应用,其特征在于:所述步骤(2)混合剂的溶剂选自苯、甲苯、氯仿、四氯化碳;已烷、环巳烷、氯化环已垸;二乙醚、甲基异丁基醚,混合溶剂的重量比为垸烃:醚类:酯类=3 10:0.1-0.5:1。 According to claim 8, wherein the carbon nanotubes in the composite polyethylene fiber cloth Application no taboo, wherein: said step (2) mixture solvent is selected from benzene, toluene, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride ; hexane, hexane ring, the ring has chloride embankment; diethyl ether, methyl isobutyl ether, a mixed solvent weight ratio of hydrocarbon embankment: ether: ester = 310: 0.1 to 0.5: 1.
10.根据权利要求8或9所述的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,其特征在于: 胶粘剂与溶剂的重量比为10"40%:90-60%。 10. The carbon nanotubes 8 or claim 9, wherein the polyethylene fiber composite weft fabric application, wherein: the weight ratio of adhesive to solvent is 10 "by 40%: 90-60%.
Description  translated from Chinese

碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用 Application of Carbon Nanotubes in polyethylene fiber composite sheeting in no

技术领域 Technical Field

本发明属纳米纺织应用领域,特别是涉及碳纳米管在聚乙烯(UHMWPE)纤维复合无纬布中的应用。 The present invention belongs to the field of nano-textile applications, particularly those involving the application of carbon nanotubes in a polyethylene (UHMWPE) fiber composite sheeting in no. 背景技术 Background

聚乙烯(UHMWPE)纤维复合无讳布是由UHMWPE纤维通过均匀、平行、挺直排列后,对其进行涂胶、干燥后制成的,US4,916,000和US5,149,391已经描述了此过程。 Polyethylene (UHMWPE) fiber composite without taboo UHMWPE fiber cloth is made by uniformly parallel, upright arrangement after its coating, after drying it, US4,916,000 and US5,149,391 have described this process. 其中涂胶的胶粘剂一般包括聚乙烯、交联聚乙烯、聚丙烯、乙烯基共聚物、丙烯共聚物、乙烯一丙烯共聚物和其他烯烃聚合物和共聚物,还有不饱和聚酯、聚丁二烯、聚异戊二烯、天然橡胶、环氧树脂、聚亚胺等等许多低模量的树脂,此外,还有EVA、 EEA、 SBS、 SIS、TPR、 SEBS等及丁钠胶、丁苯胶PVB、 PVA等等这些热塑性高韧胶液。 Wherein the coating of adhesive generally include polyethylene, cross-linked polyethylene, polypropylene, vinyl copolymers, propylene copolymers, ethylene-propylene copolymers and other olefin polymers and copolymers, as well as unsaturated polyester, polybutadiene diene, polyisoprene, natural rubber, epoxy resin, polyurethane, etc. Many low modulus resin, in addition, EVA, EEA, SBS, SIS, TPR, SEBS, etc., and Buna rubber, Ding benzene glue PVB, PVA glue, etc. These thermoplastic high toughness. 这些低模量的弹性体包覆在每一根纤维上,除了可固定作为增强体的纤维外,还可以提高复合材料的抗冲击防弹、防刺性能。 These low modulus elastomer coating on each fiber, in addition to fixed as reinforcement fiber body, but also can improve the impact bulletproof, stab-resistant properties of the composites. 对此,早些年已有US 4,403,012专利,近两年的US6,825,137和CN1278566专利上也有报道。 In this regard, the early years there are US 4,403,012 patent, it has also been reported on the past two years and CN1278566 patent US6,825,137.

然而这种复合无纬布,由于作为基体的胶粘剂自身的缺点,使得复合无纬布的综合性能受到影响,体现在耐热性差,综合机械强度也较差,蠕变严重,由其制成的UHMWPE纤维复合无纬布,不能有效地"钝化"子弹的冲击力,只能通过增加无纬布层数来达到防弹效果,但这样又会引起增加一般作为战士、警察的负荷。 However, this compound no sheeting, since as an adhesive matrix of their own shortcomings, making the overall performance of the composite without sheeting affected, reflected in poor heat resistance, mechanical strength integrated poor creep serious, made therefrom, UHMWPE fiber composite without sheeting, can not effectively "passive" bullet impact, ballistic effect can only be achieved by increasing the number of layers of weft fabric, but this would lead to an increase in general as a soldier, police load. 因此,如何改变UHMWPE纤维复合无纬布的耐热性,使其具有更高的抗冲击性,有效"钝化"子弹的冲击力,已经成为防弹护品研究的必然趋势。 So, how to change the UHMWPE fiber composite sheeting without heat resistance, it has a higher impact resistance and effective "passive" impact of bullets, bulletproof protection has become an inevitable trend of product research. 发明内容 DISCLOSURE

本发明所需要解决的技术问题是提供碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,改善其抗冲击防弹、防刺性能。 The technical problem to be solved is to provide a carbon nanotube in a polyethylene fiber composite without sheeting application, improve its impact bulletproof, stab-resistant properties.

本发明的碳纳米管在聚乙烯纤维复合无纬布中的应用,碳纳米管在空间中有二维尺度处于纳米尺度。 Carbon nanotubes of the present invention without polyethylene fiber composite sheeting in the application of carbon nanotubes in nano-scale two-dimensional scale in space.

所述的碳纳米管是由六边形碳原子网格围成的无缝中空管体,两端由半球形的大富勒烯分子罩住,直径为零点几纳米到几十纳米,长度为几到几百个微米。 The carbon nanotubes are made of carbon atoms in a hexagonal grid surrounded seamless hollow tube, covering both ends of the large hemispherical fullerene molecule, a diameter of a few tenths of nanometers to several tens of nanometers and a length to several hundreds of microns. 所述的碳纳米管制备方法,包括如下步骤:(1)碳纳米管的前处理,a.碳纳米管的纯化: The carbon nanotube production method, comprising the steps of: pre-treatment (1) of carbon nanotubes, a carbon nanotube purification:

将碳纳米管浸渍于硫酸和高锰酸钾的混合溶液,高锰酸钾在硫酸中的浓度为1一8g/100ml,在回流温度下处理1一5小时,氧化除去纳米碳管表面的杂质,经清洗,得到纯化后的碳管;b.碳纳米管的有机化处理- Carbon nanotubes are immersed in a mixed solution of sulfuric acid and potassium permanganate, potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid concentration of 1 a 8g / 100ml, at reflux temperature for 1 to 5 hours to oxidize and remove impurities on the surface of carbon nanotubes , cleaning, get purified carbon nanotubes; b organically treated carbon nanotubes -.

将已经纯化后的1 一4g碳纳米管/ml与0.01-0.04g/ml钛酸酯偶联剂在有机溶剂中回流1 —3小时,得到偶联剂接枝后的碳管; 1 has a 4g purified carbon nanotubes / ml and 0.01-0.04g / ml titanate coupling refluxed 1-3 hours in an organic solvent, to give the coupling agent grafted carbon tubes;

(2) 将碳纳米管与胶粘剂混合,在60—80'C搅拌1一2h,真空脱泡; (2) carbon nanotubes mixed with a binder, in a 1 60-80'C stirring 2h, vacuum deaeration;

(3) 将增强体UHMWPE纤维于巻绕机上均匀铺展; (3) the reinforcement UHMWPE fiber in Volume uniformly spread around the machine;

(4) 涂胶,涂胶次数为1-2次,于40-70'C干燥; (4) coating, adhesive 1-2 times the number at 40-70'C dry;

(5) 涂胶后在60土3。 (5) After the glue at 60 3. C下烘干,干燥10-20min,即可制得。 C drying, the drying 10-20min, can be obtained. 所述的高锰酸钾在硫酸中的浓度优选为处理量为1一3g碳纳米管/100ml.所述的有机溶剂是乙醇、异丙醇或丙醇, Potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid concentration is preferable that the processing capacity of a carbon nanotube a 3g / 100ml said. The organic solvent is ethanol, isopropanol or propanol,

所述的钛酸酯偶联剂为CrC4的钛酸酯,如钛酸丁酯或钛酸甲酯,所述的胶粘剂是聚苯乙烯三嵌段共聚体或氢化聚苯乙烯三嵌段共聚体的混合溶剂型胶粘剂;较理想的是:KRATON D-1107、 KRATON D-1161、 KRATON G-1650等。 The titanate coupling agent is a titanate CrC4, such as methyl butyl titanate or titanium, said adhesive is a polystyrene tri-block copolymer or a hydrogenated polystyrene tri-block copolymer a mixed solvent-based adhesives; is desirable that: KRATON D-1107, KRATON D-1161, KRATON G-1650 and the like. 该胶粘剂的溶剂是溶解度参数为8.0-8.5之间易挥发的溶剂,如:苯、甲苯;氯仿、四氯化碳;已烷、环已烷、氯化环巳烷;二乙醚、甲基异丁基醚等.不同的溶剂对嵌段共聚物的软硬段溶解略有差异,溶解聚合体的溶剂以混合溶剂为佳.胶粘剂与溶剂的重量比例为10~40%:90-60%,混合溶剂的重量比为烷烃:醚类:酯类=3-10:0.1-0.5:1。 The adhesive is solvent solubility parameter of between 8.0-8.5 volatile solvents, such as: benzene, toluene; chloroform, carbon tetrachloride; hexane, cyclohexane, chlorinated -cyclohexane; diethyl ether, methyl isobutyl . butyl ether solvents different soft and hard segments of the block copolymer dissolved slightly different solvent for dissolving the polymer in mixed solvent is preferably a weight ratio of adhesive to solvent is 10 to 40%: 90-60% the weight ratio of alkane mixed solvent: ether: ester = 3-10: 0.1-0.5: 1.

UHMWPE纤维复合无讳布是一种由UHMWPE纤维和胶粘剂复合而成,为了更好地提高材料的防弹抗力,改善UHMWPE纤维的耐热性能,在胶粘剂中添加纳米材料,本发明选择在空间中有二维尺度处于纳米尺度的碳纳米管作为胶粘剂中的填充剂,将碳纳米管填充到基体材料中,用以改善防弹复合纤维的防抗冲击力,钝化子弹、刀具的冲击。 UHMWPE fiber composite without taboo fabric is a composite made from UHMWPE fibers and adhesives, in order to better improve the ballistic resistance of materials to improve the heat resistance of UHMWPE fibers, nano materials in the adhesive, the present invention has a choice in space dimensional scale in the nanometer scale carbon nanotubes as fillers in adhesives, carbon nanotubes filled with matrix material, to improve the impact strength anti-ballistic composite fibers, passive bullet, impact tools.

碳纳米管的强度比钢高100多倍,杨氏模量高达1TPa,而比重却只有钢的1/6,同时碳纳米管还具有极高的韧性,十分柔软,是复合材料中极好的加强材料。 Carbon intensity 100 times higher than steel, the Young's modulus of up 1TPa, while the proportion was only 1/6 of steel, while carbon nanotubes have a high toughness, very soft, is a composite material excellent reinforcing material. 碳纳米管可以在两维尺度上保持纳米级,由于纳米中空管和螺旋度的共同作用决定了它是一种绝好的、最细的纤维材料,既具有碳纤维的固有性质,又具有金属材料的导电导热性、陶瓷材料的耐热耐蚀性、纺织纤维的柔软可编性、以及高分子材料的易加工性。 Carbon nanotubes can be maintained on a two-dimensional nano-scale, due to the combined effect of nano hollow tube and helicity decided it was a perfect, the finest fiber material, both the inherent nature of having a carbon fiber, but also has metal Materials electrical and thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, heat resistance of the ceramic material, soft textile fibers can be made available, as well as easy processing of polymer materials.

碳纳米管除了具有非常优异的物理性能,如极高的强度、模量外,由于是大长径比结构,可以分散应力,钝化冲击力。 In addition to carbon nanotubes having very excellent physical properties, such as high strength, modulus, since the structure is the large aspect ratio, the stress can be dispersed, passivation impact. 碳纳米管的添加使得分子以小块的形式整体运动,除了减小大分子的蠕变外,受到的阻力就较大。 Adding carbon nanotubes in the form of small molecules such that the overall campaign, in addition to reducing the macromolecule creep, the subject of resistance to large. 另外,添加碳纳米管可以改善耐热性能,是因为碳纳米管可以起到物理交联点和成核剂的作用,使得胶粘剂或者聚乙烯分子依附在其上或者沿着碳纳米管壁取向结晶,形成对刀具、子弹的阻碍。 Moreover, adding carbon nanotubes can improve heat resistance, because carbon nanotubes can act as physical crosslinking points and a nucleating agent, such as polyethylene or an adhesive molecule attached thereto or along the wall carbon nanotubes oriented crystallization , hinder the formation of knives, bullets.

本发明在复合无纬布纤维用的胶粘剂中加入碳纳米管等纳米材料,不仅提高了基质 The present invention is added to the carbon nanotube composite fibers with weft fabric adhesive nanomaterials, not only improves the matrix

材料粘合剂的机械性能,同时也改变了材料的热稳定性,提高了UHMWPE纤维复合无纬布的耐热性,使其使用温度提高1(TC,抗冲击性提高20%左右。 Mechanical properties of the adhesive material, but also changed the thermal stability, improved UHMWPE fiber composite sheeting without heat resistance, making use of temperature increase 1 (TC, impact resistance increased by 20%.

试验证明,本发明的UHMWPE纤维复合无纬布可以在很大程度上克服现有技术存在的缺陷,得到防抗冲击性能优良的复合防弹纤维,由于碳纳米管有着很多优良性能,其具有优良的耐热性、强度和抗蠕变性,于是根据复合材料的抗冲击原理,从理论上可以达到改善UHMWPE纤维的耐热性和抗蠕变性,从而可以有效的钝化子弹的冲击力。 Test proved, UHMWPE fiber composite of the present invention without sheeting of the prior art can be overcome deficiencies in large part, to give excellent impact resistance of the composite anti-ballistic fibers, since carbon nanotubes have a lot of good performance, its excellent heat resistance, strength and creep resistance, so the impact according to the principle of composite materials can theoretically achieve improved heat resistance UHMWPE fibers and creep resistance, which can effectively passivated bullet impact.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

下面结合具体实施例,进一步阐述本发明。 Below with specific examples further illustrate the invention. 应理解,这些实施例仅用于说明本发明而不用于限制本发明的范围。 It should be understood that these examples are merely illustrative of the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention. 此外应理解,在阅读了本发明讲授的内容之后,本领域技术人员可以对本发明作各种改动或修改,这些等价形式同样落于本申请所附权利要求书所限定的范围。 It should also be understood that the invention after reading the content taught, skilled in the art of the present invention can make various changes or modifications, these same equivalents fall within the scope of the application of the appended claims defined.

实施例1 Example 1

将2g碳纳米管浸渍于100ml硫酸和高锰酸钾的混合溶液中,在回流温度下处理1. 5小时,高锰酸钾在硫酸中的浓度为5g/100ml;将2g纯化后的碳纳米管与钛酸丁酯偶联剂在乙醇中回流2小时,得到偶联剂接枝后的碳纳米管,乙醇中钛酸酯偶联剂的浓度为0. 03g/tnl。 2g of carbon nanotubes was immersed in a mixed solution of 100ml of sulfuric acid and potassium permanganate, the processing 1.5 hours at reflux temperature, concentration of potassium permanganate in sulfuric acid of 5g / 100ml; carbon nano 2g purified tube and butyl titanate coupling reflux in ethanol for 2 hours to obtain carbon nanotubes grafted coupling agent, the concentration of ethanol titanate coupling of 0. 03g / tnl.

将一定量的碳纳米管与胶粘剂混合,在60—8(TC搅拌l一2h,真空脱泡。将增强体U丽PE纤维于巻绕机上平行缠绕,之后涂胶于UHMWPE纤维上(或将UHMWPE纤维浸入胶粘剂中)。涂胶次数为1一2次,注意涂胶要均匀。本实施例釆用的胶粘剂为KRATONG-1650,按重量比15%溶解于混合溶剂(已烷:二乙醚:醋酸乙酯=5:0. 5:1,再添加抗氧剂),涂胶后用刮胶刀涂胶均匀,置于烘箱中60'C烘干、固化,烘箱温度为603C,干燥时间约为20min。将上述所得的复合材料进行正交复合。它们可以是二层交错,也可以是四层交错,所得到的产品结构相应是[0/90]或[0/90]2。(碳纳米管的掺入量为4.6 g/n^无纬布) The carbon nanotubes mixed with a certain amount of adhesive, in 60-8 (TC l stirred a 2h, vacuum degassing. The U Lai PE fiber reinforcement in Volume parallel winding around the machine, and then glue on the UHMWPE fibers (or UHMWPE fiber immersed in the adhesive) coating was 1 times 2 times, pay attention to a uniform coating of the present embodiment preclude the use of adhesives is KRATONG-1650, more than 15% by weight dissolved in a mixed solvent (hexane: diethyl ether: ethyl acetate = 5: 1 5: 1, and then add antioxidants), after coating with a doctor knife coating evenly, placed in an oven 60'C drying, curing oven temperature of 60 3 C drying time is about 20min. The composite material obtained above orthogonal complex. They may be interleaved Layer, or may be four staggered, the product structure is obtained the corresponding [0 / 90 ] or [0 / 90 ] 2. (incorporation of carbon nanotubes was 4.6 g / n ^ no sheeting)

防弹效果:将40层、450mmX450咖AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹)测得V5o^612m/s。 Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mmX450 coffee AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target frame, using 51-type ordinary bombs, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type common bomb (lead core bullet) measured V5o ^ 612m / s.

实施例2除了碳纳米管的掺入量为2g/n^无纬布外,其他均与实施例l相同,制得复合无纬布。 2 In addition to incorporation of carbon nanotubes is 2g / n ^ weft fabric, the other are the same as in Example l Example, produce composite without sheeting.

防弹效果:将40层、450mmX450mm AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) 测得V5o》557m/s。 Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mmX450mm AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target frame, using 51-type ordinary bombs, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type ordinary bomb (lead core bullet) measured V5o "557m / s.

实施例3 Example 3

除了不加碳纳米管,而将一定量的有机蒙脱土与胶粘剂混合,混合比例为1: 19,在60—80。 Without addition of carbon nanotubes, and the amount of the organic montmorillonite was mixed with the adhesive, the mixing ratio of 1:19, 60-80. C搅拌l一2h,真空脱泡外,其他均与实施例l相同,制得复合无纬布。 C l a stirring 2h, vacuum degassing, the other are the same as in Example l, produce composite without sheeting. 蒙脱土掺入量为4.6 g/n^无纬布。 MMT incorporation of 4.6 g / n ^ no sheeting.

防弹效果:将40层、450mraX450mm AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) 测得V5。 Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mraX450mm AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target frame, using 51-type ordinary bombs, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type ordinary bomb (lead core bullet) measured V5. 》580ra/s. "580ra / s.

实施例4 Example 4

除了有机蒙脱土的掺入量为2 g/n^无玮布外,其均与实施例3相同,制得复合无纬布。 In addition to incorporation of organic montmorillonite was 2 g / n ^ no Wei cloth, its all the same as in Example 3, to prepare a composite non sheeting. 防弹效果:将40层、450mmX450mm AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶 Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mmX450mm AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target

架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVw试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) Frame, using 51 common type bomb, according to the US military 662EVw test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type common bullet (lead core bullet)

测得V5。 Measured V5. 》538m/s。 "538m / s.

实施例5 Example 5

除了不加碳纳米管,而将一定量的石墨粉与胶粘剂混合,混合比例为h 19,在60— 80'C搅拌l一2h,真空脱泡外,其他均与实施例l相同,制得复合无纬布。 Without addition of carbon nanotubes, and the amount of graphite powder mixed with a binder, a mixing ratio of h 19, with stirring at 60- 80'C l-2h, vacuum deaeration, the other are the same as in Example l, was prepared Compound no sheeting. 石墨粉掺入量为4.6 g/m2无纬布。 Graphite incorporation of 4.6 g / m2 without sheeting.

防弹效果:将40层、45(kmX450nmi AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) 测得D584m/s. Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 45 (kmX450nmi AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target frame, using 51-type ordinary bombs, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type Common shells (lead core bullet) measured D584m / s.

实施例6 Example 6

除了石墨粉的掺入量为2g/i^无纬布外,其他均与实施例3相同,制得复合无纬布。 In addition to incorporation of graphite powder 2g / i ^ weft fabric, the other are the same as in Example 3, to prepare a composite non sheeting. 防弹效果:将40层、450mmX450mra AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的耙 Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mmX450mra AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the mastic harrow

架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) Frame, using 51 common type bomb, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type common bullet (lead core bullet)

测得VM》540m/s。 Measured VM "540m / s. 比较例 Comparative Example

除了不添加任何添加剂外,其他均与实验例l相同。 In addition to not add any additives, other are the same as in Experimental Example l. 防弹效果:将40层、450mmX450mm AD=160g/m2 UD材料整齐叠加置于背衬为胶泥的靶架上,采用51式普通弹、按美军662EVso试验标准,用51式长枪管、51式普通弹(铅芯弹) 测得V5o^525m/s. Bulletproof effect: The 40-story, 450mmX450mm AD = 160g / m2 UD material placed neatly superimposed backing for the clay target frame, using 51-type ordinary bombs, according to the US military 662EVso test standard, with 51-style rifles tube, 51 type ordinary bomb (lead core bullet) measured V5o ^ 525m / s.

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Classifications
International ClassificationD01F6/04, C09J125/08, D04H3/12, D04H5/04, C09J11/04, C01B31/02
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